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Improving Student Accessibility through
   the use of Remote Instrumentation


           The BC-ILN Project

        Bruno Cinel & Sharon E. Brewer
        Thompson Rivers University, Kamloops, BC




             2013 Meeting on Remote Labs in BC
Outline of the Talk

               Improving Student Accessibility through
                 the use of Remote Instrumentation

• Some Background and Terminology
   – The BC-Integrated Laboratory Network and the HP Catalyst Initiative
   – What is a lab?
   – Distance, online, hands-on, virtual, remote, blended labs

• The BC-Integrated Laboratory Network
   –   Research questions
   –   First year general chemistry AAS laboratory
   –   Other instruments
   –   Additional activities


• Acknowledgements and contact info                                        2
Some Background
Thompson Rivers University (TRU) Mandate
  “In carrying out its purposes, the university must serve… the open learning needs of
  British Columbia.”
  TRU-Open Learning           First Year General Chemistry Laboratory Courses
                              CHEM 1505 and CHEM 1525



The BC-Integrated Laboratory Network
  An initiative to integrate the remote use of scientific instrumentation and supporting
  instructional material into classroom, lecture and laboratory environments through the
  use of web-based technologies.




Sloan Consortium Workshops in Teaching and Learning with
   Online Labs

                                                                                           3
HP Catalyst Initiative
“Creating Powerful Learning Experiences”

• What: innovative models of learning to make STEM+
         experiences more relevant, more accessible, and more effective
         to highly motivate students and increase learning outcomes

• 2011 Grant: Providing and Evaluating Authentic On-Line Science
                Laboratory Experiences through the BC-ILN



   “Can we help improve learning
     opportunities for students by
     increasing access to modern
    scientific instruments and remote
    laboratory experiences?
                                                                          4
Terminology
What is a Lab?
  experiences providing opportunities for students to interact directly with the
  material world (or with data drawn from the material world), using the tools,
  data collection techniques, models, and theories of science.
  (America's Lab Report: Investigations in High School Science, 2006)




Goals:
  - making chemistry real
  - practical skills
  - scientific skills
  - general skills
  (Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2007, 8(2) 172-185)


                                                                               5
Terminology
ACS Policy Statement
       “Hands-on activities enhance learning significantly at all levels of science education.
       These activities are usually the basis for a “laboratory” class or laboratory portion of a
       class. In a hands-on chemistry course, students directly experience laboratory chemicals
       and their properties, chemical reactions, chemical laboratory apparatus, and chemical
       laboratory instruments. These activities are essential for learning chemistry.”

       “… supports identifying designations for laboratory courses that involve the substitution
       of simulations for more than 20 percent of the hands-on, laboratory activities.”

CSC Accreditation
       “program to involve a total of about 1000 hours of laboratory and classroom work in
       chemistry, with the minimum hours of each being about 400. The laboratory hours
       should be distributed in such a way that every student is exposed to meaningful
       laboratory experience in at least four (and preferably five) of the five sub-disciplines.”

Articulation Agreements
       The BC Council on Admissions & Transfer (BCCAT) facilitates admission, articulation,
       and transfer arrangements among BC- post-secondary institutions for the benefit of
       students.                                                                           6
Terminology



            Online




 Virtual   Labs
           Blended   Remote




            Hands-
              on


                              7
TRU Chemistry

Blended Laboratory Learning



               Online


    Hands-on              Virtual
      “Kits”

                 Remote




                                    8
The BC-ILN Project

                 The Integrated Laboratory Network

An initiative to integrate the remote use of scientific instrumentation and
supporting instructional material into classroom, lecture and laboratory
environments through the use of web-based technologies.




?
          How can the BC-ILN help improve learning opportunities
             for students?


         Can we use these tools to deliver and achieve or
             accomplish the same learning outcomes?”
                                                                              9
Bridging the Distance




BC-ILN Project
                                                      UNBC


                                                      TRU WL


                                                                               Medicine
                                                             TRU               Hat College
   BCIT




                                          See inset                                   10
          WWU in Bellingham, Washington
                                                                   Northwestern University
First Year Chemistry Labs

  Running the ANALYSIS…




                                                     internet


PROXIMALLY                                                        REMOTELY


  •   Cyber-enable an Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer with an autosampler
  •   Students run analysis hands-on either “proximally” or “remotely”
  •   Incorporate remote experience as an option to distance students

                                                                            11
Other Instruments

             Shimadzu Total Organic Carbon Analyzer
                        with Total Nitrogen
            used as non-specific indicators of water quality




        Thermo Scientific Trace Gas Chromatograph Ultra
       used to analyze the various volatiles present in samples




        Bruker 500 MHz AVANCE III Nuclear Magnetic
                    Resonance Spectrometer
    used to reveal the detailed molecular structure of compounds

                                                               12
Additional Activities

High School Chemistry Outreach
•   extend instrumental learning experiences to rural regional high schools
    analyzing various water sources for metal contaminants


Scanning Electron Microscope Activity
•   provide an instrumental experience to TRU 3rd year analytical chemistry students
    SEM-Energy Dispersive Spectrometer at WWU in Bellingham, Washington


Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer
•   1st year analysis of iron in a multivitamin from Medicine Hat College
•   UNBC 2nd year Biochemistry Laboratory Analysis of iron in hemoglobin
    Oh yeah, funny story about that…

Total Organic Carbon Analyzer with Total Nitrogen
• Collaboration with Northwestern University to provide mobile access to high school
   students
                                                                                       13
Distance Laboratories

Chemistry Laboratories I and II
   – blended, distance lab courses combining hands-on, home
     experimental kits (modified from Labpaqs®), virtual pre-laboratory
     activities, and online course management and assessment
   – introducing optional remote lab “Determination of Iron in a
     Multivitamin by AAS”
   – continuous enrolment, transferable for credit

Assessment
   – Safety Quiz                        5%
   – Lab Reports                       40 %
   – Online Journal                    25 %
   – Invigilated: Written Exam         15 %
                  Practical Exam       15 %
                                                                      14
Best Practices

“Best practices" are an effective way of accomplishing learning:

• Clearly defined learning outcomes
• Outcomes linked to meaningful & consistent assessment          difficulty

• Interaction (student-content, student-instructor…)
• Active learning
                                                                     control
• Reflective learning (metacognition)

• Instructor presence
• Effective and timely communication                            feedback

        “learning of online students should at least be equivalent
        to that of traditional students…” (Sloan-C)
                                                                           15
Thanks & Acknowledgements


                                           2011 Catalyst Fund     and
                                           2012 Catalyst Leadership
                                                Fund



BCcampus Online Program Development Fund



Please contact us:         bcinel@tru.ca   sbrewer@tru.ca

Please check out our website:         www.bciln.ca

Or follow us on Twitter:                   @bciln
                                                                        16

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2013 Remotelabs inbc

  • 1. Improving Student Accessibility through the use of Remote Instrumentation The BC-ILN Project Bruno Cinel & Sharon E. Brewer Thompson Rivers University, Kamloops, BC 2013 Meeting on Remote Labs in BC
  • 2. Outline of the Talk Improving Student Accessibility through the use of Remote Instrumentation • Some Background and Terminology – The BC-Integrated Laboratory Network and the HP Catalyst Initiative – What is a lab? – Distance, online, hands-on, virtual, remote, blended labs • The BC-Integrated Laboratory Network – Research questions – First year general chemistry AAS laboratory – Other instruments – Additional activities • Acknowledgements and contact info 2
  • 3. Some Background Thompson Rivers University (TRU) Mandate “In carrying out its purposes, the university must serve… the open learning needs of British Columbia.” TRU-Open Learning First Year General Chemistry Laboratory Courses CHEM 1505 and CHEM 1525 The BC-Integrated Laboratory Network An initiative to integrate the remote use of scientific instrumentation and supporting instructional material into classroom, lecture and laboratory environments through the use of web-based technologies. Sloan Consortium Workshops in Teaching and Learning with Online Labs 3
  • 4. HP Catalyst Initiative “Creating Powerful Learning Experiences” • What: innovative models of learning to make STEM+ experiences more relevant, more accessible, and more effective to highly motivate students and increase learning outcomes • 2011 Grant: Providing and Evaluating Authentic On-Line Science Laboratory Experiences through the BC-ILN “Can we help improve learning opportunities for students by increasing access to modern scientific instruments and remote laboratory experiences? 4
  • 5. Terminology What is a Lab? experiences providing opportunities for students to interact directly with the material world (or with data drawn from the material world), using the tools, data collection techniques, models, and theories of science. (America's Lab Report: Investigations in High School Science, 2006) Goals: - making chemistry real - practical skills - scientific skills - general skills (Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2007, 8(2) 172-185) 5
  • 6. Terminology ACS Policy Statement “Hands-on activities enhance learning significantly at all levels of science education. These activities are usually the basis for a “laboratory” class or laboratory portion of a class. In a hands-on chemistry course, students directly experience laboratory chemicals and their properties, chemical reactions, chemical laboratory apparatus, and chemical laboratory instruments. These activities are essential for learning chemistry.” “… supports identifying designations for laboratory courses that involve the substitution of simulations for more than 20 percent of the hands-on, laboratory activities.” CSC Accreditation “program to involve a total of about 1000 hours of laboratory and classroom work in chemistry, with the minimum hours of each being about 400. The laboratory hours should be distributed in such a way that every student is exposed to meaningful laboratory experience in at least four (and preferably five) of the five sub-disciplines.” Articulation Agreements The BC Council on Admissions & Transfer (BCCAT) facilitates admission, articulation, and transfer arrangements among BC- post-secondary institutions for the benefit of students. 6
  • 7. Terminology Online Virtual Labs Blended Remote Hands- on 7
  • 8. TRU Chemistry Blended Laboratory Learning Online Hands-on Virtual “Kits” Remote 8
  • 9. The BC-ILN Project The Integrated Laboratory Network An initiative to integrate the remote use of scientific instrumentation and supporting instructional material into classroom, lecture and laboratory environments through the use of web-based technologies. ? How can the BC-ILN help improve learning opportunities for students? Can we use these tools to deliver and achieve or accomplish the same learning outcomes?” 9
  • 10. Bridging the Distance BC-ILN Project UNBC TRU WL Medicine TRU Hat College BCIT See inset 10 WWU in Bellingham, Washington Northwestern University
  • 11. First Year Chemistry Labs Running the ANALYSIS… internet PROXIMALLY REMOTELY • Cyber-enable an Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer with an autosampler • Students run analysis hands-on either “proximally” or “remotely” • Incorporate remote experience as an option to distance students 11
  • 12. Other Instruments Shimadzu Total Organic Carbon Analyzer with Total Nitrogen used as non-specific indicators of water quality Thermo Scientific Trace Gas Chromatograph Ultra used to analyze the various volatiles present in samples Bruker 500 MHz AVANCE III Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometer used to reveal the detailed molecular structure of compounds 12
  • 13. Additional Activities High School Chemistry Outreach • extend instrumental learning experiences to rural regional high schools analyzing various water sources for metal contaminants Scanning Electron Microscope Activity • provide an instrumental experience to TRU 3rd year analytical chemistry students SEM-Energy Dispersive Spectrometer at WWU in Bellingham, Washington Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer • 1st year analysis of iron in a multivitamin from Medicine Hat College • UNBC 2nd year Biochemistry Laboratory Analysis of iron in hemoglobin Oh yeah, funny story about that… Total Organic Carbon Analyzer with Total Nitrogen • Collaboration with Northwestern University to provide mobile access to high school students 13
  • 14. Distance Laboratories Chemistry Laboratories I and II – blended, distance lab courses combining hands-on, home experimental kits (modified from Labpaqs®), virtual pre-laboratory activities, and online course management and assessment – introducing optional remote lab “Determination of Iron in a Multivitamin by AAS” – continuous enrolment, transferable for credit Assessment – Safety Quiz 5% – Lab Reports 40 % – Online Journal 25 % – Invigilated: Written Exam 15 % Practical Exam 15 % 14
  • 15. Best Practices “Best practices" are an effective way of accomplishing learning: • Clearly defined learning outcomes • Outcomes linked to meaningful & consistent assessment difficulty • Interaction (student-content, student-instructor…) • Active learning control • Reflective learning (metacognition) • Instructor presence • Effective and timely communication feedback “learning of online students should at least be equivalent to that of traditional students…” (Sloan-C) 15
  • 16. Thanks & Acknowledgements 2011 Catalyst Fund and 2012 Catalyst Leadership Fund BCcampus Online Program Development Fund Please contact us: bcinel@tru.ca sbrewer@tru.ca Please check out our website: www.bciln.ca Or follow us on Twitter: @bciln 16