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10 DOH
APPROVED
HERBAL
MEDICINE
PAOLO M. ZABAT, RN
HERBAL MEDICINE

 As

part of primary health care and
because of the increasing cost of
drugs, the use of locally available
medicinal plants and herbs in the
Philippine backyard and field
have been found to be effective
in the treatment of common
ailments as attested to by the
National Science Development
Board, other government and
private
agencies/
persons
engaged in research.

 The

DOH is advocating the use of
the following ten herbal plants.
HERBAL MEDICINE

REPUBLIC ACT 8423
 Otherwise

known as TAMA

TRADITIONAL AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE
ACT OF 1997
 An

act creating the Philippine Institute of
Traditional and Alternative Health Care
(PITAHC) to accelerate the development
of traditional and alternative health care
in the Philippines, providing for a traditional
and alternative health care development
fund and for other purposes.
HERBAL MEDICINE

10 HERBAL MEDICINES APPROVED
BY THE DOH
S
A
N
T
A
L
U
B
B
Y

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

7.
8.
9.
10.

Sambong
Akapulko
Niyog-niyogan
Tsaang Gubat
Ampalaya
Lagundi
Ulasimang Bato
Bawang
Bayabas
Yerba Buena
HERBAL MEDICINE

Reminders on the Use of
Herbal Medicine









Avoid the use of insecticides as these may
leave poison on plants.
In the preparation of herbal medicine, use a
clay pot and remove cover while boiling at low
heat.
Use only the part of the plant being
advocated.
Follow
accurate
dose
of
suggested
preparation.
Use only one kind of herbal plant for each type
of symptoms or sickness.
Use only half the dosage prescribed for fresh
parts like leaves when using dried parts.
HERBAL MEDICINE

Reminders on the Use of
Herbal Medicine







Decoctions loose potency after some time.
Dispose of decoctions after one day. To keep
fresh during the day, keep lukewarm in a flask
or thermos.
Leaves, fruits, flowers or nuts must be mature
before harvesting. Less medicinal substances
are found on young parts.
Stop giving the herbal medication in case
untoward reaction such as allergy occurs.
If signs and symptoms are not relieved after 2
or 3 doses of herbal medication, consult a
doctor
HERBAL MEDICINE

SAMBONG
A

plant that reaches 1
½ to 3 meters in height
with rough hairy leaves.
 Young plants around
mother plant may be
separated when they
have three or more
leaves.

Scientific Name: Blumea
balsamifera
HERBAL MEDICINE

SAMBONG
USES:
 Anti-edema
 Diuretic
 Anti-urolithiasis
PREPARATION:
 Boil chopped leaves in water for 15
minutes until one glassful remains.
Cool and strain.
 Divide decoction into 3 parts. Drink
one part 3 times a day.


NOTE: Sambong is not a medicine
for kidney infection
HERBAL MEDICINE

AKAPULKO







Ringworm Bush
Bayas-bayasan
This plant is about 1 to 2
meters tall
The leaves are embraced
with 8 to 20 oblongelliptical shaped leaflets
It has flowers with oblong
sepals

Scientific Name: Cassia alata
HERBAL MEDICINE

AKAPULKO
USES:
 Anti-fungal:
Tinea
Flava, Ringworm, Athlete
’s Foot and Scabies
PREPARATION:
 Fresh, matured leaves
are pounded.
 Apply as a soap to the
affected part 1 to 2
times a day.
HERBAL MEDICINE

NIYUG-NIYOGAN







Chinese Honey Suckle
A vine which bears tiny
fruits and grows wild in
backyards.
The seeds must come from
mature, dried but newly
opened fruits.
Propagated through stem
cuttings about 20cm in
height.

Scientific Name: Quisqualis
indica L.
HERBAL MEDICINE

NIYUG-NIYOGAN
USES:
 Anti-helmintic (used to expel parasitic
worms.)
PREPARATION:
 Seeds of niyug-niyogan are eaten
raw two hours before the patient’s
last meal of the day.
 Adults may take 10 seeds; children 4
to 7 years of age may eat up to four
seeds only; ages 8 to 9 may take six
seeds and seven seeds may be
eaten by children 10 to 12 years old.
 Not to be given to children below
four years old.
HERBAL MEDICINE

TSAANG GUBAT
 Forest

Tea or Wild Tea
 A shrub with small, shiny
nice-looking leaves that
grows
in
wild
uncultivated areas and
forests.

Scientific Name: Carmona
retusa
HERBAL MEDICINE

TSAANG GUBAT
USES:
 Diarrhea
 Stomach ache
PREPARATION:
 Boil the following amount of
chopped leaves in 2 glasses of
water for 15 minutes or until
amount of water goes down to
1 glass. Cool and strain.
 Wash leaves and chop. Boil
chopped leaves in 1 glass of
water for 15 minutes. Cool and
filter/strain and drink.
HERBAL MEDICINE

AMPALAYA






Bitter Gourd or Bitter melon
A climbing vine with tendrils
that grow up to 20 cms long.
Leaves
are
heartshaped, which are 5 to 10 cms
in diameter
Fruits have ribbed and wrinkled
surface that are fleshy green
with pointed ends at length
and has a bitter taste.

Scientific Name: Momordica
charantia
HERBAL MEDICINE

AMPALAYA
USES:
 Lowers blood sugar levels
 Diabetes
Mellitus
(Mild-non
insulin dependent)
PREPARATION:
 Gather and wash young leaves
very
well.
Chop.
Boil
6
tablespoons in two glassfuls of
water for 15 minutes under low
fire. Do not cover pot. Cool and
strain. Take one third cup 3
times a day after meals.
HERBAL MEDICINE

LAGUNDI







5 Leaved-Chaste Tree
A shrub growing wild in vacant
lots and waste land.
Matured
branches
are
planted.
The flowers are blue and bellshaped.
The small fruits turn black when
ripe. It is better to collect the
leaves when are in bloom.

Scientific Name: Vitex
negundo
HERBAL MEDICINE

LAGUNDI
USES:
 Asthma and cough
 Fever, Dysentery, Colds &
Pain
 Skin diseases and wounds
 Headache
 Rheumatism, sprain, contu
sions, insect bites.
 Aromatic bath for sick
patients
HERBAL MEDICINE

LAGUNDI
PREPARATION:
 For
Asthma, cough and
fever, boil chopped raw fruits
or leaves in 2 glasses of water
left for 15 minutes until the
water left in only 1 glass
(decoction). Strain.
 For Dysentery, colds and
pain, boil a handful of leaves
and flowers in water to
produce a glass full of
decoction 3 time a day.
HERBAL MEDICINE

LAGUNDI
PREPARATION:
 For
skin
diseases
(dermatitis, scabies, ulcer, ecze
ma) and wounds, prepare a
decoction of the leaves. Wash
and clean the skin/wound with
the decoction.
 For headache, crushed leaves
may be applied on the
forehead.
 For
rheumatism, sprain, contusions
and insect bites, pound the
leaves and apply on the
affected part.
HERBAL MEDICINE

ULASIMANG BATO
 Silver

bush or Shiny

bush
 Pansit-pansitan
 A weed with heartshaped leaves that
grow in shady parts of
the garden and yard.

Scientific Name: Peperomia
pellucida
HERBAL MEDICINE

ULASIMANG BATO
USES:
 Lowers uric acid (Rheumatism
and Gout)
PREPARATION:
 Wash the leaves well. One
and a half cup leaves are
boiled in two glassfuls of water
over low fire. Do not cover
pot. Cool and strain. Divide
into three parts and drink
each part 3 times a day a
day.
HERBAL MEDICINE

ULASIMANG BATO
PREPARATION:
 May also be eaten as
salad. Wash the leaves
well. Prepare one and a
half cups of leaves (not
closely packed). Divide
into three parts and take
as salad 3 times a day.
HERBAL MEDICINE

BAWANG
 Garlic
A

low herb and grows
up to sixty cms high
 Leaves are flat and
linear
 Bulbs consist of several
tubers

Scientific Name: Allium
sativum
HERBAL MEDICINE

BAWANG
USES:
 For hypertension
 Toothache
 Lowers cholesterol levels in the
blood
PREPARATION:
 May be fried, roasted, soaked
in vinegar for 30 minutes, or
blanched in boiled water for 5
minutes. Take two pieces three
times a day after meals.
HERBAL MEDICINE

BAWANG
PREPARATION:
 For toothache, pound
a small piece and
apply to affected
part.
CAUTION: Take on full
stomach to prevent
stomach and intestinal
ulcers.
HERBAL MEDICINE

BAYABAS
 Guava
A

tree about 4 to 5
meters high with tiny
white
flowers
with
round or oval fruits
that are eaten raw.

Scientific Name: Psidium
guajava
HERBAL MEDICINE

BAYABAS
USES:
 For washing wounds
 For toothache
 For diarrhea
PREPARATION:
 Warm decoction is used for gargle.
 Freshly pounded leaves are used
for toothache. Guava leaves are
to be washed well and chopped.
Boil for 15 minutes at low fire. Do
not cover pot. Cool and strain
before use.
HERBAL MEDICINE

YERBA BUENA
 Peppermint
A

small
multibranching
aromatic
herb. The leaves are
small, elliptical and
with toothed margin.
 The stem creeps to the
ground, and develop
roots.

Scientific Name: Mentha
cordifelia
HERBAL MEDICINE

YERBA BUENA
USES:
 For pain in different parts
of the body as head
ache, stomach ache
 Rheumatism, arthritis and
headache
 Cough and cold
 Swollen gums & toothache
 Menstrual and gas pain
 Nausea and fainting
 Insect bites & Pruritus
HERBAL MEDICINE

YERBA BUENA
PREPARATION:
 For pain in diff. parts of the
body,
boil
chopped
leaves in 2 glasses of water
for 15 minutes. Cool and
strain.
 For
rheumatism, arthritis
and headache, crush the
fresh leaves and squeeze
sap. Massage sap on
painful
parts
with
eucalyptus.
HERBAL MEDICINE

YERBA BUENA
PREPARATION:
 For cough and cold, get about
10 fresh leaves and soak in a
glass of hot water. Drink as tea.
Acts as an expectorant.
 For toothache, cut fresh plant
and squeeze sap. Soak a piece
of cotton in the sap and insert
this in aching tooth cavity.
Mouth should be rinsed by
gargling salt solution before
inserting the cotton.
To prepare salt solution: add 5g of
table salt to one glass of water.
HERBAL MEDICINE

YERBA BUENA
PREPARATION:
 For Menstrual pain and gas
pain, soak a handful of leaves in
a glass of boiling water. Drink
infusion. It induces menstrual
flow and sweating.
 For nausea and fainting, crush
leaves and apply at nostrils of
patient.
 For insect bites, crush leaves
and apply juice on affected
part or pound leaves until
paste-like and rub this on the
affected part.
HERBAL MEDICINE

THANK YOU!

-END

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10 DOH Approved Herbal Medicine

  • 2. HERBAL MEDICINE  As part of primary health care and because of the increasing cost of drugs, the use of locally available medicinal plants and herbs in the Philippine backyard and field have been found to be effective in the treatment of common ailments as attested to by the National Science Development Board, other government and private agencies/ persons engaged in research.  The DOH is advocating the use of the following ten herbal plants.
  • 3. HERBAL MEDICINE REPUBLIC ACT 8423  Otherwise known as TAMA TRADITIONAL AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE ACT OF 1997  An act creating the Philippine Institute of Traditional and Alternative Health Care (PITAHC) to accelerate the development of traditional and alternative health care in the Philippines, providing for a traditional and alternative health care development fund and for other purposes.
  • 4. HERBAL MEDICINE 10 HERBAL MEDICINES APPROVED BY THE DOH S A N T A L U B B Y 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Sambong Akapulko Niyog-niyogan Tsaang Gubat Ampalaya Lagundi Ulasimang Bato Bawang Bayabas Yerba Buena
  • 5. HERBAL MEDICINE Reminders on the Use of Herbal Medicine       Avoid the use of insecticides as these may leave poison on plants. In the preparation of herbal medicine, use a clay pot and remove cover while boiling at low heat. Use only the part of the plant being advocated. Follow accurate dose of suggested preparation. Use only one kind of herbal plant for each type of symptoms or sickness. Use only half the dosage prescribed for fresh parts like leaves when using dried parts.
  • 6. HERBAL MEDICINE Reminders on the Use of Herbal Medicine     Decoctions loose potency after some time. Dispose of decoctions after one day. To keep fresh during the day, keep lukewarm in a flask or thermos. Leaves, fruits, flowers or nuts must be mature before harvesting. Less medicinal substances are found on young parts. Stop giving the herbal medication in case untoward reaction such as allergy occurs. If signs and symptoms are not relieved after 2 or 3 doses of herbal medication, consult a doctor
  • 7. HERBAL MEDICINE SAMBONG A plant that reaches 1 ½ to 3 meters in height with rough hairy leaves.  Young plants around mother plant may be separated when they have three or more leaves. Scientific Name: Blumea balsamifera
  • 8. HERBAL MEDICINE SAMBONG USES:  Anti-edema  Diuretic  Anti-urolithiasis PREPARATION:  Boil chopped leaves in water for 15 minutes until one glassful remains. Cool and strain.  Divide decoction into 3 parts. Drink one part 3 times a day.  NOTE: Sambong is not a medicine for kidney infection
  • 9. HERBAL MEDICINE AKAPULKO      Ringworm Bush Bayas-bayasan This plant is about 1 to 2 meters tall The leaves are embraced with 8 to 20 oblongelliptical shaped leaflets It has flowers with oblong sepals Scientific Name: Cassia alata
  • 10. HERBAL MEDICINE AKAPULKO USES:  Anti-fungal: Tinea Flava, Ringworm, Athlete ’s Foot and Scabies PREPARATION:  Fresh, matured leaves are pounded.  Apply as a soap to the affected part 1 to 2 times a day.
  • 11. HERBAL MEDICINE NIYUG-NIYOGAN     Chinese Honey Suckle A vine which bears tiny fruits and grows wild in backyards. The seeds must come from mature, dried but newly opened fruits. Propagated through stem cuttings about 20cm in height. Scientific Name: Quisqualis indica L.
  • 12. HERBAL MEDICINE NIYUG-NIYOGAN USES:  Anti-helmintic (used to expel parasitic worms.) PREPARATION:  Seeds of niyug-niyogan are eaten raw two hours before the patient’s last meal of the day.  Adults may take 10 seeds; children 4 to 7 years of age may eat up to four seeds only; ages 8 to 9 may take six seeds and seven seeds may be eaten by children 10 to 12 years old.  Not to be given to children below four years old.
  • 13. HERBAL MEDICINE TSAANG GUBAT  Forest Tea or Wild Tea  A shrub with small, shiny nice-looking leaves that grows in wild uncultivated areas and forests. Scientific Name: Carmona retusa
  • 14. HERBAL MEDICINE TSAANG GUBAT USES:  Diarrhea  Stomach ache PREPARATION:  Boil the following amount of chopped leaves in 2 glasses of water for 15 minutes or until amount of water goes down to 1 glass. Cool and strain.  Wash leaves and chop. Boil chopped leaves in 1 glass of water for 15 minutes. Cool and filter/strain and drink.
  • 15. HERBAL MEDICINE AMPALAYA     Bitter Gourd or Bitter melon A climbing vine with tendrils that grow up to 20 cms long. Leaves are heartshaped, which are 5 to 10 cms in diameter Fruits have ribbed and wrinkled surface that are fleshy green with pointed ends at length and has a bitter taste. Scientific Name: Momordica charantia
  • 16. HERBAL MEDICINE AMPALAYA USES:  Lowers blood sugar levels  Diabetes Mellitus (Mild-non insulin dependent) PREPARATION:  Gather and wash young leaves very well. Chop. Boil 6 tablespoons in two glassfuls of water for 15 minutes under low fire. Do not cover pot. Cool and strain. Take one third cup 3 times a day after meals.
  • 17. HERBAL MEDICINE LAGUNDI      5 Leaved-Chaste Tree A shrub growing wild in vacant lots and waste land. Matured branches are planted. The flowers are blue and bellshaped. The small fruits turn black when ripe. It is better to collect the leaves when are in bloom. Scientific Name: Vitex negundo
  • 18. HERBAL MEDICINE LAGUNDI USES:  Asthma and cough  Fever, Dysentery, Colds & Pain  Skin diseases and wounds  Headache  Rheumatism, sprain, contu sions, insect bites.  Aromatic bath for sick patients
  • 19. HERBAL MEDICINE LAGUNDI PREPARATION:  For Asthma, cough and fever, boil chopped raw fruits or leaves in 2 glasses of water left for 15 minutes until the water left in only 1 glass (decoction). Strain.  For Dysentery, colds and pain, boil a handful of leaves and flowers in water to produce a glass full of decoction 3 time a day.
  • 20. HERBAL MEDICINE LAGUNDI PREPARATION:  For skin diseases (dermatitis, scabies, ulcer, ecze ma) and wounds, prepare a decoction of the leaves. Wash and clean the skin/wound with the decoction.  For headache, crushed leaves may be applied on the forehead.  For rheumatism, sprain, contusions and insect bites, pound the leaves and apply on the affected part.
  • 21. HERBAL MEDICINE ULASIMANG BATO  Silver bush or Shiny bush  Pansit-pansitan  A weed with heartshaped leaves that grow in shady parts of the garden and yard. Scientific Name: Peperomia pellucida
  • 22. HERBAL MEDICINE ULASIMANG BATO USES:  Lowers uric acid (Rheumatism and Gout) PREPARATION:  Wash the leaves well. One and a half cup leaves are boiled in two glassfuls of water over low fire. Do not cover pot. Cool and strain. Divide into three parts and drink each part 3 times a day a day.
  • 23. HERBAL MEDICINE ULASIMANG BATO PREPARATION:  May also be eaten as salad. Wash the leaves well. Prepare one and a half cups of leaves (not closely packed). Divide into three parts and take as salad 3 times a day.
  • 24. HERBAL MEDICINE BAWANG  Garlic A low herb and grows up to sixty cms high  Leaves are flat and linear  Bulbs consist of several tubers Scientific Name: Allium sativum
  • 25. HERBAL MEDICINE BAWANG USES:  For hypertension  Toothache  Lowers cholesterol levels in the blood PREPARATION:  May be fried, roasted, soaked in vinegar for 30 minutes, or blanched in boiled water for 5 minutes. Take two pieces three times a day after meals.
  • 26. HERBAL MEDICINE BAWANG PREPARATION:  For toothache, pound a small piece and apply to affected part. CAUTION: Take on full stomach to prevent stomach and intestinal ulcers.
  • 27. HERBAL MEDICINE BAYABAS  Guava A tree about 4 to 5 meters high with tiny white flowers with round or oval fruits that are eaten raw. Scientific Name: Psidium guajava
  • 28. HERBAL MEDICINE BAYABAS USES:  For washing wounds  For toothache  For diarrhea PREPARATION:  Warm decoction is used for gargle.  Freshly pounded leaves are used for toothache. Guava leaves are to be washed well and chopped. Boil for 15 minutes at low fire. Do not cover pot. Cool and strain before use.
  • 29. HERBAL MEDICINE YERBA BUENA  Peppermint A small multibranching aromatic herb. The leaves are small, elliptical and with toothed margin.  The stem creeps to the ground, and develop roots. Scientific Name: Mentha cordifelia
  • 30. HERBAL MEDICINE YERBA BUENA USES:  For pain in different parts of the body as head ache, stomach ache  Rheumatism, arthritis and headache  Cough and cold  Swollen gums & toothache  Menstrual and gas pain  Nausea and fainting  Insect bites & Pruritus
  • 31. HERBAL MEDICINE YERBA BUENA PREPARATION:  For pain in diff. parts of the body, boil chopped leaves in 2 glasses of water for 15 minutes. Cool and strain.  For rheumatism, arthritis and headache, crush the fresh leaves and squeeze sap. Massage sap on painful parts with eucalyptus.
  • 32. HERBAL MEDICINE YERBA BUENA PREPARATION:  For cough and cold, get about 10 fresh leaves and soak in a glass of hot water. Drink as tea. Acts as an expectorant.  For toothache, cut fresh plant and squeeze sap. Soak a piece of cotton in the sap and insert this in aching tooth cavity. Mouth should be rinsed by gargling salt solution before inserting the cotton. To prepare salt solution: add 5g of table salt to one glass of water.
  • 33. HERBAL MEDICINE YERBA BUENA PREPARATION:  For Menstrual pain and gas pain, soak a handful of leaves in a glass of boiling water. Drink infusion. It induces menstrual flow and sweating.  For nausea and fainting, crush leaves and apply at nostrils of patient.  For insect bites, crush leaves and apply juice on affected part or pound leaves until paste-like and rub this on the affected part.

Editor's Notes

  1. Edema means swelling caused by fluid in your body's tissuesA diuretic is any substance/drug that promotes the production of urine. Urolithiasis is the condition where urinary stones are formed or located anywhere in the urinary system.- as diuretic, it is an anti-urolithiasis and helps dispose of excess water and sodium in the body- used to aid the treatment of kidney disorders
  2. - contains chrysophanic acid, a fungicide used to treat fungal infections, like ringworms, scabies, and eczema
  3. Dysentery is an intestinal inflammation, especially in the colon, that can lead to severe diarrhea with mucus or blood in the feces.