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Charles and his sister with their Castilian mother,  Joanna I , The Mad.
Carlos V  with his beautiful wife  Isabel of Portugal . They loved each other. Great  Tiziano  made this portraits. As well as the couple, Carlos and Isabel were  ...... Isabel was considered the most ........ Queen of Spain.
CARLOS V  ( first part of the 16 th   century) An Emperor  who inspired  enthusiasm !  Portrait of Charles V on horseback by Anthony van  Dyck
Carlos V at  Mülberg   battle by  Tiziano
Carlos V at  Yuste  Monastery ( Cáceres ) by  Tiziano
CARLOS INHERITED A VAST EMPIRE What an impressive inheritance! Charles V’s family tree
 
 
YOUNG CARLOS WAS THE OWNER OF EUROPE
Carlos V’s coat of arms ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
THE REVOLT OF THE COMUNEROS   ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Young Carlos I in 1516 Were Castilian cities satisfied  with their new king?
Young Carlos So, Castilian cities were furious with young Carlos  and they started  the  Revolt of the  Comuneros . Cities which took part in the Revolt of the  Comuneros
Juan de Padilla, leader of  the Community chosen by  Toledo. Monument to  Juan Bravo in Segovia Francisco Maldonado’s monument in Salamanca ,[object Object]
[object Object],The Battle of  Villalar  (Valladolid), 1521
The gate of Jaén and the arch of  Villalar, Baeza Was Baeza a  Comunera  city?
[object Object]
María  Pacheco  received the news about the execution of her husband,  Juan de Padilla . She continued the fight. Finally, María Pacheco was defeated and went to Portugal. She was really courageous.
Each February 3 since 1988 has been celebrated by the  Castile and León Community  in  Villalar  (Valladolid). The celebration highlights the roles of  Juan de Padilla  and  María Pacheco , and is done in memory of the rebellion in 1521, the last event of the war A floral offering at  Villalar , on  Castile and León Day , April 23, 2006
Carlos  V by  Tiziano, 1532-1533 ,[object Object]
The government of this vast empire was so difficult! ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],How on earth could Carlos V rule territories  that are so different?
Don Francisco de los Cobos What connection was there between this man and  Carlos V ? Where was this man from?
BIG PROBLEMS IN THE EMPIRE ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
1. France : Carlos V vs.  François I Valois ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
The battle  of Pavía ( Italy).  Who won?
Torre de los Lujanes, Madrid Carlos V  visiting François I after the battle of  Pavía ,[object Object],[object Object]
2.  The Ottoman Turks :  Carlos V vs.  Solimán  The Magnificent Vs.  ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
[object Object],After the Spanish victory in Tunisia, François I formed an alliance with  Solimán . What do you think about this alliance?
Oruç  Reis   was  Hayreddin  Barbarossa's elder brother ,[object Object]
Solimán   ordered the construction of this impressive mosque in Istanbul.
3. The worst problem:  the German Protestants : impossible at all!  Vs.
3. The worst problem:  the German Protestants : impossible at all!  Vs. ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Carlos V was retired in the monastery of  Yuste  (Cáceres ). He felt  exhausted  and  very sad . One day  “ Jeronimín”  was introduced to Carlos V.    Who was this boy and how did the Emperor feel?   We have in our high school this painting. Where is it?  This man was so charming. I love him! I know ,  dear children ,  he is dead, but it doesn’t matter.
His life was fascinating!
King  Felipe II  (2 nd   part of the 16 th  century) A king who inspired  respect His coat of arms was  different to Carlos V’s coat. Why?
King Felipe II, the King “ prudente ”
THE IMPRESIVE EMPIRE OF FELIPE II What sentence is used to illustrate this gigantic empire? “ The sun never set over Felipe II’s empire”
FELIPE II’S OBJECTIVES AND HIS MAIN PROBLEMS   ,[object Object],[object Object],His main problems: 1. War against  France . San  Quintín  Battle, 1557 2. War against The  Turks . Lepanto B. 1571 ,[object Object],3. War in the  Low Countries : Impossible!!  4. War against  England . The Invincible Armada, a disaster!
1. War against  France .  San Quintín  Battle, 1557 Explain the meaning of this typical Spanish expression:  “Se va a armar la de San Quintín”  Date 10 August 1557 Location Saint-Quentin ,  France Result Decisive Spanish victory
Henri II de France King Felipe II  by  Tiziano 1. War against  France . San  Quintín  Battle, 1557 Vs.
Map of Manuel  Fileberto de Saboya 's Dutch campaign.
Monastery o f El Escorial, Madrid. King Felipe II  ordered its construction to celebrate ….
2. War against The  Turks . Lepanto Battle. 1571 ,[object Object],[object Object],Recreation of the Battle of Lepanto (1571)
[object Object],[object Object],The leader of the Holy League was Felipe II. Banner of the Holy League. 1571 Belligerents Holy League : Spanish Empire   Republic of Venice   Papal States   Republic of Genoa   Duchy of Savoy Knights of Malta   Ottoman Empire
The Virgin helps Spanish Army in Lepanto  ,[object Object],Our Army won in the Gulf of  Lepanto (Greece).
Only 30 Turk  galeras  were  saved
Who was the Commander of the Holy League?
The Holy League was commanded by Don   Juan de  Austria , the  illegitimate  son of Emperor  Charles V  and half brother of King  Philip II of Spain
Lepanto was one of  the biggest naval battles of the History. Who famous man fought in this battle and what happened to him?
3. War in the  Low Countries : Impossible!!  ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Spanish soldiers (the  famous  Tercios )  fighting in the Low Countries.
Spanish soldiers (the famous  Tercios ) were very courageous  ,[object Object],[object Object]
[object Object],No. 1 :  His illegitimate stepsister,  Margarita de Parma , next to  her adviser, Cardinal  Granvela ,  developed a modern and centralist policy.  No. 2 :   El Duque de Alba .  governed  the Low Countries with a firm hand  and established the  Tribunal de los Tumultos
Felipe II named different governors in the Low Countries.  No. 3 :  Luis de Requesens   tried to talk with Flemish ( flamencos ) noblemen, but he couldn’t  avoid the war. No. 4 :  His stepbrother  Don Juan de Austria :  couldn’t pacify the Low Countries  because he died very young.
No. 5 :  G reat  general  Alejandro  Farnesio   was an extraordinary diplomatic  and General. He divided the rebels  and controlled  the provinces of the South. He died.  No. 6 :  Finally, his dearest daughte r  Isabel  Clara Eugenia   was an excellent governor next to her  husband   El Archiduque Alberto de Austria . Felipe II named different governors in the Low Countries.
Felipe II named different governors in the Low Countries.  No. 1 :  Margarita de Parma No. 2 :   El Duque de Alba .   No. 3 :  Luis de Requesens No. 4 :  Don Juan de Austria : No. 5 :  Alejandro  Farnesio No. 6 :  Isabel  Clara Eugenia
4. War against  England . The Invincible Armada, a disaster! Queen Elisabeth I Tudor, the daughter of Henry VIII & Anne Boleyn Relations with England deteriorated when Elizabeth I became Queen.  English support for the rebels in the Low Countries led Felipe II to send  the Invincible Armada  to fight against England.  The powerful Spanish Armada was defeated in 1 588 “ The  Invincible Armada”
Spanish boats “The  Invincible Armada” are being destroyed by English Armada.
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Elisabeth I supported the Protestants in the Low Countries and financed pirates to attack our boats in the Caribbean Sea.  How bad!
[object Object],[object Object]
Gossips! Felipe II had a crazy and dangerous kid:  Prince Don Carlos Men became crazy because of this irresistible woman :  Princess of  Éboli
Antonio  Pérez,   the Prime Minister of Felipe II, was the Princess of  Éboli’s love r.  Felipe II accused him of killing  Escobedo  (secretary of D. Juan de Austria) and Antonio Pérez left Castile and took refuge in Aragón  Juan de  Lanuza ,  el  Justicia  Mayor de Aragón, was executed for helping Antonio  Pérez
King Felipe II and  his first wife ,  María Manuela de Portugal . Their son, Prince Carlos, was crazy  Felipe II married 4 times!
Mary Tudor , his second wife. They did not have any children
Isabel de  Valois ,  his third wife. Felipe II loved her, but she died. They had two intelligent girls: Isabel Clara Eugenia and Catalina  Micaela . Felipe II adored them.
Isabel Clara Eugenia and Catalina  Micaela . Felipe II was very proud of  them.
Isabel Clara Eugenia was the most intelligent and deserved to be the new queen but in 16 th  century women were discriminated
Ana de Austria , his last wife. They had one boy. He was the heir, future Felipe III. What a pity!
THE CONQUEST OF AMERICA   Hérnan C ortés conquered  the Aztec Empire.  Francisco Pizarro  conquered the Inca Empire. ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
ORGANISATION OF THE NEW WORLD EMPIRE The Spanish Empire in America ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],What is the meaning “Vales un Potosí”?
Llamas  carrying silver in Potosí mines .
Reconstruction of a Spanish colony in the New World
THE IMPACT OF THE DISCOVERY OF AMERICA  Spanish speaking countries Portuguese speaking countries Cultural impact Countries with a Catholic majority Religious impact
Dear children, Unit 11 is finished. Study it! Be careful with your teacher!  A new Queen Elizabeth?
Queen Elizabeth anticipates the battle against the Spanish Army Are children studying  Unit 11?  Yes,  your Majesty. I’m looking at some of them!

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16th century

  • 1. Charles and his sister with their Castilian mother, Joanna I , The Mad.
  • 2. Carlos V with his beautiful wife Isabel of Portugal . They loved each other. Great Tiziano made this portraits. As well as the couple, Carlos and Isabel were ...... Isabel was considered the most ........ Queen of Spain.
  • 3. CARLOS V ( first part of the 16 th century) An Emperor who inspired enthusiasm ! Portrait of Charles V on horseback by Anthony van Dyck
  • 4. Carlos V at Mülberg battle by Tiziano
  • 5. Carlos V at Yuste Monastery ( Cáceres ) by Tiziano
  • 6. CARLOS INHERITED A VAST EMPIRE What an impressive inheritance! Charles V’s family tree
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9. YOUNG CARLOS WAS THE OWNER OF EUROPE
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12. Young Carlos So, Castilian cities were furious with young Carlos and they started the Revolt of the Comuneros . Cities which took part in the Revolt of the Comuneros
  • 13.
  • 14.
  • 15. The gate of Jaén and the arch of Villalar, Baeza Was Baeza a Comunera city?
  • 16.
  • 17. María Pacheco received the news about the execution of her husband, Juan de Padilla . She continued the fight. Finally, María Pacheco was defeated and went to Portugal. She was really courageous.
  • 18. Each February 3 since 1988 has been celebrated by the Castile and León Community in Villalar (Valladolid). The celebration highlights the roles of Juan de Padilla and María Pacheco , and is done in memory of the rebellion in 1521, the last event of the war A floral offering at Villalar , on Castile and León Day , April 23, 2006
  • 19.
  • 20.
  • 21. Don Francisco de los Cobos What connection was there between this man and Carlos V ? Where was this man from?
  • 22.
  • 23.
  • 24. The battle of Pavía ( Italy). Who won?
  • 25.
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  • 27.
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  • 29. Solimán ordered the construction of this impressive mosque in Istanbul.
  • 30. 3. The worst problem: the German Protestants : impossible at all! Vs.
  • 31.
  • 32. Carlos V was retired in the monastery of Yuste (Cáceres ). He felt exhausted and very sad . One day “ Jeronimín” was introduced to Carlos V. Who was this boy and how did the Emperor feel? We have in our high school this painting. Where is it? This man was so charming. I love him! I know , dear children , he is dead, but it doesn’t matter.
  • 33. His life was fascinating!
  • 34. King Felipe II (2 nd part of the 16 th century) A king who inspired respect His coat of arms was different to Carlos V’s coat. Why?
  • 35. King Felipe II, the King “ prudente ”
  • 36. THE IMPRESIVE EMPIRE OF FELIPE II What sentence is used to illustrate this gigantic empire? “ The sun never set over Felipe II’s empire”
  • 37.
  • 38. 1. War against France . San Quintín Battle, 1557 Explain the meaning of this typical Spanish expression: “Se va a armar la de San Quintín” Date 10 August 1557 Location Saint-Quentin , France Result Decisive Spanish victory
  • 39. Henri II de France King Felipe II by Tiziano 1. War against France . San Quintín Battle, 1557 Vs.
  • 40. Map of Manuel Fileberto de Saboya 's Dutch campaign.
  • 41. Monastery o f El Escorial, Madrid. King Felipe II ordered its construction to celebrate ….
  • 42.
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  • 45. Only 30 Turk galeras were saved
  • 46. Who was the Commander of the Holy League?
  • 47. The Holy League was commanded by Don Juan de Austria , the illegitimate son of Emperor Charles V and half brother of King Philip II of Spain
  • 48. Lepanto was one of the biggest naval battles of the History. Who famous man fought in this battle and what happened to him?
  • 49.
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  • 51.
  • 52. Felipe II named different governors in the Low Countries. No. 3 : Luis de Requesens tried to talk with Flemish ( flamencos ) noblemen, but he couldn’t avoid the war. No. 4 : His stepbrother Don Juan de Austria : couldn’t pacify the Low Countries because he died very young.
  • 53. No. 5 : G reat general Alejandro Farnesio was an extraordinary diplomatic and General. He divided the rebels and controlled the provinces of the South. He died. No. 6 : Finally, his dearest daughte r Isabel Clara Eugenia was an excellent governor next to her husband El Archiduque Alberto de Austria . Felipe II named different governors in the Low Countries.
  • 54. Felipe II named different governors in the Low Countries. No. 1 : Margarita de Parma No. 2 : El Duque de Alba . No. 3 : Luis de Requesens No. 4 : Don Juan de Austria : No. 5 : Alejandro Farnesio No. 6 : Isabel Clara Eugenia
  • 55. 4. War against England . The Invincible Armada, a disaster! Queen Elisabeth I Tudor, the daughter of Henry VIII & Anne Boleyn Relations with England deteriorated when Elizabeth I became Queen. English support for the rebels in the Low Countries led Felipe II to send the Invincible Armada to fight against England. The powerful Spanish Armada was defeated in 1 588 “ The Invincible Armada”
  • 56. Spanish boats “The Invincible Armada” are being destroyed by English Armada.
  • 57.
  • 58. Elisabeth I supported the Protestants in the Low Countries and financed pirates to attack our boats in the Caribbean Sea. How bad!
  • 59.
  • 60. Gossips! Felipe II had a crazy and dangerous kid: Prince Don Carlos Men became crazy because of this irresistible woman : Princess of Éboli
  • 61. Antonio Pérez, the Prime Minister of Felipe II, was the Princess of Éboli’s love r. Felipe II accused him of killing Escobedo (secretary of D. Juan de Austria) and Antonio Pérez left Castile and took refuge in Aragón Juan de Lanuza , el Justicia Mayor de Aragón, was executed for helping Antonio Pérez
  • 62. King Felipe II and his first wife , María Manuela de Portugal . Their son, Prince Carlos, was crazy Felipe II married 4 times!
  • 63. Mary Tudor , his second wife. They did not have any children
  • 64. Isabel de Valois , his third wife. Felipe II loved her, but she died. They had two intelligent girls: Isabel Clara Eugenia and Catalina Micaela . Felipe II adored them.
  • 65. Isabel Clara Eugenia and Catalina Micaela . Felipe II was very proud of them.
  • 66. Isabel Clara Eugenia was the most intelligent and deserved to be the new queen but in 16 th century women were discriminated
  • 67. Ana de Austria , his last wife. They had one boy. He was the heir, future Felipe III. What a pity!
  • 68.
  • 69.
  • 70. Llamas carrying silver in Potosí mines .
  • 71. Reconstruction of a Spanish colony in the New World
  • 72. THE IMPACT OF THE DISCOVERY OF AMERICA Spanish speaking countries Portuguese speaking countries Cultural impact Countries with a Catholic majority Religious impact
  • 73. Dear children, Unit 11 is finished. Study it! Be careful with your teacher! A new Queen Elizabeth?
  • 74. Queen Elizabeth anticipates the battle against the Spanish Army Are children studying Unit 11? Yes, your Majesty. I’m looking at some of them!