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Sustainable Building
Technology
Dr. Ir. Christian Struck
1
BouwTex: Potential of textiles
for building renovation
Context o GHG reduction initiatives (-49% CO2 emissions,
by 2030) lead to more stringent building energy
regulations.
o Localized renewable energy supply strategies
(potentially) lead to enhanced stress on energy
distribution networks.
Energy mix, 2010 (Source: Eurostat)
3
Klimaatakkoord
Afspraken / informaties
Afspraken / informatiesDwelling
stock in the
Netherlands
1,10 0,93
3,23
0,55
0,00
2,00
4,00
6,00
8,00
10,00
12,00
Only 0,4-1,2 % of the dwelling stock is
renovated each in the European Union.
Amount of dwellings (millions) per building type in
the Netherlands.
Det. Semi-det. Ter. Apart.
… we do not have 100 years!
4
Assembly line, process steps
Infographic + Lead Generation Model
1. Wood framing
2. Installation of studs
3. Installation of insulation
4. Placing windows
5. Addition of stone strips
On-site data collection
Infographic + Lead Generation Model
• Two days on-site
• Six façade elements
• Three activity
categories:
• assembly,
• waiting,
• searching
Challenges, parametrizing models
Infographic + Lead Generation Model
• Very diverse facade elements
• Workstations with one and two workers
• Limited measurements per activity and
process step
• Unexpected process interruptions
Process steps (h:min:sec)
Model Framing Studs Insulation Windows Stone strips Total
1 02:42:00 01:58:00 02:13:00 01:55:30 05:30:00 14:18:30
2 02:42:00 01:58:00 02:13:00 01:55:30 8:48:30
3 02:33:50 01:52:00 02:06:30 01:54:15 8:26:35
4 02:37:00 01:51:00 02:07:30 01:46:30 8:22:00
5 02:13:50 01:45:00 02:01:00 01:45:15 7:45:05
6 02:13:50 01:45:00 02:01:00 01:45:15 05:30:00 13:15:05
7 02:13:50 01:45:00 02:01:00 01:45:15 01:00:00 8:45:05
Model parameters, average
Infographic + Lead Generation Model
BM search & waiting time x 0.5,
plus stone strips (manually) / 16 h
Infographic + Lead Generation Model
Placing stone strips manually, 5:30 h per façade element, blocks continuous
production.
BM search & waiting time x 0.5,
plus stone strips (robot) / 1880 h
Infographic + Lead Generation Model
Estimated production capacity employing a robot for placing stone
strips is 839 façade elements compared to 340 without robot, annually.
(Source: www.grootsneek.nl)
National
intitiatives
Afspraken / informaties
• Energieakkoord / 6 sept. 2013
• Akkoord van Parijs / 12 dec. 2015
• De Bouwagenda / 28 maart 2017
• Introductie MPG 1.0 / 1 jan 2018
• Bouw Techniek & Innovatiecentrum / 4de kwartaal 2018
• Klimaatakkoord / 10 juli 2018 (1ste kwartaal 2019)
• Operationeel start BTIC / 1 mei 2019
• Energieprestatie van gebouwen (NTA 8800) / 1 juli 2020
• Oververhitting nieuwbouwwoningen / 1 juli 2020
• Wet Kwaliteitsborging / 1 jan 2021
• …
Sustainable
Building
Technology
Dr. Ir. Christian Struck
Occupants
Building Services
13
Field of tension Building use
Energy generation*,
storage*, distribution
and delivery (HVAC
systems)
Building
structure
Reducing energy consumption and increasing resource
efficiency requires an integrated systems approach!
4
Design approaches change.
(Lysen, 1996)
[1996]
[2014] 1. Cutting the energy demand including the use of
designs, materials and equipment that are more efficient;
2. Produce energy locally from renewable and otherwise
wasted resources;
3. Using smart grids generating a surplus in some
buildings and feeding it into the grid.
15(WBCSD, 2014)
System definitions for energy-positive
buildings evolve.
Type 1: Annually generated energy (QR) equals or exceeds the buildings
demand (QD). The demand includes energy used for providing domestic hot
water (QDHW), space heating (QH), ventilation QV, as well as small power and
electrical equipment (QSP).
QR = QD = QDHW+ QH+QV+QSP (1)
Type 2: As type 1 but the demand additionally includes the embodied energy
for the building over its life cycle (QEM).
QR = QD = QDHW+ QH+QV+QSP+QEM (2)
Type 3: As type 2 but the demand also includes the energy required for user
induced mobility.
QR = QD = QDHW+ QH+QV+QSP+QEM+QMob (3)
… there are new building performance
indicators in development!
4
Smart Readiness Indicator
18
Facilitate a greater uptake of smart technologies is
expected to result in significant energy savings in a cost-
effective way, while helping to improve comfort and
occupant satisfaction and enabling buildings to play a key
role in smart energy systems.
Smart Readiness
19
The flexibility of a building's overall electricity
demand, including its ability to enable
participation in active and passive as well as
implicit and explicit demand-response, in
relation to the grid, for example through
flexibility and load shifting capacities.
Aspect 1: Building – Grid interaction
Smart Readiness
20
The ability to maintain energy efficiency,
performance and operation of the building
through the adaptation of energy consumption
for example through use of energy from
renewable sources
Aspect 2: Energy management
Smart Readiness
21
The buildings ability to adapt its operation mode
in response to the needs of the occupant
paying due attention to the availability of user-
friendliness, maintaining healthy indoor climate
conditions and ability to report on energy use
Aspect 3: Building - User Interaction
22
How do we communicate with the user?
?
23
…from data to knowledge
(Judelmann [2004])
Performance pattern recognition
Rel. productivity C5: 1. Jan – 31 Dec. 2011
Temperature differential C5: Room temp. to opt. 21.75oC
00:00
08:00
12:00
16:00
20:00
24:00
04:00
00:00
08:00
12:00
16:00
20:00
24:00
04:00
4
(Struck et al. [2012] )
25
…MOA model, adapted …
(Ölander and Folke [1995], Artho et al. [2012] )
26
Dynamische toestandsvisualisatie (1/2)
Biomimicry: Communicatie van verbruiksgegevens en
ruimtoestandsgrootheden.
27
Interactive data-communication network,
prototype
Finale prototype actieve en passieve communicatie van
ruimtoestandsgrootheden.
Ruimtes
1-3
We are able to set-up and operate
prototypical systems, but…
29
(Hulin et al. Eur Respir J 2012; 40: 1033–1045)
Indoor air
pollution
30
(Hulin et al. Eur Respir J 2012; 40: 1033–1045)
Indoor air
pollution
Response to
health risks
31
(Salthammer, Assessing Human Exposure to Organic Pollutants in the
Indoor Environment, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2018, 57, 12228 – 12263)
Indoor air
chemistry
32
33
1. Lightweight
2. Easy to transport and install
3. Great potential for system integration (sensors,
actuators, means of communication …)
4. Can be engineered to many different
requirements
5. Use of recycled material
6. Use as filter material (gases / fluids)
7. Carrier for reactive substances
8. Industrial production
9. Low-cost
Advantages of
using textiles in
construction
34
- Installation with / for optimized heat transfer
- Weather resistivity
- Application of glues and impact on indoor
environmental quality
- Resistance to thermal and mechanical forces
(high and low temperature's [fire], wind,
vandalism)
- Resistance to unwanted chemical reactions
Challenges for
the application
of textiles
SBT
applied research Building as a product.
35
Customized
Energy management system
Enhanced well-being
Semi-autonomous
Data as starting point.
36
Design
Manufacturing proces
Performance assessment
Smart-home services
SBT
applied research
Sustainable Building
Technology
Dr. Ir. Christian Struck
37
BouwTex: Potential of textiles
for building renovation

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200115 Bouwtex Eindevent - Christian Struck

  • 1. Sustainable Building Technology Dr. Ir. Christian Struck 1 BouwTex: Potential of textiles for building renovation
  • 2. Context o GHG reduction initiatives (-49% CO2 emissions, by 2030) lead to more stringent building energy regulations. o Localized renewable energy supply strategies (potentially) lead to enhanced stress on energy distribution networks. Energy mix, 2010 (Source: Eurostat) 3
  • 4. Afspraken / informatiesDwelling stock in the Netherlands 1,10 0,93 3,23 0,55 0,00 2,00 4,00 6,00 8,00 10,00 12,00 Only 0,4-1,2 % of the dwelling stock is renovated each in the European Union. Amount of dwellings (millions) per building type in the Netherlands. Det. Semi-det. Ter. Apart.
  • 5. … we do not have 100 years! 4
  • 6. Assembly line, process steps Infographic + Lead Generation Model 1. Wood framing 2. Installation of studs 3. Installation of insulation 4. Placing windows 5. Addition of stone strips
  • 7. On-site data collection Infographic + Lead Generation Model • Two days on-site • Six façade elements • Three activity categories: • assembly, • waiting, • searching
  • 8. Challenges, parametrizing models Infographic + Lead Generation Model • Very diverse facade elements • Workstations with one and two workers • Limited measurements per activity and process step • Unexpected process interruptions
  • 9. Process steps (h:min:sec) Model Framing Studs Insulation Windows Stone strips Total 1 02:42:00 01:58:00 02:13:00 01:55:30 05:30:00 14:18:30 2 02:42:00 01:58:00 02:13:00 01:55:30 8:48:30 3 02:33:50 01:52:00 02:06:30 01:54:15 8:26:35 4 02:37:00 01:51:00 02:07:30 01:46:30 8:22:00 5 02:13:50 01:45:00 02:01:00 01:45:15 7:45:05 6 02:13:50 01:45:00 02:01:00 01:45:15 05:30:00 13:15:05 7 02:13:50 01:45:00 02:01:00 01:45:15 01:00:00 8:45:05 Model parameters, average Infographic + Lead Generation Model
  • 10. BM search & waiting time x 0.5, plus stone strips (manually) / 16 h Infographic + Lead Generation Model Placing stone strips manually, 5:30 h per façade element, blocks continuous production.
  • 11. BM search & waiting time x 0.5, plus stone strips (robot) / 1880 h Infographic + Lead Generation Model Estimated production capacity employing a robot for placing stone strips is 839 façade elements compared to 340 without robot, annually. (Source: www.grootsneek.nl)
  • 12. National intitiatives Afspraken / informaties • Energieakkoord / 6 sept. 2013 • Akkoord van Parijs / 12 dec. 2015 • De Bouwagenda / 28 maart 2017 • Introductie MPG 1.0 / 1 jan 2018 • Bouw Techniek & Innovatiecentrum / 4de kwartaal 2018 • Klimaatakkoord / 10 juli 2018 (1ste kwartaal 2019) • Operationeel start BTIC / 1 mei 2019 • Energieprestatie van gebouwen (NTA 8800) / 1 juli 2020 • Oververhitting nieuwbouwwoningen / 1 juli 2020 • Wet Kwaliteitsborging / 1 jan 2021 • …
  • 13. Sustainable Building Technology Dr. Ir. Christian Struck Occupants Building Services 13
  • 14. Field of tension Building use Energy generation*, storage*, distribution and delivery (HVAC systems) Building structure Reducing energy consumption and increasing resource efficiency requires an integrated systems approach! 4
  • 15. Design approaches change. (Lysen, 1996) [1996] [2014] 1. Cutting the energy demand including the use of designs, materials and equipment that are more efficient; 2. Produce energy locally from renewable and otherwise wasted resources; 3. Using smart grids generating a surplus in some buildings and feeding it into the grid. 15(WBCSD, 2014)
  • 16. System definitions for energy-positive buildings evolve. Type 1: Annually generated energy (QR) equals or exceeds the buildings demand (QD). The demand includes energy used for providing domestic hot water (QDHW), space heating (QH), ventilation QV, as well as small power and electrical equipment (QSP). QR = QD = QDHW+ QH+QV+QSP (1) Type 2: As type 1 but the demand additionally includes the embodied energy for the building over its life cycle (QEM). QR = QD = QDHW+ QH+QV+QSP+QEM (2) Type 3: As type 2 but the demand also includes the energy required for user induced mobility. QR = QD = QDHW+ QH+QV+QSP+QEM+QMob (3)
  • 17. … there are new building performance indicators in development! 4
  • 18. Smart Readiness Indicator 18 Facilitate a greater uptake of smart technologies is expected to result in significant energy savings in a cost- effective way, while helping to improve comfort and occupant satisfaction and enabling buildings to play a key role in smart energy systems.
  • 19. Smart Readiness 19 The flexibility of a building's overall electricity demand, including its ability to enable participation in active and passive as well as implicit and explicit demand-response, in relation to the grid, for example through flexibility and load shifting capacities. Aspect 1: Building – Grid interaction
  • 20. Smart Readiness 20 The ability to maintain energy efficiency, performance and operation of the building through the adaptation of energy consumption for example through use of energy from renewable sources Aspect 2: Energy management
  • 21. Smart Readiness 21 The buildings ability to adapt its operation mode in response to the needs of the occupant paying due attention to the availability of user- friendliness, maintaining healthy indoor climate conditions and ability to report on energy use Aspect 3: Building - User Interaction
  • 22. 22 How do we communicate with the user? ?
  • 23. 23 …from data to knowledge (Judelmann [2004])
  • 24. Performance pattern recognition Rel. productivity C5: 1. Jan – 31 Dec. 2011 Temperature differential C5: Room temp. to opt. 21.75oC 00:00 08:00 12:00 16:00 20:00 24:00 04:00 00:00 08:00 12:00 16:00 20:00 24:00 04:00 4 (Struck et al. [2012] )
  • 25. 25 …MOA model, adapted … (Ölander and Folke [1995], Artho et al. [2012] )
  • 26. 26 Dynamische toestandsvisualisatie (1/2) Biomimicry: Communicatie van verbruiksgegevens en ruimtoestandsgrootheden.
  • 27. 27 Interactive data-communication network, prototype Finale prototype actieve en passieve communicatie van ruimtoestandsgrootheden. Ruimtes 1-3
  • 28. We are able to set-up and operate prototypical systems, but…
  • 29. 29 (Hulin et al. Eur Respir J 2012; 40: 1033–1045) Indoor air pollution
  • 30. 30 (Hulin et al. Eur Respir J 2012; 40: 1033–1045) Indoor air pollution
  • 31. Response to health risks 31 (Salthammer, Assessing Human Exposure to Organic Pollutants in the Indoor Environment, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2018, 57, 12228 – 12263)
  • 33. 33 1. Lightweight 2. Easy to transport and install 3. Great potential for system integration (sensors, actuators, means of communication …) 4. Can be engineered to many different requirements 5. Use of recycled material 6. Use as filter material (gases / fluids) 7. Carrier for reactive substances 8. Industrial production 9. Low-cost Advantages of using textiles in construction
  • 34. 34 - Installation with / for optimized heat transfer - Weather resistivity - Application of glues and impact on indoor environmental quality - Resistance to thermal and mechanical forces (high and low temperature's [fire], wind, vandalism) - Resistance to unwanted chemical reactions Challenges for the application of textiles
  • 35. SBT applied research Building as a product. 35 Customized Energy management system Enhanced well-being Semi-autonomous
  • 36. Data as starting point. 36 Design Manufacturing proces Performance assessment Smart-home services SBT applied research
  • 37. Sustainable Building Technology Dr. Ir. Christian Struck 37 BouwTex: Potential of textiles for building renovation