SlideShare a Scribd company logo
SRI Information Handout/Farmers’ Manual on Socio Economic and Ecological Concern for  System of Rice Intensification (SRI):  A Productivity Enhancing Practice in India B. C. Barah  C. Ramasamy and K. N. Selvaraj, V. Ratna Reddy, and G. Nagaraj  Scientific inputs from Dr. T. M. Thyagarajan National Centre for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research (ICAR) Centre for Economic and Social Studies Tamilnadu Agricultural University and  University of Agricultural Sciences
System of Rice Intensification  (SRI)  is an innovative methodology of rice cultivation relying on available farmer inputs.  It is a set of farmer-friendly and environment-friendly practices, specifically intended for use among small and marginal farmers.  Using a set of simple techniques, farmers can improve their rice productivity while incurring little or no additional cost.  SRI helps meet household food requirements with: Less land area , due to enhanced productivity of the soil,  Minimum seeds  as SRI require fewer lesser seedlings per acre,  Saving time , as seedlings just 8-12 days old are transplanted rather than the usual 28 days, and SRI crops ripen sooner.  Little external nutrients , and  less manpower  needed once skill is  acquired.  Most important, SRI is  water saving  because the methodology requires 25-50% less quantity of water vs. continuous flooding TO THE HANDS OF SMALL AND MARGINAL FARMERS
A synergistic approach: Following are important and specific SRI practices  Following the above practices, SRI uses relatively lesser quantity of inputs and has higher yield capability,  making it small-farmer-friendly , and SRI also provides several biological advantages for plants, soil and organisms Good soil bed preparation using locally-made equipment Early transplanting : Young seedlings of 8-12 days, transplanted carefully before the third leaf appears,  capitalizing on the phyllochron effect Wider Spacing  (25x25 cm to begin; up to 45x45cm or even more on best soil); one seedling per hill,  achieving the “edge effect” for the whole field No need to keep the fields  flooded  continuously: 1) keep soil moist; or 2) practice alternate wetting and drying,  making water savings Use a  mechanical rotary weeder  every 10-14 days for weed control; this facilitates soil aeration,  improving biological activity in the soil Use  compost , and zero or reduced inorganic fertilizers for best results,  promoting sustainable soil health
By practicing the following methods explained below, rice productivity can be improved significantly  with lesser inputs  1 6 4 3 2 5
Get better yield prospects from the following practices: Practice No. # 1 :  SOIL BED PREPARATION   Effectively leveled field is easier  for marking operation; and it is also  easier for the proper distribution of  scarce water resources and for  transplanting of young seedlings Land leveler with wooden plank made of local materials improves field capacity. Andhra Pradesh  Agricultural University (ANGRAU),  Hyderabad, has developed an  improved leveler-cum-marker at  a cost of about Rs.900 per piece.
Transplant young seedlings of  8-12 days, before the third leaf appears;and transplant carefully, keeping root horizontal (like L).  Resumption of the roots’ growth is delayed when the root tip is inverted upwards (like J).  The potential advantages are:  Better phyllochron effect (more tillers),  Saving of seeds, need only 1/10th the usual seed rate (approx. 2-3 kg as against 30-40 kg per acre),  Save time, about 20 days, and minimize transplanting shock to the young seedlings Practice No. # 2:  EARLY TRANSPLANTING
Practice No. # 3:  WIDER SPACING Row and column spacing should be at least 25x25 cm, and can go up to  45x45cm or even more, at the rate of one seedling per hill, when the soil  has improved through SRI practices. Due to wider space between seedlings,  the roots and the canopy of the plant grow undisturbed. External soil nutrients could be reduced as the wider space provides more  energy and air for the plants. Therefore, the plants enjoy the advantage of  ‘ the edge effect’ for the whole field, and there is more biological N fixation
Practice No. # 4:  NO CONTINUOUS FLOODING Unlike in conventional practice, the fields  should not be flooded   continuously . In order to keep soil moist, practice alternate wetting and drying of fields is followed. This promotes judicious use of water. Depending on type of soil, it should be irrigated and then let to dry, even to cracking stage, although with clay, may need to keep a thin film of water on the field. This creates scope for water saving, and hairline cracks improve soil aeration for plants and microbes. .
Practice No. # 5:  REGULAR WEEDINGS Woman farmer ( Mrs. Manonmani of Thenpaththuvillage near Tirurnveli in  Tamilnadu) reports she could harvest  6088 kg of rice per acre. She used the  rotary weeder shown here regularly and  feels that this makes weed management  ‘ child’s play’. The weeds are converted  into manure and incorporated into soil. Use  mechanical rotary weeder   every 10-14 days for weed control  and soil aeration, starting 10-12  days after transplanting. This improves biological activity in the soil and facilitates vigorous root growth. Beyond minimum of 2 weedings, additional weedings can add 0.5-2.0 t/ha to yield
Weeding is crucial: Multiple direction weedings are good  More weedings enrich soil for better root growth due to incorporation of organic matter and aeration of soil  [FLD CRIDA , Hyderabad]
Use more  compost , and zero or reduced inorganic fertilizers, for best results. This ensures:  Sustainable soil health Producing of healthy food Saves the cost of agro-chemicals Accelerates microbial activities in soil Practice No. # 6:  ORGANIC MANURE
Andhra Farmer says: Farmers could not believe their own eyes when they saw only 23 cms long seedlings in 11 days,  and then on the 39th day after transplantation, their plants with 84 tillers.  Mr. Rambabu of Srinagar village in Manopadu mandal of Mahabubnagar District was surprised to see such seedlings;  he considers the whole exercise as ‘a miracle’. Luxurious tillering from a single seed A convincing OUTPUT:
SRI NORMAL RICE Picture from Dong Tru village, Vietnam, after typhoon, taken by Elske van de Fliert, FAO IPM advisor, during Sept. 2005 visit. Due to the sturdy stems and larger, healthier root systems, SRI plants have capacity to resist lodging compared to rice plants grown with usual methods (e.g., continuous flooding).
Therefore, SRI potentially can assure meeting household food requirements with:  Less area of land,  Minimum volume of seeds, as SRI requires lesser number of seedlings per acre,  Saving time, with shorter crop cycle,  Little external nutrients, thereby reducing costs of production, and  Lesser labour once methods are learned.  Most importantly, SRI can be practices with lesser quantity of water.
International experiences: Gain in yield due to SRI (ton/ha) in 12 Countries 177% 7.2 2.6 Madagascar 102% 8.5 4.2 Nepal 100% 8.0 4.0 India From: Norman Uphoff, Presentation to Intl Year of Rice Conference,  FAO, Rome, Feb. 2004 14% 12.4 10.9 China 29% 6.3 4.9 Bangladesh 37% 7.4 5.0 Indonesia 58% 9.8 6.2 Cuba 78% 4.8  2.7 Cambodia 112% 5.3 2.5 Sierra Leone 116% 7.8 3.6 Sri Lanka 169% 5.4 2.0 Myanmar 209% 7.1 2.3 Gambia % increase SRI Conventional Countries
Source: Collated from a village survey in Anantpur, Andhra Pradesh 2005 by Dr. Ratna Reddy, Hyderabad 32 5915 7804 Net Return with family labor 20 9388 11230 Net Return w/o family labor 16 15145 17502 Value of output (product+by-product)  9 5757 6271 Operational cost (Rs./acre) 138 314 747 Hired labor cost: (Rs./acre) 100 3 6 : Female 100 4 8 Hired Labor: Male 167 6 16 : Female 18 78 92 Family labor: Male 4 633 660 Labor cost (Rs./acre) (-) 47 97 51 Irrigation (no./acre) (-) 93 35 2.4 Seed rate 29 22.8 29.4 Yield Likely to increase 4.55 1.34 Area % Difference Normal SRI A comparison of Input use pattern in SRI rice
To summarize SRI may have diverse meaning as rice is cultivated in highly diverse way. Depending on the agenda of various groups of farmers in adopting technology innovations, they try to maximise productivity within the local production environments and social systems. This implies that there is no single solution or  policy of productivity enhancement for all situations across the spatio-temporal dimension.  New technology/practice like SRI opens up the vista for sustainable agriculture and/or revitalise the potential of traditional as well as modern seed varieties that seems to have gradually lost in the green revolution agenda. As the newer practice is dedicated mainly for the small and marginal farmers, it has important household food security implication. The SRI is an innovative practice of rice cultivation that has a chance to revive the shrinking opportunity in rice production systems. Source; IWMI-Tata initiative 2005

More Related Content

What's hot

0426 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): Practices - Part II
0426 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI):   Practices - Part II0426 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI):   Practices - Part II
0426 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): Practices - Part II
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
1004 Modified SRI and super-high yield of hybrid rice in Sichuan Basin
1004 Modified SRI and super-high yield of hybrid rice in Sichuan Basin1004 Modified SRI and super-high yield of hybrid rice in Sichuan Basin
1004 Modified SRI and super-high yield of hybrid rice in Sichuan Basin
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
0327 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
0327 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI)0327 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
0327 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
1323 - Mechanization and the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
1323 - Mechanization and the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)1323 - Mechanization and the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
1323 - Mechanization and the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
0723 System of Rice Intensification. Group II Field Report. Tripura, India
0723 System of Rice Intensification. Group II Field Report. Tripura, India0723 System of Rice Intensification. Group II Field Report. Tripura, India
0723 System of Rice Intensification. Group II Field Report. Tripura, India
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
Ring pit method of sugarcane
Ring pit method of sugarcane  Ring pit method of sugarcane
Ring pit method of sugarcane
Mohit Dhukia
 
0716 The System of Rice Intensification in Jharkhand and Bihar Bringing New P...
0716 The System of Rice Intensification in Jharkhand and Bihar Bringing New P...0716 The System of Rice Intensification in Jharkhand and Bihar Bringing New P...
0716 The System of Rice Intensification in Jharkhand and Bihar Bringing New P...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
0203 The System of Rice Intensification An Opportunity for Improving Food Sec...
0203 The System of Rice Intensification An Opportunity for Improving Food Sec...0203 The System of Rice Intensification An Opportunity for Improving Food Sec...
0203 The System of Rice Intensification An Opportunity for Improving Food Sec...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
0404 The 3-S System of Rice Cultivation
0404 The 3-S System of Rice Cultivation0404 The 3-S System of Rice Cultivation
1318 - Adapting Agronomic Management Practices for Enhancing Rice Yieds
1318 - Adapting Agronomic Management Practices for Enhancing Rice Yieds1318 - Adapting Agronomic Management Practices for Enhancing Rice Yieds
1318 - Adapting Agronomic Management Practices for Enhancing Rice Yieds
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
0432 The Effect of Seedling Age, Spacing, Yield Season on Phyllochron, Yield ...
0432 The Effect of Seedling Age, Spacing, Yield Season on Phyllochron, Yield ...0432 The Effect of Seedling Age, Spacing, Yield Season on Phyllochron, Yield ...
0432 The Effect of Seedling Age, Spacing, Yield Season on Phyllochron, Yield ...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
0636 System of Rice Intensification: Less Can Produce More
0636 System of Rice Intensification: Less Can Produce More0636 System of Rice Intensification: Less Can Produce More
0636 System of Rice Intensification: Less Can Produce More
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
System of mustard intensification SMI
System of  mustard  intensification SMI System of  mustard  intensification SMI
System of mustard intensification SMI
Mohit Dhukia
 
SSI
SSISSI
0503 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): A Good Alternative for Increas...
0503 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): A Good Alternative for Increas...0503 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): A Good Alternative for Increas...
0503 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): A Good Alternative for Increas...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
S ri vs traditional aga khan rural support programme (india), locaton dangs d...
S ri vs traditional aga khan rural support programme (india), locaton dangs d...S ri vs traditional aga khan rural support programme (india), locaton dangs d...
S ri vs traditional aga khan rural support programme (india), locaton dangs d...
Yogesh Bhatt
 
0501 SRI An Innovative Technology to Produce more Crop per Drop
0501  SRI An Innovative Technology to Produce more Crop per Drop0501  SRI An Innovative Technology to Produce more Crop per Drop
0501 SRI An Innovative Technology to Produce more Crop per Drop
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
2001 - System of Rice Intensification SRI in Iraq
2001 - System of Rice Intensification SRI in Iraq2001 - System of Rice Intensification SRI in Iraq
2001 - System of Rice Intensification SRI in Iraq
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
Igkvv raipur
Igkvv raipurIgkvv raipur
Igkvv raipur
santy12832
 
0420 SRI Trial – Organic Fertilizer Production Process & Ratooning
0420 SRI Trial – Organic Fertilizer Production Process & Ratooning0420 SRI Trial – Organic Fertilizer Production Process & Ratooning
0420 SRI Trial – Organic Fertilizer Production Process & Ratooning
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 

What's hot (20)

0426 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): Practices - Part II
0426 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI):   Practices - Part II0426 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI):   Practices - Part II
0426 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): Practices - Part II
 
1004 Modified SRI and super-high yield of hybrid rice in Sichuan Basin
1004 Modified SRI and super-high yield of hybrid rice in Sichuan Basin1004 Modified SRI and super-high yield of hybrid rice in Sichuan Basin
1004 Modified SRI and super-high yield of hybrid rice in Sichuan Basin
 
0327 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
0327 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI)0327 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
0327 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
 
1323 - Mechanization and the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
1323 - Mechanization and the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)1323 - Mechanization and the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
1323 - Mechanization and the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
 
0723 System of Rice Intensification. Group II Field Report. Tripura, India
0723 System of Rice Intensification. Group II Field Report. Tripura, India0723 System of Rice Intensification. Group II Field Report. Tripura, India
0723 System of Rice Intensification. Group II Field Report. Tripura, India
 
Ring pit method of sugarcane
Ring pit method of sugarcane  Ring pit method of sugarcane
Ring pit method of sugarcane
 
0716 The System of Rice Intensification in Jharkhand and Bihar Bringing New P...
0716 The System of Rice Intensification in Jharkhand and Bihar Bringing New P...0716 The System of Rice Intensification in Jharkhand and Bihar Bringing New P...
0716 The System of Rice Intensification in Jharkhand and Bihar Bringing New P...
 
0203 The System of Rice Intensification An Opportunity for Improving Food Sec...
0203 The System of Rice Intensification An Opportunity for Improving Food Sec...0203 The System of Rice Intensification An Opportunity for Improving Food Sec...
0203 The System of Rice Intensification An Opportunity for Improving Food Sec...
 
0404 The 3-S System of Rice Cultivation
0404 The 3-S System of Rice Cultivation0404 The 3-S System of Rice Cultivation
0404 The 3-S System of Rice Cultivation
 
1318 - Adapting Agronomic Management Practices for Enhancing Rice Yieds
1318 - Adapting Agronomic Management Practices for Enhancing Rice Yieds1318 - Adapting Agronomic Management Practices for Enhancing Rice Yieds
1318 - Adapting Agronomic Management Practices for Enhancing Rice Yieds
 
0432 The Effect of Seedling Age, Spacing, Yield Season on Phyllochron, Yield ...
0432 The Effect of Seedling Age, Spacing, Yield Season on Phyllochron, Yield ...0432 The Effect of Seedling Age, Spacing, Yield Season on Phyllochron, Yield ...
0432 The Effect of Seedling Age, Spacing, Yield Season on Phyllochron, Yield ...
 
0636 System of Rice Intensification: Less Can Produce More
0636 System of Rice Intensification: Less Can Produce More0636 System of Rice Intensification: Less Can Produce More
0636 System of Rice Intensification: Less Can Produce More
 
System of mustard intensification SMI
System of  mustard  intensification SMI System of  mustard  intensification SMI
System of mustard intensification SMI
 
SSI
SSISSI
SSI
 
0503 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): A Good Alternative for Increas...
0503 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): A Good Alternative for Increas...0503 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): A Good Alternative for Increas...
0503 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): A Good Alternative for Increas...
 
S ri vs traditional aga khan rural support programme (india), locaton dangs d...
S ri vs traditional aga khan rural support programme (india), locaton dangs d...S ri vs traditional aga khan rural support programme (india), locaton dangs d...
S ri vs traditional aga khan rural support programme (india), locaton dangs d...
 
0501 SRI An Innovative Technology to Produce more Crop per Drop
0501  SRI An Innovative Technology to Produce more Crop per Drop0501  SRI An Innovative Technology to Produce more Crop per Drop
0501 SRI An Innovative Technology to Produce more Crop per Drop
 
2001 - System of Rice Intensification SRI in Iraq
2001 - System of Rice Intensification SRI in Iraq2001 - System of Rice Intensification SRI in Iraq
2001 - System of Rice Intensification SRI in Iraq
 
Igkvv raipur
Igkvv raipurIgkvv raipur
Igkvv raipur
 
0420 SRI Trial – Organic Fertilizer Production Process & Ratooning
0420 SRI Trial – Organic Fertilizer Production Process & Ratooning0420 SRI Trial – Organic Fertilizer Production Process & Ratooning
0420 SRI Trial – Organic Fertilizer Production Process & Ratooning
 

Similar to 0635 SRI Information Handout/Farmers’ Manualon Socio Economic and Ecological Concern for SRI: A Productivity Enhancing Practice in India

wrrcsatyanar.ppt
wrrcsatyanar.pptwrrcsatyanar.ppt
wrrcsatyanar.ppt
Babalavanbhaskar6969
 
0207 Potential Contributions of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) for ...
0207 Potential Contributions of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) for ...0207 Potential Contributions of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) for ...
0207 Potential Contributions of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) for ...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
0624 What is Being Learned from the System of Rice Intensification: An Agroec...
0624 What is Being Learned from the System of Rice Intensification: An Agroec...0624 What is Being Learned from the System of Rice Intensification: An Agroec...
0624 What is Being Learned from the System of Rice Intensification: An Agroec...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
0211 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): Opportunity for Food Security...
0211 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI):  Opportunity for Food Security...0211 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI):  Opportunity for Food Security...
0211 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): Opportunity for Food Security...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
SRI An Opportunity for Improving Food Security in Latin America
SRI An Opportunity for Improving Food Security in Latin AmericaSRI An Opportunity for Improving Food Security in Latin America
SRI An Opportunity for Improving Food Security in Latin America
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
1040 Opportunities to Achieve Resource-Conserving Increases in Agricultural P...
1040 Opportunities to Achieve Resource-Conserving Increases in Agricultural P...1040 Opportunities to Achieve Resource-Conserving Increases in Agricultural P...
1040 Opportunities to Achieve Resource-Conserving Increases in Agricultural P...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
0610 Thoughts on the History, Principals and Practices of the System of Rice ...
0610 Thoughts on the History, Principals and Practices of the System of Rice ...0610 Thoughts on the History, Principals and Practices of the System of Rice ...
0610 Thoughts on the History, Principals and Practices of the System of Rice ...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
0942 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): A Win-Win Opportunity for Indo...
0942 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): A Win-Win Opportunity for Indo...0942 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): A Win-Win Opportunity for Indo...
0942 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): A Win-Win Opportunity for Indo...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
1019 An Overview of Opportunities with the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
1019 An Overview of Opportunities with the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)1019 An Overview of Opportunities with the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
1019 An Overview of Opportunities with the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
Resource conservation techniques_in_rice_wheat_cropping_system
Resource conservation techniques_in_rice_wheat_cropping_systemResource conservation techniques_in_rice_wheat_cropping_system
Resource conservation techniques_in_rice_wheat_cropping_system
Deep Prabha
 
1017 Current Developments with SRI: Other Methods, Other Crops, Mechanization...
1017 Current Developments with SRI: Other Methods, Other Crops, Mechanization...1017 Current Developments with SRI: Other Methods, Other Crops, Mechanization...
1017 Current Developments with SRI: Other Methods, Other Crops, Mechanization...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
0502 The System of Rice Intensification's Potential for Food Security in Camb...
0502 The System of Rice Intensification's Potential for Food Security in Camb...0502 The System of Rice Intensification's Potential for Food Security in Camb...
0502 The System of Rice Intensification's Potential for Food Security in Camb...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
0321 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) : What It Is, and How/Why We Th...
0321 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) : What It Is, and How/Why We Th...0321 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) : What It Is, and How/Why We Th...
0321 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) : What It Is, and How/Why We Th...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
Agartala10 Jharkhand Bihar Bihar[1]
Agartala10 Jharkhand Bihar Bihar[1]Agartala10 Jharkhand Bihar Bihar[1]
Agartala10 Jharkhand Bihar Bihar[1]
mmonu50
 
0424 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Understanding How and Why It Ra...
0424 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Understanding How and Why It Ra...0424 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Understanding How and Why It Ra...
0424 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Understanding How and Why It Ra...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
0419 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): An Update on Its Spread and E...
0419 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI):  An Update on Its Spread and E...0419 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI):  An Update on Its Spread and E...
0419 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): An Update on Its Spread and E...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
Uphoff Sri
Uphoff SriUphoff Sri
1031 International Experience with the System of Rice Intensification
1031 International Experience with the System of Rice Intensification1031 International Experience with the System of Rice Intensification
1031 International Experience with the System of Rice Intensification
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
0304 SRI/SICA New Opportunities for Organic Rice Production
0304 SRI/SICA New Opportunities for Organic Rice Production0304 SRI/SICA New Opportunities for Organic Rice Production
0304 SRI/SICA New Opportunities for Organic Rice Production
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
0416 System of Rice Intensification: An Opportunity for Raising Productivity ...
0416 System of Rice Intensification: An Opportunity for Raising Productivity ...0416 System of Rice Intensification: An Opportunity for Raising Productivity ...
0416 System of Rice Intensification: An Opportunity for Raising Productivity ...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 

Similar to 0635 SRI Information Handout/Farmers’ Manualon Socio Economic and Ecological Concern for SRI: A Productivity Enhancing Practice in India (20)

wrrcsatyanar.ppt
wrrcsatyanar.pptwrrcsatyanar.ppt
wrrcsatyanar.ppt
 
0207 Potential Contributions of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) for ...
0207 Potential Contributions of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) for ...0207 Potential Contributions of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) for ...
0207 Potential Contributions of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) for ...
 
0624 What is Being Learned from the System of Rice Intensification: An Agroec...
0624 What is Being Learned from the System of Rice Intensification: An Agroec...0624 What is Being Learned from the System of Rice Intensification: An Agroec...
0624 What is Being Learned from the System of Rice Intensification: An Agroec...
 
0211 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): Opportunity for Food Security...
0211 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI):  Opportunity for Food Security...0211 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI):  Opportunity for Food Security...
0211 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): Opportunity for Food Security...
 
SRI An Opportunity for Improving Food Security in Latin America
SRI An Opportunity for Improving Food Security in Latin AmericaSRI An Opportunity for Improving Food Security in Latin America
SRI An Opportunity for Improving Food Security in Latin America
 
1040 Opportunities to Achieve Resource-Conserving Increases in Agricultural P...
1040 Opportunities to Achieve Resource-Conserving Increases in Agricultural P...1040 Opportunities to Achieve Resource-Conserving Increases in Agricultural P...
1040 Opportunities to Achieve Resource-Conserving Increases in Agricultural P...
 
0610 Thoughts on the History, Principals and Practices of the System of Rice ...
0610 Thoughts on the History, Principals and Practices of the System of Rice ...0610 Thoughts on the History, Principals and Practices of the System of Rice ...
0610 Thoughts on the History, Principals and Practices of the System of Rice ...
 
0942 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): A Win-Win Opportunity for Indo...
0942 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): A Win-Win Opportunity for Indo...0942 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): A Win-Win Opportunity for Indo...
0942 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): A Win-Win Opportunity for Indo...
 
1019 An Overview of Opportunities with the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
1019 An Overview of Opportunities with the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)1019 An Overview of Opportunities with the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
1019 An Overview of Opportunities with the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
 
Resource conservation techniques_in_rice_wheat_cropping_system
Resource conservation techniques_in_rice_wheat_cropping_systemResource conservation techniques_in_rice_wheat_cropping_system
Resource conservation techniques_in_rice_wheat_cropping_system
 
1017 Current Developments with SRI: Other Methods, Other Crops, Mechanization...
1017 Current Developments with SRI: Other Methods, Other Crops, Mechanization...1017 Current Developments with SRI: Other Methods, Other Crops, Mechanization...
1017 Current Developments with SRI: Other Methods, Other Crops, Mechanization...
 
0502 The System of Rice Intensification's Potential for Food Security in Camb...
0502 The System of Rice Intensification's Potential for Food Security in Camb...0502 The System of Rice Intensification's Potential for Food Security in Camb...
0502 The System of Rice Intensification's Potential for Food Security in Camb...
 
0321 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) : What It Is, and How/Why We Th...
0321 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) : What It Is, and How/Why We Th...0321 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) : What It Is, and How/Why We Th...
0321 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) : What It Is, and How/Why We Th...
 
Agartala10 Jharkhand Bihar Bihar[1]
Agartala10 Jharkhand Bihar Bihar[1]Agartala10 Jharkhand Bihar Bihar[1]
Agartala10 Jharkhand Bihar Bihar[1]
 
0424 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Understanding How and Why It Ra...
0424 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Understanding How and Why It Ra...0424 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Understanding How and Why It Ra...
0424 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Understanding How and Why It Ra...
 
0419 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): An Update on Its Spread and E...
0419 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI):  An Update on Its Spread and E...0419 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI):  An Update on Its Spread and E...
0419 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): An Update on Its Spread and E...
 
Uphoff Sri
Uphoff SriUphoff Sri
Uphoff Sri
 
1031 International Experience with the System of Rice Intensification
1031 International Experience with the System of Rice Intensification1031 International Experience with the System of Rice Intensification
1031 International Experience with the System of Rice Intensification
 
0304 SRI/SICA New Opportunities for Organic Rice Production
0304 SRI/SICA New Opportunities for Organic Rice Production0304 SRI/SICA New Opportunities for Organic Rice Production
0304 SRI/SICA New Opportunities for Organic Rice Production
 
0416 System of Rice Intensification: An Opportunity for Raising Productivity ...
0416 System of Rice Intensification: An Opportunity for Raising Productivity ...0416 System of Rice Intensification: An Opportunity for Raising Productivity ...
0416 System of Rice Intensification: An Opportunity for Raising Productivity ...
 

More from SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University

2205 - System of Rice Intensification in Indonesia - Research, Adoption, and ...
2205 - System of Rice Intensification in Indonesia - Research, Adoption, and ...2205 - System of Rice Intensification in Indonesia - Research, Adoption, and ...
2205 - System of Rice Intensification in Indonesia - Research, Adoption, and ...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
2204 -System of Rice Intensification - Improving Rice Production and Saving W...
2204 -System of Rice Intensification - Improving Rice Production and Saving W...2204 -System of Rice Intensification - Improving Rice Production and Saving W...
2204 -System of Rice Intensification - Improving Rice Production and Saving W...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
2203 - Overview of System of Rice Intensification SRI Around the World
2203 - Overview of System of Rice Intensification SRI Around the World2203 - Overview of System of Rice Intensification SRI Around the World
2203 - Overview of System of Rice Intensification SRI Around the World
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
2202 - Water Savings, Yield, and Income Benefits with SRI in Iraq.ppt
2202 - Water Savings, Yield, and Income Benefits with SRI in Iraq.ppt2202 - Water Savings, Yield, and Income Benefits with SRI in Iraq.ppt
2202 - Water Savings, Yield, and Income Benefits with SRI in Iraq.ppt
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
2201 - El Sistema Intensivo del Cultivo de Arroz
2201 - El Sistema Intensivo del Cultivo de Arroz2201 - El Sistema Intensivo del Cultivo de Arroz
2201 - El Sistema Intensivo del Cultivo de Arroz
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
2104 - El Sector Agropecuario Panameno Contribuyendo a la Lucha Frente al Cam...
2104 - El Sector Agropecuario Panameno Contribuyendo a la Lucha Frente al Cam...2104 - El Sector Agropecuario Panameno Contribuyendo a la Lucha Frente al Cam...
2104 - El Sector Agropecuario Panameno Contribuyendo a la Lucha Frente al Cam...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
2103 - Reduced Methane Emissions Rice Production Project in Northern Nigerian...
2103 - Reduced Methane Emissions Rice Production Project in Northern Nigerian...2103 - Reduced Methane Emissions Rice Production Project in Northern Nigerian...
2103 - Reduced Methane Emissions Rice Production Project in Northern Nigerian...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
1711 - Sistema Intensivo del Cultivo del Arroz para la Producción y Sustentab...
1711 - Sistema Intensivo del Cultivo del Arroz para la Producción y Sustentab...1711 - Sistema Intensivo del Cultivo del Arroz para la Producción y Sustentab...
1711 - Sistema Intensivo del Cultivo del Arroz para la Producción y Sustentab...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
1615 Ecological Intensification - Lessons from SRI from Green Revolution to...
1615   Ecological Intensification - Lessons from SRI from Green Revolution to...1615   Ecological Intensification - Lessons from SRI from Green Revolution to...
1615 Ecological Intensification - Lessons from SRI from Green Revolution to...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
2102 - Establishing an equitable SRI value chain in the Philippines
2102 - Establishing an equitable SRI value chain in the Philippines2102 - Establishing an equitable SRI value chain in the Philippines
2102 - Establishing an equitable SRI value chain in the Philippines
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
2101 - Agroecological Opportunities with SRI and SCI
2101 - Agroecological Opportunities with SRI and SCI2101 - Agroecological Opportunities with SRI and SCI
2101 - Agroecological Opportunities with SRI and SCI
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
Farmers' Handbook on System of Rice Intensification - SRI (Burmese)
Farmers' Handbook on System of Rice Intensification - SRI (Burmese)Farmers' Handbook on System of Rice Intensification - SRI (Burmese)
Farmers' Handbook on System of Rice Intensification - SRI (Burmese)
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
1914 Towards a More Sustainable Rice Crop: System of Rice Intensification (SR...
1914 Towards a More Sustainable Rice Crop: System of Rice Intensification (SR...1914 Towards a More Sustainable Rice Crop: System of Rice Intensification (SR...
1914 Towards a More Sustainable Rice Crop: System of Rice Intensification (SR...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
1913 Resuitados SRI MIDA-IICA Panama 2019
1913   Resuitados SRI MIDA-IICA Panama 2019 1913   Resuitados SRI MIDA-IICA Panama 2019
1913 Resuitados SRI MIDA-IICA Panama 2019
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
1912 - Agroecological Management of Soil Systems for Food, Water, Climate Res...
1912 - Agroecological Management of Soil Systems for Food, Water, Climate Res...1912 - Agroecological Management of Soil Systems for Food, Water, Climate Res...
1912 - Agroecological Management of Soil Systems for Food, Water, Climate Res...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
1910 - Integrating Climate Smart Rice Agriculture in Supply Networks - Lotus ...
1910 - Integrating Climate Smart Rice Agriculture in Supply Networks - Lotus ...1910 - Integrating Climate Smart Rice Agriculture in Supply Networks - Lotus ...
1910 - Integrating Climate Smart Rice Agriculture in Supply Networks - Lotus ...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
1911- Gender Responsive Smallholder Rice Production Practices and equipment
1911- Gender Responsive Smallholder Rice Production Practices and equipment1911- Gender Responsive Smallholder Rice Production Practices and equipment
1911- Gender Responsive Smallholder Rice Production Practices and equipment
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
1908 Rice cultivation in Africa: How traditional practices relate to modern o...
1908 Rice cultivation in Africa: How traditional practices relate to modern o...1908 Rice cultivation in Africa: How traditional practices relate to modern o...
1908 Rice cultivation in Africa: How traditional practices relate to modern o...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
1907 - The Effects of Exposure Intensity on Technology Adoption and Gains: Ex...
1907 - The Effects of Exposure Intensity on Technology Adoption and Gains: Ex...1907 - The Effects of Exposure Intensity on Technology Adoption and Gains: Ex...
1907 - The Effects of Exposure Intensity on Technology Adoption and Gains: Ex...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 
1906 - Improving Productivity of Rice under Water Scarcity in Africa: The Cas...
1906 - Improving Productivity of Rice under Water Scarcity in Africa: The Cas...1906 - Improving Productivity of Rice under Water Scarcity in Africa: The Cas...
1906 - Improving Productivity of Rice under Water Scarcity in Africa: The Cas...
SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University
 

More from SRI-Rice, Dept. of Global Development, CALS, Cornell University (20)

2205 - System of Rice Intensification in Indonesia - Research, Adoption, and ...
2205 - System of Rice Intensification in Indonesia - Research, Adoption, and ...2205 - System of Rice Intensification in Indonesia - Research, Adoption, and ...
2205 - System of Rice Intensification in Indonesia - Research, Adoption, and ...
 
2204 -System of Rice Intensification - Improving Rice Production and Saving W...
2204 -System of Rice Intensification - Improving Rice Production and Saving W...2204 -System of Rice Intensification - Improving Rice Production and Saving W...
2204 -System of Rice Intensification - Improving Rice Production and Saving W...
 
2203 - Overview of System of Rice Intensification SRI Around the World
2203 - Overview of System of Rice Intensification SRI Around the World2203 - Overview of System of Rice Intensification SRI Around the World
2203 - Overview of System of Rice Intensification SRI Around the World
 
2202 - Water Savings, Yield, and Income Benefits with SRI in Iraq.ppt
2202 - Water Savings, Yield, and Income Benefits with SRI in Iraq.ppt2202 - Water Savings, Yield, and Income Benefits with SRI in Iraq.ppt
2202 - Water Savings, Yield, and Income Benefits with SRI in Iraq.ppt
 
2201 - El Sistema Intensivo del Cultivo de Arroz
2201 - El Sistema Intensivo del Cultivo de Arroz2201 - El Sistema Intensivo del Cultivo de Arroz
2201 - El Sistema Intensivo del Cultivo de Arroz
 
2104 - El Sector Agropecuario Panameno Contribuyendo a la Lucha Frente al Cam...
2104 - El Sector Agropecuario Panameno Contribuyendo a la Lucha Frente al Cam...2104 - El Sector Agropecuario Panameno Contribuyendo a la Lucha Frente al Cam...
2104 - El Sector Agropecuario Panameno Contribuyendo a la Lucha Frente al Cam...
 
2103 - Reduced Methane Emissions Rice Production Project in Northern Nigerian...
2103 - Reduced Methane Emissions Rice Production Project in Northern Nigerian...2103 - Reduced Methane Emissions Rice Production Project in Northern Nigerian...
2103 - Reduced Methane Emissions Rice Production Project in Northern Nigerian...
 
1711 - Sistema Intensivo del Cultivo del Arroz para la Producción y Sustentab...
1711 - Sistema Intensivo del Cultivo del Arroz para la Producción y Sustentab...1711 - Sistema Intensivo del Cultivo del Arroz para la Producción y Sustentab...
1711 - Sistema Intensivo del Cultivo del Arroz para la Producción y Sustentab...
 
1615 Ecological Intensification - Lessons from SRI from Green Revolution to...
1615   Ecological Intensification - Lessons from SRI from Green Revolution to...1615   Ecological Intensification - Lessons from SRI from Green Revolution to...
1615 Ecological Intensification - Lessons from SRI from Green Revolution to...
 
2102 - Establishing an equitable SRI value chain in the Philippines
2102 - Establishing an equitable SRI value chain in the Philippines2102 - Establishing an equitable SRI value chain in the Philippines
2102 - Establishing an equitable SRI value chain in the Philippines
 
2101 - Agroecological Opportunities with SRI and SCI
2101 - Agroecological Opportunities with SRI and SCI2101 - Agroecological Opportunities with SRI and SCI
2101 - Agroecological Opportunities with SRI and SCI
 
Farmers' Handbook on System of Rice Intensification - SRI (Burmese)
Farmers' Handbook on System of Rice Intensification - SRI (Burmese)Farmers' Handbook on System of Rice Intensification - SRI (Burmese)
Farmers' Handbook on System of Rice Intensification - SRI (Burmese)
 
1914 Towards a More Sustainable Rice Crop: System of Rice Intensification (SR...
1914 Towards a More Sustainable Rice Crop: System of Rice Intensification (SR...1914 Towards a More Sustainable Rice Crop: System of Rice Intensification (SR...
1914 Towards a More Sustainable Rice Crop: System of Rice Intensification (SR...
 
1913 Resuitados SRI MIDA-IICA Panama 2019
1913   Resuitados SRI MIDA-IICA Panama 2019 1913   Resuitados SRI MIDA-IICA Panama 2019
1913 Resuitados SRI MIDA-IICA Panama 2019
 
1912 - Agroecological Management of Soil Systems for Food, Water, Climate Res...
1912 - Agroecological Management of Soil Systems for Food, Water, Climate Res...1912 - Agroecological Management of Soil Systems for Food, Water, Climate Res...
1912 - Agroecological Management of Soil Systems for Food, Water, Climate Res...
 
1910 - Integrating Climate Smart Rice Agriculture in Supply Networks - Lotus ...
1910 - Integrating Climate Smart Rice Agriculture in Supply Networks - Lotus ...1910 - Integrating Climate Smart Rice Agriculture in Supply Networks - Lotus ...
1910 - Integrating Climate Smart Rice Agriculture in Supply Networks - Lotus ...
 
1911- Gender Responsive Smallholder Rice Production Practices and equipment
1911- Gender Responsive Smallholder Rice Production Practices and equipment1911- Gender Responsive Smallholder Rice Production Practices and equipment
1911- Gender Responsive Smallholder Rice Production Practices and equipment
 
1908 Rice cultivation in Africa: How traditional practices relate to modern o...
1908 Rice cultivation in Africa: How traditional practices relate to modern o...1908 Rice cultivation in Africa: How traditional practices relate to modern o...
1908 Rice cultivation in Africa: How traditional practices relate to modern o...
 
1907 - The Effects of Exposure Intensity on Technology Adoption and Gains: Ex...
1907 - The Effects of Exposure Intensity on Technology Adoption and Gains: Ex...1907 - The Effects of Exposure Intensity on Technology Adoption and Gains: Ex...
1907 - The Effects of Exposure Intensity on Technology Adoption and Gains: Ex...
 
1906 - Improving Productivity of Rice under Water Scarcity in Africa: The Cas...
1906 - Improving Productivity of Rice under Water Scarcity in Africa: The Cas...1906 - Improving Productivity of Rice under Water Scarcity in Africa: The Cas...
1906 - Improving Productivity of Rice under Water Scarcity in Africa: The Cas...
 

Recently uploaded

High Profile Girls Call ServiCe Hyderabad 0000000000 Tanisha Best High Class ...
High Profile Girls Call ServiCe Hyderabad 0000000000 Tanisha Best High Class ...High Profile Girls Call ServiCe Hyderabad 0000000000 Tanisha Best High Class ...
High Profile Girls Call ServiCe Hyderabad 0000000000 Tanisha Best High Class ...
aslasdfmkhan4750
 
Opencast Summit 2024 — Opencast @ University of Münster
Opencast Summit 2024 — Opencast @ University of MünsterOpencast Summit 2024 — Opencast @ University of Münster
Opencast Summit 2024 — Opencast @ University of Münster
Matthias Neugebauer
 
How to Build a Profitable IoT Product.pptx
How to Build a Profitable IoT Product.pptxHow to Build a Profitable IoT Product.pptx
How to Build a Profitable IoT Product.pptx
Adam Dunkels
 
[Talk] Moving Beyond Spaghetti Infrastructure [AOTB] 2024-07-04.pdf
[Talk] Moving Beyond Spaghetti Infrastructure [AOTB] 2024-07-04.pdf[Talk] Moving Beyond Spaghetti Infrastructure [AOTB] 2024-07-04.pdf
[Talk] Moving Beyond Spaghetti Infrastructure [AOTB] 2024-07-04.pdf
Kief Morris
 
Girls Call Churchgate 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...
Girls Call Churchgate 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...Girls Call Churchgate 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...
Girls Call Churchgate 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...
maigasapphire
 
WhatsApp Spy Online Trackers and Monitoring Apps
WhatsApp Spy Online Trackers and Monitoring AppsWhatsApp Spy Online Trackers and Monitoring Apps
WhatsApp Spy Online Trackers and Monitoring Apps
HackersList
 
Salesforce AI & Einstein Copilot Workshop
Salesforce AI & Einstein Copilot WorkshopSalesforce AI & Einstein Copilot Workshop
Salesforce AI & Einstein Copilot Workshop
CEPTES Software Inc
 
Using LLM Agents with Llama 3, LangGraph and Milvus
Using LLM Agents with Llama 3, LangGraph and MilvusUsing LLM Agents with Llama 3, LangGraph and Milvus
Using LLM Agents with Llama 3, LangGraph and Milvus
Zilliz
 
Evolution of iPaaS - simplify IT workloads to provide a unified view of data...
Evolution of iPaaS - simplify IT workloads to provide a unified view of  data...Evolution of iPaaS - simplify IT workloads to provide a unified view of  data...
Evolution of iPaaS - simplify IT workloads to provide a unified view of data...
Torry Harris
 
Active Inference is a veryyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
Active Inference is a veryyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyActive Inference is a veryyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
Active Inference is a veryyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
RaminGhanbari2
 
Choose our Linux Web Hosting for a seamless and successful online presence
Choose our Linux Web Hosting for a seamless and successful online presenceChoose our Linux Web Hosting for a seamless and successful online presence
Choose our Linux Web Hosting for a seamless and successful online presence
rajancomputerfbd
 
Types of Weaving loom machine & it's technology
Types of Weaving loom machine & it's technologyTypes of Weaving loom machine & it's technology
Types of Weaving loom machine & it's technology
ldtexsolbl
 
Introduction-to-the-IAM-Platform-Implementation-Plan.pptx
Introduction-to-the-IAM-Platform-Implementation-Plan.pptxIntroduction-to-the-IAM-Platform-Implementation-Plan.pptx
Introduction-to-the-IAM-Platform-Implementation-Plan.pptx
313mohammedarshad
 
BT & Neo4j: Knowledge Graphs for Critical Enterprise Systems.pptx.pdf
BT & Neo4j: Knowledge Graphs for Critical Enterprise Systems.pptx.pdfBT & Neo4j: Knowledge Graphs for Critical Enterprise Systems.pptx.pdf
BT & Neo4j: Knowledge Graphs for Critical Enterprise Systems.pptx.pdf
Neo4j
 
High Profile Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
High Profile Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...High Profile Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
High Profile Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
bhumivarma35300
 
Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery
Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery
Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery
sunilverma7884
 
find out more about the role of autonomous vehicles in facing global challenges
find out more about the role of autonomous vehicles in facing global challengesfind out more about the role of autonomous vehicles in facing global challenges
find out more about the role of autonomous vehicles in facing global challenges
huseindihon
 
The importance of Quality Assurance for ICT Standardization
The importance of Quality Assurance for ICT StandardizationThe importance of Quality Assurance for ICT Standardization
The importance of Quality Assurance for ICT Standardization
Axel Rennoch
 
Amul milk launches in US: Key details of its new products ...
Amul milk launches in US: Key details of its new products ...Amul milk launches in US: Key details of its new products ...
Amul milk launches in US: Key details of its new products ...
chetankumar9855
 
Litestack talk at Brighton 2024 (Unleashing the power of SQLite for Ruby apps)
Litestack talk at Brighton 2024 (Unleashing the power of SQLite for Ruby apps)Litestack talk at Brighton 2024 (Unleashing the power of SQLite for Ruby apps)
Litestack talk at Brighton 2024 (Unleashing the power of SQLite for Ruby apps)
Muhammad Ali
 

Recently uploaded (20)

High Profile Girls Call ServiCe Hyderabad 0000000000 Tanisha Best High Class ...
High Profile Girls Call ServiCe Hyderabad 0000000000 Tanisha Best High Class ...High Profile Girls Call ServiCe Hyderabad 0000000000 Tanisha Best High Class ...
High Profile Girls Call ServiCe Hyderabad 0000000000 Tanisha Best High Class ...
 
Opencast Summit 2024 — Opencast @ University of Münster
Opencast Summit 2024 — Opencast @ University of MünsterOpencast Summit 2024 — Opencast @ University of Münster
Opencast Summit 2024 — Opencast @ University of Münster
 
How to Build a Profitable IoT Product.pptx
How to Build a Profitable IoT Product.pptxHow to Build a Profitable IoT Product.pptx
How to Build a Profitable IoT Product.pptx
 
[Talk] Moving Beyond Spaghetti Infrastructure [AOTB] 2024-07-04.pdf
[Talk] Moving Beyond Spaghetti Infrastructure [AOTB] 2024-07-04.pdf[Talk] Moving Beyond Spaghetti Infrastructure [AOTB] 2024-07-04.pdf
[Talk] Moving Beyond Spaghetti Infrastructure [AOTB] 2024-07-04.pdf
 
Girls Call Churchgate 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...
Girls Call Churchgate 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...Girls Call Churchgate 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...
Girls Call Churchgate 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...
 
WhatsApp Spy Online Trackers and Monitoring Apps
WhatsApp Spy Online Trackers and Monitoring AppsWhatsApp Spy Online Trackers and Monitoring Apps
WhatsApp Spy Online Trackers and Monitoring Apps
 
Salesforce AI & Einstein Copilot Workshop
Salesforce AI & Einstein Copilot WorkshopSalesforce AI & Einstein Copilot Workshop
Salesforce AI & Einstein Copilot Workshop
 
Using LLM Agents with Llama 3, LangGraph and Milvus
Using LLM Agents with Llama 3, LangGraph and MilvusUsing LLM Agents with Llama 3, LangGraph and Milvus
Using LLM Agents with Llama 3, LangGraph and Milvus
 
Evolution of iPaaS - simplify IT workloads to provide a unified view of data...
Evolution of iPaaS - simplify IT workloads to provide a unified view of  data...Evolution of iPaaS - simplify IT workloads to provide a unified view of  data...
Evolution of iPaaS - simplify IT workloads to provide a unified view of data...
 
Active Inference is a veryyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
Active Inference is a veryyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyActive Inference is a veryyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
Active Inference is a veryyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
 
Choose our Linux Web Hosting for a seamless and successful online presence
Choose our Linux Web Hosting for a seamless and successful online presenceChoose our Linux Web Hosting for a seamless and successful online presence
Choose our Linux Web Hosting for a seamless and successful online presence
 
Types of Weaving loom machine & it's technology
Types of Weaving loom machine & it's technologyTypes of Weaving loom machine & it's technology
Types of Weaving loom machine & it's technology
 
Introduction-to-the-IAM-Platform-Implementation-Plan.pptx
Introduction-to-the-IAM-Platform-Implementation-Plan.pptxIntroduction-to-the-IAM-Platform-Implementation-Plan.pptx
Introduction-to-the-IAM-Platform-Implementation-Plan.pptx
 
BT & Neo4j: Knowledge Graphs for Critical Enterprise Systems.pptx.pdf
BT & Neo4j: Knowledge Graphs for Critical Enterprise Systems.pptx.pdfBT & Neo4j: Knowledge Graphs for Critical Enterprise Systems.pptx.pdf
BT & Neo4j: Knowledge Graphs for Critical Enterprise Systems.pptx.pdf
 
High Profile Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
High Profile Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...High Profile Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
High Profile Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
 
Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery
Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery
Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery
 
find out more about the role of autonomous vehicles in facing global challenges
find out more about the role of autonomous vehicles in facing global challengesfind out more about the role of autonomous vehicles in facing global challenges
find out more about the role of autonomous vehicles in facing global challenges
 
The importance of Quality Assurance for ICT Standardization
The importance of Quality Assurance for ICT StandardizationThe importance of Quality Assurance for ICT Standardization
The importance of Quality Assurance for ICT Standardization
 
Amul milk launches in US: Key details of its new products ...
Amul milk launches in US: Key details of its new products ...Amul milk launches in US: Key details of its new products ...
Amul milk launches in US: Key details of its new products ...
 
Litestack talk at Brighton 2024 (Unleashing the power of SQLite for Ruby apps)
Litestack talk at Brighton 2024 (Unleashing the power of SQLite for Ruby apps)Litestack talk at Brighton 2024 (Unleashing the power of SQLite for Ruby apps)
Litestack talk at Brighton 2024 (Unleashing the power of SQLite for Ruby apps)
 

0635 SRI Information Handout/Farmers’ Manualon Socio Economic and Ecological Concern for SRI: A Productivity Enhancing Practice in India

  • 1. SRI Information Handout/Farmers’ Manual on Socio Economic and Ecological Concern for System of Rice Intensification (SRI): A Productivity Enhancing Practice in India B. C. Barah C. Ramasamy and K. N. Selvaraj, V. Ratna Reddy, and G. Nagaraj Scientific inputs from Dr. T. M. Thyagarajan National Centre for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research (ICAR) Centre for Economic and Social Studies Tamilnadu Agricultural University and University of Agricultural Sciences
  • 2. System of Rice Intensification (SRI) is an innovative methodology of rice cultivation relying on available farmer inputs. It is a set of farmer-friendly and environment-friendly practices, specifically intended for use among small and marginal farmers. Using a set of simple techniques, farmers can improve their rice productivity while incurring little or no additional cost. SRI helps meet household food requirements with: Less land area , due to enhanced productivity of the soil, Minimum seeds as SRI require fewer lesser seedlings per acre, Saving time , as seedlings just 8-12 days old are transplanted rather than the usual 28 days, and SRI crops ripen sooner. Little external nutrients , and less manpower needed once skill is acquired. Most important, SRI is water saving because the methodology requires 25-50% less quantity of water vs. continuous flooding TO THE HANDS OF SMALL AND MARGINAL FARMERS
  • 3. A synergistic approach: Following are important and specific SRI practices Following the above practices, SRI uses relatively lesser quantity of inputs and has higher yield capability, making it small-farmer-friendly , and SRI also provides several biological advantages for plants, soil and organisms Good soil bed preparation using locally-made equipment Early transplanting : Young seedlings of 8-12 days, transplanted carefully before the third leaf appears, capitalizing on the phyllochron effect Wider Spacing (25x25 cm to begin; up to 45x45cm or even more on best soil); one seedling per hill, achieving the “edge effect” for the whole field No need to keep the fields flooded continuously: 1) keep soil moist; or 2) practice alternate wetting and drying, making water savings Use a mechanical rotary weeder every 10-14 days for weed control; this facilitates soil aeration, improving biological activity in the soil Use compost , and zero or reduced inorganic fertilizers for best results, promoting sustainable soil health
  • 4. By practicing the following methods explained below, rice productivity can be improved significantly with lesser inputs 1 6 4 3 2 5
  • 5. Get better yield prospects from the following practices: Practice No. # 1 : SOIL BED PREPARATION Effectively leveled field is easier for marking operation; and it is also easier for the proper distribution of scarce water resources and for transplanting of young seedlings Land leveler with wooden plank made of local materials improves field capacity. Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University (ANGRAU), Hyderabad, has developed an improved leveler-cum-marker at a cost of about Rs.900 per piece.
  • 6. Transplant young seedlings of 8-12 days, before the third leaf appears;and transplant carefully, keeping root horizontal (like L). Resumption of the roots’ growth is delayed when the root tip is inverted upwards (like J). The potential advantages are: Better phyllochron effect (more tillers), Saving of seeds, need only 1/10th the usual seed rate (approx. 2-3 kg as against 30-40 kg per acre), Save time, about 20 days, and minimize transplanting shock to the young seedlings Practice No. # 2: EARLY TRANSPLANTING
  • 7. Practice No. # 3: WIDER SPACING Row and column spacing should be at least 25x25 cm, and can go up to 45x45cm or even more, at the rate of one seedling per hill, when the soil has improved through SRI practices. Due to wider space between seedlings, the roots and the canopy of the plant grow undisturbed. External soil nutrients could be reduced as the wider space provides more energy and air for the plants. Therefore, the plants enjoy the advantage of ‘ the edge effect’ for the whole field, and there is more biological N fixation
  • 8. Practice No. # 4: NO CONTINUOUS FLOODING Unlike in conventional practice, the fields should not be flooded continuously . In order to keep soil moist, practice alternate wetting and drying of fields is followed. This promotes judicious use of water. Depending on type of soil, it should be irrigated and then let to dry, even to cracking stage, although with clay, may need to keep a thin film of water on the field. This creates scope for water saving, and hairline cracks improve soil aeration for plants and microbes. .
  • 9. Practice No. # 5: REGULAR WEEDINGS Woman farmer ( Mrs. Manonmani of Thenpaththuvillage near Tirurnveli in Tamilnadu) reports she could harvest 6088 kg of rice per acre. She used the rotary weeder shown here regularly and feels that this makes weed management ‘ child’s play’. The weeds are converted into manure and incorporated into soil. Use mechanical rotary weeder every 10-14 days for weed control and soil aeration, starting 10-12 days after transplanting. This improves biological activity in the soil and facilitates vigorous root growth. Beyond minimum of 2 weedings, additional weedings can add 0.5-2.0 t/ha to yield
  • 10. Weeding is crucial: Multiple direction weedings are good More weedings enrich soil for better root growth due to incorporation of organic matter and aeration of soil [FLD CRIDA , Hyderabad]
  • 11. Use more compost , and zero or reduced inorganic fertilizers, for best results. This ensures: Sustainable soil health Producing of healthy food Saves the cost of agro-chemicals Accelerates microbial activities in soil Practice No. # 6: ORGANIC MANURE
  • 12. Andhra Farmer says: Farmers could not believe their own eyes when they saw only 23 cms long seedlings in 11 days, and then on the 39th day after transplantation, their plants with 84 tillers. Mr. Rambabu of Srinagar village in Manopadu mandal of Mahabubnagar District was surprised to see such seedlings; he considers the whole exercise as ‘a miracle’. Luxurious tillering from a single seed A convincing OUTPUT:
  • 13. SRI NORMAL RICE Picture from Dong Tru village, Vietnam, after typhoon, taken by Elske van de Fliert, FAO IPM advisor, during Sept. 2005 visit. Due to the sturdy stems and larger, healthier root systems, SRI plants have capacity to resist lodging compared to rice plants grown with usual methods (e.g., continuous flooding).
  • 14. Therefore, SRI potentially can assure meeting household food requirements with: Less area of land, Minimum volume of seeds, as SRI requires lesser number of seedlings per acre, Saving time, with shorter crop cycle, Little external nutrients, thereby reducing costs of production, and Lesser labour once methods are learned. Most importantly, SRI can be practices with lesser quantity of water.
  • 15. International experiences: Gain in yield due to SRI (ton/ha) in 12 Countries 177% 7.2 2.6 Madagascar 102% 8.5 4.2 Nepal 100% 8.0 4.0 India From: Norman Uphoff, Presentation to Intl Year of Rice Conference, FAO, Rome, Feb. 2004 14% 12.4 10.9 China 29% 6.3 4.9 Bangladesh 37% 7.4 5.0 Indonesia 58% 9.8 6.2 Cuba 78% 4.8 2.7 Cambodia 112% 5.3 2.5 Sierra Leone 116% 7.8 3.6 Sri Lanka 169% 5.4 2.0 Myanmar 209% 7.1 2.3 Gambia % increase SRI Conventional Countries
  • 16. Source: Collated from a village survey in Anantpur, Andhra Pradesh 2005 by Dr. Ratna Reddy, Hyderabad 32 5915 7804 Net Return with family labor 20 9388 11230 Net Return w/o family labor 16 15145 17502 Value of output (product+by-product) 9 5757 6271 Operational cost (Rs./acre) 138 314 747 Hired labor cost: (Rs./acre) 100 3 6 : Female 100 4 8 Hired Labor: Male 167 6 16 : Female 18 78 92 Family labor: Male 4 633 660 Labor cost (Rs./acre) (-) 47 97 51 Irrigation (no./acre) (-) 93 35 2.4 Seed rate 29 22.8 29.4 Yield Likely to increase 4.55 1.34 Area % Difference Normal SRI A comparison of Input use pattern in SRI rice
  • 17. To summarize SRI may have diverse meaning as rice is cultivated in highly diverse way. Depending on the agenda of various groups of farmers in adopting technology innovations, they try to maximise productivity within the local production environments and social systems. This implies that there is no single solution or policy of productivity enhancement for all situations across the spatio-temporal dimension. New technology/practice like SRI opens up the vista for sustainable agriculture and/or revitalise the potential of traditional as well as modern seed varieties that seems to have gradually lost in the green revolution agenda. As the newer practice is dedicated mainly for the small and marginal farmers, it has important household food security implication. The SRI is an innovative practice of rice cultivation that has a chance to revive the shrinking opportunity in rice production systems. Source; IWMI-Tata initiative 2005