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Science V
Causes, symptoms,
prevention and treatment of
common ailments of the
respiratory system
Review
1. How is Tubercle bacilli acquired by a
person?
2. How about pneumonia, bronchitis,
asthma and common cold?
Review
1. How is Tubercle bacilli acquired by a
person?
2. How about pneumonia, bronchitis,
asthma and common cold?
• Yawning happens when the body is
tired. A tired body slows down. It does not
readily get rid of metabolic waste. Thus, too
much carbon dioxide remains in the blood,
which, in turn, activates the breathing center.
• The body involuntarily opens the mouth wide,
takes in an enormous amount of air, and then
pushes out a large breath that expels a lot of
carbon dioxide.
Hiccups happen
when the
breathing center
activates the
diaphram to inhale
air, while the
epiglottis at this
point gets the
wrong signal and
closes the
Checking of Assignment
• Recall how many times you suffered
from colds. What do you do?
• Causes, symptoms, prevention and
treatment of common ailments of the
respiratory system
Presentation
• Each group will represent a common
ailment of the respiratory system and
report to the class the symptoms,
causes, prevention and treatment of
the ailment.
S A R S
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome – is a
corona virus infection and very contagious.
The symptoms are very high fever,
shortness of breath, dry cough, headache,
muscle pains, loss of appetite, sore throat,
fatigue, and diarrhea. There is no known
treatment for SARS.
COPD
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease,
is a lung condition usually caused by
smoking. People with COPD have difficulty
breathing. In the early stage of COPD,
they may feel breathless during physical
activity. Eventually, they have trouble
breathing even at rest.
COPD
The lungs’ airways are called bronchi, or
“branches.” They divide and spread
throughout the lung and end in tiny sacs.
In someone with normal lungs, these sacs
inflate upon the inhale and deflate upon
the exhale. In people with COPD, the sacs
don't work properly because they are
damaged (this condition is also known as
emphysema) or the bronchi become
inflamed (chronic bronchitis).
A tracheotomy is a surgical procedure in
which a cut or opening is made in the
windpipe (trachea). The surgeon inserts a
tube in the opening to bypass an
obstruction, allow air to get to the lungs, or
remove secretions. Tracheostomy refers to
the opening itself.
Application
How can you relieved from
the discomforts brought
about by these ailments?
Application
• A vital part in keeping the body healthy
and its immune response functioning at
peak efficiency: proper nutrition, healthy
amounts of good-quality drinking water,
adequate rest, regular exercise, and
stress reduction.
• All forms of air pollution have some
harmful effects on our respiratory system.
Prolonged exposure to carbon monoxide
can cause heart and respiratory disorders.
Evaluation
Ailments Causes Symptoms
Prevention and
treatment
Colds
Virus and
Bacteria
Prescribed medicine
Plenty of liquid intake
and rest
Asthma Breathing difficulty
Balanced diet
Exercise, rest
Plenty of liquid intake
Bacteria or
virus
Coughing, fever and
chills, sweating, blood
in sputum
Antibiotics, rest,
Professional medical
supervision.
Fill the box with the missing words.
Evaluation
Ailments Causes Symptoms
Prevention and
treatment
Colds
Virus and
Bacteria
Runny nose, headache
and fever
Prescribed medicine
Plenty of liquid intake
and rest
Asthma Allergies Breathing difficulty
Balanced diet
Exercise, rest
Plenty of liquid intake
Pneumonia
Bacteria or
virus
Coughing, fever and
chills, sweating, blood
in sputum
Antibiotics, rest,
Professional medical
supervision.
Fill the box with the missing words.
Assignment
1. Give three general ways to minimize or
prevent respiratory ailments.
2. Lung cancer has been related to
smoking. How can you inform the public
about the dangers of smoking?
3. Why do traffic aides and factory workers
wear masks?
4. Why does your rate of breathing
increase in crowded area?

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1st science 16 causes, symptoms, prevention and treatment

  • 1. Science V Causes, symptoms, prevention and treatment of common ailments of the respiratory system
  • 2. Review 1. How is Tubercle bacilli acquired by a person? 2. How about pneumonia, bronchitis, asthma and common cold?
  • 3. Review 1. How is Tubercle bacilli acquired by a person? 2. How about pneumonia, bronchitis, asthma and common cold?
  • 4. • Yawning happens when the body is tired. A tired body slows down. It does not readily get rid of metabolic waste. Thus, too much carbon dioxide remains in the blood, which, in turn, activates the breathing center. • The body involuntarily opens the mouth wide, takes in an enormous amount of air, and then pushes out a large breath that expels a lot of carbon dioxide.
  • 5. Hiccups happen when the breathing center activates the diaphram to inhale air, while the epiglottis at this point gets the wrong signal and closes the
  • 6. Checking of Assignment • Recall how many times you suffered from colds. What do you do? • Causes, symptoms, prevention and treatment of common ailments of the respiratory system
  • 7. Presentation • Each group will represent a common ailment of the respiratory system and report to the class the symptoms, causes, prevention and treatment of the ailment.
  • 8.
  • 9.
  • 10. S A R S Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome – is a corona virus infection and very contagious. The symptoms are very high fever, shortness of breath, dry cough, headache, muscle pains, loss of appetite, sore throat, fatigue, and diarrhea. There is no known treatment for SARS.
  • 11. COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, is a lung condition usually caused by smoking. People with COPD have difficulty breathing. In the early stage of COPD, they may feel breathless during physical activity. Eventually, they have trouble breathing even at rest.
  • 12. COPD The lungs’ airways are called bronchi, or “branches.” They divide and spread throughout the lung and end in tiny sacs. In someone with normal lungs, these sacs inflate upon the inhale and deflate upon the exhale. In people with COPD, the sacs don't work properly because they are damaged (this condition is also known as emphysema) or the bronchi become inflamed (chronic bronchitis).
  • 13. A tracheotomy is a surgical procedure in which a cut or opening is made in the windpipe (trachea). The surgeon inserts a tube in the opening to bypass an obstruction, allow air to get to the lungs, or remove secretions. Tracheostomy refers to the opening itself.
  • 14. Application How can you relieved from the discomforts brought about by these ailments?
  • 15. Application • A vital part in keeping the body healthy and its immune response functioning at peak efficiency: proper nutrition, healthy amounts of good-quality drinking water, adequate rest, regular exercise, and stress reduction. • All forms of air pollution have some harmful effects on our respiratory system. Prolonged exposure to carbon monoxide can cause heart and respiratory disorders.
  • 16. Evaluation Ailments Causes Symptoms Prevention and treatment Colds Virus and Bacteria Prescribed medicine Plenty of liquid intake and rest Asthma Breathing difficulty Balanced diet Exercise, rest Plenty of liquid intake Bacteria or virus Coughing, fever and chills, sweating, blood in sputum Antibiotics, rest, Professional medical supervision. Fill the box with the missing words.
  • 17. Evaluation Ailments Causes Symptoms Prevention and treatment Colds Virus and Bacteria Runny nose, headache and fever Prescribed medicine Plenty of liquid intake and rest Asthma Allergies Breathing difficulty Balanced diet Exercise, rest Plenty of liquid intake Pneumonia Bacteria or virus Coughing, fever and chills, sweating, blood in sputum Antibiotics, rest, Professional medical supervision. Fill the box with the missing words.
  • 18. Assignment 1. Give three general ways to minimize or prevent respiratory ailments. 2. Lung cancer has been related to smoking. How can you inform the public about the dangers of smoking? 3. Why do traffic aides and factory workers wear masks? 4. Why does your rate of breathing increase in crowded area?