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Smartgrids The Distribution perspective 3 rd   November 2010 David Trebolle Trebolle “ Head of real time and back office s...
<ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>A smartgrids roadmap </li></ul><ul><li>Ancillary services </li></ul><ul><li>Conclus...
Introduction
What is happening today? DSM Yesterday Today The smart future
E.R. Solar 3% E.R. Wind 13% CCGT 29% Hydro 9% Nuclear 19% Coal 12% Fuel/Gas 1% Energy balance 2009 251 TWh E.R. Rest 11% E...
Parts of distribution networks Types of Grid Structure Operation Type Clients (Nº) Installations (Nº) Operation Flexibilit...
The passive way… Source: KEMA
Demand side management Active networks Distributed generation New technologies A new paradigm in the electrical business N...
Challenges and solutions Source: KEMA A coordination between all DER…
Smartgrids: a definition “ Electricity networks that can intelligently integrate the behavior and actions of all users con...
Smartgrids: a definition Loads Storage Generation Transit e-Mobility Smart Grids Smart Meters Virtual Power Plant Transmis...
A smartgrids  roadmap
Tiempo Gestión inteligente de la red Optimización  de la explotación  de la red <ul><li>Telecontrol y monitorización de re...
Ancillary services
Security of Supply contributions Quality of Supply Services Voltage control Constraints management Frequency Response Regu...
Grid Code 7.4 (TSO) RD661/2008 (DG) Transmission voltage levels required Power factors required  at distribution connectio...
Relation S/P required to maintain voltage profile when active power is injected in the grid Source: Seville University Red...
Security of S upply DG contribution DG can delay investments in some cases Period of firmness is low The primary source is...
Conclusions
Expected  Benefits Distribution  active management Smart DSO and DG Incentive schemes.  DSO should recover costs Grid code...
Thank you very much
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Power related issues requiring SmartGrids solutions

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Intervención de David Trebolle, Unión FENOSA, en el marco de la jornada técnica Smartgrids - The making of en colaboración con IMDEA.
3 de noviembre de 2010

Published in: Technology, Business
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Power related issues requiring SmartGrids solutions

  1. 1. Smartgrids The Distribution perspective 3 rd November 2010 David Trebolle Trebolle “ Head of real time and back office systems in operation”
  2. 2. <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>A smartgrids roadmap </li></ul><ul><li>Ancillary services </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction
  4. 4. What is happening today? DSM Yesterday Today The smart future
  5. 5. E.R. Solar 3% E.R. Wind 13% CCGT 29% Hydro 9% Nuclear 19% Coal 12% Fuel/Gas 1% Energy balance 2009 251 TWh E.R. Rest 11% E.R. Solar 4% E.R. Wind 19% CCGT 24% Hydro 18% Nuclear 8% Coal 12% Fuel/Gas 4% Installed Capacity 2009 93.215 MW E.R. Rest 14% Source: REE
  6. 6. Parts of distribution networks Types of Grid Structure Operation Type Clients (Nº) Installations (Nº) Operation Flexibility Monitoring Level Transmission (Security of supply) (400, 220 kV) Mesh Mesh Very few Not many High High Distribution (Quality of Service) Subtransmission (132, 66, 45 kV) Mesh / Radial Mesh / Radial Few Quite a lot Medium High MV (20, 15 kV) Mesh/ Radial Radial Several Many Low Medium LV (400, 380 V) Mesh / Radial Radial Many Many Very Low None
  7. 7. The passive way… Source: KEMA
  8. 8. Demand side management Active networks Distributed generation New technologies A new paradigm in the electrical business New regulatory framework Microgrids Storage, Electric vehicles A new paradigm? Quality Efficient Sustainable
  9. 9. Challenges and solutions Source: KEMA A coordination between all DER…
  10. 10. Smartgrids: a definition “ Electricity networks that can intelligently integrate the behavior and actions of all users connected to it - generators, consumers and those that do both – in order to efficiently deliver sustainable, economic and secure electricity supplies. Source: European Technology Platform SmartGrids
  11. 11. Smartgrids: a definition Loads Storage Generation Transit e-Mobility Smart Grids Smart Meters Virtual Power Plant Transmission grids Distribution Grids Smart Home e-Energy ICT Trade Future Market Places MUC = Multi Utility Communication ICT = Information and Communication Technology MUC
  12. 12. A smartgrids roadmap
  13. 13. Tiempo Gestión inteligente de la red Optimización de la explotación de la red <ul><li>Telecontrol y monitorización de red </li></ul><ul><li>Telegestión del sistema de protección </li></ul><ul><li>Herramientas de ayuda a la operación </li></ul><ul><li>Gestión activa de la red </li></ul><ul><li>Esquemas regulatorios </li></ul>1. Advanced Metering Infrastructure 1 Hoja de ruta Smartgrids Telegestión <ul><li>AMI 1 (despliegue masivo con comunicación bidireccional) </li></ul><ul><li>Lectura remota y generalizada de la información de uso </li></ul><ul><li>Integración en procesos de los DSO’s y TSO’s </li></ul>3 <ul><li>Integración de la generación distribuida </li></ul><ul><li>Criterios técnicos de conexión </li></ul><ul><li>Integración SSCC </li></ul><ul><li>Operación en isla </li></ul><ul><li>Cambios regulatorios </li></ul>Integración de la GD 2 Gestión avanzada de la demanda <ul><li>Participación activa de la demanda (desplazamientos de carga, reducción de consumo) </li></ul><ul><li>Gestión activa de la demanda (integración en SSCC) </li></ul><ul><li>Cambios regulatorios </li></ul><ul><li>Automatización en consumo final (redes inteligentes en los hogares y aparatos eléctricos inteligentes </li></ul><ul><li>Vehículo eléctrico </li></ul>4 <ul><li>Integración de todos los DER </li></ul><ul><li>Operación optimizada de las instalaciones </li></ul><ul><li>Control avanzado de las sistemas de red (fiabilidad, fraude, control de flujos) </li></ul><ul><li>Almacenamiento eficiente de energía </li></ul><ul><li>Cambios regulatorios (mejor asignación de costes según uso de las redes) </li></ul>Optimización y coordinación del SE global 5 HOY deberíamos estar aquí
  14. 14. Ancillary services
  15. 15. Security of Supply contributions Quality of Supply Services Voltage control Constraints management Frequency Response Regulating and Standing Reserve Voltage and Reactive Power control Constraints management TSO Ancillary services with DER? DSO Grid codes Grid codes?
  16. 16. Grid Code 7.4 (TSO) RD661/2008 (DG) Transmission voltage levels required Power factors required at distribution connection points RD1955/2000 (DSO) + 7% rated voltage for customers Power factors required for DG depending on the moment (peak, valley…) TSO vs DSO vs DG DSO is not able to control power factor at transmission borders due to DG The purpose of DSO is voltage control DG and voltage control: Regulatory framework Not Controllable
  17. 17. Relation S/P required to maintain voltage profile when active power is injected in the grid Source: Seville University Redes 2025 Project The effect of parameter R/X in voltage profile
  18. 18. Security of S upply DG contribution DG can delay investments in some cases Period of firmness is low The primary source is controllable and predictable Low capacity required Many embedded Distributed Generators
  19. 19. Conclusions
  20. 20. Expected Benefits Distribution active management Smart DSO and DG Incentive schemes. DSO should recover costs Grid codes Ancillary services with DER New technologies… Regulatory framework Less fossil fuel dependence More efficiency in use of assets Increase reliability and security of supply From passive to active grids From inflexibility to flexibility and controllability Smart grids From DG connection to DG integration .. From passive demand to active demand … From passive networks to active networks From “ Generation follows demand” to coordination between all DER DG integration Technical connection criteria Active participation in ancillary services Location signals For DSO’s and TSO’s applied to information control smart metering and monitoring
  21. 21. Thank you very much

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