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3-D PRINTING VS.
THE SUPPLY CHAIN
09.06.2016 | Robbert Janssen | robbert.janssen@tno.nl
10+ supply chain disrupters: which can you spot?
10+ supply chain disrupters: which can you spot?
3-D printing: “the sky is the limit”?
NASA 3-D Printed Lunar Base
http://sservi.nasa.gov/articles/building-a-lunar-base-with-3d-printing/
“3-D printing has the potential to become
the biggest single disruptive phenomenon
to impact global industry since mass
production lines were introduced early in
the twentieth century”
THE THIRD INDUSTRIAL
REVOLUTION
“9 out of 10 warehouses will be empty”
A short introduction
Robbert Janssen
Consultant Logistics | robbert.janssen@tno.nl
TNO: 5 themes, 3000 employees
Applied scientific research, with a multi-disciplinary
approach
My work at TNO: logistics and supply
chain, multimodal transport, automated
driving, …
…and 3-D Printing
TNO Whitepaper
“The Impact of 3-D Printing on Supply Chain
Management”
Technological details, case-studies, references, etc.
TNO Whitepaper
“Truck Platooning : Driving the Future of Transportation”
Technological details, business cases, case-studies,
references, etc.
In this presentation, I will
show why and how 3-D
printing impacts the supply
chain
•1. What is 3-D
printing?
•2. Pros / cons
•3. Applications in
markets/industries
3-D Printing
•4. Supply chain
functions impacted by
3-D printing
Impact op
Supply Chain
WAT IS 3-D
PRINTING?
3-D printing is the "process of joining
materials to make objects from 3-D model
data, layer upon layer”
3-D printer
3-D CAD software
3-D scanner
STL file
3-D printing in action: adding materials
layer-for-layer. Multiple products on the
print bed Earthrise Space Foundation – wheel and LDV engine
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XIYLbNrSojs
Enterprise 3-D printing…
AutoDesk’s 3-D printing facility, Pier 9 San Francisco
http://www.metropolismag.com/AML_WORKSHOP06.jpg
… and
Consumer 3-D
printing
Why the hype: huge public interest due to
rise in affordable consumer 3-D printers
2015 Gartner Hype Cycle for Emerging Technologies
http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/3114217
Essentially: 3-D printing is an innovation in
manufacturing technology.
Airwolf 3D
http://www.inside3dp.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/3d-printer-
… and distinct from subtractive
technologies such as injection molding
EPW Injection molding
http://www.epw.com/custom-rim-tooling-capabilities/large-injection-mold-tooling/
… and metal forming and machining
Not just one process but many additive
technologies
3D printing, a.k.a.
additive manufacturing
rapid manufacturing
additive layer manufacturing
rapid prototyping
freeform fabrication
selective laser sintering (SLS)
direct metal laser sintering (DMLS)
fused deposition modeling (FDM)
stereolithography (SLA)
laminated object manufacturing (LOM)
electron beam melting (EBM)
powder bed printing
inkjet 3D printing
TNO
Equipment for Additive Manufacturing
3-D prints can be made from a single piece of
material, from composite materials, without
assembly, and with moving partsWouterScheublin.com / TNO
http://www.scheublinlindeman.com/collection/#/3d-printed-toy-car/
4 BENEFITS
4 (CURRENT) DRAWBACKS
Guitarworld
http://www.guitarworld.com/another-dimension-odd-3-d-printed-guitars
+1 Cost-effective product customization
(“tailored for every customer”)
Widex HA / € 400m turnover / 10% YOY growth / 4000 employees
http://disruptiveinnovation.se/?p=343
+2 Freedom of design not limited by
traditional manufacturing limitations
Ineke Otte
http://www.inekeotte.com/lighting-tables/lighting.html
+3 Complex product manufacturing –
function integration and special structures
GE LEAP jet engine fuel nozzles from 20 parts to 1 part. 19 nozzles/engine
http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2013-11-27/general-electric-turns-to-3d-printers-for-plane-parts
+4 Decentralized manufacturing with
standardized STL file format
-1 Lower production speed and no
economies of scale with high raw material
cost (e.g. plastic filament) Deloitte University
http://dupress.com/articles/dr14-3d-opportunity/
Film: TNO PrintValley – serial 3-D printing
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h020cIMYgyI
-2 Limited product dimensions (especially
home printer build envelopes)
3-D printed office in Dubai – built in 17 days from concrete, plastic and glass-fiber reinforced gypsum
http://www.engadget.com/2016/05/24/worlds-first-3d-printed-office-dubai/
-3 Reduced choice for materials,
colors, and surface finishes (post-
curing) Shapeways
http://www.shapeways.com/materials
UMC Utrecht - 3D printed skull to treat thickening bone disease
http://www.umcutrecht.nl/research/news/2014/03/3d-printed-skull-implanted-in-patient.htm
-4 Products have limited strength and
resistance to heat/moisture
TNO
Equipment for Additive Manufacturing
MarkForged 3D – first carbon fiber 3D printer
https://markforged.com/
MARKETS AND
INDUSTRIES
Wohlers Associates 2013
Additive Manufacturing and 3-D Printing State of the Industry. Annual Worldwide
Progress Report. ISBN 0-9754429-9-6.
Other
3.6%
Automotive-
/Motor vehicles
18.6%
Aerospace
10.2%
Industrial/-
business
machines
13.4%
Consumer
products-
/electronics
21.8%
Medical/dental
16.4%
Academic
institutions
6.8%
Government-
/military
5.2%
Architectural
3.9%
The worldwide 3-D printing industry is expected to grow
from $3.07B in revenue in 2013 to $12.8B by 2018
Wohlers Report 2014
http://www.forbes.com/sites/louiscolumbus/2015/03/31/2015-roundup-of-3d-printing-market-forecasts-and-estimates/#4ac680f71dc6
Name-dropping: 3-D Printer manufacturer
market shares
3D Hubs Trends
https://www.3dhubs.com/trends
Consumer products: glasses, customized
to fit your face
Protos Eyewear
http://protoseyewear.com/
Consumer products: custom jewelry
Nervous System
http://www.ecouterre.com/nervous-system-uses-3d-printing-to-make-its-bio-inspired-jewelry/
Consumer products:
3-D printed dress,
made from nylon
Michael Schmidt
http://www.michaelschmidtstudios.com/entertainment-wardrobing.html
Automotive: Strati is an all-electric car and
3-D printed in 44 hours
Local Motors Strati
https://localmotors.com/3dprintedcar/
Automotive: 3-D printed car dashboards
Bugatti Veyron - customizable dashboard
http://www.shapeways.com/blog/archives/164-The-Bugatti-Veyrons-3D-printed-dashboard.html
Medical: nearly invisible braces
Invisalign - 400.000+ braces per year / 75% gross margin
http://www.alliancedentistrync.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/braces-or-invisalign.jpg
Medical: 3-D printed cast with ultrasonic
vibrations speeds up recovery with 40-
80% TechCruch - A 3D Printed Cast That Can Heal Your Bones 40-80% Faster
http://techcrunch.com/2014/05/29/a-3d-printed-cast-that-can-heal-your-bones-40-80-faster/
Medical: 3-D printed vertebra made from
titanium powder is more durable and
allows faster healing Peking University - Hospital uses 3D printed orthopedic implants
http://english.pku.edu.cn/News_Events/News/Media/10744.htm
Industrial: 3-D printed jet engine prototype
with improved Buy-to-Fly ratio (lighter,
stronger, less parts) GE 3-D printed jet engine
http://www.ge.com/stories/advanced-manufacturing
Industrial: 3-D printed carrots
TNO
Equipment for additive manufacturing
Industrial: 3-D printed pasta
Barilla - TNO
https://3dprint.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/Rosa-pasta.jpg
Industrial: 3-D printed Michelin star desert
TNO, Marijn Roovers, Rest. De Molen
http://www.rtlxl.nl/#!/u/7d0994f3-ac84-46b4-8c03-1d61ff400473
Film: TNO Food printing: customized nutrition
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x6WzyUgbT5A
3-D PRINTING AND
SUPPLY CHAIN
MANAGEMENT
Supplier CustomerSuppliers’
Supplier
Source
Internal or External Internal or External
Your Company
Return
Deliver MakeSource
Return
Plan
Deliver
Return
Source
Return
MakeSource
Return
Plan
Deliver
Return
DeliverMake
Plan
Return Return
Customers’
Customer
Supply Chain Management: SCOR model
Enable
SOURCE
Source readily
available raw
materials leading
to lower supply
risk
Onshoring:
source and
manufacture
near the home
market
Outsourcing of
3-D design
MAKE
From single
product
production to
mass
customization
Low
manufacturing
waste and
environmental
advantage
Fast production
capacity ramp
ups through open
production
networks
Manufacturing
outsourcing
DELIVER
Customized and
tailor-made
products: new
customer
experiences
Lower supply
chain complexity
Direct shipments
from parcel
express networks
Small parcel
sizes increase
pick density
Decreased long-
haul inter-
continental
freight transport
RETURN
Improved order
fulfillment and
reduced returns
Decentralized
production of
spare parts
ENABLE
Product
complexity
reduction
Working capital
improvements and
financial risk
mitigation
PLAN FOR 3-D PRINTING
Source: 3-D printing uses readily available raw
materials instead of (constrained) sub-
assemblies and components Kraljic Purchasing Portfolio
http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newSTR_49.htm
Example input materials:
- Nylons
- Plastics
- Metal
- Brass
- Gold/silver
- Clay
- Porcelain
- Silicone
- Sandstone
- Ceramics
- Wax
- Polymers
Source: Highly automated 3-D printing trades off low
labor costs for low supply chain costs (even saving
custom dutiets - drives near-shoring manufacturing)
Business Insider - Impact On American Jobs Since Offshoring
http://www.businessinsider.com/how-3d-printing-will-affect-manufacturing-jobs-2014-8
Make: Low manufacturing waste for small
batches and environmental advantage
due to shorter supply chain Greenbiz - Is 3D printing an environmental win?
http://www.greenbiz.com/blog/2013/07/19/3d-printing-environmental-win
Make: Fast global production capacity
ramp-up, using open manufacturing
networks 3D Hubs.com: over 30.000 local 3D printers
http://www.3dhubs.com/
Deliver: Lower supply chain
complexity
Deliver: Relatively small 3-D printed products
drive warehouse pick density and parcel volume
growth for courier/express networks
Deliver: Use 3-D printers for outsourced
manufacturing in multi-user, multi-purpose
warehouses
Deliver: Direct shipments from parcel
express networks TNT Express 3D printing
https://3dprint.com/67555/tn-germany-3d-printing/
UPS 3D printing store
ttps://www.theupsstore.com/print/3d-printing
Panalpina invests in 3D Printing
http://airfreight-logistics.com/2016/02/04/panalpina-and-cardiff-univer
printing-for-lean-inventories/
http://www.asiabreakbulk.com/index.php?p
age=routes
Deliver: Lower demand for mass-produced products,
leading to less long-haul transport over main Asia-
Europe roues and less work for European DCs
Kuehne+Nagel: Vice-chairman Karl Gernandt fears 3D printers’impact
http://www.welt.de/wirtschaft/article120474302/3-D-Drucker-lehren-die-Logistiker-das-Fuerchten.html
Deliver/return: New customer-
involved purchase experiences
and less returns
Return: Decentralized production of spare-
parts, reducing inventory holding cost and
obsolescence risk Dyson 3D printed spare parts
http://www.techdaring.com/why-3d-printing-is-going-to-be-amazing/
Enable: 3-D printing mitigates financial risks by
having lower inventories, upfront payment
(AR↓), and improved cash-to-cash cycles
Key 3-D printing drivers:
it’s happening
New business
in customized
products
(mass-
customization,
“Size Me”)
Disruptive
Value Ratio
(Tremendous
value from
customized
personal
products)
Hybrid
manufacturing
(composite 3-D
printing and
regular
manufacturing,
“Click2Print”)
Supply chain
redesign
(lower complexity,
less inventories,
faster cash-to-
cash)
FUTURE 3-D PRINTING SCENARIOS?
WHAT ABOUT YOUR FIRM?
DESKTOP
FACTORIES IN
THE HOME
LOCALIZED
MANUFACTURING
ONLY
PROTOTYPING
COMMUNITY
CRAFTS
Engagement with
3-D Printing
Corporate uptake of 3-D Printing
High
Low
Low High
3D printing 2030: 4 scenarios
http://natashacarolan.wordpress.com/2012/04/06/3d-printing-four-scenarios-for-2030/
Technology disruptive?
Deloitte Nederland – Denying the future
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FW651kusiBI
3-D PRINTING VS.THE SUPPLY CHAIN
09.06.2016| Robbert Janssen
Traditional 3-D Printing
Standardized products / one-size-fits-all Customized, tailor-made products
Mass production – economies of scale Cost-effective small batches – mass customization
Product value High personal use value (personal items)
Enterprise manufacturing Enterprise and Home Manufacturing
Fixed designs – slow changeovers Rapid design changes
Property, plant, equipment asset costs Asset-free 3D Printing-as-a-service
Complex product manufacturing with component
assembly
Complex products manufacturing without tooling and
assembly
Long complex supply chains Shorter supply chains
Distinct operations for prototypes and end-products Single integrated process for prototypes and end-products
High emissions due to global sourcing Sustainable local production (onshoring)
Traditional production Hybrid 3-D printing/traditional production
Short summary of key changes

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3-D Printing vs. The Supply Chain - 2016 edition, EN - TNO Robbert Janssen

  • 1. 3-D PRINTING VS. THE SUPPLY CHAIN 09.06.2016 | Robbert Janssen | robbert.janssen@tno.nl
  • 2. 10+ supply chain disrupters: which can you spot? 10+ supply chain disrupters: which can you spot?
  • 3. 3-D printing: “the sky is the limit”? NASA 3-D Printed Lunar Base http://sservi.nasa.gov/articles/building-a-lunar-base-with-3d-printing/
  • 4. “3-D printing has the potential to become the biggest single disruptive phenomenon to impact global industry since mass production lines were introduced early in the twentieth century” THE THIRD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION “9 out of 10 warehouses will be empty”
  • 6. Robbert Janssen Consultant Logistics | robbert.janssen@tno.nl
  • 7. TNO: 5 themes, 3000 employees Applied scientific research, with a multi-disciplinary approach
  • 8. My work at TNO: logistics and supply chain, multimodal transport, automated driving, …
  • 10. TNO Whitepaper “The Impact of 3-D Printing on Supply Chain Management” Technological details, case-studies, references, etc. TNO Whitepaper “Truck Platooning : Driving the Future of Transportation” Technological details, business cases, case-studies, references, etc.
  • 11. In this presentation, I will show why and how 3-D printing impacts the supply chain
  • 12. •1. What is 3-D printing? •2. Pros / cons •3. Applications in markets/industries 3-D Printing •4. Supply chain functions impacted by 3-D printing Impact op Supply Chain
  • 14. 3-D printing is the "process of joining materials to make objects from 3-D model data, layer upon layer” 3-D printer 3-D CAD software 3-D scanner STL file
  • 15. 3-D printing in action: adding materials layer-for-layer. Multiple products on the print bed Earthrise Space Foundation – wheel and LDV engine https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XIYLbNrSojs
  • 16. Enterprise 3-D printing… AutoDesk’s 3-D printing facility, Pier 9 San Francisco http://www.metropolismag.com/AML_WORKSHOP06.jpg
  • 18. Why the hype: huge public interest due to rise in affordable consumer 3-D printers 2015 Gartner Hype Cycle for Emerging Technologies http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/3114217
  • 19. Essentially: 3-D printing is an innovation in manufacturing technology. Airwolf 3D http://www.inside3dp.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/3d-printer-
  • 20. … and distinct from subtractive technologies such as injection molding EPW Injection molding http://www.epw.com/custom-rim-tooling-capabilities/large-injection-mold-tooling/
  • 21. … and metal forming and machining
  • 22. Not just one process but many additive technologies 3D printing, a.k.a. additive manufacturing rapid manufacturing additive layer manufacturing rapid prototyping freeform fabrication selective laser sintering (SLS) direct metal laser sintering (DMLS) fused deposition modeling (FDM) stereolithography (SLA) laminated object manufacturing (LOM) electron beam melting (EBM) powder bed printing inkjet 3D printing TNO Equipment for Additive Manufacturing
  • 23. 3-D prints can be made from a single piece of material, from composite materials, without assembly, and with moving partsWouterScheublin.com / TNO http://www.scheublinlindeman.com/collection/#/3d-printed-toy-car/
  • 24. 4 BENEFITS 4 (CURRENT) DRAWBACKS Guitarworld http://www.guitarworld.com/another-dimension-odd-3-d-printed-guitars
  • 25. +1 Cost-effective product customization (“tailored for every customer”) Widex HA / € 400m turnover / 10% YOY growth / 4000 employees http://disruptiveinnovation.se/?p=343
  • 26. +2 Freedom of design not limited by traditional manufacturing limitations Ineke Otte http://www.inekeotte.com/lighting-tables/lighting.html
  • 27. +3 Complex product manufacturing – function integration and special structures GE LEAP jet engine fuel nozzles from 20 parts to 1 part. 19 nozzles/engine http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2013-11-27/general-electric-turns-to-3d-printers-for-plane-parts
  • 28. +4 Decentralized manufacturing with standardized STL file format
  • 29. -1 Lower production speed and no economies of scale with high raw material cost (e.g. plastic filament) Deloitte University http://dupress.com/articles/dr14-3d-opportunity/
  • 30. Film: TNO PrintValley – serial 3-D printing https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h020cIMYgyI
  • 31. -2 Limited product dimensions (especially home printer build envelopes)
  • 32. 3-D printed office in Dubai – built in 17 days from concrete, plastic and glass-fiber reinforced gypsum http://www.engadget.com/2016/05/24/worlds-first-3d-printed-office-dubai/
  • 33. -3 Reduced choice for materials, colors, and surface finishes (post- curing) Shapeways http://www.shapeways.com/materials
  • 34. UMC Utrecht - 3D printed skull to treat thickening bone disease http://www.umcutrecht.nl/research/news/2014/03/3d-printed-skull-implanted-in-patient.htm
  • 35. -4 Products have limited strength and resistance to heat/moisture TNO Equipment for Additive Manufacturing
  • 36. MarkForged 3D – first carbon fiber 3D printer https://markforged.com/
  • 37. MARKETS AND INDUSTRIES Wohlers Associates 2013 Additive Manufacturing and 3-D Printing State of the Industry. Annual Worldwide Progress Report. ISBN 0-9754429-9-6. Other 3.6% Automotive- /Motor vehicles 18.6% Aerospace 10.2% Industrial/- business machines 13.4% Consumer products- /electronics 21.8% Medical/dental 16.4% Academic institutions 6.8% Government- /military 5.2% Architectural 3.9%
  • 38. The worldwide 3-D printing industry is expected to grow from $3.07B in revenue in 2013 to $12.8B by 2018 Wohlers Report 2014 http://www.forbes.com/sites/louiscolumbus/2015/03/31/2015-roundup-of-3d-printing-market-forecasts-and-estimates/#4ac680f71dc6
  • 39. Name-dropping: 3-D Printer manufacturer market shares 3D Hubs Trends https://www.3dhubs.com/trends
  • 40. Consumer products: glasses, customized to fit your face Protos Eyewear http://protoseyewear.com/
  • 41. Consumer products: custom jewelry Nervous System http://www.ecouterre.com/nervous-system-uses-3d-printing-to-make-its-bio-inspired-jewelry/
  • 42. Consumer products: 3-D printed dress, made from nylon Michael Schmidt http://www.michaelschmidtstudios.com/entertainment-wardrobing.html
  • 43. Automotive: Strati is an all-electric car and 3-D printed in 44 hours Local Motors Strati https://localmotors.com/3dprintedcar/
  • 44. Automotive: 3-D printed car dashboards Bugatti Veyron - customizable dashboard http://www.shapeways.com/blog/archives/164-The-Bugatti-Veyrons-3D-printed-dashboard.html
  • 45. Medical: nearly invisible braces Invisalign - 400.000+ braces per year / 75% gross margin http://www.alliancedentistrync.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/braces-or-invisalign.jpg
  • 46. Medical: 3-D printed cast with ultrasonic vibrations speeds up recovery with 40- 80% TechCruch - A 3D Printed Cast That Can Heal Your Bones 40-80% Faster http://techcrunch.com/2014/05/29/a-3d-printed-cast-that-can-heal-your-bones-40-80-faster/
  • 47. Medical: 3-D printed vertebra made from titanium powder is more durable and allows faster healing Peking University - Hospital uses 3D printed orthopedic implants http://english.pku.edu.cn/News_Events/News/Media/10744.htm
  • 48. Industrial: 3-D printed jet engine prototype with improved Buy-to-Fly ratio (lighter, stronger, less parts) GE 3-D printed jet engine http://www.ge.com/stories/advanced-manufacturing
  • 49. Industrial: 3-D printed carrots TNO Equipment for additive manufacturing
  • 50. Industrial: 3-D printed pasta Barilla - TNO https://3dprint.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/Rosa-pasta.jpg
  • 51. Industrial: 3-D printed Michelin star desert TNO, Marijn Roovers, Rest. De Molen http://www.rtlxl.nl/#!/u/7d0994f3-ac84-46b4-8c03-1d61ff400473
  • 52. Film: TNO Food printing: customized nutrition https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x6WzyUgbT5A
  • 53. 3-D PRINTING AND SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT
  • 54. Supplier CustomerSuppliers’ Supplier Source Internal or External Internal or External Your Company Return Deliver MakeSource Return Plan Deliver Return Source Return MakeSource Return Plan Deliver Return DeliverMake Plan Return Return Customers’ Customer Supply Chain Management: SCOR model Enable
  • 55. SOURCE Source readily available raw materials leading to lower supply risk Onshoring: source and manufacture near the home market Outsourcing of 3-D design MAKE From single product production to mass customization Low manufacturing waste and environmental advantage Fast production capacity ramp ups through open production networks Manufacturing outsourcing DELIVER Customized and tailor-made products: new customer experiences Lower supply chain complexity Direct shipments from parcel express networks Small parcel sizes increase pick density Decreased long- haul inter- continental freight transport RETURN Improved order fulfillment and reduced returns Decentralized production of spare parts ENABLE Product complexity reduction Working capital improvements and financial risk mitigation PLAN FOR 3-D PRINTING
  • 56. Source: 3-D printing uses readily available raw materials instead of (constrained) sub- assemblies and components Kraljic Purchasing Portfolio http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newSTR_49.htm Example input materials: - Nylons - Plastics - Metal - Brass - Gold/silver - Clay - Porcelain - Silicone - Sandstone - Ceramics - Wax - Polymers
  • 57. Source: Highly automated 3-D printing trades off low labor costs for low supply chain costs (even saving custom dutiets - drives near-shoring manufacturing) Business Insider - Impact On American Jobs Since Offshoring http://www.businessinsider.com/how-3d-printing-will-affect-manufacturing-jobs-2014-8
  • 58. Make: Low manufacturing waste for small batches and environmental advantage due to shorter supply chain Greenbiz - Is 3D printing an environmental win? http://www.greenbiz.com/blog/2013/07/19/3d-printing-environmental-win
  • 59. Make: Fast global production capacity ramp-up, using open manufacturing networks 3D Hubs.com: over 30.000 local 3D printers http://www.3dhubs.com/
  • 60. Deliver: Lower supply chain complexity
  • 61. Deliver: Relatively small 3-D printed products drive warehouse pick density and parcel volume growth for courier/express networks
  • 62. Deliver: Use 3-D printers for outsourced manufacturing in multi-user, multi-purpose warehouses
  • 63. Deliver: Direct shipments from parcel express networks TNT Express 3D printing https://3dprint.com/67555/tn-germany-3d-printing/ UPS 3D printing store ttps://www.theupsstore.com/print/3d-printing Panalpina invests in 3D Printing http://airfreight-logistics.com/2016/02/04/panalpina-and-cardiff-univer printing-for-lean-inventories/
  • 64. http://www.asiabreakbulk.com/index.php?p age=routes Deliver: Lower demand for mass-produced products, leading to less long-haul transport over main Asia- Europe roues and less work for European DCs Kuehne+Nagel: Vice-chairman Karl Gernandt fears 3D printers’impact http://www.welt.de/wirtschaft/article120474302/3-D-Drucker-lehren-die-Logistiker-das-Fuerchten.html
  • 65. Deliver/return: New customer- involved purchase experiences and less returns
  • 66. Return: Decentralized production of spare- parts, reducing inventory holding cost and obsolescence risk Dyson 3D printed spare parts http://www.techdaring.com/why-3d-printing-is-going-to-be-amazing/
  • 67. Enable: 3-D printing mitigates financial risks by having lower inventories, upfront payment (AR↓), and improved cash-to-cash cycles
  • 68. Key 3-D printing drivers: it’s happening New business in customized products (mass- customization, “Size Me”) Disruptive Value Ratio (Tremendous value from customized personal products) Hybrid manufacturing (composite 3-D printing and regular manufacturing, “Click2Print”) Supply chain redesign (lower complexity, less inventories, faster cash-to- cash)
  • 69. FUTURE 3-D PRINTING SCENARIOS? WHAT ABOUT YOUR FIRM? DESKTOP FACTORIES IN THE HOME LOCALIZED MANUFACTURING ONLY PROTOTYPING COMMUNITY CRAFTS Engagement with 3-D Printing Corporate uptake of 3-D Printing High Low Low High 3D printing 2030: 4 scenarios http://natashacarolan.wordpress.com/2012/04/06/3d-printing-four-scenarios-for-2030/
  • 70. Technology disruptive? Deloitte Nederland – Denying the future https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FW651kusiBI
  • 71. 3-D PRINTING VS.THE SUPPLY CHAIN 09.06.2016| Robbert Janssen
  • 72. Traditional 3-D Printing Standardized products / one-size-fits-all Customized, tailor-made products Mass production – economies of scale Cost-effective small batches – mass customization Product value High personal use value (personal items) Enterprise manufacturing Enterprise and Home Manufacturing Fixed designs – slow changeovers Rapid design changes Property, plant, equipment asset costs Asset-free 3D Printing-as-a-service Complex product manufacturing with component assembly Complex products manufacturing without tooling and assembly Long complex supply chains Shorter supply chains Distinct operations for prototypes and end-products Single integrated process for prototypes and end-products High emissions due to global sourcing Sustainable local production (onshoring) Traditional production Hybrid 3-D printing/traditional production Short summary of key changes