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2. Does evolution violate the second law of thermodynamics? Why or why not? 3. The heat
capacity of compound B is two times greater than the heat capacity of compound A. If one mole
of each compound (A and B) absorbs 100 Joules of heat, which compound will exhibit the larger
temperature rise -A or B? Why? 4. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The
entropy change of a system is necessarily zero if the process causing the change is performed
reversibly. Please state why you agree or disagree.
Solution
1.
No, it doesn't.
The Second Law of Thermodynamics is one of the most fundamental laws of nature: evolution
really would be in big trouble if it broke it. Put not particularly simply, the Second Law of
Thermodynamics states that the entropy (the amount of disorganisation) in a closed system tends
to increase with time. Put more simply, this means that matter does not tend to organise itself in a
particular location unless there is some external energy source powering it. Evolution can be
seen as matter organising itself.
Evolution-deniers who cite the Second Law of Thermodynamics as proof against evolution
happening on our planet either conveniently forget to mention, or do not realise, that the earth is
not a closed system: it has a rather massive external energy source, namely the sun. If we were to
consider the entire solar system to be a closed system (which, to all intents and purposes, it is),
then the occurrence of evolution on any of the planets would not break the Second Law of
Thermodynamics, because, while evolution represents a local decrease in entropy, the burning of
fuel within the sun represents a far greater increase in entropy
2- Does evolution violate the second law of thermodynamics- Why or why.docx

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2- Does evolution violate the second law of thermodynamics- Why or why.docx

  • 1. 2. Does evolution violate the second law of thermodynamics? Why or why not? 3. The heat capacity of compound B is two times greater than the heat capacity of compound A. If one mole of each compound (A and B) absorbs 100 Joules of heat, which compound will exhibit the larger temperature rise -A or B? Why? 4. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The entropy change of a system is necessarily zero if the process causing the change is performed reversibly. Please state why you agree or disagree. Solution 1. No, it doesn't. The Second Law of Thermodynamics is one of the most fundamental laws of nature: evolution really would be in big trouble if it broke it. Put not particularly simply, the Second Law of Thermodynamics states that the entropy (the amount of disorganisation) in a closed system tends to increase with time. Put more simply, this means that matter does not tend to organise itself in a particular location unless there is some external energy source powering it. Evolution can be seen as matter organising itself. Evolution-deniers who cite the Second Law of Thermodynamics as proof against evolution happening on our planet either conveniently forget to mention, or do not realise, that the earth is not a closed system: it has a rather massive external energy source, namely the sun. If we were to consider the entire solar system to be a closed system (which, to all intents and purposes, it is), then the occurrence of evolution on any of the planets would not break the Second Law of Thermodynamics, because, while evolution represents a local decrease in entropy, the burning of fuel within the sun represents a far greater increase in entropy