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What is the impact of
globalization on the nation –
state?
Is it true that ……..
….the nation –state , as a
complex modern political
form, is on its last legs (Arjun
Appadurai)
……with economic
interdependence and
global communication,
nation – state is a “nostalgic
fiction” (Kenichi Ohmae)
Nation – state
�Coercive authority over specific territories
(Max Weber)
�Independent political communities with
governments(Hedley Bull)
�An imagined political community
(Benedict Anderson)
Nation – state
According to Hans Schattle,
globalization has not
displaced the state.
Nation – state
� Extends political and economic power beyond its
territory
� Expected to follow international norms/laws/standards
(Universal Principles of Human Rights, Rome Treaty)
� Competes / cooperates with
� international institutions (IMF, WB,ADB, UN)
� transnational civil society ( Amnesty International,
Green Peace)
� Global corporations (Coca-cola, McDonalds, Uniliver,
Nestle)
�The benefits of globalization are unevenly
distributed across states and populations.
State policies mattered greatly.
�Neoliberal economy
�Golden Straightjacket (Thomas Friedman)
�Electronic Herd
�States set the agenda and drive the terms
of cooperation that govern the world’s
leading international organizations (UN,
GATT, WTO)
� Globalization places states into direct
competition (economic investments, tourism,
political legitimacy)
� Globalization has sparked competing dynamics
of power diffusion and power consolidation (civil
society vs state security)
� CITIZENSHIP GAP (Alison Brysk and Gershon
Shafir)
� Globalization of migration, production, regulation and
conflict construct rights without sufficient institutions
to enforce them, identities without membership, and
participation of some at the expense of others.
� Globalization is often seen to have lowered the
importance of the state, but in the end, the states that
will remain the most successful in the face of
globalization is those who adapt to the changes their
role makes.
� In the words attributed to Charles Darwin (1809 –
1882), ‘It is not the strongest of the species that
survives, nor the most intelligent, but rather the one
most responsive to change.’
The End

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2B Nation-State.pptx contemporary world nation

  • 1. What is the impact of globalization on the nation – state?
  • 2. Is it true that ……..
  • 3. ….the nation –state , as a complex modern political form, is on its last legs (Arjun Appadurai)
  • 4. ……with economic interdependence and global communication, nation – state is a “nostalgic fiction” (Kenichi Ohmae)
  • 5. Nation – state �Coercive authority over specific territories (Max Weber) �Independent political communities with governments(Hedley Bull) �An imagined political community (Benedict Anderson)
  • 6. Nation – state According to Hans Schattle, globalization has not displaced the state.
  • 7. Nation – state � Extends political and economic power beyond its territory � Expected to follow international norms/laws/standards (Universal Principles of Human Rights, Rome Treaty) � Competes / cooperates with � international institutions (IMF, WB,ADB, UN) � transnational civil society ( Amnesty International, Green Peace) � Global corporations (Coca-cola, McDonalds, Uniliver, Nestle)
  • 8. �The benefits of globalization are unevenly distributed across states and populations. State policies mattered greatly. �Neoliberal economy �Golden Straightjacket (Thomas Friedman) �Electronic Herd �States set the agenda and drive the terms of cooperation that govern the world’s leading international organizations (UN, GATT, WTO)
  • 9. � Globalization places states into direct competition (economic investments, tourism, political legitimacy) � Globalization has sparked competing dynamics of power diffusion and power consolidation (civil society vs state security) � CITIZENSHIP GAP (Alison Brysk and Gershon Shafir) � Globalization of migration, production, regulation and conflict construct rights without sufficient institutions to enforce them, identities without membership, and participation of some at the expense of others.
  • 10. � Globalization is often seen to have lowered the importance of the state, but in the end, the states that will remain the most successful in the face of globalization is those who adapt to the changes their role makes. � In the words attributed to Charles Darwin (1809 – 1882), ‘It is not the strongest of the species that survives, nor the most intelligent, but rather the one most responsive to change.’