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Grupo 3 imsd: Sobre Conama


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Punto de vista de alumnos del IMSD EOI sobre el encuentro Conama.
10 de diciembre de 2010

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Grupo 3 imsd: Sobre Conama

  1. 1. Brazilieness - How to achieve sustainable economic growth - „ Brazilieness: A joyful way of life that is as contagious as a good Caipirinha, a culture that is as colourful as Rios‘s carnival and the belief that biodiversity is the true basis for an economic future that benefits the brazilian society...“ Source: Our common sense
  2. 2. <ul><li>1) Facts </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 201 million </li></ul><ul><li>Natural resources: Iron ore, bauxite, nickel, uranium, gemstones, oil, wood, and aluminum </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture (5.6% of GDP): coffee, soybeans, sugarcane (biofuels), cocoa, rice, corn, oranges, cotton, wheat, and tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>Industry (27.8% of GDP): steel, commercial aircraft, chemicals, petrochemicals, footwear, machinery, motors, vehicles, cement, and lumber </li></ul><ul><li>Services (66.6% of GDP): Tourism, mail, telecommunications, banking, energy </li></ul><ul><li>Source: U.S. Department of State (2010) </li></ul>1) Facts
  3. 3. 2) Energy Sector - Current Situation 2) Energy Sector <ul><li>Biggest Sources: </li></ul><ul><li>Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Biofuel </li></ul><ul><li>Hydro </li></ul><ul><li>Highest Growth-Rate: </li></ul><ul><li>Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Biofuel </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Gas </li></ul>Consequences: Investment of US$ 550 bn into the energy sector until 2020! US$ 340 bn in the exploitation of oil and gas + US$ 120 bn into the generation and transmission of electricity (Source: IEA 2008) (Source: IEA 2008)
  4. 4. 2) Energy Sector - Possibilities I (Oil) 2) Energy Sector <ul><li>Brasil has second largest oil-reserves in South-America </li></ul><ul><li>Large Investments forecasted (e.g. Exxon plans to invest 25-30 Billion $ annually in the next 5 years) </li></ul>(Source: IEA 2008)
  5. 5. 2) Energy Sector - Possibilities II (Gas) 2) Energy Sector <ul><li>Despite huge proven reserves, low growth rates, due to poor domestic infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Petrobas controls over 90% of reserves </li></ul><ul><li>2 Ports built within the last two years (LNG), and Pipelines (4 large pipeline projects amounting to 1.700 km) </li></ul>Source: IEA 2008
  6. 6. 2) Energy Sector - Possibility III (Hydro) 2) Energy Sector <ul><li>Hydro about 80% of electricity production </li></ul><ul><li>High growth-rates of electricty demand. Expected to incease from 540TWh to 830 TWh (50%) by 2020 </li></ul><ul><li>=> great potential for further growth of Hydropower / other renewable sources (Solar / Wind) </li></ul>Source: IEA 2008
  7. 7. 3) The Amazon - Deforestation 3) The Amazon
  8. 8. 3) The Amazon - Deforestation 3) The Amazon <ul><li>Deforestation of the Amazon rainforest accounts for 25 % of global CO 2 emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Since 1970, 730.000 km 2 of brazilian rainforest have been lost (1 1/2 times the size of Spain) </li></ul><ul><li>The challenge is to find mechanisms to compensate for forest conservation (US$ 500 million p.a. estimated to compesate rural farmers) </li></ul><ul><li>2 Development strategies for Brazil: </li></ul><ul><li>UN Clean Development Mechanism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon trade with industrialized countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CO 2 reduction projects are therefore financed (reforestation, renewables etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ecotourism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biodiversity, social inclusion, local value creation, preservation of cultural heritage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Source: Allianz Knowledge 2010 </li></ul>Source: WWF-Travel (2010) Source: Rainforests 2010
  9. 9. 4) Tourism Sector
  10. 10. 4) Tourism Sector 4) Tourism Sector - Current Situation <ul><li>Contribution of 5,9 % of total GDP in 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Average growth of 5,9 % p.a. over the next 10 years </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism accounts for 5.9 million jobs (5,6 % of total employment) in 2010 (forecast to 6,5 % in 2020) </li></ul><ul><li>Informal figure estimated to be 3 times the formal employment (some 16 million jobs!) </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism accounts for 7,2 % of total FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) in 2010 (US$ 25 bn) </li></ul>Source: WTTC 2010)
  11. 11. 4) Tourism Sector 4) Tourism Sector - A journey towards inclusion <ul><li>Tourism as the driving force for future compliant economic growth </li></ul><ul><li>Eco-Tourism: Regarding the ecological, social and cultural diversity of the country as valuable assets and the basis for sustainable economic growth </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralization of tourism infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Empowering local organizations to increase value creation at the national level </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure development (social, urban, logistics) </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a system to evaluate and manage socio-economic, cultural and environmental impacts </li></ul>Source: Ministry of Tourism 2010