SlideShare a Scribd company logo
v
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CONTENTS PAGE
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iv
TABLE OF CONTENTS v
LIST OF TABLES vii
LIST OF FIGURES viii
LIST OF PLATES ix
LIST OF GRAPH x
LIST OF ABBREVIATION xi
ABSTRACT xii
ABSTRAK xiii
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Background 1
1.1 Problem Statement 2
1.3 Justifications 2
1.4 Objectives 2
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 3
2.1 Oil Palm 3
2.1.1 Oil Palm Frond 4
2.1.2 OPF As An Alternative Source Of Particle Board 5
2.2 Particleboard 6
2.2.1 History of Particleboard 7
2.2.2 Properties of Particleboard 8
2.3 Phenol Formaldehyde 8
CHAPTER 3 METHODOLOGY 10
3.1 Manufacturing of Particleboard 10
3.2 Preparation of Particleboard 11
3.2.1Preparation of Raw Material 11
vi
3.2.2 Chipping and Flaking 12
3.2.3 Drying and Screening 13
3.2.4 Glue Mixing and Blending 14
3.2.5 Mat Forming 14
3.2.6 Hot Pressing 15
3.2.7 Trimming 16
3.2.8 Testing 17
3.3 Method of Testing 18
3.3.1 Bending Test 18
3.3.1.1 Modulus of Rupture 18
3.3.1.2 Modulus of Elasticity 18
3.3.2 Internal Bonding 19
3.3.3 Thickness Swelling and Water Absorption 20
CHAPTER 4 RESULT AND DISCUSSION 21
4.1 Modulus of Elasticity (MOE) 21
4.1.1 Table of ANOVA analysis of MOE 22
4.2 Modulus of Rupture (MOR) 23
4.2.1 Table of ANOVA analysis of MOR 24
4.3 Internal Bonding 25
4.3.1Table of ANOVA analysis of Internal Bonding 26
4.4 Thickness Swelling (TS) 27
4.4.1 Table of ANOVA analysis of Thickness Swelling 28
4.5 Water Absorption 29
CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSION RECOMMENDATION 30
REFERENCES 31
APENDICES 32
VITA 49

More Related Content

More from Izzah Noah

Plywood
PlywoodPlywood
Plywood
Izzah Noah
 
Q&A about quality control management
Q&A about quality control managementQ&A about quality control management
Q&A about quality control management
Izzah Noah
 
resume draft sheet
resume draft sheetresume draft sheet
resume draft sheet
Izzah Noah
 
13. vita
13. vita13. vita
13. vita
Izzah Noah
 
12. appendices
12. appendices12. appendices
12. appendices
Izzah Noah
 
11. references
11. references11. references
11. references
Izzah Noah
 
10. chapter 5
10. chapter 510. chapter 5
10. chapter 5
Izzah Noah
 
9. chapter 4
9. chapter 49. chapter 4
9. chapter 4
Izzah Noah
 
8. chapter 3
8. chapter 38. chapter 3
8. chapter 3
Izzah Noah
 
7. chapter 2
7. chapter 27. chapter 2
7. chapter 2
Izzah Noah
 
6. chapter 1
6. chapter 16. chapter 1
6. chapter 1
Izzah Noah
 
4. list of figure
4. list of figure4. list of figure
4. list of figure
Izzah Noah
 
2. approval sheet
2. approval sheet 2. approval sheet
2. approval sheet
Izzah Noah
 
1.manufacturing of particle board from oil palm frond
1.manufacturing of particle board from oil palm frond1.manufacturing of particle board from oil palm frond
1.manufacturing of particle board from oil palm frond
Izzah Noah
 
question and answer about quality control
question and answer about quality controlquestion and answer about quality control
question and answer about quality control
Izzah Noah
 
Relationship between quality and productivity
Relationship between quality and productivityRelationship between quality and productivity
Relationship between quality and productivity
Izzah Noah
 
Furniture quality
Furniture qualityFurniture quality
Furniture quality
Izzah Noah
 
Chapter 2
Chapter 2Chapter 2
Chapter 2
Izzah Noah
 
Chapter 1
Chapter 1Chapter 1
Chapter 1
Izzah Noah
 

More from Izzah Noah (20)

Plywood
PlywoodPlywood
Plywood
 
Q&A about quality control management
Q&A about quality control managementQ&A about quality control management
Q&A about quality control management
 
resume draft sheet
resume draft sheetresume draft sheet
resume draft sheet
 
13. vita
13. vita13. vita
13. vita
 
12. appendices
12. appendices12. appendices
12. appendices
 
11. references
11. references11. references
11. references
 
10. chapter 5
10. chapter 510. chapter 5
10. chapter 5
 
9. chapter 4
9. chapter 49. chapter 4
9. chapter 4
 
8. chapter 3
8. chapter 38. chapter 3
8. chapter 3
 
7. chapter 2
7. chapter 27. chapter 2
7. chapter 2
 
6. chapter 1
6. chapter 16. chapter 1
6. chapter 1
 
5. abstract
5. abstract5. abstract
5. abstract
 
4. list of figure
4. list of figure4. list of figure
4. list of figure
 
2. approval sheet
2. approval sheet 2. approval sheet
2. approval sheet
 
1.manufacturing of particle board from oil palm frond
1.manufacturing of particle board from oil palm frond1.manufacturing of particle board from oil palm frond
1.manufacturing of particle board from oil palm frond
 
question and answer about quality control
question and answer about quality controlquestion and answer about quality control
question and answer about quality control
 
Relationship between quality and productivity
Relationship between quality and productivityRelationship between quality and productivity
Relationship between quality and productivity
 
Furniture quality
Furniture qualityFurniture quality
Furniture quality
 
Chapter 2
Chapter 2Chapter 2
Chapter 2
 
Chapter 1
Chapter 1Chapter 1
Chapter 1
 

Recently uploaded

Leveraging the Graph for Clinical Trials and Standards
Leveraging the Graph for Clinical Trials and StandardsLeveraging the Graph for Clinical Trials and Standards
Leveraging the Graph for Clinical Trials and Standards
Neo4j
 
PRODUCT LISTING OPTIMIZATION PRESENTATION.pptx
PRODUCT LISTING OPTIMIZATION PRESENTATION.pptxPRODUCT LISTING OPTIMIZATION PRESENTATION.pptx
PRODUCT LISTING OPTIMIZATION PRESENTATION.pptx
christinelarrosa
 
Poznań ACE event - 19.06.2024 Team 24 Wrapup slidedeck
Poznań ACE event - 19.06.2024 Team 24 Wrapup slidedeckPoznań ACE event - 19.06.2024 Team 24 Wrapup slidedeck
Poznań ACE event - 19.06.2024 Team 24 Wrapup slidedeck
FilipTomaszewski5
 
Freshworks Rethinks NoSQL for Rapid Scaling & Cost-Efficiency
Freshworks Rethinks NoSQL for Rapid Scaling & Cost-EfficiencyFreshworks Rethinks NoSQL for Rapid Scaling & Cost-Efficiency
Freshworks Rethinks NoSQL for Rapid Scaling & Cost-Efficiency
ScyllaDB
 
zkStudyClub - LatticeFold: A Lattice-based Folding Scheme and its Application...
zkStudyClub - LatticeFold: A Lattice-based Folding Scheme and its Application...zkStudyClub - LatticeFold: A Lattice-based Folding Scheme and its Application...
zkStudyClub - LatticeFold: A Lattice-based Folding Scheme and its Application...
Alex Pruden
 
Apps Break Data
Apps Break DataApps Break Data
Apps Break Data
Ivo Velitchkov
 
“Temporal Event Neural Networks: A More Efficient Alternative to the Transfor...
“Temporal Event Neural Networks: A More Efficient Alternative to the Transfor...“Temporal Event Neural Networks: A More Efficient Alternative to the Transfor...
“Temporal Event Neural Networks: A More Efficient Alternative to the Transfor...
Edge AI and Vision Alliance
 
Main news related to the CCS TSI 2023 (2023/1695)
Main news related to the CCS TSI 2023 (2023/1695)Main news related to the CCS TSI 2023 (2023/1695)
Main news related to the CCS TSI 2023 (2023/1695)
Jakub Marek
 
Demystifying Knowledge Management through Storytelling
Demystifying Knowledge Management through StorytellingDemystifying Knowledge Management through Storytelling
Demystifying Knowledge Management through Storytelling
Enterprise Knowledge
 
"$10 thousand per minute of downtime: architecture, queues, streaming and fin...
"$10 thousand per minute of downtime: architecture, queues, streaming and fin..."$10 thousand per minute of downtime: architecture, queues, streaming and fin...
"$10 thousand per minute of downtime: architecture, queues, streaming and fin...
Fwdays
 
Christine's Product Research Presentation.pptx
Christine's Product Research Presentation.pptxChristine's Product Research Presentation.pptx
Christine's Product Research Presentation.pptx
christinelarrosa
 
QA or the Highway - Component Testing: Bridging the gap between frontend appl...
QA or the Highway - Component Testing: Bridging the gap between frontend appl...QA or the Highway - Component Testing: Bridging the gap between frontend appl...
QA or the Highway - Component Testing: Bridging the gap between frontend appl...
zjhamm304
 
Northern Engraving | Nameplate Manufacturing Process - 2024
Northern Engraving | Nameplate Manufacturing Process - 2024Northern Engraving | Nameplate Manufacturing Process - 2024
Northern Engraving | Nameplate Manufacturing Process - 2024
Northern Engraving
 
Session 1 - Intro to Robotic Process Automation.pdf
Session 1 - Intro to Robotic Process Automation.pdfSession 1 - Intro to Robotic Process Automation.pdf
Session 1 - Intro to Robotic Process Automation.pdf
UiPathCommunity
 
The Microsoft 365 Migration Tutorial For Beginner.pptx
The Microsoft 365 Migration Tutorial For Beginner.pptxThe Microsoft 365 Migration Tutorial For Beginner.pptx
The Microsoft 365 Migration Tutorial For Beginner.pptx
operationspcvita
 
"What does it really mean for your system to be available, or how to define w...
"What does it really mean for your system to be available, or how to define w..."What does it really mean for your system to be available, or how to define w...
"What does it really mean for your system to be available, or how to define w...
Fwdays
 
AppSec PNW: Android and iOS Application Security with MobSF
AppSec PNW: Android and iOS Application Security with MobSFAppSec PNW: Android and iOS Application Security with MobSF
AppSec PNW: Android and iOS Application Security with MobSF
Ajin Abraham
 
Christine's Supplier Sourcing Presentaion.pptx
Christine's Supplier Sourcing Presentaion.pptxChristine's Supplier Sourcing Presentaion.pptx
Christine's Supplier Sourcing Presentaion.pptx
christinelarrosa
 
Introduction of Cybersecurity with OSS at Code Europe 2024
Introduction of Cybersecurity with OSS  at Code Europe 2024Introduction of Cybersecurity with OSS  at Code Europe 2024
Introduction of Cybersecurity with OSS at Code Europe 2024
Hiroshi SHIBATA
 
Northern Engraving | Modern Metal Trim, Nameplates and Appliance Panels
Northern Engraving | Modern Metal Trim, Nameplates and Appliance PanelsNorthern Engraving | Modern Metal Trim, Nameplates and Appliance Panels
Northern Engraving | Modern Metal Trim, Nameplates and Appliance Panels
Northern Engraving
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Leveraging the Graph for Clinical Trials and Standards
Leveraging the Graph for Clinical Trials and StandardsLeveraging the Graph for Clinical Trials and Standards
Leveraging the Graph for Clinical Trials and Standards
 
PRODUCT LISTING OPTIMIZATION PRESENTATION.pptx
PRODUCT LISTING OPTIMIZATION PRESENTATION.pptxPRODUCT LISTING OPTIMIZATION PRESENTATION.pptx
PRODUCT LISTING OPTIMIZATION PRESENTATION.pptx
 
Poznań ACE event - 19.06.2024 Team 24 Wrapup slidedeck
Poznań ACE event - 19.06.2024 Team 24 Wrapup slidedeckPoznań ACE event - 19.06.2024 Team 24 Wrapup slidedeck
Poznań ACE event - 19.06.2024 Team 24 Wrapup slidedeck
 
Freshworks Rethinks NoSQL for Rapid Scaling & Cost-Efficiency
Freshworks Rethinks NoSQL for Rapid Scaling & Cost-EfficiencyFreshworks Rethinks NoSQL for Rapid Scaling & Cost-Efficiency
Freshworks Rethinks NoSQL for Rapid Scaling & Cost-Efficiency
 
zkStudyClub - LatticeFold: A Lattice-based Folding Scheme and its Application...
zkStudyClub - LatticeFold: A Lattice-based Folding Scheme and its Application...zkStudyClub - LatticeFold: A Lattice-based Folding Scheme and its Application...
zkStudyClub - LatticeFold: A Lattice-based Folding Scheme and its Application...
 
Apps Break Data
Apps Break DataApps Break Data
Apps Break Data
 
“Temporal Event Neural Networks: A More Efficient Alternative to the Transfor...
“Temporal Event Neural Networks: A More Efficient Alternative to the Transfor...“Temporal Event Neural Networks: A More Efficient Alternative to the Transfor...
“Temporal Event Neural Networks: A More Efficient Alternative to the Transfor...
 
Main news related to the CCS TSI 2023 (2023/1695)
Main news related to the CCS TSI 2023 (2023/1695)Main news related to the CCS TSI 2023 (2023/1695)
Main news related to the CCS TSI 2023 (2023/1695)
 
Demystifying Knowledge Management through Storytelling
Demystifying Knowledge Management through StorytellingDemystifying Knowledge Management through Storytelling
Demystifying Knowledge Management through Storytelling
 
"$10 thousand per minute of downtime: architecture, queues, streaming and fin...
"$10 thousand per minute of downtime: architecture, queues, streaming and fin..."$10 thousand per minute of downtime: architecture, queues, streaming and fin...
"$10 thousand per minute of downtime: architecture, queues, streaming and fin...
 
Christine's Product Research Presentation.pptx
Christine's Product Research Presentation.pptxChristine's Product Research Presentation.pptx
Christine's Product Research Presentation.pptx
 
QA or the Highway - Component Testing: Bridging the gap between frontend appl...
QA or the Highway - Component Testing: Bridging the gap between frontend appl...QA or the Highway - Component Testing: Bridging the gap between frontend appl...
QA or the Highway - Component Testing: Bridging the gap between frontend appl...
 
Northern Engraving | Nameplate Manufacturing Process - 2024
Northern Engraving | Nameplate Manufacturing Process - 2024Northern Engraving | Nameplate Manufacturing Process - 2024
Northern Engraving | Nameplate Manufacturing Process - 2024
 
Session 1 - Intro to Robotic Process Automation.pdf
Session 1 - Intro to Robotic Process Automation.pdfSession 1 - Intro to Robotic Process Automation.pdf
Session 1 - Intro to Robotic Process Automation.pdf
 
The Microsoft 365 Migration Tutorial For Beginner.pptx
The Microsoft 365 Migration Tutorial For Beginner.pptxThe Microsoft 365 Migration Tutorial For Beginner.pptx
The Microsoft 365 Migration Tutorial For Beginner.pptx
 
"What does it really mean for your system to be available, or how to define w...
"What does it really mean for your system to be available, or how to define w..."What does it really mean for your system to be available, or how to define w...
"What does it really mean for your system to be available, or how to define w...
 
AppSec PNW: Android and iOS Application Security with MobSF
AppSec PNW: Android and iOS Application Security with MobSFAppSec PNW: Android and iOS Application Security with MobSF
AppSec PNW: Android and iOS Application Security with MobSF
 
Christine's Supplier Sourcing Presentaion.pptx
Christine's Supplier Sourcing Presentaion.pptxChristine's Supplier Sourcing Presentaion.pptx
Christine's Supplier Sourcing Presentaion.pptx
 
Introduction of Cybersecurity with OSS at Code Europe 2024
Introduction of Cybersecurity with OSS  at Code Europe 2024Introduction of Cybersecurity with OSS  at Code Europe 2024
Introduction of Cybersecurity with OSS at Code Europe 2024
 
Northern Engraving | Modern Metal Trim, Nameplates and Appliance Panels
Northern Engraving | Modern Metal Trim, Nameplates and Appliance PanelsNorthern Engraving | Modern Metal Trim, Nameplates and Appliance Panels
Northern Engraving | Modern Metal Trim, Nameplates and Appliance Panels
 

3. table of content

  • 1. v TABLE OF CONTENTS CONTENTS PAGE ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iv TABLE OF CONTENTS v LIST OF TABLES vii LIST OF FIGURES viii LIST OF PLATES ix LIST OF GRAPH x LIST OF ABBREVIATION xi ABSTRACT xii ABSTRAK xiii CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1 1.1 Background 1 1.1 Problem Statement 2 1.3 Justifications 2 1.4 Objectives 2 CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 3 2.1 Oil Palm 3 2.1.1 Oil Palm Frond 4 2.1.2 OPF As An Alternative Source Of Particle Board 5 2.2 Particleboard 6 2.2.1 History of Particleboard 7 2.2.2 Properties of Particleboard 8 2.3 Phenol Formaldehyde 8 CHAPTER 3 METHODOLOGY 10 3.1 Manufacturing of Particleboard 10 3.2 Preparation of Particleboard 11 3.2.1Preparation of Raw Material 11
  • 2. vi 3.2.2 Chipping and Flaking 12 3.2.3 Drying and Screening 13 3.2.4 Glue Mixing and Blending 14 3.2.5 Mat Forming 14 3.2.6 Hot Pressing 15 3.2.7 Trimming 16 3.2.8 Testing 17 3.3 Method of Testing 18 3.3.1 Bending Test 18 3.3.1.1 Modulus of Rupture 18 3.3.1.2 Modulus of Elasticity 18 3.3.2 Internal Bonding 19 3.3.3 Thickness Swelling and Water Absorption 20 CHAPTER 4 RESULT AND DISCUSSION 21 4.1 Modulus of Elasticity (MOE) 21 4.1.1 Table of ANOVA analysis of MOE 22 4.2 Modulus of Rupture (MOR) 23 4.2.1 Table of ANOVA analysis of MOR 24 4.3 Internal Bonding 25 4.3.1Table of ANOVA analysis of Internal Bonding 26 4.4 Thickness Swelling (TS) 27 4.4.1 Table of ANOVA analysis of Thickness Swelling 28 4.5 Water Absorption 29 CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSION RECOMMENDATION 30 REFERENCES 31 APENDICES 32 VITA 49