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The Electoral College
The final Step to Choosing a President
Objectives
Students will identify functions of the
Electoral College and how it has changed
over time
Vocabulary
Electoral College: Group of persons chosen in each
State and the District of Columbia every four
years who make a formal selection of the
President and Vice President
Electoral votes: Votes cast by electors in the
electoral College
The Framers Plan
• Each state has
presidential electors as
it had in Congress
(538, District of
Columbia)
• Electors chosen by the
state as they wish
• Each elector casts two
votes, each for a
different person
The Framers Plan (Con’t)
• The votes are opened and
counted before a joint session
of Congress
• Most votes, if a majority,
becomes President
• 2nd becomes VP
• If tie or no majority,
President is chosen by the
House
• If a tie there, chosen by the
Senate
Election of 1800
• Two parties - tie between
Thomas Jefferson and
Aaron Burr
• 12th Amendment (1804):
President and Vice-
President run together
Electoral College Calendar
• Spring of Election Year: each political party
chooses electors for their states (2 sets, one for
each party)
• November: Election Day - popular vote takes
place
• December: Electoral College meets. The electors
representing the party that won the popular vote
go to Washington D.C. and cast their votes*
• January: When Congress opens their sessions for
the year - the electoral ballots are counted
06 - Electoral College

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06 - Electoral College

  • 1. The Electoral College The final Step to Choosing a President
  • 2. Objectives Students will identify functions of the Electoral College and how it has changed over time
  • 3. Vocabulary Electoral College: Group of persons chosen in each State and the District of Columbia every four years who make a formal selection of the President and Vice President Electoral votes: Votes cast by electors in the electoral College
  • 4. The Framers Plan • Each state has presidential electors as it had in Congress (538, District of Columbia) • Electors chosen by the state as they wish • Each elector casts two votes, each for a different person
  • 5. The Framers Plan (Con’t) • The votes are opened and counted before a joint session of Congress • Most votes, if a majority, becomes President • 2nd becomes VP • If tie or no majority, President is chosen by the House • If a tie there, chosen by the Senate
  • 6. Election of 1800 • Two parties - tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr • 12th Amendment (1804): President and Vice- President run together
  • 7. Electoral College Calendar • Spring of Election Year: each political party chooses electors for their states (2 sets, one for each party) • November: Election Day - popular vote takes place • December: Electoral College meets. The electors representing the party that won the popular vote go to Washington D.C. and cast their votes* • January: When Congress opens their sessions for the year - the electoral ballots are counted