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BILJKE SJEMENJAČE  do hrane dolaze autotrofnim načinom prehrane
 proces FOTOSINTEZE
Koji je plin iz zraka potreban za proces fotosintezu?
Što biljke uzimaju iz tla za proces fotosinteze?
Koje tvari nastaju procesom
fotosinteze?
U kojim se biljnim organima
događa najveći dio
fotosinteze?
 u lišću
BILJKE SJEMENJAČE
 prijenos tvari omogućuju provodne žile
 provodne žile izgrađuju duge stanice debelih
stijenki
korijenove dlačice
 tanke izdužene stanice
 povećavaju površinu za upijanje
vode
 voda ulazi procesom osmoze
transpiracija
 voda se luči u obliku vodene pare
na površini lišća
kapilarnost
 pomaže održavanju vodenoga
stupca u provodnim žilama
 pomaže u hlađenju biljke
BILJKE SJEMENJAČE otvaranje puči ovisi o:
 svjetlosti
 temperaturi
 količini vode u biljci
 količini dostupnoga ugljikova
dioksida
Kako će na puči djelovati gubitak vode u biljci?
JEDNOSTAVNE BILJKE
MAHOVINE
PAPRATNJAČE
 jednostavne stablašice
 prvi autotrofni organizmi na kopnu
 prijenos tvari obavlja jednostavno građeno
provodno tkivo
 ostale su malene rastom
 jednostavne stablašice
 prave kopnene biljke
 dobro razvijene provodne žile
AUTOTROFNI PROTOKTISTI – ALGE
 najveći dio predstavnika živi u vodi
 mogu biti: jednostanične, zadružne, višestanične
 nemaju posebno razvijena tkiva
 tijelo se naziva STELJKA
 vodu crpe cijelom površinom steljke
JEDNOSTANIČNE I ZADRUŽNE ALGE
 izmjena tvari obavlja se putem stanične
membrane, a prijenos tvari s pomoću citoplazme
VIŠESTANIČNE ALGE
 tvari izmjenjuju procesom difuzije i osmoze
GLJIVE
• tijelo (micelij) izgrađen je od dugih tankih niti – hifa
• dio micelija iznad tla jest PLODIŠTE
• većina raste na vlažnim staništima
• hife crpe vodu i hranjive tvari te ih raspoređuju po tijelu

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4.3._prijenos_tvari_kroz_tijelo_biljaka_i_ostalih_skupina_organizama.pptx

  • 1. BILJKE SJEMENJAČE  do hrane dolaze autotrofnim načinom prehrane  proces FOTOSINTEZE Koji je plin iz zraka potreban za proces fotosintezu? Što biljke uzimaju iz tla za proces fotosinteze? Koje tvari nastaju procesom fotosinteze? U kojim se biljnim organima događa najveći dio fotosinteze?  u lišću
  • 2. BILJKE SJEMENJAČE  prijenos tvari omogućuju provodne žile  provodne žile izgrađuju duge stanice debelih stijenki korijenove dlačice  tanke izdužene stanice  povećavaju površinu za upijanje vode  voda ulazi procesom osmoze transpiracija  voda se luči u obliku vodene pare na površini lišća kapilarnost  pomaže održavanju vodenoga stupca u provodnim žilama  pomaže u hlađenju biljke
  • 3. BILJKE SJEMENJAČE otvaranje puči ovisi o:  svjetlosti  temperaturi  količini vode u biljci  količini dostupnoga ugljikova dioksida Kako će na puči djelovati gubitak vode u biljci?
  • 4. JEDNOSTAVNE BILJKE MAHOVINE PAPRATNJAČE  jednostavne stablašice  prvi autotrofni organizmi na kopnu  prijenos tvari obavlja jednostavno građeno provodno tkivo  ostale su malene rastom  jednostavne stablašice  prave kopnene biljke  dobro razvijene provodne žile
  • 5. AUTOTROFNI PROTOKTISTI – ALGE  najveći dio predstavnika živi u vodi  mogu biti: jednostanične, zadružne, višestanične  nemaju posebno razvijena tkiva  tijelo se naziva STELJKA  vodu crpe cijelom površinom steljke JEDNOSTANIČNE I ZADRUŽNE ALGE  izmjena tvari obavlja se putem stanične membrane, a prijenos tvari s pomoću citoplazme VIŠESTANIČNE ALGE  tvari izmjenjuju procesom difuzije i osmoze
  • 6. GLJIVE • tijelo (micelij) izgrađen je od dugih tankih niti – hifa • dio micelija iznad tla jest PLODIŠTE • većina raste na vlažnim staništima • hife crpe vodu i hranjive tvari te ih raspoređuju po tijelu