SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1
1
2
2
10 Baluch in 1971 war
• November 2022
• DOI:
• 10.13140/RG.2.2.20064.97288
• Project:
• MILITARY HISTORY
• Agha H Amin
3
3
4
4
Major Agha.H.Amin was commissioned in the old PAVO
Cavalry in March 1983.
He was educated at Saint Marys Academy Lalazar and
Forman Christian College Lahore.
He served in various command, staff, research, logistics
and instructional positions in his military career,
5
5
including mechanical transport officer of an armoured
brigade headquarter, mechanical transport officer of an
armouredregiment , general staff officer research trial
and publications at School of Armour , Instructor Class C
at Tactical Wing School of Armour and finally
independent command directly under a major general as
Officer Commanding 5 Independent Armoured Squadron.
In his civilian career performed projects like Uzbekistan
Kabul Transmission lines concrete foundations, CASA
1000 Line survey as sub contractor of SNC Lavalin Canada
and Turkmenistan Mazar transmission line as sub
contractor of FichtnerGmbh Germany.
Also served as Assistant Editor Defence Journal Karachi ,
Executive Editor Globe Karachi , Editor Journal of
Afghanistan Studies financed by Danish foreign ministry ,
Editor Intelligence Review , Editor Pakistan Military
Review , Editor Journal of Book Reviews, Editor Indian
Military Review etc.
Authored over 120 books and journals. Articles published
in Pakistan Army Journal and Citadel Journal of
Command and Staff College Quetta.
Established unprecedented and todate unbroken record
of an independent tank squadron defeating 7 tank
regiments in a corps level firing competition.
6
6
Recommended creation of army commands in Pakistan
Army command and staff college Citadel Journal issue
2/98 in 1998 which was adopted by the Pakistan Army in
2005-7.
Has advised various states and international companies
on security matters as sub contractor of Spanish , USA
and Hongkong based companies.
Contact e mail :--- mazen@csio-ops.com and
pavocavalry@gmail.com
7
7
8
8
This is the third of the volumes of book devoted to
Pakistan Army infantry battalion performance in 1971
war. This volume deals with performance of Baluch
Regiment battalions in the Western Theatre of war
against India.
The previous two volumes already published dealt with
performance of Punjab Regiment battalions fighting in
the western theatre.
9
9
10
10
11
11
12
12
This volume will deal with Baluch Regiment infantry
battalions which participated in 1971 India Pakistan war ,
regardless of the fact , whether they saw action or not.
The analysis will follow the format below: --
Brief summary of the battalion’s war services and its area
of employment.
Total fatal casualties of the battalion which is an
important relative factor in assessing a battalion’s war
performance.
Another important factor to judge a unit’s level of
leadership which is assessed by studying if its officers
were leading from the front or not?
13
13
Gallantry awards won by the battalion which may or may
not indicate a battalion’s performance in war.
Units’ performance in the war summed up and assessed.
What was the battalions net impact in the war.
14
14
15
15
10 Baluch was part of 111 Brigade and its role in the
23 Division attack on Chhamb is explained in the
simplified map below.1
1
Page-60- STEEDS OF WAR-BATTLE OF CHHAMB-1971-
PAKISTAN INDIA WAR – Lt Gen Israr Ghumman -Marriala
Technologies-Lahore-2021
16
16
The above planned attack was however a failure
and both battalions of 111 Brigade could not
achieve their objectives.
Both the battalions could not capture the assigned
objectives , i.e securing a line 3000 yards2 inside
Indian held territory ,on night 3rd/4th December
1971.
This situation is depicted in map below.
2
Page-20- THE BATTLE OF CHHAMB-1971- Lt Col Ahmad Saeed-
Army Education Press-1973
17
17
18
18
On 4th December 10 Baluch did practically nothing.
It was tasked to attack Uparli Banian and point 994
with H Hours for phase one attack on Uparli Banian
at 0415 Hours,5th December 1971 .3
This attack plan is illustrated in maps below.
3
Page-136- STEEDS OF WAR-BATTLE OF CHHAMB-1971-
PAKISTAN INDIA WAR –Op cit.
19
19
20
20
21
21
The attack on Uparli Banian was a failure and phase
two was not launched. Lieutenant General Israr
Ghumman in his landmark study of 23 Division
operations quoted major general Ijaz Amjad as
stating that Alpha company of 10 Baluch, the left
attacking company was unable to hold on the
objective and because of this the second company
was also forced to withdraw.4
4
Page-138- STEEDS OF WAR-BATTLE OF CHHAMB-1971-
PAKISTAN INDIA WAR –Op cit.
22
22
23
23
In terms of casualties the above failed attack was a
minor affair as the two attacking companies
suffered only one fatal casualty.5
According to general Ghumman’s book, major
general Eftikhar khan was severely disturbed by 10
Baluch’s failure at Uparli Banian and sent the
battalions commanding officer a letter warning that
he was giving the battalion another chance , and if
they failed he would disband the battalion ! 6
A new plan was made, which envisaged a two
company attack on point 994 by 10 Baluch followed
by an attack by 3 FF capturing, Khairowal , in phase
two .7 This attack plan is illustrated in two maps
below.
5
Page-136- STEEDS OF WAR-BATTLE OF CHHAMB-1971-
PAKISTAN INDIA WAR –Op cit.
6
Pages-138 and 139- STEEDS OF WAR-BATTLE OF CHHAMB-
1971-PAKISTAN INDIA WAR –Op cit.
7
Page-
24
24
25
25
10 Baluch was ordered by 111 Brigade commander
colonel Tressler at 1530 Hours ,5th December, to
attack point 994, at 1630 hours. This was later
26
26
postponed to 1715 hours as 10 Baluch movements
were clearly visible to the Indians occupying the
higher ground of point 994 ridge.8
10 Baluch now deeply charged and motivated
attacked point 994 with two companies, Charlie
Company and Delta Company and overran point
994. Indian company commander major D.S Pannu
was killed during this attack by 10 Baluch at point
994.9While 10 Baluch had occupied point 994 , a
claim refuted by all Indian accounts , a change of
command had taken place and brigadier NUK Babar
was appointed commander 111 Brigade , who
cancelled the attack,phase two and recalled 10
Baluch companies occupying point 994.
8
Page-141- STEEDS OF WAR-BATTLE OF CHHAMB-1971-
PAKISTAN INDIA WAR –Op cit.
9
Page-333-OFFICIAL HISTORY OF THE 1971 INDIA PAKISTAN
WAR-History Division -Ministry of Defence -Government of
India -1992.
27
27
28
28
3 FF was now ordered to attack point 994 at first
light 6th December 1971 . This attack was also a
miserable failure.The new brigade commander of
111 Brigade was injured by artillery fire and was
evacuated.Lieutenant Colonel Ihsan ul Haq of 10
Baluch now assumed command of 111 Brigade. He
planned another attack for 7th December using 3 FF
and 42 Punjab . However during the night Indians
had evacuated Chhamb salient and when 111
Brigade advanced on morning 7th December they
found Indian positions around point 994 ridge
already evacuated during the preceeding night ,
because of Pakistani tank attack on 6th December
1971 on Barsala Chak Pandit Axis.
10 Baluch saw its next and last major action when it
was tasked along with 4 Punjab to attack across
Tawi as part of 111 Brigade and establish a bridge
head on 10th December 1971.
29
29
30
30
10 Baluch successfully captured its objectives but
the attack failed as 28 Cavalry which was supposed
to attack through 10 Baluch positions10 towards
Pallanwala failed to join 10 Baluch and instead
wheeled southwards towards 4 Punjab positions
across Tawi River.11
10
Page-375-VETERAN CAMPAIGNERS-A HISTORY OF THE
PUNJAB REGIMENT-1759-1981- Brigadier S Haider Abbas Rizvi-
Wajidalis Limited- Lahore 1984.
11
Page-79- THE BATTLE OF CHHAMB-1971-Op cit.
31
31
32
32
33
33
With the tank regiment supposed to be grouped
with 10 Baluch missing , and under intense Indian
tank and infantry attack 10 Baluch’s acting CO
Major Bunyaad decided that the battalion would be
encircled and destroyed by Indian tanks and
infantry , if it did not pull back and withdraw
towards Tawi rivers west (home bank) bank. This
was the end of 10 Baluch battle.
34
34
35
35
10 Baluch lost 47 killed.12
One officer, major Azam Rajput was killed in
action.13
The battalion was awarded following awards: --14
• Sitara e Jurrat -ONE
• Tamgha I Jurrat -FOUR
• Imtiazi Sanad -ONE
12
Page-351- HISTORY OF THE BALOCH REGIMENT-Op cit.
13
Page-350- STEEDS OF WAR-BATTLE OF CHHAMB-1971-
PAKISTAN INDIA WAR –Op cit.
14
Page- 350- STEEDS OF WAR-BATTLE OF CHHAMB-1971-
PAKISTAN INDIA WAR –Op cit.
36
36
The battalion performed outstandingly, but was
badly led, both at battalion level and brigade level.
Its parent brigade commander, never joined his
brigade on pretext of conducting trial of Sheikh
Mujeeb ur Rahman , a most flimsy excuse and later
rose to be four star general.
111 Brigade’s acting command was first held by a
newly promoted colonel who was unable to
conduct an effective brigade battle. As per this
scribe’s research , he was sabotaged by a bad
brigade major who simply did not act as a good
team member.
The second brigade commander of this brigade was
an artillery officer who was brave , but had no
infantry command experience and lasted only one
day , being wounded by artillery fire.
The third brigade commander of this brigade was
phenomenally incompetent and was a failure at
every step of the battle , that he fought from the
safety of the rear.
37
37
The battalion successfully achieved all its tasks
except the first attack . However it was badly led
down by bad leadership repeatedly , at essentially
brigade level.
The final attack of 10 Baluch failed because of 28
Cavalry’s inept and bad navigation , which resulted
in the unit losing its way and joining the wrong
infantry battlion.
NIL.
A top-class battalion
which failed because of
phenomenally bad
brigade commanders.

More Related Content

What's hot

LHB Coaches.pdf
LHB Coaches.pdfLHB Coaches.pdf
LHB Coaches.pdf
Asif682330
 
1QTR FY14 SIGINT Quarterly Training Brief (20140924)
1QTR FY14 SIGINT Quarterly Training Brief (20140924)1QTR FY14 SIGINT Quarterly Training Brief (20140924)
1QTR FY14 SIGINT Quarterly Training Brief (20140924)
Christopher Farnsworth
 
Vallas
VallasVallas
Bogie and suspension e book
Bogie and suspension e bookBogie and suspension e book
Bogie and suspension e book
Deepak Solanki
 
Mahindra swot
Mahindra swotMahindra swot
Mahindra swot
manjesh s
 
A Project Report On Targeting And Positioning Strategy Of Reliance Money
A Project Report On Targeting And Positioning Strategy Of Reliance MoneyA Project Report On Targeting And Positioning Strategy Of Reliance Money
A Project Report On Targeting And Positioning Strategy Of Reliance Money
Samir Anand
 
Famous personalities of the muslim world
Famous personalities of the muslim worldFamous personalities of the muslim world
Famous personalities of the muslim world
Usama Jawed
 
M320/M320A1 Grenade Launcher PMI
M320/M320A1 Grenade Launcher PMIM320/M320A1 Grenade Launcher PMI
M320/M320A1 Grenade Launcher PMI
Dan Elder, MS
 
Air brakes in BOXNHL wagon
Air brakes in BOXNHL wagonAir brakes in BOXNHL wagon
Air brakes in BOXNHL wagon
Vibhanshu Jha
 
SSG Black AT-4 Class
SSG Black AT-4 ClassSSG Black AT-4 Class
SSG Black AT-4 Class
Eddie Black
 
Indian railways mechanical vocational training report 1 haxxo24 i~i
Indian railways mechanical vocational training report 1 haxxo24 i~iIndian railways mechanical vocational training report 1 haxxo24 i~i
Indian railways mechanical vocational training report 1 haxxo24 i~i
haxxo24
 
A VERY THOUGHT PROVOKING DISCUSSION ABOUT BATTLE OF BARA PIND Battle of Bara ...
A VERY THOUGHT PROVOKING DISCUSSION ABOUT BATTLE OF BARA PIND Battle of Bara ...A VERY THOUGHT PROVOKING DISCUSSION ABOUT BATTLE OF BARA PIND Battle of Bara ...
A VERY THOUGHT PROVOKING DISCUSSION ABOUT BATTLE OF BARA PIND Battle of Bara ...
Agha A
 
Indian railway report main
Indian railway report mainIndian railway report main
Indian railway report main
Vicky Gupta
 
Coach Care Complex,NWR Jaipur
Coach Care Complex,NWR JaipurCoach Care Complex,NWR Jaipur
Coach Care Complex,NWR Jaipur
National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur
 
Battle of badr
Battle of badrBattle of badr
Battle of badr
Mkm Zafar
 

What's hot (15)

LHB Coaches.pdf
LHB Coaches.pdfLHB Coaches.pdf
LHB Coaches.pdf
 
1QTR FY14 SIGINT Quarterly Training Brief (20140924)
1QTR FY14 SIGINT Quarterly Training Brief (20140924)1QTR FY14 SIGINT Quarterly Training Brief (20140924)
1QTR FY14 SIGINT Quarterly Training Brief (20140924)
 
Vallas
VallasVallas
Vallas
 
Bogie and suspension e book
Bogie and suspension e bookBogie and suspension e book
Bogie and suspension e book
 
Mahindra swot
Mahindra swotMahindra swot
Mahindra swot
 
A Project Report On Targeting And Positioning Strategy Of Reliance Money
A Project Report On Targeting And Positioning Strategy Of Reliance MoneyA Project Report On Targeting And Positioning Strategy Of Reliance Money
A Project Report On Targeting And Positioning Strategy Of Reliance Money
 
Famous personalities of the muslim world
Famous personalities of the muslim worldFamous personalities of the muslim world
Famous personalities of the muslim world
 
M320/M320A1 Grenade Launcher PMI
M320/M320A1 Grenade Launcher PMIM320/M320A1 Grenade Launcher PMI
M320/M320A1 Grenade Launcher PMI
 
Air brakes in BOXNHL wagon
Air brakes in BOXNHL wagonAir brakes in BOXNHL wagon
Air brakes in BOXNHL wagon
 
SSG Black AT-4 Class
SSG Black AT-4 ClassSSG Black AT-4 Class
SSG Black AT-4 Class
 
Indian railways mechanical vocational training report 1 haxxo24 i~i
Indian railways mechanical vocational training report 1 haxxo24 i~iIndian railways mechanical vocational training report 1 haxxo24 i~i
Indian railways mechanical vocational training report 1 haxxo24 i~i
 
A VERY THOUGHT PROVOKING DISCUSSION ABOUT BATTLE OF BARA PIND Battle of Bara ...
A VERY THOUGHT PROVOKING DISCUSSION ABOUT BATTLE OF BARA PIND Battle of Bara ...A VERY THOUGHT PROVOKING DISCUSSION ABOUT BATTLE OF BARA PIND Battle of Bara ...
A VERY THOUGHT PROVOKING DISCUSSION ABOUT BATTLE OF BARA PIND Battle of Bara ...
 
Indian railway report main
Indian railway report mainIndian railway report main
Indian railway report main
 
Coach Care Complex,NWR Jaipur
Coach Care Complex,NWR JaipurCoach Care Complex,NWR Jaipur
Coach Care Complex,NWR Jaipur
 
Battle of badr
Battle of badrBattle of badr
Battle of badr
 

Similar to 10 baluch in 1971 war

1965 -A Western Sunrise -Indias War with Pakistan by Shiv Kunal Verma
1965 -A Western Sunrise -Indias War with Pakistan by Shiv Kunal Verma 1965 -A Western Sunrise -Indias War with Pakistan by Shiv Kunal Verma
1965 -A Western Sunrise -Indias War with Pakistan by Shiv Kunal Verma
Agha A
 
1965 western sunrise -India Pakistan War
1965 western sunrise -India Pakistan War1965 western sunrise -India Pakistan War
1965 western sunrise -India Pakistan War
Agha A
 
7 Punjab in 1965 war
7 Punjab in 1965 war7 Punjab in 1965 war
7 Punjab in 1965 war
Agha A
 
9 punjab in 1965 war
9 punjab in 1965 war9 punjab in 1965 war
9 punjab in 1965 war
Agha A
 
LTG ATIQ UR RAHMAN SIMPLY WHITE WASHES 4 FFs GLORIOUS 1948 WAR PERFORMANCE-LO...
LTG ATIQ UR RAHMAN SIMPLY WHITE WASHES 4 FFs GLORIOUS 1948 WAR PERFORMANCE-LO...LTG ATIQ UR RAHMAN SIMPLY WHITE WASHES 4 FFs GLORIOUS 1948 WAR PERFORMANCE-LO...
LTG ATIQ UR RAHMAN SIMPLY WHITE WASHES 4 FFs GLORIOUS 1948 WAR PERFORMANCE-LO...
Agha A
 
2 PUNJAB IN 1965 WAR
2 PUNJAB IN 1965 WAR2 PUNJAB IN 1965 WAR
2 PUNJAB IN 1965 WAR
Agha A
 
Book Reviews
Book ReviewsBook Reviews
Book Reviews
Agha A
 
1ST BATTALION WARWICKSHIRE REGIMENT IN 1857-59 BATTLES.pdf
1ST BATTALION WARWICKSHIRE REGIMENT IN 1857-59 BATTLES.pdf1ST BATTALION WARWICKSHIRE REGIMENT IN 1857-59 BATTLES.pdf
1ST BATTALION WARWICKSHIRE REGIMENT IN 1857-59 BATTLES.pdf
Agha A
 
The Western Theatre in 1971 A Strategic and Operational Analysis
The Western Theatre in 1971 A Strategic and Operational AnalysisThe Western Theatre in 1971 A Strategic and Operational Analysis
The Western Theatre in 1971 A Strategic and Operational Analysis
Agha A
 
NORTH LINCOLNSHIRE REGIMENT OF FOOT IN 1857-59 BATTLES
NORTH LINCOLNSHIRE REGIMENT OF FOOT IN 1857-59 BATTLESNORTH LINCOLNSHIRE REGIMENT OF FOOT IN 1857-59 BATTLES
NORTH LINCOLNSHIRE REGIMENT OF FOOT IN 1857-59 BATTLES
Agha A
 
8 Punjab in 1965 war
8 Punjab in 1965 war8 Punjab in 1965 war
8 Punjab in 1965 war
Agha A
 
Most brilliant indian defensive decision of 1965 war
Most brilliant indian defensive decision of 1965 warMost brilliant indian defensive decision of 1965 war
Most brilliant indian defensive decision of 1965 war
Agha A
 
The greatest tragedy of western front pakistani stupidity at its lowest height
The greatest tragedy of western front   pakistani stupidity at its lowest heightThe greatest tragedy of western front   pakistani stupidity at its lowest height
The greatest tragedy of western front pakistani stupidity at its lowest height
Agha A
 
29 Cavalry Tank Squadron Dislocates an irresolute Corps Commander later India...
29 Cavalry Tank Squadron Dislocates an irresolute Corps Commander later India...29 Cavalry Tank Squadron Dislocates an irresolute Corps Commander later India...
29 Cavalry Tank Squadron Dislocates an irresolute Corps Commander later India...
Agha A
 
MAJOR SHAMSHADS REBUTTS Pakistan Army SPONSORED BOOK MEN OF STEEL
MAJOR SHAMSHADS REBUTTS Pakistan Army SPONSORED BOOK MEN OF STEELMAJOR SHAMSHADS REBUTTS Pakistan Army SPONSORED BOOK MEN OF STEEL
MAJOR SHAMSHADS REBUTTS Pakistan Army SPONSORED BOOK MEN OF STEEL
Agha A
 
Any difference between indian and pakistan army
Any difference between indian and pakistan armyAny difference between indian and pakistan army
Any difference between indian and pakistan army
Agha A
 
Limited War in South Asia From Decolonization to Recent Times Scott Gates and...
Limited War in South Asia From Decolonization to Recent Times Scott Gates and...Limited War in South Asia From Decolonization to Recent Times Scott Gates and...
Limited War in South Asia From Decolonization to Recent Times Scott Gates and...
Agha A
 
HM 8TH FOOT AT DELHI AND LUCKNOW
HM 8TH FOOT AT DELHI AND LUCKNOWHM 8TH FOOT AT DELHI AND LUCKNOW
HM 8TH FOOT AT DELHI AND LUCKNOW
Agha A
 
6 Punjab in 1965 war
6 Punjab in 1965 war6 Punjab in 1965 war
6 Punjab in 1965 war
Agha A
 
STUPIDITY PAR EXCELLENCE ON BOTH SIDES -KHEM KARAN AND GADGOR Why Indo-Pak Ar...
STUPIDITY PAR EXCELLENCE ON BOTH SIDES -KHEM KARAN AND GADGOR Why Indo-Pak Ar...STUPIDITY PAR EXCELLENCE ON BOTH SIDES -KHEM KARAN AND GADGOR Why Indo-Pak Ar...
STUPIDITY PAR EXCELLENCE ON BOTH SIDES -KHEM KARAN AND GADGOR Why Indo-Pak Ar...
Agha A
 

Similar to 10 baluch in 1971 war (20)

1965 -A Western Sunrise -Indias War with Pakistan by Shiv Kunal Verma
1965 -A Western Sunrise -Indias War with Pakistan by Shiv Kunal Verma 1965 -A Western Sunrise -Indias War with Pakistan by Shiv Kunal Verma
1965 -A Western Sunrise -Indias War with Pakistan by Shiv Kunal Verma
 
1965 western sunrise -India Pakistan War
1965 western sunrise -India Pakistan War1965 western sunrise -India Pakistan War
1965 western sunrise -India Pakistan War
 
7 Punjab in 1965 war
7 Punjab in 1965 war7 Punjab in 1965 war
7 Punjab in 1965 war
 
9 punjab in 1965 war
9 punjab in 1965 war9 punjab in 1965 war
9 punjab in 1965 war
 
LTG ATIQ UR RAHMAN SIMPLY WHITE WASHES 4 FFs GLORIOUS 1948 WAR PERFORMANCE-LO...
LTG ATIQ UR RAHMAN SIMPLY WHITE WASHES 4 FFs GLORIOUS 1948 WAR PERFORMANCE-LO...LTG ATIQ UR RAHMAN SIMPLY WHITE WASHES 4 FFs GLORIOUS 1948 WAR PERFORMANCE-LO...
LTG ATIQ UR RAHMAN SIMPLY WHITE WASHES 4 FFs GLORIOUS 1948 WAR PERFORMANCE-LO...
 
2 PUNJAB IN 1965 WAR
2 PUNJAB IN 1965 WAR2 PUNJAB IN 1965 WAR
2 PUNJAB IN 1965 WAR
 
Book Reviews
Book ReviewsBook Reviews
Book Reviews
 
1ST BATTALION WARWICKSHIRE REGIMENT IN 1857-59 BATTLES.pdf
1ST BATTALION WARWICKSHIRE REGIMENT IN 1857-59 BATTLES.pdf1ST BATTALION WARWICKSHIRE REGIMENT IN 1857-59 BATTLES.pdf
1ST BATTALION WARWICKSHIRE REGIMENT IN 1857-59 BATTLES.pdf
 
The Western Theatre in 1971 A Strategic and Operational Analysis
The Western Theatre in 1971 A Strategic and Operational AnalysisThe Western Theatre in 1971 A Strategic and Operational Analysis
The Western Theatre in 1971 A Strategic and Operational Analysis
 
NORTH LINCOLNSHIRE REGIMENT OF FOOT IN 1857-59 BATTLES
NORTH LINCOLNSHIRE REGIMENT OF FOOT IN 1857-59 BATTLESNORTH LINCOLNSHIRE REGIMENT OF FOOT IN 1857-59 BATTLES
NORTH LINCOLNSHIRE REGIMENT OF FOOT IN 1857-59 BATTLES
 
8 Punjab in 1965 war
8 Punjab in 1965 war8 Punjab in 1965 war
8 Punjab in 1965 war
 
Most brilliant indian defensive decision of 1965 war
Most brilliant indian defensive decision of 1965 warMost brilliant indian defensive decision of 1965 war
Most brilliant indian defensive decision of 1965 war
 
The greatest tragedy of western front pakistani stupidity at its lowest height
The greatest tragedy of western front   pakistani stupidity at its lowest heightThe greatest tragedy of western front   pakistani stupidity at its lowest height
The greatest tragedy of western front pakistani stupidity at its lowest height
 
29 Cavalry Tank Squadron Dislocates an irresolute Corps Commander later India...
29 Cavalry Tank Squadron Dislocates an irresolute Corps Commander later India...29 Cavalry Tank Squadron Dislocates an irresolute Corps Commander later India...
29 Cavalry Tank Squadron Dislocates an irresolute Corps Commander later India...
 
MAJOR SHAMSHADS REBUTTS Pakistan Army SPONSORED BOOK MEN OF STEEL
MAJOR SHAMSHADS REBUTTS Pakistan Army SPONSORED BOOK MEN OF STEELMAJOR SHAMSHADS REBUTTS Pakistan Army SPONSORED BOOK MEN OF STEEL
MAJOR SHAMSHADS REBUTTS Pakistan Army SPONSORED BOOK MEN OF STEEL
 
Any difference between indian and pakistan army
Any difference between indian and pakistan armyAny difference between indian and pakistan army
Any difference between indian and pakistan army
 
Limited War in South Asia From Decolonization to Recent Times Scott Gates and...
Limited War in South Asia From Decolonization to Recent Times Scott Gates and...Limited War in South Asia From Decolonization to Recent Times Scott Gates and...
Limited War in South Asia From Decolonization to Recent Times Scott Gates and...
 
HM 8TH FOOT AT DELHI AND LUCKNOW
HM 8TH FOOT AT DELHI AND LUCKNOWHM 8TH FOOT AT DELHI AND LUCKNOW
HM 8TH FOOT AT DELHI AND LUCKNOW
 
6 Punjab in 1965 war
6 Punjab in 1965 war6 Punjab in 1965 war
6 Punjab in 1965 war
 
STUPIDITY PAR EXCELLENCE ON BOTH SIDES -KHEM KARAN AND GADGOR Why Indo-Pak Ar...
STUPIDITY PAR EXCELLENCE ON BOTH SIDES -KHEM KARAN AND GADGOR Why Indo-Pak Ar...STUPIDITY PAR EXCELLENCE ON BOTH SIDES -KHEM KARAN AND GADGOR Why Indo-Pak Ar...
STUPIDITY PAR EXCELLENCE ON BOTH SIDES -KHEM KARAN AND GADGOR Why Indo-Pak Ar...
 

More from Agha A

17 Punjab and 43 Baluch in 1971 war
17 Punjab and 43 Baluch in 1971 war17 Punjab and 43 Baluch in 1971 war
17 Punjab and 43 Baluch in 1971 war
Agha A
 
Khwarzim Empire in 1215
Khwarzim Empire in 1215Khwarzim Empire in 1215
Khwarzim Empire in 1215
Agha A
 
Battles of Najafgarh , Gangiri and Delhi Ridge
Battles of Najafgarh , Gangiri and Delhi RidgeBattles of Najafgarh , Gangiri and Delhi Ridge
Battles of Najafgarh , Gangiri and Delhi Ridge
Agha A
 
10 Punjab in 1965 war
10 Punjab in 1965 war10 Punjab in 1965 war
10 Punjab in 1965 war
Agha A
 
Northumberland Fusiliers in 1857-59 Battles.pdf
Northumberland Fusiliers in 1857-59 Battles.pdfNorthumberland Fusiliers in 1857-59 Battles.pdf
Northumberland Fusiliers in 1857-59 Battles.pdf
Agha A
 
Battle of Gangiri-Heavy Price paid by HM 6 Dragoon Guards for Gallantry
Battle of Gangiri-Heavy Price paid by HM 6 Dragoon Guards for Gallantry Battle of Gangiri-Heavy Price paid by HM 6 Dragoon Guards for Gallantry
Battle of Gangiri-Heavy Price paid by HM 6 Dragoon Guards for Gallantry
Agha A
 
4th Punjab Infantry now 9 FF Pakistan Army and 42 Highlanders led the Final ...
4th Punjab Infantry  now 9 FF Pakistan Army and 42 Highlanders led the Final ...4th Punjab Infantry  now 9 FF Pakistan Army and 42 Highlanders led the Final ...
4th Punjab Infantry now 9 FF Pakistan Army and 42 Highlanders led the Final ...
Agha A
 
Leading Tank Squadron commander of 1965 war dismissed the myth that Major Gen...
Leading Tank Squadron commander of 1965 war dismissed the myth that Major Gen...Leading Tank Squadron commander of 1965 war dismissed the myth that Major Gen...
Leading Tank Squadron commander of 1965 war dismissed the myth that Major Gen...
Agha A
 
WHY PAKISTAN ARMY OR INDIAN ARMY CAN NEVER PRODUCE A MUSTAFA KAMAL- SOMETHING...
WHY PAKISTAN ARMY OR INDIAN ARMY CAN NEVER PRODUCE A MUSTAFA KAMAL- SOMETHING...WHY PAKISTAN ARMY OR INDIAN ARMY CAN NEVER PRODUCE A MUSTAFA KAMAL- SOMETHING...
WHY PAKISTAN ARMY OR INDIAN ARMY CAN NEVER PRODUCE A MUSTAFA KAMAL- SOMETHING...
Agha A
 
TRIMMU GHAT
TRIMMU GHATTRIMMU GHAT
TRIMMU GHAT
Agha A
 
Martial Race Theory and Recruitment in the Indian Army during Two World Wars-...
Martial Race Theory and Recruitment in the Indian Army during Two World Wars-...Martial Race Theory and Recruitment in the Indian Army during Two World Wars-...
Martial Race Theory and Recruitment in the Indian Army during Two World Wars-...
Agha A
 
Tarak Barkawis soldiers of empire reviewed-Part two
Tarak Barkawis soldiers of empire reviewed-Part twoTarak Barkawis soldiers of empire reviewed-Part two
Tarak Barkawis soldiers of empire reviewed-Part two
Agha A
 
OTTOMANS MISERABLY FAIL TO REOCCUPY AZOV FOR THREE MONTHS
OTTOMANS MISERABLY FAIL TO REOCCUPY AZOV FOR THREE MONTHSOTTOMANS MISERABLY FAIL TO REOCCUPY AZOV FOR THREE MONTHS
OTTOMANS MISERABLY FAIL TO REOCCUPY AZOV FOR THREE MONTHS
Agha A
 
the man who raised 5th Punjab Infantry- now 10 FF
the man who raised 5th Punjab Infantry- now 10 FFthe man who raised 5th Punjab Infantry- now 10 FF
the man who raised 5th Punjab Infantry- now 10 FF
Agha A
 
TANK TROOP LEADER LOSES HIS WAY
TANK TROOP LEADER LOSES HIS WAYTANK TROOP LEADER LOSES HIS WAY
TANK TROOP LEADER LOSES HIS WAY
Agha A
 
Lord Clive not the first one to capture Bengal by Treachery
Lord Clive not the first one to capture Bengal by TreacheryLord Clive not the first one to capture Bengal by Treachery
Lord Clive not the first one to capture Bengal by Treachery
Agha A
 
HM 2ND DRAGOON GUARDS WINS TWO VCS
HM 2ND DRAGOON GUARDS WINS TWO VCSHM 2ND DRAGOON GUARDS WINS TWO VCS
HM 2ND DRAGOON GUARDS WINS TWO VCS
Agha A
 
COMPANYS CAVALRY CHARGE DEPICTED IN BLACK IS DISRUPTED AND RENDERED INEFFECTI...
COMPANYS CAVALRY CHARGE DEPICTED IN BLACK IS DISRUPTED AND RENDERED INEFFECTI...COMPANYS CAVALRY CHARGE DEPICTED IN BLACK IS DISRUPTED AND RENDERED INEFFECTI...
COMPANYS CAVALRY CHARGE DEPICTED IN BLACK IS DISRUPTED AND RENDERED INEFFECTI...
Agha A
 
pathan squadron captured a german patrol in east Africa
pathan squadron captured a german patrol in east Africapathan squadron captured a german patrol in east Africa
pathan squadron captured a german patrol in east Africa
Agha A
 

More from Agha A (19)

17 Punjab and 43 Baluch in 1971 war
17 Punjab and 43 Baluch in 1971 war17 Punjab and 43 Baluch in 1971 war
17 Punjab and 43 Baluch in 1971 war
 
Khwarzim Empire in 1215
Khwarzim Empire in 1215Khwarzim Empire in 1215
Khwarzim Empire in 1215
 
Battles of Najafgarh , Gangiri and Delhi Ridge
Battles of Najafgarh , Gangiri and Delhi RidgeBattles of Najafgarh , Gangiri and Delhi Ridge
Battles of Najafgarh , Gangiri and Delhi Ridge
 
10 Punjab in 1965 war
10 Punjab in 1965 war10 Punjab in 1965 war
10 Punjab in 1965 war
 
Northumberland Fusiliers in 1857-59 Battles.pdf
Northumberland Fusiliers in 1857-59 Battles.pdfNorthumberland Fusiliers in 1857-59 Battles.pdf
Northumberland Fusiliers in 1857-59 Battles.pdf
 
Battle of Gangiri-Heavy Price paid by HM 6 Dragoon Guards for Gallantry
Battle of Gangiri-Heavy Price paid by HM 6 Dragoon Guards for Gallantry Battle of Gangiri-Heavy Price paid by HM 6 Dragoon Guards for Gallantry
Battle of Gangiri-Heavy Price paid by HM 6 Dragoon Guards for Gallantry
 
4th Punjab Infantry now 9 FF Pakistan Army and 42 Highlanders led the Final ...
4th Punjab Infantry  now 9 FF Pakistan Army and 42 Highlanders led the Final ...4th Punjab Infantry  now 9 FF Pakistan Army and 42 Highlanders led the Final ...
4th Punjab Infantry now 9 FF Pakistan Army and 42 Highlanders led the Final ...
 
Leading Tank Squadron commander of 1965 war dismissed the myth that Major Gen...
Leading Tank Squadron commander of 1965 war dismissed the myth that Major Gen...Leading Tank Squadron commander of 1965 war dismissed the myth that Major Gen...
Leading Tank Squadron commander of 1965 war dismissed the myth that Major Gen...
 
WHY PAKISTAN ARMY OR INDIAN ARMY CAN NEVER PRODUCE A MUSTAFA KAMAL- SOMETHING...
WHY PAKISTAN ARMY OR INDIAN ARMY CAN NEVER PRODUCE A MUSTAFA KAMAL- SOMETHING...WHY PAKISTAN ARMY OR INDIAN ARMY CAN NEVER PRODUCE A MUSTAFA KAMAL- SOMETHING...
WHY PAKISTAN ARMY OR INDIAN ARMY CAN NEVER PRODUCE A MUSTAFA KAMAL- SOMETHING...
 
TRIMMU GHAT
TRIMMU GHATTRIMMU GHAT
TRIMMU GHAT
 
Martial Race Theory and Recruitment in the Indian Army during Two World Wars-...
Martial Race Theory and Recruitment in the Indian Army during Two World Wars-...Martial Race Theory and Recruitment in the Indian Army during Two World Wars-...
Martial Race Theory and Recruitment in the Indian Army during Two World Wars-...
 
Tarak Barkawis soldiers of empire reviewed-Part two
Tarak Barkawis soldiers of empire reviewed-Part twoTarak Barkawis soldiers of empire reviewed-Part two
Tarak Barkawis soldiers of empire reviewed-Part two
 
OTTOMANS MISERABLY FAIL TO REOCCUPY AZOV FOR THREE MONTHS
OTTOMANS MISERABLY FAIL TO REOCCUPY AZOV FOR THREE MONTHSOTTOMANS MISERABLY FAIL TO REOCCUPY AZOV FOR THREE MONTHS
OTTOMANS MISERABLY FAIL TO REOCCUPY AZOV FOR THREE MONTHS
 
the man who raised 5th Punjab Infantry- now 10 FF
the man who raised 5th Punjab Infantry- now 10 FFthe man who raised 5th Punjab Infantry- now 10 FF
the man who raised 5th Punjab Infantry- now 10 FF
 
TANK TROOP LEADER LOSES HIS WAY
TANK TROOP LEADER LOSES HIS WAYTANK TROOP LEADER LOSES HIS WAY
TANK TROOP LEADER LOSES HIS WAY
 
Lord Clive not the first one to capture Bengal by Treachery
Lord Clive not the first one to capture Bengal by TreacheryLord Clive not the first one to capture Bengal by Treachery
Lord Clive not the first one to capture Bengal by Treachery
 
HM 2ND DRAGOON GUARDS WINS TWO VCS
HM 2ND DRAGOON GUARDS WINS TWO VCSHM 2ND DRAGOON GUARDS WINS TWO VCS
HM 2ND DRAGOON GUARDS WINS TWO VCS
 
COMPANYS CAVALRY CHARGE DEPICTED IN BLACK IS DISRUPTED AND RENDERED INEFFECTI...
COMPANYS CAVALRY CHARGE DEPICTED IN BLACK IS DISRUPTED AND RENDERED INEFFECTI...COMPANYS CAVALRY CHARGE DEPICTED IN BLACK IS DISRUPTED AND RENDERED INEFFECTI...
COMPANYS CAVALRY CHARGE DEPICTED IN BLACK IS DISRUPTED AND RENDERED INEFFECTI...
 
pathan squadron captured a german patrol in east Africa
pathan squadron captured a german patrol in east Africapathan squadron captured a german patrol in east Africa
pathan squadron captured a german patrol in east Africa
 

Recently uploaded

BDSM Girls Call Mumbai 👀 9820252231 👀 Cash Payment With Room DeliveryDelivery
BDSM Girls Call Mumbai 👀 9820252231 👀 Cash Payment With Room DeliveryDeliveryBDSM Girls Call Mumbai 👀 9820252231 👀 Cash Payment With Room DeliveryDelivery
BDSM Girls Call Mumbai 👀 9820252231 👀 Cash Payment With Room DeliveryDelivery
erynsouthern
 
Beautiful Girls Call Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...
Beautiful Girls Call Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...Beautiful Girls Call Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...
Beautiful Girls Call Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...
birajmohan012
 
Experience, Excellence & Commitment are the characteristics that describe Fla...
Experience, Excellence & Commitment are the characteristics that describe Fla...Experience, Excellence & Commitment are the characteristics that describe Fla...
Experience, Excellence & Commitment are the characteristics that describe Fla...
kittycrispy617
 
Mumbai Girls Call Mumbai 🛵🚡9910780858 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Service And ...
Mumbai Girls Call Mumbai 🛵🚡9910780858 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Service And ...Mumbai Girls Call Mumbai 🛵🚡9910780858 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Service And ...
Mumbai Girls Call Mumbai 🛵🚡9910780858 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Service And ...
norina2645
 
🚂🚘 Premium Girls Call Bangalore 🛵🚡000XX00000 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Serv...
🚂🚘 Premium Girls Call Bangalore  🛵🚡000XX00000 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Serv...🚂🚘 Premium Girls Call Bangalore  🛵🚡000XX00000 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Serv...
🚂🚘 Premium Girls Call Bangalore 🛵🚡000XX00000 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Serv...
bhupeshkumar0889
 
potential development of the A* search algorithm specifically
potential development of the A* search algorithm specificallypotential development of the A* search algorithm specifically
potential development of the A* search algorithm specifically
huseindihon
 
transgenders community data in india by govt
transgenders community data in india by govttransgenders community data in india by govt
transgenders community data in india by govt
palanisamyiiiier
 
ch8_multiplexing cs553 st07 slide share ss
ch8_multiplexing cs553 st07 slide share ssch8_multiplexing cs553 st07 slide share ss
ch8_multiplexing cs553 st07 slide share ss
MinThetLwin1
 
Premium Girls Call Navi Mumbai 🎈🔥9920725232 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
Premium Girls Call Navi Mumbai 🎈🔥9920725232 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...Premium Girls Call Navi Mumbai 🎈🔥9920725232 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
Premium Girls Call Navi Mumbai 🎈🔥9920725232 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
6459astrid
 
New Girls Call Noida 9873940964 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service Avail...
New Girls Call Noida 9873940964 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service Avail...New Girls Call Noida 9873940964 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service Avail...
New Girls Call Noida 9873940964 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service Avail...
kinni singh$A17
 
Female Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service A...
Female Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service A...Female Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service A...
Female Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service A...
45unexpected
 
Girls Call Vadodara 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
Girls Call Vadodara 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in CityGirls Call Vadodara 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
Girls Call Vadodara 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
gargnatasha985
 
BDSM Girls Call Delhi 🎈🔥9711199171 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
BDSM Girls Call Delhi 🎈🔥9711199171 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...BDSM Girls Call Delhi 🎈🔥9711199171 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
BDSM Girls Call Delhi 🎈🔥9711199171 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
fatima shekh$A17
 
potential usefulness of multi-agent maze-solving in general
potential usefulness of multi-agent maze-solving in generalpotential usefulness of multi-agent maze-solving in general
potential usefulness of multi-agent maze-solving in general
huseindihon
 
the potential of the development of the Ford–Fulkerson algorithm to solve the...
the potential of the development of the Ford–Fulkerson algorithm to solve the...the potential of the development of the Ford–Fulkerson algorithm to solve the...
the potential of the development of the Ford–Fulkerson algorithm to solve the...
huseindihon
 
🚂🚘 Premium Girls Call Nashik 🛵🚡000XX00000 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Service...
🚂🚘 Premium Girls Call Nashik  🛵🚡000XX00000 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Service...🚂🚘 Premium Girls Call Nashik  🛵🚡000XX00000 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Service...
🚂🚘 Premium Girls Call Nashik 🛵🚡000XX00000 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Service...
kuldeepsharmaks8120
 
Female Service Girls Call Navi Mumbai 9930245274 Provide Best And Top Girl Se...
Female Service Girls Call Navi Mumbai 9930245274 Provide Best And Top Girl Se...Female Service Girls Call Navi Mumbai 9930245274 Provide Best And Top Girl Se...
Female Service Girls Call Navi Mumbai 9930245274 Provide Best And Top Girl Se...
dizzycaye
 
the unexpected potential of Dijkstra's Algorithm
the unexpected potential of Dijkstra's Algorithmthe unexpected potential of Dijkstra's Algorithm
the unexpected potential of Dijkstra's Algorithm
huseindihon
 
Best Girls Call Navi Mumbai 9930245274 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
Best Girls Call Navi Mumbai 9930245274 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...Best Girls Call Navi Mumbai 9930245274 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
Best Girls Call Navi Mumbai 9930245274 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
sharonblush
 
New Girls Call Delhi 🎈🔥9711199171 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And N...
New Girls Call Delhi 🎈🔥9711199171 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And N...New Girls Call Delhi 🎈🔥9711199171 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And N...
New Girls Call Delhi 🎈🔥9711199171 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And N...
tanupasswan6
 

Recently uploaded (20)

BDSM Girls Call Mumbai 👀 9820252231 👀 Cash Payment With Room DeliveryDelivery
BDSM Girls Call Mumbai 👀 9820252231 👀 Cash Payment With Room DeliveryDeliveryBDSM Girls Call Mumbai 👀 9820252231 👀 Cash Payment With Room DeliveryDelivery
BDSM Girls Call Mumbai 👀 9820252231 👀 Cash Payment With Room DeliveryDelivery
 
Beautiful Girls Call Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...
Beautiful Girls Call Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...Beautiful Girls Call Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...
Beautiful Girls Call Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No...
 
Experience, Excellence & Commitment are the characteristics that describe Fla...
Experience, Excellence & Commitment are the characteristics that describe Fla...Experience, Excellence & Commitment are the characteristics that describe Fla...
Experience, Excellence & Commitment are the characteristics that describe Fla...
 
Mumbai Girls Call Mumbai 🛵🚡9910780858 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Service And ...
Mumbai Girls Call Mumbai 🛵🚡9910780858 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Service And ...Mumbai Girls Call Mumbai 🛵🚡9910780858 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Service And ...
Mumbai Girls Call Mumbai 🛵🚡9910780858 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Service And ...
 
🚂🚘 Premium Girls Call Bangalore 🛵🚡000XX00000 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Serv...
🚂🚘 Premium Girls Call Bangalore  🛵🚡000XX00000 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Serv...🚂🚘 Premium Girls Call Bangalore  🛵🚡000XX00000 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Serv...
🚂🚘 Premium Girls Call Bangalore 🛵🚡000XX00000 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Serv...
 
potential development of the A* search algorithm specifically
potential development of the A* search algorithm specificallypotential development of the A* search algorithm specifically
potential development of the A* search algorithm specifically
 
transgenders community data in india by govt
transgenders community data in india by govttransgenders community data in india by govt
transgenders community data in india by govt
 
ch8_multiplexing cs553 st07 slide share ss
ch8_multiplexing cs553 st07 slide share ssch8_multiplexing cs553 st07 slide share ss
ch8_multiplexing cs553 st07 slide share ss
 
Premium Girls Call Navi Mumbai 🎈🔥9920725232 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
Premium Girls Call Navi Mumbai 🎈🔥9920725232 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...Premium Girls Call Navi Mumbai 🎈🔥9920725232 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
Premium Girls Call Navi Mumbai 🎈🔥9920725232 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
 
New Girls Call Noida 9873940964 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service Avail...
New Girls Call Noida 9873940964 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service Avail...New Girls Call Noida 9873940964 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service Avail...
New Girls Call Noida 9873940964 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service Avail...
 
Female Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service A...
Female Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service A...Female Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service A...
Female Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service A...
 
Girls Call Vadodara 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
Girls Call Vadodara 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in CityGirls Call Vadodara 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
Girls Call Vadodara 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in City
 
BDSM Girls Call Delhi 🎈🔥9711199171 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
BDSM Girls Call Delhi 🎈🔥9711199171 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...BDSM Girls Call Delhi 🎈🔥9711199171 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
BDSM Girls Call Delhi 🎈🔥9711199171 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
 
potential usefulness of multi-agent maze-solving in general
potential usefulness of multi-agent maze-solving in generalpotential usefulness of multi-agent maze-solving in general
potential usefulness of multi-agent maze-solving in general
 
the potential of the development of the Ford–Fulkerson algorithm to solve the...
the potential of the development of the Ford–Fulkerson algorithm to solve the...the potential of the development of the Ford–Fulkerson algorithm to solve the...
the potential of the development of the Ford–Fulkerson algorithm to solve the...
 
🚂🚘 Premium Girls Call Nashik 🛵🚡000XX00000 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Service...
🚂🚘 Premium Girls Call Nashik  🛵🚡000XX00000 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Service...🚂🚘 Premium Girls Call Nashik  🛵🚡000XX00000 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Service...
🚂🚘 Premium Girls Call Nashik 🛵🚡000XX00000 💃 Choose Best And Top Girl Service...
 
Female Service Girls Call Navi Mumbai 9930245274 Provide Best And Top Girl Se...
Female Service Girls Call Navi Mumbai 9930245274 Provide Best And Top Girl Se...Female Service Girls Call Navi Mumbai 9930245274 Provide Best And Top Girl Se...
Female Service Girls Call Navi Mumbai 9930245274 Provide Best And Top Girl Se...
 
the unexpected potential of Dijkstra's Algorithm
the unexpected potential of Dijkstra's Algorithmthe unexpected potential of Dijkstra's Algorithm
the unexpected potential of Dijkstra's Algorithm
 
Best Girls Call Navi Mumbai 9930245274 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
Best Girls Call Navi Mumbai 9930245274 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...Best Girls Call Navi Mumbai 9930245274 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
Best Girls Call Navi Mumbai 9930245274 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
 
New Girls Call Delhi 🎈🔥9711199171 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And N...
New Girls Call Delhi 🎈🔥9711199171 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And N...New Girls Call Delhi 🎈🔥9711199171 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And N...
New Girls Call Delhi 🎈🔥9711199171 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And N...
 

10 baluch in 1971 war

  • 1. 1 1
  • 2. 2 2 10 Baluch in 1971 war • November 2022 • DOI: • 10.13140/RG.2.2.20064.97288 • Project: • MILITARY HISTORY • Agha H Amin
  • 3. 3 3
  • 4. 4 4 Major Agha.H.Amin was commissioned in the old PAVO Cavalry in March 1983. He was educated at Saint Marys Academy Lalazar and Forman Christian College Lahore. He served in various command, staff, research, logistics and instructional positions in his military career,
  • 5. 5 5 including mechanical transport officer of an armoured brigade headquarter, mechanical transport officer of an armouredregiment , general staff officer research trial and publications at School of Armour , Instructor Class C at Tactical Wing School of Armour and finally independent command directly under a major general as Officer Commanding 5 Independent Armoured Squadron. In his civilian career performed projects like Uzbekistan Kabul Transmission lines concrete foundations, CASA 1000 Line survey as sub contractor of SNC Lavalin Canada and Turkmenistan Mazar transmission line as sub contractor of FichtnerGmbh Germany. Also served as Assistant Editor Defence Journal Karachi , Executive Editor Globe Karachi , Editor Journal of Afghanistan Studies financed by Danish foreign ministry , Editor Intelligence Review , Editor Pakistan Military Review , Editor Journal of Book Reviews, Editor Indian Military Review etc. Authored over 120 books and journals. Articles published in Pakistan Army Journal and Citadel Journal of Command and Staff College Quetta. Established unprecedented and todate unbroken record of an independent tank squadron defeating 7 tank regiments in a corps level firing competition.
  • 6. 6 6 Recommended creation of army commands in Pakistan Army command and staff college Citadel Journal issue 2/98 in 1998 which was adopted by the Pakistan Army in 2005-7. Has advised various states and international companies on security matters as sub contractor of Spanish , USA and Hongkong based companies. Contact e mail :--- mazen@csio-ops.com and pavocavalry@gmail.com
  • 7. 7 7
  • 8. 8 8 This is the third of the volumes of book devoted to Pakistan Army infantry battalion performance in 1971 war. This volume deals with performance of Baluch Regiment battalions in the Western Theatre of war against India. The previous two volumes already published dealt with performance of Punjab Regiment battalions fighting in the western theatre.
  • 9. 9 9
  • 10. 10 10
  • 11. 11 11
  • 12. 12 12 This volume will deal with Baluch Regiment infantry battalions which participated in 1971 India Pakistan war , regardless of the fact , whether they saw action or not. The analysis will follow the format below: -- Brief summary of the battalion’s war services and its area of employment. Total fatal casualties of the battalion which is an important relative factor in assessing a battalion’s war performance. Another important factor to judge a unit’s level of leadership which is assessed by studying if its officers were leading from the front or not?
  • 13. 13 13 Gallantry awards won by the battalion which may or may not indicate a battalion’s performance in war. Units’ performance in the war summed up and assessed. What was the battalions net impact in the war.
  • 14. 14 14
  • 15. 15 15 10 Baluch was part of 111 Brigade and its role in the 23 Division attack on Chhamb is explained in the simplified map below.1 1 Page-60- STEEDS OF WAR-BATTLE OF CHHAMB-1971- PAKISTAN INDIA WAR – Lt Gen Israr Ghumman -Marriala Technologies-Lahore-2021
  • 16. 16 16 The above planned attack was however a failure and both battalions of 111 Brigade could not achieve their objectives. Both the battalions could not capture the assigned objectives , i.e securing a line 3000 yards2 inside Indian held territory ,on night 3rd/4th December 1971. This situation is depicted in map below. 2 Page-20- THE BATTLE OF CHHAMB-1971- Lt Col Ahmad Saeed- Army Education Press-1973
  • 17. 17 17
  • 18. 18 18 On 4th December 10 Baluch did practically nothing. It was tasked to attack Uparli Banian and point 994 with H Hours for phase one attack on Uparli Banian at 0415 Hours,5th December 1971 .3 This attack plan is illustrated in maps below. 3 Page-136- STEEDS OF WAR-BATTLE OF CHHAMB-1971- PAKISTAN INDIA WAR –Op cit.
  • 19. 19 19
  • 20. 20 20
  • 21. 21 21 The attack on Uparli Banian was a failure and phase two was not launched. Lieutenant General Israr Ghumman in his landmark study of 23 Division operations quoted major general Ijaz Amjad as stating that Alpha company of 10 Baluch, the left attacking company was unable to hold on the objective and because of this the second company was also forced to withdraw.4 4 Page-138- STEEDS OF WAR-BATTLE OF CHHAMB-1971- PAKISTAN INDIA WAR –Op cit.
  • 22. 22 22
  • 23. 23 23 In terms of casualties the above failed attack was a minor affair as the two attacking companies suffered only one fatal casualty.5 According to general Ghumman’s book, major general Eftikhar khan was severely disturbed by 10 Baluch’s failure at Uparli Banian and sent the battalions commanding officer a letter warning that he was giving the battalion another chance , and if they failed he would disband the battalion ! 6 A new plan was made, which envisaged a two company attack on point 994 by 10 Baluch followed by an attack by 3 FF capturing, Khairowal , in phase two .7 This attack plan is illustrated in two maps below. 5 Page-136- STEEDS OF WAR-BATTLE OF CHHAMB-1971- PAKISTAN INDIA WAR –Op cit. 6 Pages-138 and 139- STEEDS OF WAR-BATTLE OF CHHAMB- 1971-PAKISTAN INDIA WAR –Op cit. 7 Page-
  • 24. 24 24
  • 25. 25 25 10 Baluch was ordered by 111 Brigade commander colonel Tressler at 1530 Hours ,5th December, to attack point 994, at 1630 hours. This was later
  • 26. 26 26 postponed to 1715 hours as 10 Baluch movements were clearly visible to the Indians occupying the higher ground of point 994 ridge.8 10 Baluch now deeply charged and motivated attacked point 994 with two companies, Charlie Company and Delta Company and overran point 994. Indian company commander major D.S Pannu was killed during this attack by 10 Baluch at point 994.9While 10 Baluch had occupied point 994 , a claim refuted by all Indian accounts , a change of command had taken place and brigadier NUK Babar was appointed commander 111 Brigade , who cancelled the attack,phase two and recalled 10 Baluch companies occupying point 994. 8 Page-141- STEEDS OF WAR-BATTLE OF CHHAMB-1971- PAKISTAN INDIA WAR –Op cit. 9 Page-333-OFFICIAL HISTORY OF THE 1971 INDIA PAKISTAN WAR-History Division -Ministry of Defence -Government of India -1992.
  • 27. 27 27
  • 28. 28 28 3 FF was now ordered to attack point 994 at first light 6th December 1971 . This attack was also a miserable failure.The new brigade commander of 111 Brigade was injured by artillery fire and was evacuated.Lieutenant Colonel Ihsan ul Haq of 10 Baluch now assumed command of 111 Brigade. He planned another attack for 7th December using 3 FF and 42 Punjab . However during the night Indians had evacuated Chhamb salient and when 111 Brigade advanced on morning 7th December they found Indian positions around point 994 ridge already evacuated during the preceeding night , because of Pakistani tank attack on 6th December 1971 on Barsala Chak Pandit Axis. 10 Baluch saw its next and last major action when it was tasked along with 4 Punjab to attack across Tawi as part of 111 Brigade and establish a bridge head on 10th December 1971.
  • 29. 29 29
  • 30. 30 30 10 Baluch successfully captured its objectives but the attack failed as 28 Cavalry which was supposed to attack through 10 Baluch positions10 towards Pallanwala failed to join 10 Baluch and instead wheeled southwards towards 4 Punjab positions across Tawi River.11 10 Page-375-VETERAN CAMPAIGNERS-A HISTORY OF THE PUNJAB REGIMENT-1759-1981- Brigadier S Haider Abbas Rizvi- Wajidalis Limited- Lahore 1984. 11 Page-79- THE BATTLE OF CHHAMB-1971-Op cit.
  • 31. 31 31
  • 32. 32 32
  • 33. 33 33 With the tank regiment supposed to be grouped with 10 Baluch missing , and under intense Indian tank and infantry attack 10 Baluch’s acting CO Major Bunyaad decided that the battalion would be encircled and destroyed by Indian tanks and infantry , if it did not pull back and withdraw towards Tawi rivers west (home bank) bank. This was the end of 10 Baluch battle.
  • 34. 34 34
  • 35. 35 35 10 Baluch lost 47 killed.12 One officer, major Azam Rajput was killed in action.13 The battalion was awarded following awards: --14 • Sitara e Jurrat -ONE • Tamgha I Jurrat -FOUR • Imtiazi Sanad -ONE 12 Page-351- HISTORY OF THE BALOCH REGIMENT-Op cit. 13 Page-350- STEEDS OF WAR-BATTLE OF CHHAMB-1971- PAKISTAN INDIA WAR –Op cit. 14 Page- 350- STEEDS OF WAR-BATTLE OF CHHAMB-1971- PAKISTAN INDIA WAR –Op cit.
  • 36. 36 36 The battalion performed outstandingly, but was badly led, both at battalion level and brigade level. Its parent brigade commander, never joined his brigade on pretext of conducting trial of Sheikh Mujeeb ur Rahman , a most flimsy excuse and later rose to be four star general. 111 Brigade’s acting command was first held by a newly promoted colonel who was unable to conduct an effective brigade battle. As per this scribe’s research , he was sabotaged by a bad brigade major who simply did not act as a good team member. The second brigade commander of this brigade was an artillery officer who was brave , but had no infantry command experience and lasted only one day , being wounded by artillery fire. The third brigade commander of this brigade was phenomenally incompetent and was a failure at every step of the battle , that he fought from the safety of the rear.
  • 37. 37 37 The battalion successfully achieved all its tasks except the first attack . However it was badly led down by bad leadership repeatedly , at essentially brigade level. The final attack of 10 Baluch failed because of 28 Cavalry’s inept and bad navigation , which resulted in the unit losing its way and joining the wrong infantry battlion. NIL. A top-class battalion which failed because of phenomenally bad brigade commanders.