SlideShare a Scribd company logo
co-funded by the European Union
Modelling of Archival User Needs
Steffen Hennicke
Berlin School of Library and Information Science
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
27.06.2014
APEX, Dublin
Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 227.06.2013
Research Context
• The thesis investigates the hypothesis that
●
there are sets of typical patterns in user enquiries to archives,
●
these patterns can be formally represented in a ontological model.
• Addresses prevailing research issues:
●
What are the information needs of users of archives?
●
What questions do users pose to archives?
●
Cornerstone for the design of better access and discovery
systems for the huge (but largely dormant) information
potential of archives and other historical knowledge bases.
Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 327.06.2013
Research Interest
• Provide empirical insight into the nature of written
user enquiries in free text to archives.
• Investigate how common patterns of enquiries can
be reasonably represented in an ontological model
in order to produce adequate answers for the user.
• Main Research Question: “Is there a hypothetical
ontological model which can represent user enquiries
and their probable interpretations as formal queries
against a model of the archival target world that
would adequately answer the enquiry or its implicit
purpose?”
Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 427.06.2013
Research Data
• Federal Archives of Germany (Bundesarchiv)
• Written “Reference Questions” contain largely unfiltered
information needs.
• 60 user files with 546 single questions
– 260 questions explicit or implicit “resource discovery”
– 70 questions “factual”
– 216 questions “other”
• In total, 330 questions (“resource discovery” and “factual”)
are currently being scrutinized for common patterns.
Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 527.06.2013
Methodological Approach
• Wendy Duff and Catherine Johnson (2001)
– Analysis of E-mail Reference Questions
– Type of Questions
– Type of Wanted and Given Information
• 2-Step-Interpretation of Questions
– Wanted Information: Explicit user perspective
– Context of Information: Relations between information entities
– Aim: To find common patterns questions
• Ontology Engineering: Generalisation and formalisation of common patterns
• Ontological model: CIDOC CRM
– Empirical based Conceptual Reference Model (CRM) for the cultural heritage domain
– Conceptualizes information and history around the notion of events
Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 627.06.2013
Example
• Context: A source I would like to see are the police-
and surveillance reports from the Weimar Republic
which are about revolutionary movements. I would like
to know what the surveillance agency of the Reich (or
the ones of the Länder) had to say about [person
name].
• Question 1: Do you know if the Bundesarchiv holds
such documents?
• Question 2: Which agency of the Reich was
responsible for the surveillance of revolutionary
movements? The Reich or the Länder?
Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 727.06.2013
Example – Wanted Information
• First Interpretation: Which are probable and adequate answers
to the question?
• Question 1 (material-finding): “pointers” to documents…
– …about [“person name”]
– …about “revolutionary movements”
• Question 2 (fact-finding): name of a legal body
• Given Contextual Information
– name of a specific actor (“[person name]”)
– type of a group (“revolutionary movements”)
– type of a legal body (“surveillance agency of the Reich”)
– type of documents (“police- and surveillance reports”)
– name of a period (“Weimar Republic”)
Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 827.06.2013
Example – CIDOC CRM
• Second Interpretation: How to translate the interpretation
of the question to CIDOC CRM?
• CIDOC CRM: Historical entities are connected through events.
• Question 1: The documents in question are the result of a
“surveillance activity” targeted at a specific type of group.
• Question 2: The legal body whose name is in question was
involved in an “surveillance activity” which was targeted at
a specific type of group and a specific actor.
• The common denominator is a “documentation activity”
which is the most general abstraction of a “surveillance
activity”.
Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 927.06.2013
Example – Question 1
Original Question: Do
you know if the
Bundesarchiv holds such
documents?
Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 1027.06.2013
Example – Question 2
Original Question: Which
agency of the Reich was
responsible for the
surveillance of revolutionary
movements?
Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 1127.06.2013
Documentation-Activity
Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 1227.06.2013
Example – Documentation-
Activity
• Question 1 and 2 and their interpretations have
shared patterns which can be unified:
“Documentation-Activity”.
• New Classes and Properties to the CIDOC CRM
– E7.1 Documentation Activity
– Self-Documentation
– Documentation of Others
– E29.1 Mandate
– Several properties (e.g. “follows mandate”, “has mandate”)
Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 1327.06.2013
Value and Potential
• Formal model of (archival) user needs.
– Strong conceptual and empirical reference for the design of
(archival) information systems.
– Design and extension of (archival) metadata schemas.
• Method to formalise (archival) user needs.
– 2-Step-Interpretation of user questions.
• Unobtrusive access layer to archival holdings.
– Does not interfere with archival documentation principles.
– Maybe with documentation practices.
• Extensible context layer for archival holdings.
– Connect to information outside of the archive.
Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 1427.06.2013
Feasibility
• CIDOC-CRM representations exists for RDF(S)/OWL.
• Case study with EAD encoded finding aids.
• Documentation Activity explicates the (historical)
context of the creation of documents.
• (Semi-)automatic means of information extraction
(NLP).
• Pro-active documentation for high-value collections.
• Community-based contributions.

More Related Content

Similar to Modelling of Archival User Needs - Steffen Hennicke

LIS 703 Subject Analysis by Malgorzata Kot
LIS 703 Subject Analysis by Malgorzata KotLIS 703 Subject Analysis by Malgorzata Kot
LIS 703 Subject Analysis by Malgorzata Kot
MalgorzataKot
 
SearchInFocus: Exploratory Study on Query Logs and Actionable Intelligence
SearchInFocus: Exploratory Study on Query Logs and Actionable Intelligence SearchInFocus: Exploratory Study on Query Logs and Actionable Intelligence
SearchInFocus: Exploratory Study on Query Logs and Actionable Intelligence
Marina Santini
 
A conceptual model for the annotation of audiovisual heritage in a media stud...
A conceptual model for the annotation of audiovisual heritage in a media stud...A conceptual model for the annotation of audiovisual heritage in a media stud...
A conceptual model for the annotation of audiovisual heritage in a media stud...
Liliana M. Melgar Estrada
 
Ir 01
Ir   01Ir   01
IRT Unit_I.pptx
IRT Unit_I.pptxIRT Unit_I.pptx
IRT Unit_I.pptx
thenmozhip8
 
How Do UK Students, Researchers and Academics use the Internet
How Do UK Students, Researchers and Academics use the InternetHow Do UK Students, Researchers and Academics use the Internet
How Do UK Students, Researchers and Academics use the Internet
Caroline Williams
 
Leslie Johnston: Library Big Data Repository Services, Open Repositories 2012
Leslie Johnston: Library Big Data Repository Services, Open Repositories 2012Leslie Johnston: Library Big Data Repository Services, Open Repositories 2012
Leslie Johnston: Library Big Data Repository Services, Open Repositories 2012
lljohnston
 
Matthewpoland
MatthewpolandMatthewpoland
Copac: Reengineering the UK national academic union catalogue to serve the 21...
Copac: Reengineering the UK national academic union catalogue to serve the 21...Copac: Reengineering the UK national academic union catalogue to serve the 21...
Copac: Reengineering the UK national academic union catalogue to serve the 21...
Joy Palmer
 
Research Inventy : International Journal of Engineering and Science
Research Inventy : International Journal of Engineering and ScienceResearch Inventy : International Journal of Engineering and Science
Research Inventy : International Journal of Engineering and Science
researchinventy
 
ECA 2010 Abstract: Archival Access from the User’s Perspective (Romijn-Wixley...
ECA 2010 Abstract: Archival Access from the User’s Perspective (Romijn-Wixley...ECA 2010 Abstract: Archival Access from the User’s Perspective (Romijn-Wixley...
ECA 2010 Abstract: Archival Access from the User’s Perspective (Romijn-Wixley...
drs. Julia Romijn-Wixley MA
 
Europeana Cloud - Work Package 1: Assessing Researcher Needs in the Cloud and...
Europeana Cloud - Work Package 1: Assessing Researcher Needs in the Cloud and...Europeana Cloud - Work Package 1: Assessing Researcher Needs in the Cloud and...
Europeana Cloud - Work Package 1: Assessing Researcher Needs in the Cloud and...
Europeana
 
Data and Software in Scientific Activities: a Literature Review
Data and Software in Scientific Activities: a Literature ReviewData and Software in Scientific Activities: a Literature Review
Data and Software in Scientific Activities: a Literature Review
Kai Li
 
Introducing CIDOC-CRM (Cch KR workshop #2.1)
Introducing CIDOC-CRM (Cch KR workshop #2.1)Introducing CIDOC-CRM (Cch KR workshop #2.1)
Introducing CIDOC-CRM (Cch KR workshop #2.1)
Michele Pasin
 
Ralph schroeder and eric meyer
Ralph schroeder and eric meyerRalph schroeder and eric meyer
Ralph schroeder and eric meyer
oiisdp
 
Arc 323 human studies in architecture fall 2018 lecture 3-literature review
Arc 323 human studies in architecture fall 2018 lecture 3-literature reviewArc 323 human studies in architecture fall 2018 lecture 3-literature review
Arc 323 human studies in architecture fall 2018 lecture 3-literature review
Galala University
 
Melissa Terras' Report on the #UKMHLiveLab
Melissa Terras' Report on the #UKMHLiveLabMelissa Terras' Report on the #UKMHLiveLab
Melissa Terras' Report on the #UKMHLiveLab
University of Edinburgh
 
Surfacing the Academic Long Tail (SALT)
Surfacing the Academic Long Tail (SALT)Surfacing the Academic Long Tail (SALT)
Surfacing the Academic Long Tail (SALT)
Joy Palmer
 
Between  information  retrieval  services  and bibliometrics  research. New  ...
Between  information  retrieval  services  and bibliometrics  research. New  ...Between  information  retrieval  services  and bibliometrics  research. New  ...
Between  information  retrieval  services  and bibliometrics  research. New  ...
Andrea Scharnhorst
 
Bojan Cestnik, Alenka Kern, Refining public sector services by applying innov...
Bojan Cestnik, Alenka Kern, Refining public sector services by applying innov...Bojan Cestnik, Alenka Kern, Refining public sector services by applying innov...
Bojan Cestnik, Alenka Kern, Refining public sector services by applying innov...
Danube University Krems, Centre for E-Governance
 

Similar to Modelling of Archival User Needs - Steffen Hennicke (20)

LIS 703 Subject Analysis by Malgorzata Kot
LIS 703 Subject Analysis by Malgorzata KotLIS 703 Subject Analysis by Malgorzata Kot
LIS 703 Subject Analysis by Malgorzata Kot
 
SearchInFocus: Exploratory Study on Query Logs and Actionable Intelligence
SearchInFocus: Exploratory Study on Query Logs and Actionable Intelligence SearchInFocus: Exploratory Study on Query Logs and Actionable Intelligence
SearchInFocus: Exploratory Study on Query Logs and Actionable Intelligence
 
A conceptual model for the annotation of audiovisual heritage in a media stud...
A conceptual model for the annotation of audiovisual heritage in a media stud...A conceptual model for the annotation of audiovisual heritage in a media stud...
A conceptual model for the annotation of audiovisual heritage in a media stud...
 
Ir 01
Ir   01Ir   01
Ir 01
 
IRT Unit_I.pptx
IRT Unit_I.pptxIRT Unit_I.pptx
IRT Unit_I.pptx
 
How Do UK Students, Researchers and Academics use the Internet
How Do UK Students, Researchers and Academics use the InternetHow Do UK Students, Researchers and Academics use the Internet
How Do UK Students, Researchers and Academics use the Internet
 
Leslie Johnston: Library Big Data Repository Services, Open Repositories 2012
Leslie Johnston: Library Big Data Repository Services, Open Repositories 2012Leslie Johnston: Library Big Data Repository Services, Open Repositories 2012
Leslie Johnston: Library Big Data Repository Services, Open Repositories 2012
 
Matthewpoland
MatthewpolandMatthewpoland
Matthewpoland
 
Copac: Reengineering the UK national academic union catalogue to serve the 21...
Copac: Reengineering the UK national academic union catalogue to serve the 21...Copac: Reengineering the UK national academic union catalogue to serve the 21...
Copac: Reengineering the UK national academic union catalogue to serve the 21...
 
Research Inventy : International Journal of Engineering and Science
Research Inventy : International Journal of Engineering and ScienceResearch Inventy : International Journal of Engineering and Science
Research Inventy : International Journal of Engineering and Science
 
ECA 2010 Abstract: Archival Access from the User’s Perspective (Romijn-Wixley...
ECA 2010 Abstract: Archival Access from the User’s Perspective (Romijn-Wixley...ECA 2010 Abstract: Archival Access from the User’s Perspective (Romijn-Wixley...
ECA 2010 Abstract: Archival Access from the User’s Perspective (Romijn-Wixley...
 
Europeana Cloud - Work Package 1: Assessing Researcher Needs in the Cloud and...
Europeana Cloud - Work Package 1: Assessing Researcher Needs in the Cloud and...Europeana Cloud - Work Package 1: Assessing Researcher Needs in the Cloud and...
Europeana Cloud - Work Package 1: Assessing Researcher Needs in the Cloud and...
 
Data and Software in Scientific Activities: a Literature Review
Data and Software in Scientific Activities: a Literature ReviewData and Software in Scientific Activities: a Literature Review
Data and Software in Scientific Activities: a Literature Review
 
Introducing CIDOC-CRM (Cch KR workshop #2.1)
Introducing CIDOC-CRM (Cch KR workshop #2.1)Introducing CIDOC-CRM (Cch KR workshop #2.1)
Introducing CIDOC-CRM (Cch KR workshop #2.1)
 
Ralph schroeder and eric meyer
Ralph schroeder and eric meyerRalph schroeder and eric meyer
Ralph schroeder and eric meyer
 
Arc 323 human studies in architecture fall 2018 lecture 3-literature review
Arc 323 human studies in architecture fall 2018 lecture 3-literature reviewArc 323 human studies in architecture fall 2018 lecture 3-literature review
Arc 323 human studies in architecture fall 2018 lecture 3-literature review
 
Melissa Terras' Report on the #UKMHLiveLab
Melissa Terras' Report on the #UKMHLiveLabMelissa Terras' Report on the #UKMHLiveLab
Melissa Terras' Report on the #UKMHLiveLab
 
Surfacing the Academic Long Tail (SALT)
Surfacing the Academic Long Tail (SALT)Surfacing the Academic Long Tail (SALT)
Surfacing the Academic Long Tail (SALT)
 
Between  information  retrieval  services  and bibliometrics  research. New  ...
Between  information  retrieval  services  and bibliometrics  research. New  ...Between  information  retrieval  services  and bibliometrics  research. New  ...
Between  information  retrieval  services  and bibliometrics  research. New  ...
 
Bojan Cestnik, Alenka Kern, Refining public sector services by applying innov...
Bojan Cestnik, Alenka Kern, Refining public sector services by applying innov...Bojan Cestnik, Alenka Kern, Refining public sector services by applying innov...
Bojan Cestnik, Alenka Kern, Refining public sector services by applying innov...
 

More from Digitised Manuscripts to Europeana

DM2E community building
DM2E community buildingDM2E community building
DM2E community building
Digitised Manuscripts to Europeana
 
Reasoning with Reasoning (STRiX 2014)
Reasoning with Reasoning (STRiX 2014)Reasoning with Reasoning (STRiX 2014)
Reasoning with Reasoning (STRiX 2014)
Digitised Manuscripts to Europeana
 
Wp4 results july dec 2014
Wp4 results july dec 2014Wp4 results july dec 2014
Wp4 results july dec 2014
Digitised Manuscripts to Europeana
 
Virtual exhibition presentation pim
Virtual exhibition presentation pimVirtual exhibition presentation pim
Virtual exhibition presentation pim
Digitised Manuscripts to Europeana
 
Pisa final all_wp_121214_wp1_dg
Pisa final all_wp_121214_wp1_dgPisa final all_wp_121214_wp1_dg
Pisa final all_wp_121214_wp1_dg
Digitised Manuscripts to Europeana
 
10 wp4 community building
10 wp4 community building10 wp4 community building
10 wp4 community building
Digitised Manuscripts to Europeana
 
09 pisa finale
09 pisa finale09 pisa finale
08b final event_experimente
08b final event_experimente08b final event_experimente
08b final event_experimente
Digitised Manuscripts to Europeana
 
07 dm2 e_seachange
07 dm2 e_seachange07 dm2 e_seachange
08a punditdm2efinaleventpisa2014 141212080409-conversion-gate01
08a punditdm2efinaleventpisa2014 141212080409-conversion-gate0108a punditdm2efinaleventpisa2014 141212080409-conversion-gate01
08a punditdm2efinaleventpisa2014 141212080409-conversion-gate01
Digitised Manuscripts to Europeana
 
06 dm2 e_pisa-wp2-no-anim
06 dm2 e_pisa-wp2-no-anim06 dm2 e_pisa-wp2-no-anim
06 dm2 e_pisa-wp2-no-anim
Digitised Manuscripts to Europeana
 
05 piotrowski
05 piotrowski05 piotrowski
04 pisa final_event_111214_wp1_dg
04 pisa final_event_111214_wp1_dg04 pisa final_event_111214_wp1_dg
04 pisa final_event_111214_wp1_dg
Digitised Manuscripts to Europeana
 
03 isaac dm2-e14-full
03 isaac dm2-e14-full03 isaac dm2-e14-full
03 isaac dm2-e14-full
Digitised Manuscripts to Europeana
 
02 20141210 beyond_dm2_e_sustainable_digital_services_chambers_v2
02 20141210 beyond_dm2_e_sustainable_digital_services_chambers_v202 20141210 beyond_dm2_e_sustainable_digital_services_chambers_v2
02 20141210 beyond_dm2_e_sustainable_digital_services_chambers_v2
Digitised Manuscripts to Europeana
 
01 welcome violeta_final_event_dm2_e_20141211
01 welcome violeta_final_event_dm2_e_2014121101 welcome violeta_final_event_dm2_e_20141211
01 welcome violeta_final_event_dm2_e_20141211
Digitised Manuscripts to Europeana
 
Vienna 2014-11-18-dm2 e
Vienna 2014-11-18-dm2 eVienna 2014-11-18-dm2 e
Vienna 2014-11-18-dm2 e
Digitised Manuscripts to Europeana
 
Introduction to dm2 e final dg
Introduction to dm2 e final dgIntroduction to dm2 e final dg
Introduction to dm2 e final dg
Digitised Manuscripts to Europeana
 
Wp1 2014
Wp1 2014Wp1 2014
Dm2 e okfn-infoday_scholarly_activities_18_nov
Dm2 e okfn-infoday_scholarly_activities_18_novDm2 e okfn-infoday_scholarly_activities_18_nov
Dm2 e okfn-infoday_scholarly_activities_18_nov
Digitised Manuscripts to Europeana
 

More from Digitised Manuscripts to Europeana (20)

DM2E community building
DM2E community buildingDM2E community building
DM2E community building
 
Reasoning with Reasoning (STRiX 2014)
Reasoning with Reasoning (STRiX 2014)Reasoning with Reasoning (STRiX 2014)
Reasoning with Reasoning (STRiX 2014)
 
Wp4 results july dec 2014
Wp4 results july dec 2014Wp4 results july dec 2014
Wp4 results july dec 2014
 
Virtual exhibition presentation pim
Virtual exhibition presentation pimVirtual exhibition presentation pim
Virtual exhibition presentation pim
 
Pisa final all_wp_121214_wp1_dg
Pisa final all_wp_121214_wp1_dgPisa final all_wp_121214_wp1_dg
Pisa final all_wp_121214_wp1_dg
 
10 wp4 community building
10 wp4 community building10 wp4 community building
10 wp4 community building
 
09 pisa finale
09 pisa finale09 pisa finale
09 pisa finale
 
08b final event_experimente
08b final event_experimente08b final event_experimente
08b final event_experimente
 
07 dm2 e_seachange
07 dm2 e_seachange07 dm2 e_seachange
07 dm2 e_seachange
 
08a punditdm2efinaleventpisa2014 141212080409-conversion-gate01
08a punditdm2efinaleventpisa2014 141212080409-conversion-gate0108a punditdm2efinaleventpisa2014 141212080409-conversion-gate01
08a punditdm2efinaleventpisa2014 141212080409-conversion-gate01
 
06 dm2 e_pisa-wp2-no-anim
06 dm2 e_pisa-wp2-no-anim06 dm2 e_pisa-wp2-no-anim
06 dm2 e_pisa-wp2-no-anim
 
05 piotrowski
05 piotrowski05 piotrowski
05 piotrowski
 
04 pisa final_event_111214_wp1_dg
04 pisa final_event_111214_wp1_dg04 pisa final_event_111214_wp1_dg
04 pisa final_event_111214_wp1_dg
 
03 isaac dm2-e14-full
03 isaac dm2-e14-full03 isaac dm2-e14-full
03 isaac dm2-e14-full
 
02 20141210 beyond_dm2_e_sustainable_digital_services_chambers_v2
02 20141210 beyond_dm2_e_sustainable_digital_services_chambers_v202 20141210 beyond_dm2_e_sustainable_digital_services_chambers_v2
02 20141210 beyond_dm2_e_sustainable_digital_services_chambers_v2
 
01 welcome violeta_final_event_dm2_e_20141211
01 welcome violeta_final_event_dm2_e_2014121101 welcome violeta_final_event_dm2_e_20141211
01 welcome violeta_final_event_dm2_e_20141211
 
Vienna 2014-11-18-dm2 e
Vienna 2014-11-18-dm2 eVienna 2014-11-18-dm2 e
Vienna 2014-11-18-dm2 e
 
Introduction to dm2 e final dg
Introduction to dm2 e final dgIntroduction to dm2 e final dg
Introduction to dm2 e final dg
 
Wp1 2014
Wp1 2014Wp1 2014
Wp1 2014
 
Dm2 e okfn-infoday_scholarly_activities_18_nov
Dm2 e okfn-infoday_scholarly_activities_18_novDm2 e okfn-infoday_scholarly_activities_18_nov
Dm2 e okfn-infoday_scholarly_activities_18_nov
 

Recently uploaded

formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V
formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.Vformative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V
formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V
DrRavindrakshirsagar1
 
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
NurFitriah45
 
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
Murugan Solaiyappan
 
DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...
DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...
DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...
thanhluan21
 
Bài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.doc
Bài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.docBài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.doc
Bài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.doc
PhngThLmHnh
 
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf
C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdfC Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf
C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf
Scholarhat
 
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
DrRavindrakshirsagar1
 
ENGLISH-7-CURRICULUM MAP- MATATAG CURRICULUM
ENGLISH-7-CURRICULUM MAP- MATATAG CURRICULUMENGLISH-7-CURRICULUM MAP- MATATAG CURRICULUM
ENGLISH-7-CURRICULUM MAP- MATATAG CURRICULUM
HappieMontevirgenCas
 
How to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POSHow to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POS
Celine George
 
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 WebsiteHow to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
Celine George
 
The Jewish Trinity : Sabbath,Shekinah and Sanctuary 4.pdf
The Jewish Trinity : Sabbath,Shekinah and Sanctuary 4.pdfThe Jewish Trinity : Sabbath,Shekinah and Sanctuary 4.pdf
The Jewish Trinity : Sabbath,Shekinah and Sanctuary 4.pdf
JackieSparrow3
 
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
MysoreMuleSoftMeetup
 
CTD Punjab Police Past Papers MCQs PPSC PDF
CTD Punjab Police Past Papers MCQs PPSC PDFCTD Punjab Police Past Papers MCQs PPSC PDF
CTD Punjab Police Past Papers MCQs PPSC PDF
hammadmughal76316
 
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On FacebookOdoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
Celine George
 
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline PartnershipNC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
Mebane Rash
 
Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)
Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)
Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)
Cátedra Banco Santander
 
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional SkillsWebinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
EduSkills OECD
 
How to Manage Access Rights & User Types in Odoo 17
How to Manage Access Rights & User Types in Odoo 17How to Manage Access Rights & User Types in Odoo 17
How to Manage Access Rights & User Types in Odoo 17
Celine George
 

Recently uploaded (20)

formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V
formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.Vformative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V
formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V
 
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
 
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
Lecture_Notes_Unit4_Chapter_8_9_10_RDBMS for the students affiliated by alaga...
 
DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...
DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...
DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...
 
Bài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.doc
Bài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.docBài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.doc
Bài tập bộ trợ anh 7 I learn smart world kì 1 năm học 2022 2023 unit 1.doc
 
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
 
C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf
C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdfC Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf
C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf
 
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
 
ENGLISH-7-CURRICULUM MAP- MATATAG CURRICULUM
ENGLISH-7-CURRICULUM MAP- MATATAG CURRICULUMENGLISH-7-CURRICULUM MAP- MATATAG CURRICULUM
ENGLISH-7-CURRICULUM MAP- MATATAG CURRICULUM
 
How to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POSHow to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POS
 
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 WebsiteHow to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
 
The Jewish Trinity : Sabbath,Shekinah and Sanctuary 4.pdf
The Jewish Trinity : Sabbath,Shekinah and Sanctuary 4.pdfThe Jewish Trinity : Sabbath,Shekinah and Sanctuary 4.pdf
The Jewish Trinity : Sabbath,Shekinah and Sanctuary 4.pdf
 
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
 
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
 
CTD Punjab Police Past Papers MCQs PPSC PDF
CTD Punjab Police Past Papers MCQs PPSC PDFCTD Punjab Police Past Papers MCQs PPSC PDF
CTD Punjab Police Past Papers MCQs PPSC PDF
 
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On FacebookOdoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
 
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline PartnershipNC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
 
Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)
Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)
Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)
 
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional SkillsWebinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
Webinar Innovative assessments for SOcial Emotional Skills
 
How to Manage Access Rights & User Types in Odoo 17
How to Manage Access Rights & User Types in Odoo 17How to Manage Access Rights & User Types in Odoo 17
How to Manage Access Rights & User Types in Odoo 17
 

Modelling of Archival User Needs - Steffen Hennicke

  • 1. co-funded by the European Union Modelling of Archival User Needs Steffen Hennicke Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 27.06.2014 APEX, Dublin
  • 2. Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 227.06.2013 Research Context • The thesis investigates the hypothesis that ● there are sets of typical patterns in user enquiries to archives, ● these patterns can be formally represented in a ontological model. • Addresses prevailing research issues: ● What are the information needs of users of archives? ● What questions do users pose to archives? ● Cornerstone for the design of better access and discovery systems for the huge (but largely dormant) information potential of archives and other historical knowledge bases.
  • 3. Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 327.06.2013 Research Interest • Provide empirical insight into the nature of written user enquiries in free text to archives. • Investigate how common patterns of enquiries can be reasonably represented in an ontological model in order to produce adequate answers for the user. • Main Research Question: “Is there a hypothetical ontological model which can represent user enquiries and their probable interpretations as formal queries against a model of the archival target world that would adequately answer the enquiry or its implicit purpose?”
  • 4. Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 427.06.2013 Research Data • Federal Archives of Germany (Bundesarchiv) • Written “Reference Questions” contain largely unfiltered information needs. • 60 user files with 546 single questions – 260 questions explicit or implicit “resource discovery” – 70 questions “factual” – 216 questions “other” • In total, 330 questions (“resource discovery” and “factual”) are currently being scrutinized for common patterns.
  • 5. Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 527.06.2013 Methodological Approach • Wendy Duff and Catherine Johnson (2001) – Analysis of E-mail Reference Questions – Type of Questions – Type of Wanted and Given Information • 2-Step-Interpretation of Questions – Wanted Information: Explicit user perspective – Context of Information: Relations between information entities – Aim: To find common patterns questions • Ontology Engineering: Generalisation and formalisation of common patterns • Ontological model: CIDOC CRM – Empirical based Conceptual Reference Model (CRM) for the cultural heritage domain – Conceptualizes information and history around the notion of events
  • 6. Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 627.06.2013 Example • Context: A source I would like to see are the police- and surveillance reports from the Weimar Republic which are about revolutionary movements. I would like to know what the surveillance agency of the Reich (or the ones of the Länder) had to say about [person name]. • Question 1: Do you know if the Bundesarchiv holds such documents? • Question 2: Which agency of the Reich was responsible for the surveillance of revolutionary movements? The Reich or the Länder?
  • 7. Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 727.06.2013 Example – Wanted Information • First Interpretation: Which are probable and adequate answers to the question? • Question 1 (material-finding): “pointers” to documents… – …about [“person name”] – …about “revolutionary movements” • Question 2 (fact-finding): name of a legal body • Given Contextual Information – name of a specific actor (“[person name]”) – type of a group (“revolutionary movements”) – type of a legal body (“surveillance agency of the Reich”) – type of documents (“police- and surveillance reports”) – name of a period (“Weimar Republic”)
  • 8. Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 827.06.2013 Example – CIDOC CRM • Second Interpretation: How to translate the interpretation of the question to CIDOC CRM? • CIDOC CRM: Historical entities are connected through events. • Question 1: The documents in question are the result of a “surveillance activity” targeted at a specific type of group. • Question 2: The legal body whose name is in question was involved in an “surveillance activity” which was targeted at a specific type of group and a specific actor. • The common denominator is a “documentation activity” which is the most general abstraction of a “surveillance activity”.
  • 9. Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 927.06.2013 Example – Question 1 Original Question: Do you know if the Bundesarchiv holds such documents?
  • 10. Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 1027.06.2013 Example – Question 2 Original Question: Which agency of the Reich was responsible for the surveillance of revolutionary movements?
  • 11. Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 1127.06.2013 Documentation-Activity
  • 12. Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 1227.06.2013 Example – Documentation- Activity • Question 1 and 2 and their interpretations have shared patterns which can be unified: “Documentation-Activity”. • New Classes and Properties to the CIDOC CRM – E7.1 Documentation Activity – Self-Documentation – Documentation of Others – E29.1 Mandate – Several properties (e.g. “follows mandate”, “has mandate”)
  • 13. Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 1327.06.2013 Value and Potential • Formal model of (archival) user needs. – Strong conceptual and empirical reference for the design of (archival) information systems. – Design and extension of (archival) metadata schemas. • Method to formalise (archival) user needs. – 2-Step-Interpretation of user questions. • Unobtrusive access layer to archival holdings. – Does not interfere with archival documentation principles. – Maybe with documentation practices. • Extensible context layer for archival holdings. – Connect to information outside of the archive.
  • 14. Modelling of Archival User Needs, APEX 2013 1427.06.2013 Feasibility • CIDOC-CRM representations exists for RDF(S)/OWL. • Case study with EAD encoded finding aids. • Documentation Activity explicates the (historical) context of the creation of documents. • (Semi-)automatic means of information extraction (NLP). • Pro-active documentation for high-value collections. • Community-based contributions.