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BUDDHISM Part 
03 
Life of Buddha 
a summery by CS Ooi 
International Buddhist College 
July 2013 
Renunciation to 
Enlightenment
Life of Buddha 
The Problems He Faced With 
A Life Of Lord Buddha, slide 027
Life of Buddha 
The Problems He Faced With 
201 In his sleep, he thought of all the problems he 
faced with, and he told himself that if there is a 
problem, there is a way to solve it. After a while, the 
Prince woke up.
Life of Buddha 
The Prince Woke Up 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni 
Buddha Page 086 
Gautama Buddha Life Portraits Plate 10 
http://www.buddhambedkar.com
Life of Buddha 
The Prince Woke Up 
202 He found that the dancing girls had all fallen asleep 
because of extreme tiredness. While deeply asleep, 
they showed all kinds of ugly characters. They were 
entirely unaware of the impression that they were 
making.
Life of Buddha 
The Other Side Of Lovely Girls 
Lord Buddha's Way http://lordbuddhasway.blogspot.com/2009/05/introduction-in-sixth- 
century-before.html
Life of Buddha 
The Other Side Of Lovely Girls 
203 Some slept like pigs; some opened their mouths, 
dripping saliva that ruined their make-up; some ground 
their teeth loudly like angry ghosts. All these made the 
girls looked ugly and disgusting. The Prince was 
surprised to see the other sides of these lovely girls 
that he liked so much.
Life of Buddha 
The Disgusting Views 
http://www.slideshare.net/TrongDorje/life-of-lord-buddha-804951 
Life of Lord Buddha
Life of Buddha 
The Disgusting Views 
204 The scene of these sleeping girls made them 
appeared to be terribly ugly; although the Prince had 
once thought they were pretty and lovely. It was the 
most disgusting thing that the Prince had 
experienced. Therefore, the Prince became firm to 
get rid of these disturbing things.
Life of Buddha 
The Prince Left The Room 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 087
Life of Buddha 
The Prince Left The Room 
205 He decided to go out to search for real happiness 
and to become free from all pain and suffering. He 
made the decision to renounce that is Nibbutapada in 
Pali, Prince Siddhartha got up silently in order not to 
wake any of the girls. He left the room quietly and 
ordered Chandaka to get his horse Karnataka. The 
day was Monday, the Asalha full moon day of the 
month of Waso in the year 97. 
Archive for ‘Life of the Buddha (Version 1)’ 
http://www.buddhistmythology.net/category/comics/life-of-buddha-version-1/
Life of Buddha 
Siddhartha Sees His Wife And Son 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 088
Life of Buddha 
Siddhartha Sees His Wife And Son 
206 Chandaka went to get the horse. Prince 
Siddhartha felt that he should see his newborn son 
before he left. So he went to Princess Yosodhara's 
room. He found the Princess holding her baby in 
her arms, fast asleep.
Life of Buddha 
She Will Not Allow Me To Go 
Wat Olak 
Madu, Sidam 
Kiri, near Kg. 
Tengah, 
Kepala 
Batas, 
Penang, 
Malaysia 
http://www.photodharma.net/Malaysia/Wat-Olak-Madu/images/Wat-Olak-Madu- 
00031.jpg
Life of Buddha 
She Will Not Allow Me To Go 
207 The Prince thought: “If I move her hand, it will 
definitely wake her up. If she wakes up, she will 
not allow me to go. But I must go now. I shall come 
back to see my son and his mother after I find the 
ultimate truth.”
Life of Buddha 
Prince Siddhartha Left The Palace 
BW 050 Archive for LOB, 2009-04-18-book1017 (Medium).jpg 
http://www.buddhistmythology.net/category/comics/life-of-buddha-version-1/
Life of Buddha 
Prince Siddhartha Left The Palace 
208 Without waking anyone, The day the twenty-nine 
year old Prince Siddhartha left the palace in the 
silence of the night. He left the city riding his very 
understanding horse Karnataka. Only Chandaka 
followed the Prince.
Life of Buddha 
The Prince, Channa And His Horse 
207 leaving-palace.gif 
http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/ 
buddhism/pbs2_unit02.htm
Life of Buddha 
The Prince, Channa And His Horse 
209 One story goes that the good Devas escorted 
the Prince who had left the city at midnight. 
Another story tells that the good devas made the 
palace guards fall asleep so it was possible for the 
Prince and Channa to quietly leave the palace. A 
third version says the devas carried the Prince, 
Channa and his horse into the air and over the city 
walls.
Life of Buddha 
The Prince Took To The Forest 
207 leaving-palace.gif 
http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/ 
buddhism/pbs2_unit02.htm 
PB 023 Life History Of Lord Buddha 
Slide 11
Life of Buddha 
The Prince Took To The Forest 
210 The day was the fourth month in the Burmese 
lunar calendar. It corresponds with June-July on 
the Gregorian calendar. It was Year 97 of the 
Burmese Great Era which corresponds to 448 BC. 
No one stopped them from going.
Life of Buddha 
One Last Look 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 089
Life of Buddha 
One Last Look 
211 After riding for a short while, Prince Siddhartha 
stopped his horse and turned around. He took a final 
look of the city of Kapilavastu in the pure and bright 
moonlight; but he was very firm with his will to go on.
Life of Buddha 
Mara 
Preah Pohm Rath Pagoda pictures, pix #12 
siem reap - angkor - royaume du cambodge
Life of Buddha 
Mara 
212 But Mara, a Deva who never favored any good 
deed, stood in front of the Prince and asked him not 
take to the forest, Mara said “It is only seven days 
before you are to become the King of the Universe. 
Go back to the palace.” 
BW 050 Archive for LOB, 2009-04-18-book1017 (Medium).jpg 
http://www.buddhistmythology.net/category/comics/life-of-buddha-version-1
Life of Buddha 
The Great Renunciation 
Life of the Buddha Burmese Edition, pix #8 
http://phramick.wordpress.com/2009/07/24/life-of-the-buddha/.
Life of Buddha 
The Great Renunciation 
213 The Prince replied, “Oh, Mara. I do not want to 
become King of the Universe. I want to become 
King of the Dharma, who can bring peace to all 
celestial beings.” Mara (the Evil One), tried without 
success to prevent Prince Siddhartha from his Great 
Renunciation at midnight . 
Life of the Buddha Burmese Edition, pix #8 
http://phramick.wordpress.com/2009/07/24/life-of-the-buddha/.
Life of Buddha 
He Continued Riding On 
PB 031 Gautama_Buddha_ 
Life_Potraits Slide 12 
PB 006 Shakyamuni Buddha’s 
Renunciation http://jadeturtlerecords. 
blogspot.com/2011/03/l
Life of Buddha 
He Continued Riding On 
214 Thus overcoming Mara’s interference, the 
Prince continued riding on. The gods in the 
heaven realms above witness the great 
event. They helped the Prince Siddhartha on 
his journey. The prince was riding on 
Karnataka his favorite stallion and followed 
by Channa his loyal charioteer. 
BW 050 Archive for LOB, 2009-04-18-book1017 (Medium).jpg 
http://www.buddhistmythology.net/category/comics/life-of-buddha-version-1
Life of Buddha 
Crossed The River Anoma 
http://lordbuddhasway.blogspot.com/200 
9/05/introduction-in-sixth-century-before. 
html 
PB 031 Gautama_Buddha_Life_Potraist 
Pg 13
Life of Buddha 
Crossed The River Anoma 
215. Prince Siddhartha, riding on horseback, then 
he advanced further for thirty yojanas and 
crossed the river Anoma by dawn. Another 
version of the story described how the devas 
helped the Prince, the horse and Channa to fly all 
the way over to the river Anoma. The Prince got 
off his horse and stood at the riverside.
Life of Buddha 
Prince Siddhartha’s Quest 
Wat Olak 
Madu, Sidam 
Kiri, near Kg. 
Tengah, 
Kepala 
Batas, 
Penang, 
Malaysia 
http://www.photodharma.net/Malaysia/Wat-Olak-Madu/images/Wat-Olak-Madu- 
00032.jpg
Life of Buddha 
Prince Siddhartha’s Quest 
216 Prince Siddhartha Gautama of the Sakya Clan 
was twenty-nine years old by then. He left his 
country and family to become a sramana in order 
to find ways to overcome all pain and suffering of 
mankind.
Life of Buddha 
His Orders To Chandaka 
PPT 143 Slides 729 (The Life Of Lord Buddha) Frame 31
Life of Buddha 
His Orders To Chandaka 
217 He took off his valuable dress and handed it to 
Chandaka. He firmly ordered Chandaka to take it 
and his horse Karnataka back to the palace; and 
explain to the King what had happened.
Life of Buddha 
He Cuts His Hair 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni 
Buddha Page 090 
PB 107 His Life In Prince 
Of Siddhartha Page 11
Life of Buddha 
He Cuts His Hair 
218 He took his sword and cut off his hair, Chandaka 
then left the Prince. He went back to the palace with 
Prince Siddhartha’s cloths, ornaments, sword and 
horse.
Life of Buddha 
He Throws His Hair Up 
PB 006 Sakyamuni Buddha’s Renunciation 
http://jadeturtlerecords.blogspot.com/2011/03/comme 
moration-day-of-shakyamuni-buddhas.html 
PB 010 Buddha Festival 
2,600 years of Buddhism 
Dhammakaya, Los 
Angeles, America.
Life of Buddha 
He Threw His Hair Up 
219 Then tossed his hair into the air as a sign of his 
renunciation of worldly life. Sakkara, however, 
grabbed them from there and enshrined them in 
the Chulamani Chetiya in the Tavatimsa.
Life of Buddha 
The Eight Requisite 
http://wisdomquarterly.blogspot.com 
/2011_03_01_archive.html 
http://jhodymaaf.blogspot.com/2012/07/mele 
mparkan-gumpalan-rambut-nya-ke.html
Life of Buddha 
The Eight Requisite 
220 Brahma Ghatikara then descended from the heavenly 
world to offer Siddhartha the eight requisites necessary 
for an ascetic, which he accepted gladly. Prince 
Siddhartha adopted the name of Ascetic Gautama 
1)an outer robe 2) an inner robe 3) a thick double robe for winter 
4) an alms bowl for gathering food 5) a razor for shaving 6) a 
needle and thread 7) a belt 8) a water strainer for removing 
impurities from drinking water.
Life of Buddha 
Death of Karnataka 
http://www.buddhistelibrary.org/library/view.php?adpath=266 Kanthaka Died 
and preah prohm roath stupa, Cambodia
Life of Buddha 
Death of Karnataka 
221 There are several stories that are associated with the 
death of Karnataka. But it is widely believed that the 
horse died on returning to Kapilavastu as it could not 
bear the sorrow of separation from his master the 
prince. According to Buddhist texts Karnataka was 
reborn as a Brahmin. The figure of Karnataka, the 
white horse, can be found on the carvings of several 
Buddhist stupas.
Life of Buddha 
Princess Yosodhara Was Sad 
PPT 143 Slides 729 (The Life Of Lord Buddha)
Life of Buddha 
Princess Yosodhara Was Sad 
222 Back in the palace Princess Yosodhara was sad 
when she knew that the Prince had went away. She is 
now alone by herself and had to take care of her new 
born son, Rahula, without a father around.
Life of Buddha 
Gautama Misses Home 
PPT 143 Slides 729 (The Life Of Lord Buddha)
Life of Buddha 
Gautama Misses Home 
223 Gautama stayed for seven days in the mango grove of 
Anupiya-ambavana. It was a place near the bank of the 
Anoma River, thirty leagues away from Rajagrha. 
Gautama misses his home. He also thought of the fine 
life and good food in the past. But he had made up his 
mind to carry on with his quest. 
A league is a unit of length which, originally meant the distance a person 
could walk in an hour. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/League_%28unit%29
Life of Buddha 
Gautama Went To Rajagrha 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 091
Life of Buddha 
Gautama Went To Rajagrha 
224 After that, he traveled southward. He met 
Hermit Bhagava to watch his practice for a while. 
He finally reached Rajagrha, the capital of the 
country of Magadha. The King of Magadha was 
named Bimbisara. In the morning, Siddhartha 
bathed in the stream near the city. 
The Buddha: Young Seeker By Paul Mantell Page 105
Life of Buddha 
Gautama Looked Distinguished 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 091
Life of Buddha 
Gautama Looked Distinguished, 
225, After bathing in the stream, like all sramana, he 
went to the city to beg for food. As Gautama 
looked so distinguished, the people of Rajagrha 
offered him their best food.
Life of Buddha 
Gautama in Rajagrha 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 092
Life of Buddha 
Gautama in Rajagrha 
226 Gautama left Rajagrha after getting his food for 
the day. He headed toward Pandava Hill, the place 
he ate his food. Since the first day that Gautama 
had begged for food in the city, he was regarded 
as a sramana with a distinguished look. He has 
the look of nobility and looked out of place as a 
sramana. The news spread around and reached 
the palace.
Life of Buddha 
King Bimbisara Went To See Buddha 
http://saloeurmsavath.blogspot.com/
Life of Buddha 
King Bimbisara Went To See Buddha 
227 King Bimbisara ordered his son to check out 
what was going on. He found out that this sramana 
was the crown prince of Kapilavastu, an heir to the 
throne. He had given up everything and become a 
bhikkhu to find the ways to free all human from the 
fearfulness of growing old, being sick and of death. 
Getting to know this, King Bimbisara went to 
Pandava Hill and offered to share his kingdom with 
Gautama.
Life of Buddha 
King Bimbisara Offered His Kingdom 
http://www.angkor-planet.com/UK/FTPculture/buddha-khmer.html/
Life of Buddha 
King Bimbisara and Gautama 
228 Gautama refused as he did not desire any 
worldly enjoyment. Then, King Bimbisara invited 
Gautama a to stay in his capital city. That would 
make it easier for the King to offer him food and 
daily necessities. But Siddhartha did not accept 
the invitation, he declined it politely.
Life of Buddha 
The King’s Request 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 093
Life of Buddha 
The King’s Request 
229 He said: “I cannot stay in one place before I 
realize what I want to do and what I want to 
achieve.” So both of them made an agreement; 
Gautama would first come to the city of Rajagrha 
when he fulfill his wish of finding the answers to 
his question of overcoming old age, sickness and 
death. He would then instruct and show King 
Bimbisara and his people.
Life of Buddha 
Gotama Went To The Mountain 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 094
Life of Buddha 
Gautama Went To The Mountain 
230 One day Gautama left Rajagrha to go to the 
foot of the mountain. Many hermits and sages 
lived there. On the way, he saw dust falling down 
from the mountain. At the same time he also heard 
the pounding sound of animal hoofs. When he 
went closer, he found a large flock of sheep and 
goats. They moved along like a bank of clouds, 
being helplessly driven toward the city.
Life of Buddha 
The Limping Lamb 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 095
Life of Buddha 
The Limping Lamb 
231 At the back of the flock, a little lamb moved 
slowly. It limped along painfully as its leg was 
wounded and bleeding. Gautama noticed the little 
lamb and its mother walking in front of it kept 
looking back in anxiety for her little one. His heart 
was filled with pity. So Gautama took the wounded 
little lamb up into his arms. He petted it tenderly 
while walking along behind the flock.
Life of Buddha 
Animal Sacrifice 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 096
Life of Buddha 
Animal Sacrifice 
232 When he saw the shepherd, he asked: “Where 
are you driving this herd to? They should normally 
be driven back in the evening! Why were they 
being driven back in the afternoon?” The shepherd 
replied: “The King is holding a big sacrifice today. 
We have been ordered to bring one hundred 
sheep and goats respectively to the city at 
noontime.” Gautama said: “I will go with you.” He 
carried the little lamb in his arms all the way to the 
city.
Life of Buddha 
About To Kill A Sheep 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 097
Life of Buddha 
About To Kill A Sheep 
233 Gautama followed the flock of sheep. He then 
went to place of the sacrifice ceremony. The King 
and the priests of the fire-worshippers were 
praying. A big fire was burning on the altar. The 
leader of the fire-worshippers raised his sword to 
cut off the head of the first sheep. Gautama moved 
up quickly and stopped him.
Life of Buddha 
Life Is Very Precious 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 097
Life of Buddha 
Life Is Very Precious 
234 Sadly and seriously, Gautama persuaded the 
people to stop the ceremony. He said to King 
Bimbisara: “Your Majesty! Don’t let this 
worshippers ruin the life of these poor animals.” 
Then he said: “Life is very precious. Those who 
want to destroy it should know that once it is 
destroyed it is gone forever.” Gautama also spoke 
to the people who participated in the event:”
Life of Buddha 
You Reap What You Sow 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 098
Life of Buddha 
You Reap What You Sow 
235 “All living creatures cling to life like us. The 
animals will naturally lose their lives in the aging 
process Gautama continued: “If human beings 
expect mercy, they should show mercy. According 
to the principles of cause and effect, those who kill 
will be killed in return. If we expect happiness in 
the future, we must not harm any living creatures. 
Remember, you reap what you sow.”
Life of Buddha 
Gautama Spoke To The King 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 099
Life of Buddha 
Gautama Spoke To The King 
236 Gautama spoke to the King, the fire-worshippers 
and the rest of the people of Rajagrha in his 
peaceful and elegant manner. Besides showing 
compassion, his words were forceful and 
determined. He completely changed the intention 
and belief of the King and the fire-worshippers.
Life of Buddha 
Gautama Left Rajagrha 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 100
Life of Buddha 
Gautama Left Rajagrha 
237 Leaving Rajagrha, Gautama travelled to the 
place where Arada-kalama lived. Arada-kalama 
was one of the best known scholars of that time. 
Gautama stayed with Arada-kalama and studied 
very hard. Soon his knowledge and capability 
almost equaled to his teacher’s. He became 
recognized as a noble follower of the old sage. 
This made Arada-kalama very happy.
Life of Buddha 
Arada Kalama 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 101
Life of Buddha 
Arada Kalama 
238 Arada Kalama said to Gautama one day: “You 
have now learned everything from me. Your 
knowledge is now as good as mine. Stay and help 
me teach the students!” Gautama asked: “Can’t 
you tell me how to escape from old age, sickness 
and death?” Arada-kalama said nothing. He had 
taught Gautama all his knowledge.
Life of Buddha 
Gotama Left Arada Kalama 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 102
Life of Buddha 
Gotama Left Arada Kalama 
239 What Gautama had learned from Arada 
Kalama was mainly the knowledge of meditation. It 
was the way to make the mind quiet and peaceful. 
He learned to get rid of any thoughts in the mind; 
and then how to remain in the joy of Samadhi. He 
moved on to search for someone who might have 
higher knowledge; who can help him achieve his 
mission.
Life of Buddha 
Udraka Ramaputra 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 103
Life of Buddha 
Udraka Ramaputra 
240 Later, Gautama approached Udraka 
Ramaputra and became his student. Gautama 
studied very hard and diligently practiced whatever 
he learned from his master. After some time 
Udraka Ramaputra’s liking to Gautama increased. 
Udraka Ramaputra persuaded Gautama a to stay 
and help him.
Life of Buddha 
Gautama Left Udraka Ramaputra 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 104
Life of Buddha 
Gautama Left Udraka Ramaputra 
241 Although Udraka Ramaputra’s teaching was 
higher and Gautama learned of the mental state 
that made one understand about the existence of 
things around (Naiva-samjna-nasamjnayatana), it 
did not answer the question of life and death. 
Therefore, Gotama left Udraka-ramaputra to 
search for the ultimate truth of life and death by his 
own wisdom and effort.
Life of Buddha 
Sramana Tradition 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 105
Life of Buddha 
Sramana Tradition 
242 At that time in India, same as in modern times, 
many sramana of various religious groups would 
disconnect from their family relationships went out 
to live a denial life. They believed that, by 
suffering from hunger or torturing their bodies, they 
would be reborn in the heavenly state with never 
ending happiness. With those beliefs, they got 
themselves into all kinds of tough and strenuous 
suffering.
Life of Buddha 
Ascetic Practices 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 106
Life of Buddha 
Ascetic Practices 
243 Some of them gradually cut down the amount of 
food they took until almost not eating anything at 
all. Some stood quietly on one foot. Some raised 
one of their hands, kept on pointing to the sky until 
blood was not circulated properly. Some of them 
held both hands together and never let go; until 
the fingernails went through the palms. Some slept 
on boards pierced and fully covered with sharp 
nails pierced and fully covered with sharp nails.
Life of Buddha 
He Practiced Hard 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 107
Life of Buddha 
He Practiced Hard 
244 Gautama tried hard to practice asceticism. He 
thought if he could withstand the extreme hardship, 
he would be able to attain enlightenment. On the 
way to Magadha, he came to Uruvilva and found a 
nice quiet place. The ground was level with big and 
beautiful trees around. There was also a cool 
flowing stream nearby. A Senani Village was not far 
away where he could go for food.
Life of Buddha 
Gautama With The Group of Five 
http://www.squidoo.com/theravada-bhuddism
Life of Buddha 
Gautama With The Group of Five 
245 There were five other sramana who followed 
Gautama to Uruvilva. They were Kaundinya, 
Bhadrika, Baspa, Mahanama and Asvajit.
Life of Buddha 
The Five Sramana 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 108
Life of Buddha 
The Five Sramana 
246 They believed that Gautama would one day 
attain enlightenment by his hard effort. And of 
course being his followers, he would teach them 
whatever he attained. Gautama went through a 
thorough practice. He began to reduce his food 
until he ate almost nothing at all.
Life of Buddha 
A Thorough Practice 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 109
Life of Buddha 
A Thorough Practice 
247 He became too thin; yet he was still very firm 
with the practice. One day, while meditating alone, 
he was exhausted and became unconscious.
Life of Buddha 
Gautama Was Starving 
Wat Olak 
Madu, Sidam 
Kiri, near Kg. 
Tengah, 
Kepala 
Batas, 
Penang, 
Malaysia 
http://www.photodharma.net/Malaysia/Wat-Olak-Madu/images/Wat-Olak-Madu- 
00033.jpg
Life of Buddha 
Gautama Was Starving 
248 A shepherd boy just happened to pass by at 
that moment. He supposed Gautama was starving 
to death. Everybody knew that this holy man did 
not eat for many days. So he ran back to the flock 
to get a mother goat. He then returned to the place 
where Gautama fainted. He gave Gautama some 
goat’s milk to help him recover his consciousness.
Life of Buddha 
The Shepherd Boy 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 110
Life of Buddha 
The Shepherd Boy 
249 Gautama felt better and started to think what 
made him fainted and became conscious again. At 
last, he believed that it was the goat’s milk which 
had saved his life. He could have died before ever 
attaining enlightenment. The shepherd felt great 
for saved the life of the holy man. He received 
blessing from Gautama and returned to his flock.
Life of Buddha 
The Singing Girls 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 111
Life of Buddha 
The Singing Girls 
250 Gautama continued with his meditation under 
the tree. Just before the night came, a group of 
girls were heading towards the city. They were 
singing along the way: “With the strings too loose, 
the lute does not sound. Tighten the strings too 
much, they will break apart. Not too loose, not too 
tight, the lute sounds so nice.”
Life of Buddha 
Meaningless Effort 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 112
Life of Buddha 
Meaningless Effort 
251 Listening to the song, Gautama was deeply 
touched. He realized that he had tighten his string 
of life too much; that the way he practiced of not 
eating and torturing his body was totally a wrong 
way to attain enlightenment. He might have died 
before he could achieve his goal. So he decided to 
stop practicing asceticism; but to continue to seek 
for the ultimate truth of life and death through his 
mental diligence.
Life of Buddha 
The Five Sramana Left Gautama 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 113
Life of Buddha 
The Five Sramana Left Gautama 
252 He now ate regularly to keep a healthy body. 
Gotama’s health has recovered by now. He looked 
as good as he was the Prince who stayed in the 
palace before. After the incident, Gautama knew 
very well that even if he continued with the strict 
practice of asceticism, he would never succeed in 
attaining enlightenment
Life of Buddha 
Gautama Stopped Asceticism 
Wat Olak 
Madu, Sidam 
Kiri, near Kg. 
Tengah, 
Kepala 
Batas, 
Penang, 
Malaysia 
http://www.photodharma.net/Malaysia/Wat-Olak-Madu/images/Wat-Olak-Madu- 
0035.jpg
Life of Buddha 
Gautama Stopped Asceticism 
253 Therefore, he stopped the hard practice and 
kept a normal diet. But the other five sramana 
opinion was quite different. They felt that Gautama 
ate too much and was out of the way. They then 
left Gautama and went to Mrgadava (now Senath) 
near Varanasi (now Benares).
Life of Buddha 
Sujuta 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 114
Life of Buddha 
Sujata 
254 One morning, a village girl named Sujata, 
came to Gautama and offered him some rice 
porridge milk. After given the food to Gautama, 
Sujata said: “I hope your wish could be 
accomplished. I accomplished mine.” *Siddhartha 
ate the porridge. It made both his body and mental 
stamina well improved. *Sujata made a wish to 
have a child and then she offer food to Gautama to 
show her gratitude.
Life of Buddha 
Sujata’s Milk Rice 
Wat Olak 
Madu, Sidam 
Kiri, near Kg. 
Tengah, 
Kepala 
Batas, 
Penang, 
Malaysia 
http://www.photodharma.net/Malaysia/Wat-Olak-Madu/images/Wat-Olak-Madu- 
00035.jpg
Life of Buddha 
Sujata’s Milk Rice 
255 After eating Sujata’s sweeten milk rice, or 
madhupayasa, Gautama puts Sujata’s golden 
bowl in the Nairanjana River saying “If I am to 
attain my objective, show me a sign” Miraculously 
the bowl floated upstream. Kalana, a serpent king 
also called nagaraja woke up in time to see this,
Life of Buddha 
The Bowl Floats Upstream 
Wat Olak 
Madu, Sidam 
Kiri, near Kg. 
Tengah, 
Kepala 
Batas, 
Penang, 
Malaysia 
http://www.photodharma.net/Malaysia/Wat-Olak-Madu/images/Wat-Olak-Madu- 
00036jpg
Life of Buddha 
The Bowl Floats Upstream 
256 Kalana, or Nagaraja, awoke from his watery 
slumbers, witness the bowl floating upstream, and 
knew that such a miracle could only happen when 
something destined is going to happen. Gautama 
then had a bath in the river. After that he sat under 
a sala tree by the riverbank. He continued with his 
meditation; hoping not to be disturbed in the 
silence of the night.
Life of Buddha 
Sotthiya, The Straw Peddler 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 115
Life of Buddha 
Sotthiya, The Straw Peddler 
257 When night came, he left the place and walked 
to a large Bodhi tree. It was a place chosen 
previously for his meditation. He met a Brahmant 
Sotthiya, a straw-peddler, on his way. Sotthiya 
offered eight bundles of straw to him as dana.
Life of Buddha 
Sotthiya Gives Kusa Grass 
Wat Olak 
Madu, Sidam 
Kiri, near Kg. 
Tengah, 
Kepala 
Batas, 
Penang, 
Malaysia 
http://www.photodharma.net/Malaysia/Wat-Olak-Madu/images/Wat-Olak-Madu- 
00037jpg
Life of Buddha 
Sotthiya Gives Kusa Grass 
258 Gautama made a seat with the straw and sat 
down under the Bodhi tree, facing east where the 
sun will rise. The story goes that when the 
bodhisattva set on the grass, it was meticulously 
transformed into a diamond throne, known as 
“Aparajita” (throne of triumph) which us 14 cubits 
(Thai sok) high. 
Ref: Becoming the Buddha: The Ritual of Image Consecration in 
Thailand By Donald K. Swearer Page 132 
http://books.google.com.my/books?id=s1vRbJXGBK0C&pg=PA 
132&lpg=PA132&dq=Bowl+floating+upstream&source=bl&ot 
s=r4NdaZsu0O&sig=64kIo4USxj.GYYyWffOtnIeEtcU&hl=en 
&sa=X&ei=b1ZcULDDIMePrgey54HIBw&ved=0CC4Q6AEw 
AA#v=onepage&q=Bowl%20floating%20upstream&f=false
Life of Buddha 
Gautama’s Determination 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 116
259 After settling down under the Bodhi tree, 
Gautama vowed to himself that he will not leave 
his seat until I find the answer to the question of 
life and death. Even if he may die, he would 
certainly want to find out a way to help all mankind 
to escape the suffering of getting old, falling sick 
and death.” 
. 
Life of Buddha 
Gautama’s Determination
Life of Buddha 
Gautama Concentrated On His Meditation 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 117
Life of Buddha 
Gautama Concentrated On His Meditation 
260 Thereafter, Gautama concentrated on his 
meditation. He freed himself from all nature 
disturbances as well as his joyful memories of the 
past. His mind was only with one thought: “How do 
all these suffering occur? How can one escape 
from all these suffering?” At that time, Gautama 
was still young, only thirty-five years old. In his 
meditation, past memories of his pleasure 
moments in the palace at times came across his 
mind.
Life of Buddha 
Mara’s Three Daughters 
Wat Olak 
Madu, Sidam 
Kiri, near Kg. 
Tengah, 
Kepala 
Batas, 
Penang, 
Malaysia 
http://www.photodharma.net/Malaysia/Wat-Olak-Madu/images/Wat-Olak-Madu- 
00038jpg
Life of Buddha 
Mara’s Three Daughters 
261 In some accounts of the Buddha's 
enlightenment, it is said that the demon Māra sent 
his three daughters to tempt the Buddha to give up 
his quest. Mara's three daughters are identified as 
Taṇhā (Craving), Arati (Boredom), and Raga 
(Passion), as stated in the Samyutta Nikaya's 
Māra-saṃyutta,
Life of Buddha 
The Three Poisons 
. From a wall painting the Burmese 
monastery in Penang, Malaysia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mara_%28demon%29 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mara_(demon)
Life of Buddha 
The Three Poisons 
262 Mara's three daughters fail to entice the Buddha: 
They had come to him glittering with beauty — 
Taṇhā, Arati, and Rāga — but Gautama swept 
them away right there as the wind, a fallen cotton 
tuft. Some stories refer to the existence of Five 
Daughters, who represent the Three Poisons, 
Attraction, Aversion and Delusion, accompanied 
additionally by Pride and Fear.
Life of Buddha 
Resisting Temptations 
Mara's assault on the Buddha (an iconic 
representation: the Buddha is only 
symbolized by his throne), 2nd century, 
Amaravati, India 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mara_(demon) 
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/comm 
ons/0/00/MaraAssault.jpg
Life of Buddha 
Resisting Temptations 
263 These images kept on disturbing Gautama 
making him lingered on the pleasure of life in the 
past and arouse his desire to return to the palace. 
However, Gautama was firm enough to hold his 
promise and resisted these temptations.
Life of Buddha 
Wat Olak 
Madu, Sidam 
Kiri, near Kg. 
Tengah, 
Kepala 
Batas, 
Penang, 
Malaysia 
Mara 
http://www.photodharma.net/Malaysia/Wat-Olak-Madu/images/Wat-Olak-Madu- 
00039.jpg
Life of Buddha 
Mara 
264 At the end, Gautama successfully 
stopped all kinds of thoughts that disturbed 
him. Mara failing to tempt Buddha from 
attaining Enlightenment. Mara also failed to 
capture the diamond Throne of Nibbana as 
well. Mara then challenged Gautama for 
proof of his countless past deeds of merits.
Life of Buddha 
Calling The Mother Earth To Witness 
Mother Earth witness. http://bodhicittasangha.org/lang-en/buddhism
Life of Buddha 
Calling The Mother Earth To Witness 
265 In response, the solitary bodhisattva reached 
down and touched the ground, calling upon the 
earth goddess to bear witness to his countless 
past deeds of merit (Bhumi Sparsi). In 
acknowledgement the earth gave a great shudder, 
at which Mara's fearsome elephant bowed down 
before the bodhisattva in submission, and Mara 
and his armies fled in terror.
Life of Buddha 
Process of Enlightenment 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 119
Life of Buddha 
Process of Enlightenment 
266 At this moment hosts of devas arrived to 
proclaim Gautama's victory and to witness his final 
illumination. At the end, he successfully stopped 
all kinds of thoughts that disturbed him Mara 
failing to tempt Buddha from attaining 
Enlightenment. Mara also failed to capture the 
diamond Throne of Nibbana as well.
Life of Buddha 
His Mind Calm 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 118
Life of Buddha 
His Mind Calm 
267. When the earth shook, confirming the truth of 
Gautama's words, Mara unleashed his army of 
demons. In the epic battle that ensued, Gautama's 
wisdom broke through the illusions and the power 
of his compassion changed the demons' weapons 
into flowers. Mara and all his forces fled in 
disarray. His thoughts became clear. His mind 
was now calm and peaceful.
Life of Buddha 
Gotama Attained Enlightenment 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Budha Page 120
Life of Buddha 
Gautama attained enlightenment 
268. Gautama was in deep Samadhi. He thus 
enjoyed the Bliss of Emancipation (Vimutti Sukha 
Gautama thus realized that death and rebirth, are 
cause by ignorance or Moha and attachment to 
things we love. For those who want to get out of 
the cycle of birth and death, we need to get rid of 
all our desires.
Life of Buddha 
Mental Power To Understand 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 119
Life of Buddha 
Mental Power To Understand 
269 In the total quietness of Samadhi, Gautama 
used his mental power to understand the source of 
his own life: the past and the present. When his 
thought got deeper, things appeared clearer. 
Gautama became the Buddha in this place we 
now call Bodhgaya.
Life of Buddha 
Gautama Became Buddha In Bodhgaya 
http://archives111.blogspot.com 
/
Life of Buddha 
Gautama Became Buddha In Bodhgaya 
270 During this process, Gautama gained both the 
power of being aware of all his previous life 
(Purvenivasanusmrti), and the power to see all 
things and to know the future rebirths of all beings: 
divine vision (Divyacaksus). Throughout the first 
week the Buddha sat under the Bodhi tree in one 
posture, experiencing the Bliss of Emancipation 
(Vimutti Sukha).
Life of Buddha 
Bodhgaya 
http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learnin 
g/buddhistworld/bodgaya.htm 
http://20twentytwo.blogspot.com/2 
013/07/blasts-bodh-gaya.html
Life of Buddha 
Bodhgaya 
271 The historical place at which the Enlightenment 
took place became a place of pilgrimage. It is now 
called Bodhgaya. It is near the city of Gaya. 
Though it is not mentioned in the scriptures, the 
Buddha must have visited Bodhgaya again in the 
course of his teaching career. A great Maha Bodhi 
Temple was built there. Today Bodhgaya is a 
flourishing town. 
http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/buddhistworld/bodgaya.htm
Life of Buddha 
First Week After Enlightenment 
http://phramick.wordpress.com/2009/07/24/life-of-the-buddha/ Pix22.
Life of Buddha 
First Week After Enlightenment 
272 At the end of the week, during the first watch, the 
Buddha arose from the state of Concentration and 
thoroughly reflected on the “Dependent 
Origination” (Paticca Samuppada) in direct 
order. Having perceived the meaning of this theory, 
the Buddha uttered forth this verse: “When the 
truths become manifest to the strenuous, meditative 
Brahmana then do all his doubts vanish away, since 
he knows the truth together with its cause.” 
http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
Life of Buddha 
Cycle Of Death And Rebirth 
http://www.ovimagazine.com/art/9672
Life of Buddha 
Cycle Of Death And Rebirth 
273 He realized that the continuing cycle of death 
and rebirth of all beings is mainly a manifestation 
of one’s karma; that is, the cause and effect of a 
person’s thoughts and deeds. Some people who 
had done good deeds could have better life when 
reborn. On the other hand, people who had done 
bad deeds could have a lot of suffering when 
reborn. 
http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
Life of Buddha 
Middle Watch Of The Night 
http://www.vfp.de/psychologie/fachinfos/25-verbandszeit 
schriften/heft-02-2004/25-reinkarnationstherapie.html
Life of Buddha 
Middle Watch Of The Night 
274 Middle watch of the night, thoroughly reflected 
on the “Dependent Origination” (Paticca 
Samuppada) in reverse order. Having perceived 
the meaning of this theory, the Buddha uttered 
forth this verse: “When the truths become manifest 
to the strenuous, meditative Brahmana then do all 
his doubts vanish away, since he realised the 
cessation of causes.” 
http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
Life of Buddha 
Last Watch Of The Night 
http://buddhistinspiration.blogspot.com/2011/ 
11/twelve-great-deeds-of-buddhas-life-part.html 
Twelve Great Deeds 
of the Buddha
Life of Buddha 
Last Watch Of The Night 
275 Last watch of the night, fully contemplated on the 
Cause and Effect of things both in their direct and 
reverse order. Having perceived the meaning of this 
theory, the Buddha uttered forth this verse: “When 
the truths become manifest to the 
strenuous, meditative Brahmana then he dispels 
the forces of Mara, and remains like the sun which 
illuminates the sky.” 
http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
Life of Buddha 
Thai & Lao Version Of The Story 
http://www.thailandamulets.com/ 
information.php?id=100&page=5 
A
Life of Buddha 
Thai & Lao Version Of The Story 
276 In the Thai and Lao version of the story, Mara was 
called Phyasvatimarn the king of evils. He was 
against Gautama gaining enlightenment and tryed to 
stop Gautama. He sent his army of demons to attack 
Gautama. Gautama during the contest with Mara 
pointing towards the earth summoning Phra Mae 
Thorani to come to his assistance, and to prove that 
he had cultivated the perfections. 
http://www.thailandamulets.com/information.php?id=100&page=5
Life of Buddha 
Earth Goddess 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phra_Mae_Thorani#mediaviewer/File: 
Battle_with_Mara.jpg
Life of Buddha 
Earth Goddess 
277 The mother earth goddess called Phra Mae Torani 
then appear. According to the legends she squeezed 
her long hair and purify holy water call "sinotok", or 
heart's water flows out without stop. The water 
caused a flood which washed away all the evil 
demons of Mara’s army, thus cleansing the world. 
http://www.thailandamulets.com/information.php?id=100&page=5
Life of Buddha 
The Diamond Throne 
http://framelessworld.com/ 
2012/09/mahabodhi-temple/ 
http://jeffindia.blogspot.com/2 
010/05/week-of-wonders.html 
www.doncroner.com/BlogArchive 
/2004_03_01_cronerarchive.html
Life of Buddha 
The Diamond Throne 
278. It is here under the Bodhi Tree where the Buddha 
sat and achieved Enlightenment. He also spent his 
first week in meditation. The seat if the Buddha, the 
Vajrasana (Diamond Throne), is made of red sand 
stone in the 3rd century B.C. by Emperor Asoka. 
Venerable Ashwaghosa in his Buddhacarita revealed 
that this is the Navel of the Earth. Fa-Hien mentioned 
that all the past Buddhas attained Enlightenment 
here and the future Buddhas too will attain the 
enlightenment on this spot. 
http://www.jyotisrivastavaphotography.com/2013-india-trip-bodhgaya- 
part-i-mahabodhi-temple/
Life of Buddha 
Second Week After Enlightenment 
http://www.asienreise 
nder.de/buddha.html 
http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/showima 
ge/282705/
Life of Buddha 
Second Week After Enlightenment 
279 The second week was uneventful, but He 
silently taught a great moral lesson to the world. 
As a mark of profound gratitude to the inanimate 
Bodhi tree that sheltered him during His struggle 
for Enlightenment, 
http://theorissa.com/tourism/?p=1499
Life of Buddha 
Gazing With Motionless Eyes 
http://www.angkor-planet.com/UK/FTPculture/buddha-khmer.html
Life of Buddha 
Gazing With Motionless Eyes 
280 He stood at a certain distance gazing at the tree 
with motionless eyes for one whole week. The 
place where the Buddha stood is now marked with 
a shrine called Animesh Lochana Chaitya Shrine. 
http://theorissa.com/tourism/?p=1499
Life of Buddha 
Animesh Lochana Chaitya 
http://kimberlysnyder.net/blog/2013/ 
01/14/india-journey-and-tribute/ 
The Animesh Lochana (open eyes) Chaitya shrine 
http://theorissa.com/tourism/?p=1499
Life of Buddha 
Animesh Lochana Chaitya 
281 The Buddha stood still for a week, looking at the 
Bodhi tree from the location of this shrine to show 
the gratitude to the Bodhi tree under which he 
become the Buddha. Following His noble 
example, His followers, in memory of His 
Enlightenment, venerate the original Bodhi tree 
but also its descendants.. 
http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
Life of Buddha 
The Maha Bodhi Tree 
http://www.tourmyindia.com/pilgrimage/bodh-gaya.html
Life of Buddha 
The Maha Bodhi Tree 
282 Today, on the back of the main temple situated 
to the west there is an ancient tree, Ficus religiosa 
or Bodhi tree. It was here that Gautama sat for 
enlightenment. The present tree is considered only 
as the descendant of the original tree. The 
Guinness Book of Records, claims it is the oldest 
tree in the world. 
http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/buddhistworld/bodgaya.htm
Life of Buddha 
Trying to Kill The Maha Bodhi Tree 
http://practicalaction.org/ppeo2012-practitioner-stone
Life of Buddha 
Trying to Kill The Maha Bodhi Tree 
283 There is a tradition that Asoka's wife Empress of 
the Maura Empire had secretly cut down the Maha 
Bodhi Tree because she became jealous of the 
time Ashoka spent there. But it grew again and a 
protective wall was also built around it at the time. 
Many sacred trees in India and other countries are 
originally raised from this ancient Bodhgaya tree. 
http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/buddhistworld/bodgaya.htm
Life of Buddha 
Third Week After Enlightenment 
http://buddhist-meditation-techniques.com/meditation/walking-meditation/.
Life of Buddha 
Third Week After Enlightenment 
284 As the Buddha had not given up His temporary 
residence at the Bodhi tree the Devas doubted His 
attainment to Buddhahood. The Buddha read their 
thoughts, and in order to clear their doubts He 
created by His psychic powers a jewelled 
ambulatory (Ratana Camkamana) and paced up 
and down for another week. 
http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
Life of Buddha 
Ratana Camkamana 
http://www.lianhuayuan. 
net/index52.htm 
http://gdpthaingoai.org/?p=2954
Life of Buddha 
Ratana Camkamana 
285 Today in Bodhigaya the Ratana Camkamana or 
Jeweled Cloister Walk and it’s information board 
are concrete strictures, to represent how the spent 
the third week doing the walking meditation for a 
whole week. On the platform lotuses indicate the 
places where the Buddha’s feet rested while 
walking. 
http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
Life of Buddha 
Fourth Week After Enlightenment 
http://wigowsky.com/travels/india/India3/mahabodhi.htm
Life of Buddha 
The Jeweled Chamber 
286 The fourth week He spent in a jeweled chamber 
(Ratanaghara) which was presented to Him by the 
Devas, to the north west of the Maha Bodhi tree. 
There the Buddha was contemplating the 
intricacies of the Abhidhamma (Higher Teaching). 
http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
Life of Buddha 
The Jeweled Chamber 
http://www.jyotisrivastavaPhoto 
graphy.com/2013-india-trip 
http://www.doncroner.com/BlogArchive/200 
4_03_01_cronerarchive.html
Life of Buddha 
The Jeweled Chamber 
287 The records state that His mind and body were 
so purified when He pondered on the Book of 
Relations (Patthana), the seventh treatise of the 
Abhidhamma, which deals with absolute truths 
concerning mental and material processes or 
Conditional Relations, 
http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
Life of Buddha 
Colours Of The Buddhist Flag 
http://phramick.wordpress.com/2009/07/24/life-of-the-buddha/ Pix22.
Life of Buddha 
Colours Of The Buddhist Flag 
288 As he contemplated on the deep and profound 
doctrine there arose great rapture in the 
Omniscient mind, which activated material 
processes in the body to emit rays of five colour 
lights – blue, yellow, red, white, orange a massive 
brightness of all these assorted colours. The 
coloured rays emitted from His body, is adopted in 
the present day Buddhist Flag. 
Abhidhamma Pitaka. J.i.78; BuA.8, 241 
http://www.wisdomlib.org/definition/ratanaghara-cetiya/index.html.
Life of Buddha 
The Fifth Week After Enlightenment 
http://archives111.blogspot.com/
Life of Buddha 
Fifth Week After Enlightenment 
289 During the fifth week the Buddha enjoyed the 
Bliss of Emancipation (Vimutti Sukha), seated in 
one posture under the Ajapala Nigrodha (Banyan) 
tree near the Bodhi tree. Having understood what 
caused the suffering of mankind, he was able to 
free himself from not getting dragged into the 
whirlpool of unhappiness. The Buddha contented, 
he remained in the happiness of nirvana. 
http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
Life of Buddha 
Buddha And The Brahmana 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Budha Page 121
Life of Buddha 
Buddha And The Brahmana 
290 When He arose from that transcendental state a 
conceited (huhunkajatiha). A Brahmana came to 
him when he was sitting under the banyan tree. 
After giving him a courteous salute, the Brahmana 
asked: “Gautama! What kind of moral character 
one must have to be a true Brahmana and a 
noble person?”
Life of Buddha 
A True Brahmana 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Budha Page 122
Life of Buddha 
A True Brahmana 
291. Although the Brahmana did not address him 
politely, he was not angry but answered him 
directly by uttering this paean of joy: “A true 
Brahmana must not have evil thoughts; he is 
humble, sensible, have good attitude in learning 
and live a pure life. He must behave well to 
deserve the title ‘Brahmana’.” The Brahmana 
murmured to himself as he left: “This Sramana 
Gautama really reads my mind!”.
Life of Buddha 
The Fifth Week After Enlightenment 
http://www.buddhambedkar.com/apps/photos/album?albumid=13413184
Life of Buddha 
The Fifth Week After Enlightenment 
292 According to the Jataka commentary it was 
during this week that the daughters of Mara- 
Tanha, Arati and Raga made another vain attempt 
to tempt the Buddha by their charms. 
http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
Life of Buddha 
Sixth Week After Enlightenment 
The illustrated life of the Lord Buddha! 
http://www.dhammatalks.net/samahita/ 
Illustrated_Life_of_the_Lord_Buddha_ 
page1.htm.
Life of Buddha 
Sixth Week After Enlightenment 
293 The Buddha went to the Mucalinda tree, to 
spent the sixth week, enjoying the Bliss of 
Emancipation. At that time there was a great storm 
that lasted several days. Mucalinda, the serpent-king, 
came out of his abode, and coiling round the 
body of the Buddha seven times, keeping his large 
hood over the head of the Buddha so that He may 
not be affected by the elements. 
http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
Life of Buddha 
During This Sixth Week After Enlightenment 
http://www.chinabuddhismencyclopedia.com/en/index.php?title= 
File:Mucalinda_Naga.jpg
Life of Buddha 
During The Sixth Week After Enlightenment 
294 On the seventh days Mucalinda, seeing the clear 
sky, uncoiled from the body of Buddha, turned into 
a young man, and saluted. The Buddha uttered 
"Happy is seclusion, to the contented, who has 
heard the truth, and who sees. Happy is goodwill, 
and restraint towards all beings. Happy is non-attachment, 
the passing beyond of sense-desires, 
the suppression of the 'I am' conceit is indeed the 
highest happiness." 
http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
Life of Buddha 
Mucalinda Lake 
http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/external-article/ 
gautama-buddha%E2%80%99s-life-3
Life of Buddha 
Mucalinda Lake 
295 Today in Bodhgaya the Mucalinda Tree 
(Barringtonia acutangula) is no more there and 
there is a lake in its place. This is the Mucalinda 
Lake. In the middle of the lake is a stone image of 
Mucalinda the Naga king protecting the Buddha 
under it’s opened hood as told in the legend. 
http://www.dhammawiki.com/index.php?title=Mucalinda 
http://wigowsky.com/travels/india/India3/mahabodhi.htm
Life of Buddha 
Seventh Week After Enlightenment 
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rajayatana.jpg
Life of Buddha 
Seventh Week After Enlightenment 
296 The seventh week the Buddha peacefully 
passed at the Rajayatana tree (Buchanania 
latifolia), experiencing the Bliss of Emancipation. It 
was in the final week (7th week) after his 
Enlightenment. In Bodhgaya, the exact place where 
Buddha set and meditated during the Seventh week 
is now a holy and protected area with a sign to 
inform visitors there about it. 
http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
Life of Buddha 
During The Seventh Week After Enlightenment 
http://phramick.wordpress.com/2009/07/24/life-of-the-buddha/ Pix24.
Life of Buddha 
During The Seventh Week After Enlightenment 
297 During the last day, two merchant Burmese 
brothers Tapassu and Bhalluka from Ukkalapa. 
passed by the area and saw the Buddha. They 
were astonished looking at the Buddha’s 
extraordinary appearance. So they reverently 
offered their own provision of best food which they 
brought with them as alms. They offered the 
Buddha Rice Cake and Honey. This was his first 
meal for the Buddha after fasting for 49 days. 
http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
Life of Buddha 
The First Lay Disciples Of The Buddha 
http://www.thisismyanmar.com/nibbana/11to15.htm/ Pix15.
Life of Buddha 
The First Lay Disciples Of The Buddha 
298 As they were deeply impressed by the Buddha’s 
fine attributes, they wanted to be the Buddha’s 
followers. So both of them, Tapussa and Bhallika, 
took refuge in the Buddha, they became the 
Buddha’s first two followers. Two merchants were 
the first lay disciples of the Buddha by taking refuge 
in the Buddha and Dharma (Sangha was not in 
existence then). 
http://www.thisismyanmar.com/nibbana/11to15.htm/
Life of Buddha 
Tapussa and Bhallika 
A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Budha Page 123
Life of Buddha 
Tapussa and Bhallika 
299 The Buddha gave eight strands of hair for them 
to worship as sacred objects of veneration. The 
hair relics are now enshrined in the Shwedagon 
Pagoda in Yangon. According to a Myanmar story, 
a deity who was related to Tapussa and Bhallika 
in a past existence informed them that the Blessed 
One had recently attained the Supreme Buddha-hood, 
and directed them to make the offering.
Life of Buddha 
Buddha’s Footprint In Bodhgaya 
http://www.jyotisrivastavaphotography.com/2013 
-india-trip-bodhgaya-part-i-mahabodhi-temple/
Life of Buddha 
Buddha’s Footprint In Bodhgaya 
300 One of the early representations of the Buddha in 
the anticonic (no statues) stage of Buddhist art. The 
Buddhapada, the Buddha’s Foot-print, are highly 
revered in all Buddhist countries, especially in Sri 
Lanka and Thailand. Symbolizing the grounding of 
the transcendent, feet have been objects of respect 
in India long before Buddhism. According to Buddhist 
legend, after the Buddha attained enlightenment, his 
feet made an imprint in the stone where he stepped. 
http://www.religionfacts.com/buddhism/symbols/buddhapada.htm

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♥ 00 lifeofbuddha 140901 rev06 part3

  • 1. BUDDHISM Part 03 Life of Buddha a summery by CS Ooi International Buddhist College July 2013 Renunciation to Enlightenment
  • 2. Life of Buddha The Problems He Faced With A Life Of Lord Buddha, slide 027
  • 3. Life of Buddha The Problems He Faced With 201 In his sleep, he thought of all the problems he faced with, and he told himself that if there is a problem, there is a way to solve it. After a while, the Prince woke up.
  • 4. Life of Buddha The Prince Woke Up A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 086 Gautama Buddha Life Portraits Plate 10 http://www.buddhambedkar.com
  • 5. Life of Buddha The Prince Woke Up 202 He found that the dancing girls had all fallen asleep because of extreme tiredness. While deeply asleep, they showed all kinds of ugly characters. They were entirely unaware of the impression that they were making.
  • 6. Life of Buddha The Other Side Of Lovely Girls Lord Buddha's Way http://lordbuddhasway.blogspot.com/2009/05/introduction-in-sixth- century-before.html
  • 7. Life of Buddha The Other Side Of Lovely Girls 203 Some slept like pigs; some opened their mouths, dripping saliva that ruined their make-up; some ground their teeth loudly like angry ghosts. All these made the girls looked ugly and disgusting. The Prince was surprised to see the other sides of these lovely girls that he liked so much.
  • 8. Life of Buddha The Disgusting Views http://www.slideshare.net/TrongDorje/life-of-lord-buddha-804951 Life of Lord Buddha
  • 9. Life of Buddha The Disgusting Views 204 The scene of these sleeping girls made them appeared to be terribly ugly; although the Prince had once thought they were pretty and lovely. It was the most disgusting thing that the Prince had experienced. Therefore, the Prince became firm to get rid of these disturbing things.
  • 10. Life of Buddha The Prince Left The Room A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 087
  • 11. Life of Buddha The Prince Left The Room 205 He decided to go out to search for real happiness and to become free from all pain and suffering. He made the decision to renounce that is Nibbutapada in Pali, Prince Siddhartha got up silently in order not to wake any of the girls. He left the room quietly and ordered Chandaka to get his horse Karnataka. The day was Monday, the Asalha full moon day of the month of Waso in the year 97. Archive for ‘Life of the Buddha (Version 1)’ http://www.buddhistmythology.net/category/comics/life-of-buddha-version-1/
  • 12. Life of Buddha Siddhartha Sees His Wife And Son A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 088
  • 13. Life of Buddha Siddhartha Sees His Wife And Son 206 Chandaka went to get the horse. Prince Siddhartha felt that he should see his newborn son before he left. So he went to Princess Yosodhara's room. He found the Princess holding her baby in her arms, fast asleep.
  • 14. Life of Buddha She Will Not Allow Me To Go Wat Olak Madu, Sidam Kiri, near Kg. Tengah, Kepala Batas, Penang, Malaysia http://www.photodharma.net/Malaysia/Wat-Olak-Madu/images/Wat-Olak-Madu- 00031.jpg
  • 15. Life of Buddha She Will Not Allow Me To Go 207 The Prince thought: “If I move her hand, it will definitely wake her up. If she wakes up, she will not allow me to go. But I must go now. I shall come back to see my son and his mother after I find the ultimate truth.”
  • 16. Life of Buddha Prince Siddhartha Left The Palace BW 050 Archive for LOB, 2009-04-18-book1017 (Medium).jpg http://www.buddhistmythology.net/category/comics/life-of-buddha-version-1/
  • 17. Life of Buddha Prince Siddhartha Left The Palace 208 Without waking anyone, The day the twenty-nine year old Prince Siddhartha left the palace in the silence of the night. He left the city riding his very understanding horse Karnataka. Only Chandaka followed the Prince.
  • 18. Life of Buddha The Prince, Channa And His Horse 207 leaving-palace.gif http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/ buddhism/pbs2_unit02.htm
  • 19. Life of Buddha The Prince, Channa And His Horse 209 One story goes that the good Devas escorted the Prince who had left the city at midnight. Another story tells that the good devas made the palace guards fall asleep so it was possible for the Prince and Channa to quietly leave the palace. A third version says the devas carried the Prince, Channa and his horse into the air and over the city walls.
  • 20. Life of Buddha The Prince Took To The Forest 207 leaving-palace.gif http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/ buddhism/pbs2_unit02.htm PB 023 Life History Of Lord Buddha Slide 11
  • 21. Life of Buddha The Prince Took To The Forest 210 The day was the fourth month in the Burmese lunar calendar. It corresponds with June-July on the Gregorian calendar. It was Year 97 of the Burmese Great Era which corresponds to 448 BC. No one stopped them from going.
  • 22. Life of Buddha One Last Look A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 089
  • 23. Life of Buddha One Last Look 211 After riding for a short while, Prince Siddhartha stopped his horse and turned around. He took a final look of the city of Kapilavastu in the pure and bright moonlight; but he was very firm with his will to go on.
  • 24. Life of Buddha Mara Preah Pohm Rath Pagoda pictures, pix #12 siem reap - angkor - royaume du cambodge
  • 25. Life of Buddha Mara 212 But Mara, a Deva who never favored any good deed, stood in front of the Prince and asked him not take to the forest, Mara said “It is only seven days before you are to become the King of the Universe. Go back to the palace.” BW 050 Archive for LOB, 2009-04-18-book1017 (Medium).jpg http://www.buddhistmythology.net/category/comics/life-of-buddha-version-1
  • 26. Life of Buddha The Great Renunciation Life of the Buddha Burmese Edition, pix #8 http://phramick.wordpress.com/2009/07/24/life-of-the-buddha/.
  • 27. Life of Buddha The Great Renunciation 213 The Prince replied, “Oh, Mara. I do not want to become King of the Universe. I want to become King of the Dharma, who can bring peace to all celestial beings.” Mara (the Evil One), tried without success to prevent Prince Siddhartha from his Great Renunciation at midnight . Life of the Buddha Burmese Edition, pix #8 http://phramick.wordpress.com/2009/07/24/life-of-the-buddha/.
  • 28. Life of Buddha He Continued Riding On PB 031 Gautama_Buddha_ Life_Potraits Slide 12 PB 006 Shakyamuni Buddha’s Renunciation http://jadeturtlerecords. blogspot.com/2011/03/l
  • 29. Life of Buddha He Continued Riding On 214 Thus overcoming Mara’s interference, the Prince continued riding on. The gods in the heaven realms above witness the great event. They helped the Prince Siddhartha on his journey. The prince was riding on Karnataka his favorite stallion and followed by Channa his loyal charioteer. BW 050 Archive for LOB, 2009-04-18-book1017 (Medium).jpg http://www.buddhistmythology.net/category/comics/life-of-buddha-version-1
  • 30. Life of Buddha Crossed The River Anoma http://lordbuddhasway.blogspot.com/200 9/05/introduction-in-sixth-century-before. html PB 031 Gautama_Buddha_Life_Potraist Pg 13
  • 31. Life of Buddha Crossed The River Anoma 215. Prince Siddhartha, riding on horseback, then he advanced further for thirty yojanas and crossed the river Anoma by dawn. Another version of the story described how the devas helped the Prince, the horse and Channa to fly all the way over to the river Anoma. The Prince got off his horse and stood at the riverside.
  • 32. Life of Buddha Prince Siddhartha’s Quest Wat Olak Madu, Sidam Kiri, near Kg. Tengah, Kepala Batas, Penang, Malaysia http://www.photodharma.net/Malaysia/Wat-Olak-Madu/images/Wat-Olak-Madu- 00032.jpg
  • 33. Life of Buddha Prince Siddhartha’s Quest 216 Prince Siddhartha Gautama of the Sakya Clan was twenty-nine years old by then. He left his country and family to become a sramana in order to find ways to overcome all pain and suffering of mankind.
  • 34. Life of Buddha His Orders To Chandaka PPT 143 Slides 729 (The Life Of Lord Buddha) Frame 31
  • 35. Life of Buddha His Orders To Chandaka 217 He took off his valuable dress and handed it to Chandaka. He firmly ordered Chandaka to take it and his horse Karnataka back to the palace; and explain to the King what had happened.
  • 36. Life of Buddha He Cuts His Hair A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 090 PB 107 His Life In Prince Of Siddhartha Page 11
  • 37. Life of Buddha He Cuts His Hair 218 He took his sword and cut off his hair, Chandaka then left the Prince. He went back to the palace with Prince Siddhartha’s cloths, ornaments, sword and horse.
  • 38. Life of Buddha He Throws His Hair Up PB 006 Sakyamuni Buddha’s Renunciation http://jadeturtlerecords.blogspot.com/2011/03/comme moration-day-of-shakyamuni-buddhas.html PB 010 Buddha Festival 2,600 years of Buddhism Dhammakaya, Los Angeles, America.
  • 39. Life of Buddha He Threw His Hair Up 219 Then tossed his hair into the air as a sign of his renunciation of worldly life. Sakkara, however, grabbed them from there and enshrined them in the Chulamani Chetiya in the Tavatimsa.
  • 40. Life of Buddha The Eight Requisite http://wisdomquarterly.blogspot.com /2011_03_01_archive.html http://jhodymaaf.blogspot.com/2012/07/mele mparkan-gumpalan-rambut-nya-ke.html
  • 41. Life of Buddha The Eight Requisite 220 Brahma Ghatikara then descended from the heavenly world to offer Siddhartha the eight requisites necessary for an ascetic, which he accepted gladly. Prince Siddhartha adopted the name of Ascetic Gautama 1)an outer robe 2) an inner robe 3) a thick double robe for winter 4) an alms bowl for gathering food 5) a razor for shaving 6) a needle and thread 7) a belt 8) a water strainer for removing impurities from drinking water.
  • 42. Life of Buddha Death of Karnataka http://www.buddhistelibrary.org/library/view.php?adpath=266 Kanthaka Died and preah prohm roath stupa, Cambodia
  • 43. Life of Buddha Death of Karnataka 221 There are several stories that are associated with the death of Karnataka. But it is widely believed that the horse died on returning to Kapilavastu as it could not bear the sorrow of separation from his master the prince. According to Buddhist texts Karnataka was reborn as a Brahmin. The figure of Karnataka, the white horse, can be found on the carvings of several Buddhist stupas.
  • 44. Life of Buddha Princess Yosodhara Was Sad PPT 143 Slides 729 (The Life Of Lord Buddha)
  • 45. Life of Buddha Princess Yosodhara Was Sad 222 Back in the palace Princess Yosodhara was sad when she knew that the Prince had went away. She is now alone by herself and had to take care of her new born son, Rahula, without a father around.
  • 46. Life of Buddha Gautama Misses Home PPT 143 Slides 729 (The Life Of Lord Buddha)
  • 47. Life of Buddha Gautama Misses Home 223 Gautama stayed for seven days in the mango grove of Anupiya-ambavana. It was a place near the bank of the Anoma River, thirty leagues away from Rajagrha. Gautama misses his home. He also thought of the fine life and good food in the past. But he had made up his mind to carry on with his quest. A league is a unit of length which, originally meant the distance a person could walk in an hour. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/League_%28unit%29
  • 48. Life of Buddha Gautama Went To Rajagrha A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 091
  • 49. Life of Buddha Gautama Went To Rajagrha 224 After that, he traveled southward. He met Hermit Bhagava to watch his practice for a while. He finally reached Rajagrha, the capital of the country of Magadha. The King of Magadha was named Bimbisara. In the morning, Siddhartha bathed in the stream near the city. The Buddha: Young Seeker By Paul Mantell Page 105
  • 50. Life of Buddha Gautama Looked Distinguished A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 091
  • 51. Life of Buddha Gautama Looked Distinguished, 225, After bathing in the stream, like all sramana, he went to the city to beg for food. As Gautama looked so distinguished, the people of Rajagrha offered him their best food.
  • 52. Life of Buddha Gautama in Rajagrha A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 092
  • 53. Life of Buddha Gautama in Rajagrha 226 Gautama left Rajagrha after getting his food for the day. He headed toward Pandava Hill, the place he ate his food. Since the first day that Gautama had begged for food in the city, he was regarded as a sramana with a distinguished look. He has the look of nobility and looked out of place as a sramana. The news spread around and reached the palace.
  • 54. Life of Buddha King Bimbisara Went To See Buddha http://saloeurmsavath.blogspot.com/
  • 55. Life of Buddha King Bimbisara Went To See Buddha 227 King Bimbisara ordered his son to check out what was going on. He found out that this sramana was the crown prince of Kapilavastu, an heir to the throne. He had given up everything and become a bhikkhu to find the ways to free all human from the fearfulness of growing old, being sick and of death. Getting to know this, King Bimbisara went to Pandava Hill and offered to share his kingdom with Gautama.
  • 56. Life of Buddha King Bimbisara Offered His Kingdom http://www.angkor-planet.com/UK/FTPculture/buddha-khmer.html/
  • 57. Life of Buddha King Bimbisara and Gautama 228 Gautama refused as he did not desire any worldly enjoyment. Then, King Bimbisara invited Gautama a to stay in his capital city. That would make it easier for the King to offer him food and daily necessities. But Siddhartha did not accept the invitation, he declined it politely.
  • 58. Life of Buddha The King’s Request A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 093
  • 59. Life of Buddha The King’s Request 229 He said: “I cannot stay in one place before I realize what I want to do and what I want to achieve.” So both of them made an agreement; Gautama would first come to the city of Rajagrha when he fulfill his wish of finding the answers to his question of overcoming old age, sickness and death. He would then instruct and show King Bimbisara and his people.
  • 60. Life of Buddha Gotama Went To The Mountain A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 094
  • 61. Life of Buddha Gautama Went To The Mountain 230 One day Gautama left Rajagrha to go to the foot of the mountain. Many hermits and sages lived there. On the way, he saw dust falling down from the mountain. At the same time he also heard the pounding sound of animal hoofs. When he went closer, he found a large flock of sheep and goats. They moved along like a bank of clouds, being helplessly driven toward the city.
  • 62. Life of Buddha The Limping Lamb A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 095
  • 63. Life of Buddha The Limping Lamb 231 At the back of the flock, a little lamb moved slowly. It limped along painfully as its leg was wounded and bleeding. Gautama noticed the little lamb and its mother walking in front of it kept looking back in anxiety for her little one. His heart was filled with pity. So Gautama took the wounded little lamb up into his arms. He petted it tenderly while walking along behind the flock.
  • 64. Life of Buddha Animal Sacrifice A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 096
  • 65. Life of Buddha Animal Sacrifice 232 When he saw the shepherd, he asked: “Where are you driving this herd to? They should normally be driven back in the evening! Why were they being driven back in the afternoon?” The shepherd replied: “The King is holding a big sacrifice today. We have been ordered to bring one hundred sheep and goats respectively to the city at noontime.” Gautama said: “I will go with you.” He carried the little lamb in his arms all the way to the city.
  • 66. Life of Buddha About To Kill A Sheep A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 097
  • 67. Life of Buddha About To Kill A Sheep 233 Gautama followed the flock of sheep. He then went to place of the sacrifice ceremony. The King and the priests of the fire-worshippers were praying. A big fire was burning on the altar. The leader of the fire-worshippers raised his sword to cut off the head of the first sheep. Gautama moved up quickly and stopped him.
  • 68. Life of Buddha Life Is Very Precious A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 097
  • 69. Life of Buddha Life Is Very Precious 234 Sadly and seriously, Gautama persuaded the people to stop the ceremony. He said to King Bimbisara: “Your Majesty! Don’t let this worshippers ruin the life of these poor animals.” Then he said: “Life is very precious. Those who want to destroy it should know that once it is destroyed it is gone forever.” Gautama also spoke to the people who participated in the event:”
  • 70. Life of Buddha You Reap What You Sow A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 098
  • 71. Life of Buddha You Reap What You Sow 235 “All living creatures cling to life like us. The animals will naturally lose their lives in the aging process Gautama continued: “If human beings expect mercy, they should show mercy. According to the principles of cause and effect, those who kill will be killed in return. If we expect happiness in the future, we must not harm any living creatures. Remember, you reap what you sow.”
  • 72. Life of Buddha Gautama Spoke To The King A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 099
  • 73. Life of Buddha Gautama Spoke To The King 236 Gautama spoke to the King, the fire-worshippers and the rest of the people of Rajagrha in his peaceful and elegant manner. Besides showing compassion, his words were forceful and determined. He completely changed the intention and belief of the King and the fire-worshippers.
  • 74. Life of Buddha Gautama Left Rajagrha A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 100
  • 75. Life of Buddha Gautama Left Rajagrha 237 Leaving Rajagrha, Gautama travelled to the place where Arada-kalama lived. Arada-kalama was one of the best known scholars of that time. Gautama stayed with Arada-kalama and studied very hard. Soon his knowledge and capability almost equaled to his teacher’s. He became recognized as a noble follower of the old sage. This made Arada-kalama very happy.
  • 76. Life of Buddha Arada Kalama A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 101
  • 77. Life of Buddha Arada Kalama 238 Arada Kalama said to Gautama one day: “You have now learned everything from me. Your knowledge is now as good as mine. Stay and help me teach the students!” Gautama asked: “Can’t you tell me how to escape from old age, sickness and death?” Arada-kalama said nothing. He had taught Gautama all his knowledge.
  • 78. Life of Buddha Gotama Left Arada Kalama A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 102
  • 79. Life of Buddha Gotama Left Arada Kalama 239 What Gautama had learned from Arada Kalama was mainly the knowledge of meditation. It was the way to make the mind quiet and peaceful. He learned to get rid of any thoughts in the mind; and then how to remain in the joy of Samadhi. He moved on to search for someone who might have higher knowledge; who can help him achieve his mission.
  • 80. Life of Buddha Udraka Ramaputra A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 103
  • 81. Life of Buddha Udraka Ramaputra 240 Later, Gautama approached Udraka Ramaputra and became his student. Gautama studied very hard and diligently practiced whatever he learned from his master. After some time Udraka Ramaputra’s liking to Gautama increased. Udraka Ramaputra persuaded Gautama a to stay and help him.
  • 82. Life of Buddha Gautama Left Udraka Ramaputra A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 104
  • 83. Life of Buddha Gautama Left Udraka Ramaputra 241 Although Udraka Ramaputra’s teaching was higher and Gautama learned of the mental state that made one understand about the existence of things around (Naiva-samjna-nasamjnayatana), it did not answer the question of life and death. Therefore, Gotama left Udraka-ramaputra to search for the ultimate truth of life and death by his own wisdom and effort.
  • 84. Life of Buddha Sramana Tradition A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 105
  • 85. Life of Buddha Sramana Tradition 242 At that time in India, same as in modern times, many sramana of various religious groups would disconnect from their family relationships went out to live a denial life. They believed that, by suffering from hunger or torturing their bodies, they would be reborn in the heavenly state with never ending happiness. With those beliefs, they got themselves into all kinds of tough and strenuous suffering.
  • 86. Life of Buddha Ascetic Practices A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 106
  • 87. Life of Buddha Ascetic Practices 243 Some of them gradually cut down the amount of food they took until almost not eating anything at all. Some stood quietly on one foot. Some raised one of their hands, kept on pointing to the sky until blood was not circulated properly. Some of them held both hands together and never let go; until the fingernails went through the palms. Some slept on boards pierced and fully covered with sharp nails pierced and fully covered with sharp nails.
  • 88. Life of Buddha He Practiced Hard A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 107
  • 89. Life of Buddha He Practiced Hard 244 Gautama tried hard to practice asceticism. He thought if he could withstand the extreme hardship, he would be able to attain enlightenment. On the way to Magadha, he came to Uruvilva and found a nice quiet place. The ground was level with big and beautiful trees around. There was also a cool flowing stream nearby. A Senani Village was not far away where he could go for food.
  • 90. Life of Buddha Gautama With The Group of Five http://www.squidoo.com/theravada-bhuddism
  • 91. Life of Buddha Gautama With The Group of Five 245 There were five other sramana who followed Gautama to Uruvilva. They were Kaundinya, Bhadrika, Baspa, Mahanama and Asvajit.
  • 92. Life of Buddha The Five Sramana A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 108
  • 93. Life of Buddha The Five Sramana 246 They believed that Gautama would one day attain enlightenment by his hard effort. And of course being his followers, he would teach them whatever he attained. Gautama went through a thorough practice. He began to reduce his food until he ate almost nothing at all.
  • 94. Life of Buddha A Thorough Practice A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 109
  • 95. Life of Buddha A Thorough Practice 247 He became too thin; yet he was still very firm with the practice. One day, while meditating alone, he was exhausted and became unconscious.
  • 96. Life of Buddha Gautama Was Starving Wat Olak Madu, Sidam Kiri, near Kg. Tengah, Kepala Batas, Penang, Malaysia http://www.photodharma.net/Malaysia/Wat-Olak-Madu/images/Wat-Olak-Madu- 00033.jpg
  • 97. Life of Buddha Gautama Was Starving 248 A shepherd boy just happened to pass by at that moment. He supposed Gautama was starving to death. Everybody knew that this holy man did not eat for many days. So he ran back to the flock to get a mother goat. He then returned to the place where Gautama fainted. He gave Gautama some goat’s milk to help him recover his consciousness.
  • 98. Life of Buddha The Shepherd Boy A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 110
  • 99. Life of Buddha The Shepherd Boy 249 Gautama felt better and started to think what made him fainted and became conscious again. At last, he believed that it was the goat’s milk which had saved his life. He could have died before ever attaining enlightenment. The shepherd felt great for saved the life of the holy man. He received blessing from Gautama and returned to his flock.
  • 100. Life of Buddha The Singing Girls A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 111
  • 101. Life of Buddha The Singing Girls 250 Gautama continued with his meditation under the tree. Just before the night came, a group of girls were heading towards the city. They were singing along the way: “With the strings too loose, the lute does not sound. Tighten the strings too much, they will break apart. Not too loose, not too tight, the lute sounds so nice.”
  • 102. Life of Buddha Meaningless Effort A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 112
  • 103. Life of Buddha Meaningless Effort 251 Listening to the song, Gautama was deeply touched. He realized that he had tighten his string of life too much; that the way he practiced of not eating and torturing his body was totally a wrong way to attain enlightenment. He might have died before he could achieve his goal. So he decided to stop practicing asceticism; but to continue to seek for the ultimate truth of life and death through his mental diligence.
  • 104. Life of Buddha The Five Sramana Left Gautama A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 113
  • 105. Life of Buddha The Five Sramana Left Gautama 252 He now ate regularly to keep a healthy body. Gotama’s health has recovered by now. He looked as good as he was the Prince who stayed in the palace before. After the incident, Gautama knew very well that even if he continued with the strict practice of asceticism, he would never succeed in attaining enlightenment
  • 106. Life of Buddha Gautama Stopped Asceticism Wat Olak Madu, Sidam Kiri, near Kg. Tengah, Kepala Batas, Penang, Malaysia http://www.photodharma.net/Malaysia/Wat-Olak-Madu/images/Wat-Olak-Madu- 0035.jpg
  • 107. Life of Buddha Gautama Stopped Asceticism 253 Therefore, he stopped the hard practice and kept a normal diet. But the other five sramana opinion was quite different. They felt that Gautama ate too much and was out of the way. They then left Gautama and went to Mrgadava (now Senath) near Varanasi (now Benares).
  • 108. Life of Buddha Sujuta A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 114
  • 109. Life of Buddha Sujata 254 One morning, a village girl named Sujata, came to Gautama and offered him some rice porridge milk. After given the food to Gautama, Sujata said: “I hope your wish could be accomplished. I accomplished mine.” *Siddhartha ate the porridge. It made both his body and mental stamina well improved. *Sujata made a wish to have a child and then she offer food to Gautama to show her gratitude.
  • 110. Life of Buddha Sujata’s Milk Rice Wat Olak Madu, Sidam Kiri, near Kg. Tengah, Kepala Batas, Penang, Malaysia http://www.photodharma.net/Malaysia/Wat-Olak-Madu/images/Wat-Olak-Madu- 00035.jpg
  • 111. Life of Buddha Sujata’s Milk Rice 255 After eating Sujata’s sweeten milk rice, or madhupayasa, Gautama puts Sujata’s golden bowl in the Nairanjana River saying “If I am to attain my objective, show me a sign” Miraculously the bowl floated upstream. Kalana, a serpent king also called nagaraja woke up in time to see this,
  • 112. Life of Buddha The Bowl Floats Upstream Wat Olak Madu, Sidam Kiri, near Kg. Tengah, Kepala Batas, Penang, Malaysia http://www.photodharma.net/Malaysia/Wat-Olak-Madu/images/Wat-Olak-Madu- 00036jpg
  • 113. Life of Buddha The Bowl Floats Upstream 256 Kalana, or Nagaraja, awoke from his watery slumbers, witness the bowl floating upstream, and knew that such a miracle could only happen when something destined is going to happen. Gautama then had a bath in the river. After that he sat under a sala tree by the riverbank. He continued with his meditation; hoping not to be disturbed in the silence of the night.
  • 114. Life of Buddha Sotthiya, The Straw Peddler A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 115
  • 115. Life of Buddha Sotthiya, The Straw Peddler 257 When night came, he left the place and walked to a large Bodhi tree. It was a place chosen previously for his meditation. He met a Brahmant Sotthiya, a straw-peddler, on his way. Sotthiya offered eight bundles of straw to him as dana.
  • 116. Life of Buddha Sotthiya Gives Kusa Grass Wat Olak Madu, Sidam Kiri, near Kg. Tengah, Kepala Batas, Penang, Malaysia http://www.photodharma.net/Malaysia/Wat-Olak-Madu/images/Wat-Olak-Madu- 00037jpg
  • 117. Life of Buddha Sotthiya Gives Kusa Grass 258 Gautama made a seat with the straw and sat down under the Bodhi tree, facing east where the sun will rise. The story goes that when the bodhisattva set on the grass, it was meticulously transformed into a diamond throne, known as “Aparajita” (throne of triumph) which us 14 cubits (Thai sok) high. Ref: Becoming the Buddha: The Ritual of Image Consecration in Thailand By Donald K. Swearer Page 132 http://books.google.com.my/books?id=s1vRbJXGBK0C&pg=PA 132&lpg=PA132&dq=Bowl+floating+upstream&source=bl&ot s=r4NdaZsu0O&sig=64kIo4USxj.GYYyWffOtnIeEtcU&hl=en &sa=X&ei=b1ZcULDDIMePrgey54HIBw&ved=0CC4Q6AEw AA#v=onepage&q=Bowl%20floating%20upstream&f=false
  • 118. Life of Buddha Gautama’s Determination A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 116
  • 119. 259 After settling down under the Bodhi tree, Gautama vowed to himself that he will not leave his seat until I find the answer to the question of life and death. Even if he may die, he would certainly want to find out a way to help all mankind to escape the suffering of getting old, falling sick and death.” . Life of Buddha Gautama’s Determination
  • 120. Life of Buddha Gautama Concentrated On His Meditation A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 117
  • 121. Life of Buddha Gautama Concentrated On His Meditation 260 Thereafter, Gautama concentrated on his meditation. He freed himself from all nature disturbances as well as his joyful memories of the past. His mind was only with one thought: “How do all these suffering occur? How can one escape from all these suffering?” At that time, Gautama was still young, only thirty-five years old. In his meditation, past memories of his pleasure moments in the palace at times came across his mind.
  • 122. Life of Buddha Mara’s Three Daughters Wat Olak Madu, Sidam Kiri, near Kg. Tengah, Kepala Batas, Penang, Malaysia http://www.photodharma.net/Malaysia/Wat-Olak-Madu/images/Wat-Olak-Madu- 00038jpg
  • 123. Life of Buddha Mara’s Three Daughters 261 In some accounts of the Buddha's enlightenment, it is said that the demon Māra sent his three daughters to tempt the Buddha to give up his quest. Mara's three daughters are identified as Taṇhā (Craving), Arati (Boredom), and Raga (Passion), as stated in the Samyutta Nikaya's Māra-saṃyutta,
  • 124. Life of Buddha The Three Poisons . From a wall painting the Burmese monastery in Penang, Malaysia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mara_%28demon%29 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mara_(demon)
  • 125. Life of Buddha The Three Poisons 262 Mara's three daughters fail to entice the Buddha: They had come to him glittering with beauty — Taṇhā, Arati, and Rāga — but Gautama swept them away right there as the wind, a fallen cotton tuft. Some stories refer to the existence of Five Daughters, who represent the Three Poisons, Attraction, Aversion and Delusion, accompanied additionally by Pride and Fear.
  • 126. Life of Buddha Resisting Temptations Mara's assault on the Buddha (an iconic representation: the Buddha is only symbolized by his throne), 2nd century, Amaravati, India http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mara_(demon) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/comm ons/0/00/MaraAssault.jpg
  • 127. Life of Buddha Resisting Temptations 263 These images kept on disturbing Gautama making him lingered on the pleasure of life in the past and arouse his desire to return to the palace. However, Gautama was firm enough to hold his promise and resisted these temptations.
  • 128. Life of Buddha Wat Olak Madu, Sidam Kiri, near Kg. Tengah, Kepala Batas, Penang, Malaysia Mara http://www.photodharma.net/Malaysia/Wat-Olak-Madu/images/Wat-Olak-Madu- 00039.jpg
  • 129. Life of Buddha Mara 264 At the end, Gautama successfully stopped all kinds of thoughts that disturbed him. Mara failing to tempt Buddha from attaining Enlightenment. Mara also failed to capture the diamond Throne of Nibbana as well. Mara then challenged Gautama for proof of his countless past deeds of merits.
  • 130. Life of Buddha Calling The Mother Earth To Witness Mother Earth witness. http://bodhicittasangha.org/lang-en/buddhism
  • 131. Life of Buddha Calling The Mother Earth To Witness 265 In response, the solitary bodhisattva reached down and touched the ground, calling upon the earth goddess to bear witness to his countless past deeds of merit (Bhumi Sparsi). In acknowledgement the earth gave a great shudder, at which Mara's fearsome elephant bowed down before the bodhisattva in submission, and Mara and his armies fled in terror.
  • 132. Life of Buddha Process of Enlightenment A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 119
  • 133. Life of Buddha Process of Enlightenment 266 At this moment hosts of devas arrived to proclaim Gautama's victory and to witness his final illumination. At the end, he successfully stopped all kinds of thoughts that disturbed him Mara failing to tempt Buddha from attaining Enlightenment. Mara also failed to capture the diamond Throne of Nibbana as well.
  • 134. Life of Buddha His Mind Calm A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 118
  • 135. Life of Buddha His Mind Calm 267. When the earth shook, confirming the truth of Gautama's words, Mara unleashed his army of demons. In the epic battle that ensued, Gautama's wisdom broke through the illusions and the power of his compassion changed the demons' weapons into flowers. Mara and all his forces fled in disarray. His thoughts became clear. His mind was now calm and peaceful.
  • 136. Life of Buddha Gotama Attained Enlightenment A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Budha Page 120
  • 137. Life of Buddha Gautama attained enlightenment 268. Gautama was in deep Samadhi. He thus enjoyed the Bliss of Emancipation (Vimutti Sukha Gautama thus realized that death and rebirth, are cause by ignorance or Moha and attachment to things we love. For those who want to get out of the cycle of birth and death, we need to get rid of all our desires.
  • 138. Life of Buddha Mental Power To Understand A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Buddha Page 119
  • 139. Life of Buddha Mental Power To Understand 269 In the total quietness of Samadhi, Gautama used his mental power to understand the source of his own life: the past and the present. When his thought got deeper, things appeared clearer. Gautama became the Buddha in this place we now call Bodhgaya.
  • 140. Life of Buddha Gautama Became Buddha In Bodhgaya http://archives111.blogspot.com /
  • 141. Life of Buddha Gautama Became Buddha In Bodhgaya 270 During this process, Gautama gained both the power of being aware of all his previous life (Purvenivasanusmrti), and the power to see all things and to know the future rebirths of all beings: divine vision (Divyacaksus). Throughout the first week the Buddha sat under the Bodhi tree in one posture, experiencing the Bliss of Emancipation (Vimutti Sukha).
  • 142. Life of Buddha Bodhgaya http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learnin g/buddhistworld/bodgaya.htm http://20twentytwo.blogspot.com/2 013/07/blasts-bodh-gaya.html
  • 143. Life of Buddha Bodhgaya 271 The historical place at which the Enlightenment took place became a place of pilgrimage. It is now called Bodhgaya. It is near the city of Gaya. Though it is not mentioned in the scriptures, the Buddha must have visited Bodhgaya again in the course of his teaching career. A great Maha Bodhi Temple was built there. Today Bodhgaya is a flourishing town. http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/buddhistworld/bodgaya.htm
  • 144. Life of Buddha First Week After Enlightenment http://phramick.wordpress.com/2009/07/24/life-of-the-buddha/ Pix22.
  • 145. Life of Buddha First Week After Enlightenment 272 At the end of the week, during the first watch, the Buddha arose from the state of Concentration and thoroughly reflected on the “Dependent Origination” (Paticca Samuppada) in direct order. Having perceived the meaning of this theory, the Buddha uttered forth this verse: “When the truths become manifest to the strenuous, meditative Brahmana then do all his doubts vanish away, since he knows the truth together with its cause.” http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
  • 146. Life of Buddha Cycle Of Death And Rebirth http://www.ovimagazine.com/art/9672
  • 147. Life of Buddha Cycle Of Death And Rebirth 273 He realized that the continuing cycle of death and rebirth of all beings is mainly a manifestation of one’s karma; that is, the cause and effect of a person’s thoughts and deeds. Some people who had done good deeds could have better life when reborn. On the other hand, people who had done bad deeds could have a lot of suffering when reborn. http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
  • 148. Life of Buddha Middle Watch Of The Night http://www.vfp.de/psychologie/fachinfos/25-verbandszeit schriften/heft-02-2004/25-reinkarnationstherapie.html
  • 149. Life of Buddha Middle Watch Of The Night 274 Middle watch of the night, thoroughly reflected on the “Dependent Origination” (Paticca Samuppada) in reverse order. Having perceived the meaning of this theory, the Buddha uttered forth this verse: “When the truths become manifest to the strenuous, meditative Brahmana then do all his doubts vanish away, since he realised the cessation of causes.” http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
  • 150. Life of Buddha Last Watch Of The Night http://buddhistinspiration.blogspot.com/2011/ 11/twelve-great-deeds-of-buddhas-life-part.html Twelve Great Deeds of the Buddha
  • 151. Life of Buddha Last Watch Of The Night 275 Last watch of the night, fully contemplated on the Cause and Effect of things both in their direct and reverse order. Having perceived the meaning of this theory, the Buddha uttered forth this verse: “When the truths become manifest to the strenuous, meditative Brahmana then he dispels the forces of Mara, and remains like the sun which illuminates the sky.” http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
  • 152. Life of Buddha Thai & Lao Version Of The Story http://www.thailandamulets.com/ information.php?id=100&page=5 A
  • 153. Life of Buddha Thai & Lao Version Of The Story 276 In the Thai and Lao version of the story, Mara was called Phyasvatimarn the king of evils. He was against Gautama gaining enlightenment and tryed to stop Gautama. He sent his army of demons to attack Gautama. Gautama during the contest with Mara pointing towards the earth summoning Phra Mae Thorani to come to his assistance, and to prove that he had cultivated the perfections. http://www.thailandamulets.com/information.php?id=100&page=5
  • 154. Life of Buddha Earth Goddess http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phra_Mae_Thorani#mediaviewer/File: Battle_with_Mara.jpg
  • 155. Life of Buddha Earth Goddess 277 The mother earth goddess called Phra Mae Torani then appear. According to the legends she squeezed her long hair and purify holy water call "sinotok", or heart's water flows out without stop. The water caused a flood which washed away all the evil demons of Mara’s army, thus cleansing the world. http://www.thailandamulets.com/information.php?id=100&page=5
  • 156. Life of Buddha The Diamond Throne http://framelessworld.com/ 2012/09/mahabodhi-temple/ http://jeffindia.blogspot.com/2 010/05/week-of-wonders.html www.doncroner.com/BlogArchive /2004_03_01_cronerarchive.html
  • 157. Life of Buddha The Diamond Throne 278. It is here under the Bodhi Tree where the Buddha sat and achieved Enlightenment. He also spent his first week in meditation. The seat if the Buddha, the Vajrasana (Diamond Throne), is made of red sand stone in the 3rd century B.C. by Emperor Asoka. Venerable Ashwaghosa in his Buddhacarita revealed that this is the Navel of the Earth. Fa-Hien mentioned that all the past Buddhas attained Enlightenment here and the future Buddhas too will attain the enlightenment on this spot. http://www.jyotisrivastavaphotography.com/2013-india-trip-bodhgaya- part-i-mahabodhi-temple/
  • 158. Life of Buddha Second Week After Enlightenment http://www.asienreise nder.de/buddha.html http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/showima ge/282705/
  • 159. Life of Buddha Second Week After Enlightenment 279 The second week was uneventful, but He silently taught a great moral lesson to the world. As a mark of profound gratitude to the inanimate Bodhi tree that sheltered him during His struggle for Enlightenment, http://theorissa.com/tourism/?p=1499
  • 160. Life of Buddha Gazing With Motionless Eyes http://www.angkor-planet.com/UK/FTPculture/buddha-khmer.html
  • 161. Life of Buddha Gazing With Motionless Eyes 280 He stood at a certain distance gazing at the tree with motionless eyes for one whole week. The place where the Buddha stood is now marked with a shrine called Animesh Lochana Chaitya Shrine. http://theorissa.com/tourism/?p=1499
  • 162. Life of Buddha Animesh Lochana Chaitya http://kimberlysnyder.net/blog/2013/ 01/14/india-journey-and-tribute/ The Animesh Lochana (open eyes) Chaitya shrine http://theorissa.com/tourism/?p=1499
  • 163. Life of Buddha Animesh Lochana Chaitya 281 The Buddha stood still for a week, looking at the Bodhi tree from the location of this shrine to show the gratitude to the Bodhi tree under which he become the Buddha. Following His noble example, His followers, in memory of His Enlightenment, venerate the original Bodhi tree but also its descendants.. http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
  • 164. Life of Buddha The Maha Bodhi Tree http://www.tourmyindia.com/pilgrimage/bodh-gaya.html
  • 165. Life of Buddha The Maha Bodhi Tree 282 Today, on the back of the main temple situated to the west there is an ancient tree, Ficus religiosa or Bodhi tree. It was here that Gautama sat for enlightenment. The present tree is considered only as the descendant of the original tree. The Guinness Book of Records, claims it is the oldest tree in the world. http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/buddhistworld/bodgaya.htm
  • 166. Life of Buddha Trying to Kill The Maha Bodhi Tree http://practicalaction.org/ppeo2012-practitioner-stone
  • 167. Life of Buddha Trying to Kill The Maha Bodhi Tree 283 There is a tradition that Asoka's wife Empress of the Maura Empire had secretly cut down the Maha Bodhi Tree because she became jealous of the time Ashoka spent there. But it grew again and a protective wall was also built around it at the time. Many sacred trees in India and other countries are originally raised from this ancient Bodhgaya tree. http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/buddhistworld/bodgaya.htm
  • 168. Life of Buddha Third Week After Enlightenment http://buddhist-meditation-techniques.com/meditation/walking-meditation/.
  • 169. Life of Buddha Third Week After Enlightenment 284 As the Buddha had not given up His temporary residence at the Bodhi tree the Devas doubted His attainment to Buddhahood. The Buddha read their thoughts, and in order to clear their doubts He created by His psychic powers a jewelled ambulatory (Ratana Camkamana) and paced up and down for another week. http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
  • 170. Life of Buddha Ratana Camkamana http://www.lianhuayuan. net/index52.htm http://gdpthaingoai.org/?p=2954
  • 171. Life of Buddha Ratana Camkamana 285 Today in Bodhigaya the Ratana Camkamana or Jeweled Cloister Walk and it’s information board are concrete strictures, to represent how the spent the third week doing the walking meditation for a whole week. On the platform lotuses indicate the places where the Buddha’s feet rested while walking. http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
  • 172. Life of Buddha Fourth Week After Enlightenment http://wigowsky.com/travels/india/India3/mahabodhi.htm
  • 173. Life of Buddha The Jeweled Chamber 286 The fourth week He spent in a jeweled chamber (Ratanaghara) which was presented to Him by the Devas, to the north west of the Maha Bodhi tree. There the Buddha was contemplating the intricacies of the Abhidhamma (Higher Teaching). http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
  • 174. Life of Buddha The Jeweled Chamber http://www.jyotisrivastavaPhoto graphy.com/2013-india-trip http://www.doncroner.com/BlogArchive/200 4_03_01_cronerarchive.html
  • 175. Life of Buddha The Jeweled Chamber 287 The records state that His mind and body were so purified when He pondered on the Book of Relations (Patthana), the seventh treatise of the Abhidhamma, which deals with absolute truths concerning mental and material processes or Conditional Relations, http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
  • 176. Life of Buddha Colours Of The Buddhist Flag http://phramick.wordpress.com/2009/07/24/life-of-the-buddha/ Pix22.
  • 177. Life of Buddha Colours Of The Buddhist Flag 288 As he contemplated on the deep and profound doctrine there arose great rapture in the Omniscient mind, which activated material processes in the body to emit rays of five colour lights – blue, yellow, red, white, orange a massive brightness of all these assorted colours. The coloured rays emitted from His body, is adopted in the present day Buddhist Flag. Abhidhamma Pitaka. J.i.78; BuA.8, 241 http://www.wisdomlib.org/definition/ratanaghara-cetiya/index.html.
  • 178. Life of Buddha The Fifth Week After Enlightenment http://archives111.blogspot.com/
  • 179. Life of Buddha Fifth Week After Enlightenment 289 During the fifth week the Buddha enjoyed the Bliss of Emancipation (Vimutti Sukha), seated in one posture under the Ajapala Nigrodha (Banyan) tree near the Bodhi tree. Having understood what caused the suffering of mankind, he was able to free himself from not getting dragged into the whirlpool of unhappiness. The Buddha contented, he remained in the happiness of nirvana. http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
  • 180. Life of Buddha Buddha And The Brahmana A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Budha Page 121
  • 181. Life of Buddha Buddha And The Brahmana 290 When He arose from that transcendental state a conceited (huhunkajatiha). A Brahmana came to him when he was sitting under the banyan tree. After giving him a courteous salute, the Brahmana asked: “Gautama! What kind of moral character one must have to be a true Brahmana and a noble person?”
  • 182. Life of Buddha A True Brahmana A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Budha Page 122
  • 183. Life of Buddha A True Brahmana 291. Although the Brahmana did not address him politely, he was not angry but answered him directly by uttering this paean of joy: “A true Brahmana must not have evil thoughts; he is humble, sensible, have good attitude in learning and live a pure life. He must behave well to deserve the title ‘Brahmana’.” The Brahmana murmured to himself as he left: “This Sramana Gautama really reads my mind!”.
  • 184. Life of Buddha The Fifth Week After Enlightenment http://www.buddhambedkar.com/apps/photos/album?albumid=13413184
  • 185. Life of Buddha The Fifth Week After Enlightenment 292 According to the Jataka commentary it was during this week that the daughters of Mara- Tanha, Arati and Raga made another vain attempt to tempt the Buddha by their charms. http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
  • 186. Life of Buddha Sixth Week After Enlightenment The illustrated life of the Lord Buddha! http://www.dhammatalks.net/samahita/ Illustrated_Life_of_the_Lord_Buddha_ page1.htm.
  • 187. Life of Buddha Sixth Week After Enlightenment 293 The Buddha went to the Mucalinda tree, to spent the sixth week, enjoying the Bliss of Emancipation. At that time there was a great storm that lasted several days. Mucalinda, the serpent-king, came out of his abode, and coiling round the body of the Buddha seven times, keeping his large hood over the head of the Buddha so that He may not be affected by the elements. http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
  • 188. Life of Buddha During This Sixth Week After Enlightenment http://www.chinabuddhismencyclopedia.com/en/index.php?title= File:Mucalinda_Naga.jpg
  • 189. Life of Buddha During The Sixth Week After Enlightenment 294 On the seventh days Mucalinda, seeing the clear sky, uncoiled from the body of Buddha, turned into a young man, and saluted. The Buddha uttered "Happy is seclusion, to the contented, who has heard the truth, and who sees. Happy is goodwill, and restraint towards all beings. Happy is non-attachment, the passing beyond of sense-desires, the suppression of the 'I am' conceit is indeed the highest happiness." http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
  • 190. Life of Buddha Mucalinda Lake http://www.tsemrinpoche.com/tsem-tulku-rinpoche/external-article/ gautama-buddha%E2%80%99s-life-3
  • 191. Life of Buddha Mucalinda Lake 295 Today in Bodhgaya the Mucalinda Tree (Barringtonia acutangula) is no more there and there is a lake in its place. This is the Mucalinda Lake. In the middle of the lake is a stone image of Mucalinda the Naga king protecting the Buddha under it’s opened hood as told in the legend. http://www.dhammawiki.com/index.php?title=Mucalinda http://wigowsky.com/travels/india/India3/mahabodhi.htm
  • 192. Life of Buddha Seventh Week After Enlightenment http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rajayatana.jpg
  • 193. Life of Buddha Seventh Week After Enlightenment 296 The seventh week the Buddha peacefully passed at the Rajayatana tree (Buchanania latifolia), experiencing the Bliss of Emancipation. It was in the final week (7th week) after his Enlightenment. In Bodhgaya, the exact place where Buddha set and meditated during the Seventh week is now a holy and protected area with a sign to inform visitors there about it. http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
  • 194. Life of Buddha During The Seventh Week After Enlightenment http://phramick.wordpress.com/2009/07/24/life-of-the-buddha/ Pix24.
  • 195. Life of Buddha During The Seventh Week After Enlightenment 297 During the last day, two merchant Burmese brothers Tapassu and Bhalluka from Ukkalapa. passed by the area and saw the Buddha. They were astonished looking at the Buddha’s extraordinary appearance. So they reverently offered their own provision of best food which they brought with them as alms. They offered the Buddha Rice Cake and Honey. This was his first meal for the Buddha after fasting for 49 days. http://www.buddha.sg/htm/buddha/buddha4.htm
  • 196. Life of Buddha The First Lay Disciples Of The Buddha http://www.thisismyanmar.com/nibbana/11to15.htm/ Pix15.
  • 197. Life of Buddha The First Lay Disciples Of The Buddha 298 As they were deeply impressed by the Buddha’s fine attributes, they wanted to be the Buddha’s followers. So both of them, Tapussa and Bhallika, took refuge in the Buddha, they became the Buddha’s first two followers. Two merchants were the first lay disciples of the Buddha by taking refuge in the Buddha and Dharma (Sangha was not in existence then). http://www.thisismyanmar.com/nibbana/11to15.htm/
  • 198. Life of Buddha Tapussa and Bhallika A Pictorial Biography of Sakyamuni Budha Page 123
  • 199. Life of Buddha Tapussa and Bhallika 299 The Buddha gave eight strands of hair for them to worship as sacred objects of veneration. The hair relics are now enshrined in the Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon. According to a Myanmar story, a deity who was related to Tapussa and Bhallika in a past existence informed them that the Blessed One had recently attained the Supreme Buddha-hood, and directed them to make the offering.
  • 200. Life of Buddha Buddha’s Footprint In Bodhgaya http://www.jyotisrivastavaphotography.com/2013 -india-trip-bodhgaya-part-i-mahabodhi-temple/
  • 201. Life of Buddha Buddha’s Footprint In Bodhgaya 300 One of the early representations of the Buddha in the anticonic (no statues) stage of Buddhist art. The Buddhapada, the Buddha’s Foot-print, are highly revered in all Buddhist countries, especially in Sri Lanka and Thailand. Symbolizing the grounding of the transcendent, feet have been objects of respect in India long before Buddhism. According to Buddhist legend, after the Buddha attained enlightenment, his feet made an imprint in the stone where he stepped. http://www.religionfacts.com/buddhism/symbols/buddhapada.htm