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Studying Migrations Routes: New data and Tools

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Workshop
16 June 2016
Chiara Impagliazzo - Asylum requests
Workshop Auditorium Antonianum – Sala San Francesco
Viale Manzoni, 1 Roma

Published in: Education
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Studying Migrations Routes: New data and Tools

  1. 1. Italian data collection on asylum Workshop on Studying migration Routes Rome – 16 June 2016
  2. 2. Overview on asylum procedure Arrivals – pre registration and identification Eurodac (cat1 or cat2) First reception Second reception Application for international protection Interview Positive decision Negative decision Dublin procedure Closure Appeal Integration Return In case of positive hit In case of Italian responsability
  3. 3. Italian data collection on asylum Institutional stakeholders in Italian administrations Asylum Procedure National bodies II.OO. Step Ministry of the Interior Municipality DPS DCLI TERRITORIAL COMMISION DUBLIN UNIT SPRAR UNHCR IOM ARRIVALS X X X RECEPTION X X X X APPLICATION X DUBLIN PROCEDURE X X RELOCATION X X X RESETTLEMENT X X X X X X ASYLUM INTERVIEW AND EXAMINATION X DECISION X X FAMILY REUNIFICATION X X X X WITHDRAWAL X X APPEAL X INTEGRATION X ASSISTED VOLUNTARY RETURN X X AND PREFECTURES FORCED RETURN X DPS: Department of Public Security DCLI: Directorate Central for Civil Liberties and Immigration
  4. 4. Italian data collection on asylum Data repositories VESTANET database co-shared between the Police Dep. and the Commissions for asylum.  The DPS collects and manages all the information on identity, residence permits, applications for international protection, and withdrawals, forced return of asylum seekers.  The Commissions manage information on decisions in legal proceedings. VESTANET is interconnected with DUBLINET (managed by the Dublin unit for the implementation of DUB III EU Reg.) VESTANET is also interconnected with the Revenue Agency: a temporary tax code is automatically generated for each applicant (the code will be permanent in case of positive decision or cancelled in case of refusal) A new database on RECEPTION system, connected with the other 2 will be operate since October 2017.
  5. 5. Italian data collection on asylum Arrivals  Collection of personal data and fingerprints (Eurodac cat 2)  Identification of asylum seekers (AFIS and SDI), UNAMS, vulnerable individuals… REGIONE SBARCO 2015 2015 (al 26/05) 2016 (al 26/05) SAR Immigraz irregolare Totale SAR Immigraz irregolare Totale SAR Immigraz irregolare Totale Sicilia 104.378 331 104.709 30.623 160 30.783 29.102 192 29.294 Puglia 10.411 779 11.190 1.430 486 1.916 1.986 108 2.094 Calabria 28.855 582 29.437 5.469 421 5.890 4.621 146 4.767 Sardegna 5.188 263 5.451 309 7 316 920 143 1063 Campania 2.556 0 2.556 2.081 0 2.081 543 0 543 Liguria 499 0 499 499 0 499 0 0 0 Totale 151.887 1.955 153.842 40.411 1074 41.485 37.172 589 37.761 Personal data navy code+individual code Date and place of arrival Eurodac link PRE- REGISTRATION Fingerprint Photo Personal data EURODAC AFIS Fingerprint Personal data SGA reception Personal data Status Reception facility data
  6. 6. Italian data collection on asylum Reception 1 First assistance Reception Centres for Immigrants (Centri prima accoglienza and Hotspots): first assistance and identification or urgent medical assistance (12.985 presences at 6 June 2016); First reception CAS: Strutture temporanee: short term large centres for the formal registration of asylum application (89.967 presences at 6 June 2016); Type of recep. facility Avalaible places Services First assistance First reception Data and place of arrival Family group Data on vulnerability
  7. 7. Italian data collection on asylum Reception 2 Second reception SPRAR System: coordinated by the Central Service, entrusted in agreement with ANCI, involves 382 local authorities, covering 30 provinces and 352 municipalities with 434 local projects, of which 19.720 for ordinary categories, 729 for unaccompanied minors and 295 for persons with mental distress. (20.086 presences at 6 June 2016) CIE (Centres for Identification and Expulsion): Facilities for the detention of irregular immigrants for the time necessary to exercise the expulsion order. Second reception Project code Facility code Individual code Integration steps
  8. 8. Italian data collection on asylum Application • fingerprinting (eurodac – cat 1) and photo • formal registration and issue of a temporary permit of stay Dublin cases Procedure to determine the MS responsible for the asylum procedure. DUBLINET database linked to VESTANET and permit of stay by CUI individual code VESTANET Individual code (CUI) Localisation Family tracing Resident permit Eurodac code Vat code RESIDENCE PERMIT Vat code DUBLIN Individual code (CUI) Dublin code Localisation Residence permit Eurodac code REVENUE AGENCY Individual code (CUI) Type of permit Number and validity
  9. 9. Italian data collection on asylum Appeal The applicant can appeal to the Ordinary Court with territorial jurisdiction within 30 days from the date of communication of the decision of the Territorial Commission VESTANET Individual code (CUI) Date of appeal Court RESIDENCE PERMIT Individual code (CUI) Type of permit Number and validity JUDICIARY DATABASE
  10. 10. Italian data collection on asylum Return Following a final negative decision on an application for international protection, the applicant must leave the territory of Italy which can be either by:  an assisted voluntary return program (hereinafter referred to as AVR), financed by the DCLI  a forced removal VOLUNTARY ASSISTED RETURN Individual code (CUI) Project identification RESIDENCE PERMIT Individual code (CUI) Expulsion order Forced return
  11. 11. Italian data collection on asylum Landings in Italy Source of data: DIPPS
  12. 12. Italian data collection on asylum Landings in Italy
  13. 13. Italian data collection on asylum Landings Deaths and arrivals by route in 2016, to March 24. Data: IOM; Elaboration: www.medmig.info, Author provided Source of data: DIPPS and VESTANET
  14. 14. Italian data collection on asylum Asylum in Italy Source of data: VESTANET and EUROSTAT
  15. 15. Italian data collection on asylum Asylum in Europe Source of data: Eurostat
  16. 16. Italian data collection on asylum April 2016: Asylum in EU Source of data of data: EASO
  17. 17. Italian data collection on asylum Asylum in Europe 2014-2015
  18. 18. Italian data collection on asylum Asylum in Italy Source of data: VESTANET
  19. 19. Italian data collection on asylum April 2016: Asylum in EU Main nationalities
  20. 20. Italian data collection on asylum Asylum In IT and EU Source of data of data: EUROSTAT
  21. 21. Italian data collection on asylum Asylum seekers – focus minors Source of data: VESTANET Source of data: EUROSTAT UNAMAS 2015 compared with Italy 11,695 12,190 10,610 11,690 12,540 12,725 23,150 88,245 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Minors asylum seekers
  22. 22. Italian data collection on asylum Jan-May 2016: Asylum decisions Source of data: VESTANET Main positive CoO Refugee status % Subsidiary prot. % Human. prot. % Rejected % Total International Protection (Refugees+ Subsidiary) % Siria 371 90% 36 9% 0 0% 0 0% 412 99% Afghanistan 147 9% 1.462 88% 17 1% 19 1% 1.667 97% Somalia 117 19% 451 74% 19 3% 10 2% 607 94% Iraq 58 21% 188 70% 12 4% 4 1% 270 91% Libia 17 15% 82 71% 9 8% 1 1% 115 86% Eritrea 85 42% 77 38% 8 4% 9 4% 203 80% Turchia 26 18% 41 29% 54 38% 21 15% 143 47% Total 1.768 4% 5.265 13% 7.374 18% 24.432 60% 40.699 100%
  23. 23. Decisions^ 2015 as of June 3rd % 2016 as of june 3rd % Totale 20.117 100% 40.671 100% Refugee status 1.283 6% 1.768 4% Subsidiary Prot. 3.689 18% 5.265 13% Humanitarian Prot. 4.964 25% 7.374 18% Refusal 9.542 47% 24.432 60% Absconded 639 3% 1.832 5% Italian data collection on asylum
  24. 24. Italian data collection on asylum Asylum decisions IT vs EU Source of data: EUROSTAT Refugeestatus 2015 compared with Italy Subsidiary prot. 2015 compared with Italy
  25. 25. Italian data collection on asylum Asylum decisions IT vs EU Source of data: EUROSTAT Rejection2015 compared with ItalyHumanitarian 2015 compared with Italy
  26. 26. Italian data collection on asylum 2015- 2016: Asylum decisions IT vs EU Source of data: EUROSTAT
  27. 27. Italian data collection on asylum
  28. 28. Fonte: EASO Relocated from IT and EL to other MS Italian data collection on asylum

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