DWWP Parksville 2013

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DWWP Parksville 2013

  1. 1. Public Information Meeting October 10th 2013 Parksville, BC
  2. 2. PRESENTATION Introduction 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings In 2008, residents voted to establish a Drinking Water and Watershed Protection Service…  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who Today, we are going to talk about where we are: • DWWP program update • Water Budget Study review • Integrated Watershed Management Planning
  3. 3. Introduction: Partnerships Our program is founded on partnerships and collaboration Municipalities: The public: residents, community associations, streamkeeper groups, professionals, students. Other governmental organizations: Other RDN departments: Sustainability, Wastewater, Rec & Park
  4. 4. Introduction: Program development 2008 The RDN became the first regional government in British Columbia to start a Drinking Water & Watershed Protection service 7 Program Actions 2009-Present The DWWP is guided by a technical advisory committee of experts from: forestry, hydrogeology, academia, community stewardship, fisheries, water services The program is guided by the an Action Plan that outlines the key goals and objectives
  5. 5. 1. DWWP Program Update
  6. 6. PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update  Program 1 DWWP update: Program 1 Public Awareness and Involvement  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget Free Workshops Websites Community Booth www.TeamWaterSmart.ca  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion Home Visits School Program 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who www.RDNgetinvolved.ca
  7. 7. PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update  Program 1 DWWP update: Program 1 Public Awareness and Involvement  Program 2  Program 3 School Program: Fieldtrips  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management From the classroom…..  What & Why  How & Who To the watershed….. 2014 – field trips for Gr. 4 & 5 • • Nanaimo River watershed Englishman River watershed
  8. 8. PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update  Program 1 DWWP update: Program 2 Water Resources Inventory & Monitoring  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5 Water Budget Study  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget Water Map  Background  Overview  Methodology Provincial Observation Well Network Expansion  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management Volunteer Well Level Monitoring  What & Why  How & Who Community Watershed Monitoring
  9. 9. PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update  Program 1 DWWP update: Program 2 Water Resources Inventory & Monitoring: Highlights  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4 Provincial Observation Well Network Expansion  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget Groundwater monitoring  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who Volunteer Well Level Monitoring
  10. 10. PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6 DWWP update: Program 2 Water Resources Inventory & Monitoring: Highlights Community Watershed Monitoring Network Surface water monitoring  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who Volunteer Sampling Schedule 5 weeks  Summer low flow 5 weeks  Fall flush Community Watershed Monitoring Network Stewardship Groups Nanaimo & Area Land Trust Vancouver island University Island Waters Fly Fishers Departure Creek Streamkeepers Mid-Vancouver Island Habitat Enhancement Society Friends of French Creek Conservation Society Parksville-Qualicum Fish & Game / QBS Qualicum Beach Streamkeepers (QBS) Nile Creek Enhancement Society Lantzville-Nanoose Streamkeepers NORTH
  11. 11. DWWP update: Program 2 PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update Water Resources Inventory & Monitoring: Highlights  Program 1  Program 2 Community Watershed Monitoring Network  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background Provincial Observation Well Network Expansion  Overview  Methodology www.dwwp.ca  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who • • • • Measurements Temperature Turbidity Dissolved Oxygen Specific Conductance
  12. 12. PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4 DWWP update: Program 3 Land Use Planning & Development Agricultural Water Demand Model  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who Agriculture Land Reserve Yellow Point Development Permit Area
  13. 13. PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who DWWP update: Program 4 Watershed Management Planning
  14. 14. PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update  Program 1 DWWP update: Program 5 Water Use Management  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who Water Conservation Plan Toilet Replacement Rebate Water Purveyor Working Group Water Use Reporting Centre Rainwater Harvesting Incentive & Guidebook
  15. 15. PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update  Program 1 DWWP update: Program 5 Water Use Management  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5 Rainwater Harvesting Incentive & Guidebook  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who Storing winter/spring rainwater for summer usage takes pressure off aquifers & municipal supplies
  16. 16. DWWP update: Program 6 PRESENTATION Water Quality Management 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview 2011 Volunteer Well Water Quality Survey  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion  What & Why Rural Water Quality Stewardship Program  How & Who No. Rebate Item 1 Well Cap 2 Surface Seal 3 Well Casing Stick-up 4 Well deactivation 5 Water Quality Testing 3. Watershed Management
  17. 17. PRESENTATION DWWP update: Program 7 1. DWWP update Adapting to Climate Change  Program 1  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology • Sustainability - ensure sustainable aquatic ecosystems with intact riparian vegetation and adequate instream flows. • Adaptability - find ways to do more in-season management of water that is based on real time data. • Collaboration - public processes at the watershed level that develop information and inform decision-making in a public way • Efficiency - conservation of water and more efficient use  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who
  18. 18. 2. Water Budget Study
  19. 19. PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2 Water Budget Study 7 Water Regions within the RDN:  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5 Vancouver Island Report  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings WR1 WR2 Gulf Islands Report WR3 WR4 WR5  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who WR6 WR7
  20. 20. PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update  Program 1 Water Budget Study • Gabriola, Mudge, & Decourcey Water Budget Project Report  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6 Prepared by:  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings • Vancouver Island Water Budget Project Report  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who Prepared by:
  21. 21. PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2  Program 3 Water Budget Study: Background Project Goal To improve understanding of regional water resources by:  Program 4 • Identifying water stores  Program 5 • Estimating how much water they hold  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget • Characterizing how water moves between the stores • Identifying water stores under stress  Background  Overview  Methodology Justification  Findings The Water Budget Project was specifically developed to…..  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who  Meet the goal of the DWWP program: [to ensure that we have a sufficient, safe and sustainable supply of water]  Address the direction of the 2010 Snapshot Report: [to ensure sufficient clean water for human, environmental, and economic needs]
  22. 22. PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who Water Budget Study: Project overview
  23. 23. PRESENTATION Water Budget Study: methodology 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2 1. Desk study: • resource mapping • Data compilation 2. Data collection: • Water level monitoring • Pump tests • Geological logging 3. Conceptual model development • Based on physical characteristics • Current scientific understanding  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who 4. Water budget calculation = INPUT – OUTPUT + (Rainfall, US gain) 5. STORAGE (ET, DS loss, abstraction) Stress assessment • Low Stress • Moderate Stress • High Stress surplus balance deficit
  24. 24. PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4 Water Budget Study: methodology Conceptual model development Example….. Groundwater flow  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget 1.  Background  Overview Water in rock fractures  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why Saturated zone  How & Who 2. Water between grains Photo Credit: Natural Resources Canada
  25. 25. Water Budget: VI Conceptual model development PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget GIS based approach: • Topography maps • Climate data A • Land cover maps • Geological maps • Water level • Aquifer properties  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who C WR1 B GIS Layers
  26. 26. Water Budget: Gab conceptual model development PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4 A  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who C B
  27. 27. PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4 Water Budget Study Water Budget Calculations Accounting…..  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who for water….. = input – output + storage (rainfall) (evaporation)
  28. 28. PRESENTATION Water Budget Study 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who + Inputs - Outputs Change in storage rainfall Evaporation & transpiration Snowpack surface water inflow Surface water outflow Soil zone groundwater inflow Groundwater outflow Streams, rivers, reservoirs imported water Exported water Aquifers
  29. 29. PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2  Program 3 Water Budget Study Example….. RECHARGE calculation  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why input output  How & Who loss balance 206 – 71 + 33 = 168 Recharge 168 mm
  30. 30. PRESENTATION Water Budget Study Stress Assessments: VI 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2 Calculation of the % of supply that is demanded  Program 3 (Based on Summer Conditions)  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6 Input (supply) supply  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who 150 Output (demand) demand Demand (% supply) Stress Ranking >150% Very high 100-150% High 75-100% Moderate-high 50-75% Moderate 25-50% Low-moderate 0-25% Low 125 100 75 50 25 0
  31. 31. Water Budget Study Stress Assessments: VI Surface Water (Outputs) (Inputs) IN: estimated river flow IN: Licensed storage for managed reservoirs & Average water level variation on lakes and wetlands 120% OUT: 10% of average annual discharge (flow) OUT: industrial, municipal, domestic, agricultural
  32. 32. Water Budget Study Stress Assessments: VI (Outputs) Groundwater (Inputs) IN: recharge from rainfall + seepage from overlaying aquifer + lateral recharge + = OUT: loss to downstream creek or aquifer + human demand (abstractions)
  33. 33. PRESENTATION Findings: Water Stress Assessment 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who VI: 43 Sub-regions GI: 13 Sub-regions 5 deficit regions (July – Aug) 1 deficit region (Apr – Sept) 23 20 (demand > supply) 10 Low stress 7 Low/Mod stress 6 Mod stress 11 Mod/High stress 6 High stress 3 V.High stress
  34. 34. Findings: Vancouver Island PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update WR3: French Creek  Program 1  Program 2 • • • • • •  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget One of the smallest water regions area of approximately 121 km2 Two hydrometric stations five climate stations ~68 surface water diversion licenses ~895 wells  Background  Overview WR4: Englishman River  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who • • • • • • Second largest water region area is approximately 322 km2 One hydrometric station two climate stations ~52 surface water diversion licenses ~245 wells
  35. 35. PRESENTATION Findings: Vancouver Island 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who WR3: French Creek
  36. 36. PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who Findings: Vancouver Island WR4: Englishman River
  37. 37. PRESENTATION Findings: Vancouver Island 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2 WR3: French Creek  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget Surface water: high stress, French Creek  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who Groundwater: 1 low-moderate stress, 1 moderate & 2 high stress
  38. 38. PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update  Program 1 Findings: Vancouver Island WR4: Englishman River  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget Surface water: moderate stress, Englishman River  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who Groundwater: 1 low, 2 lo-mod, 1 mod, 1 mod-high, 1 high stress
  39. 39. PRESENTATION Findings: Vancouver Island 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 WR3: French Creek recommendations: • Observation well in aquifer 212 • Summer surface flow measurements at Morning Star Creek, Grandon Creek & Carrey Creek 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology WR4: Englishman River recommendations  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who • Observation wells in aquifers 209, 219 & 214 & 221 • Further study of surface – groundwater interaction (EM River) • Summer surface flow measurements at Morrison Creek & Swane Creek
  40. 40. PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who Findings: data gaps Author recommendations: 1. Mandatory well log submission 2. Standardization of aquifer testing 3. Increase well observation network 4. Reactivation of stream gauging (WSC) 5. Increase saline intrusion monitoring 6. Improve Water Budget calculation parameters - Gabriola water use data from survey - Hydrological properties
  41. 41. PRESENTATION Conclusion 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6 The Phase One Water Budgets provide the most comprehensive collation of information on the region's water resources that has been made available to date  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who • Results are purely conceptual and not intended for water management decision making or policy development • Large degree of uncertainty due to lack of data • Highlights data gaps and need for increased monitoring • Stepping stone for the future!
  42. 42. For more details and to download the complete reports VISIT: www.rdnwaterbudget.ca Report Download
  43. 43. 3. Integrated Watershed Management Planning
  44. 44. PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2 Integrated Watershed Management Planning WHAT is a Integrated Watershed Management Plan?  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5 Phase One Phase Two & Three  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who Phase Three It considers all human and environmental aspects of a watershed
  45. 45. Integrated Watershed Management Planning PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2  Program 3 WHY is it needed? • Land use activities such as forestry, mining, agriculture, urbanization, fisheries and recreation all impact water resources • Water resource problems are reaching global proportions; how we manage our water and how our neighbors manage theirs has an impact on all of us • There is a wide variety of processes that affect the hydrological cycle; only managing one aspect is mismanagement. A holistic approach is the only way forward  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who
  46. 46. PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5  Program 6  Program 7 2. Water Budget Integrated Watershed Management Planning HOW? What does a planning framework include? 1. Identification of river basin areas (water regions) 2. Identification of water resources (surface and ground water) 3. Identification of measurement parameters (chemical/ecological/social)  Background  Overview 4. Identification of protected areas (forests, parks, fisheries)  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who 5. Assess current state (i.e. poor, good, high)  WHAT 6. Reasons for not achieving good status  WHY 7. Action plan to achieve good status/improve  HOW
  47. 47. PRESENTATION 1. DWWP update  Program 1  Program 2 Integrated Watershed Management Planning WHO? Residents  Program 3  Program 4  Program 5 Industry  Program 6 Stewardship groups  Program 7 2. Water Budget  Background  Overview  Methodology  Findings  Conclusion 3. Watershed Management  What & Why  How & Who Scientists Conservation groups Government A key component to the success of these plans is public input…you live in the watershed! You know it best
  48. 48. Integrated Watershed Management Planning Where do we go from here? In your opinion: • what are the priority watershed issues? • who is responsible for watershed management? • what do you think the DWWP program should focus on?
  49. 49. Thank You!

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