Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

A. Baldassarini, I conti economici ambientali: tracciare le interazioni tra economia e ambiente

118 views

Published on

# FUTURO
13° Conferenza Nazionale di statistica 4-5-6 luglio 2018
Centro Congressi Ergife Via Aurelia, 619 Roma

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

A. Baldassarini, I conti economici ambientali: tracciare le interazioni tra economia e ambiente

  1. 1. Environmental accounts: mapping the interactions between economy and environment ANTONELLA BALDASSARINI ANGELICA TUDINI ALDO FEMIA ISTAT Directorate for National Accounts 0
  2. 2.  Environmental accounts and their interrelations with national accounts and more generally with other statistics  State of the art in environmental accounts in Italy in relation to international regulations and standards  The potential of environmental accounts for analysis and research, for stakeholders and for decision making, through the presentation of some aggregates and indicators and their uses  The roadmap for future developments Directorate for National Accounts 1 Outline ANTONELLA BALDASSARINI, ALDO FEMIA, ANGELICA TUDINI
  3. 3. 2 Environmental accounts Describe the interactions between the economic system and the environment through a conceptual framework, standardized tables and indicators Measure the contribution of the environment to the economy and the impact of the economic system on the environment providing relevant indicators on sustainable development Data in physical and monetary units Economic accounts Describe how the economic system works trough standardized tables and indicators Provide a quantitative view of domestic production, consumption, and investment, of exports and imports, and of national and domestic income and saving GDP is the broadest measure of the economy ANTONELLA BALDASSARINI, ALDO FEMIA, ANGELICA TUDIN Directorate for National Accounts 2 General overview
  4. 4. ANTONELLA BALDASSARINI, ALDO FEMIA, ANGELICA TUDIN Directorate for National Accounts 3 Interrelations between the economy and the environment
  5. 5. ANTONELLA BALDASSARINI, ALDO FEMIA, ANGELICA TUDINI 4 Environmental accounts in EU Since ‘90 Since 2000’s Since 2010’s Towards 2020 The European environmental accounts developments are implemented gradually They do not yet cover all the aspects of international standards (SEEA 2012 CF) Developing methodology Pilot data collection Modular approach Strategy agreed with countries EU legal basis (mandatory transmission) Plans to develop ecosystem accounts and water accounts Directorate for National Accounts
  6. 6. Physical accounts:  Material flows  Air emissions  Energy flows Monetary accounts:  Environmental taxes  Environmental goods and services sector ('environmental growth and jobs')  Environmental protection expenditure Other accounts, not under regulation:  Environmental subsidies  Forests  Waste accounts  Others (water, subsoil assets, experimental eco-system accounts…) ANTONELLA BALDASSARINI, ALDO FEMIA, ANGELICA TUDINI 5 Main satellite environmental accounts Directorate for National Accounts
  7. 7. Environmental accounts integrate existing environmental data and ensure coherence with national accounts. The accounts structure provides a wide range of comparable information and higher quality data. They have several functions: 1) Support to the analysis and in depth studies by allowing meaningful associations and establishing ratios between national accounts aggregates and their environmental counterparts 2) Data in the form of aggregates and indicators can be applied to issues and areas which are the focus of decision makers 3) The detailed information, which covers some of the key drivers of change in the environment, can be used to provide a richer understanding of the policy issues 4) To be used in models and scenarios designed to assess the national and international economic and environmental effects of different policies within a country, between countries and at a global level 6 Information of environmental accounts: potentiality ANTONELLA BALDASSARINI, ALDO FEMIA, ANGELICA TUDINI Directorate for National Accounts
  8. 8. ANTONELLA BALDASSARINI, ALDO FEMIA, ANGELICA TUDINI Directorate for National Accounts 7 1. Economy-Wide Material Flow Accounts (EW-MFA) 0 5 10 15 20 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 Domestic Material Consumption per capita (tons) (Right Axis) Domestic Material Consumption - Index 1950=100 (Left Axis) Show the size and composition of an economy’s metabolism in terms of tons of material throughput Output: • aggregate indicators, such as the domestic material consumption measures of the potential interference of the economy with the physical environment • structural information • detail on the flows by type of materials and source (Domestic/RoW) Milliontons
  9. 9. 0.00 0.20 0.40 0.60 0.80 1.00 1.20 1.40 1.60 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Directorate for National Accounts 8 2. Air emissions accounts (AEA) Example - Detail for Nace D - Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply Index 1995 = 1 Value of Output Acidifying emissions GHG emissions Long time series 24 pollutants Monetary and physical figures referring to exactly the same entities ANTONELLA BALDASSARINI, ALDO FEMIA, ANGELICA TUDINI
  10. 10.  Disseminated at the beginning of 2018  Report flows of energy (including natural inputs used to manufacture energy products and energy residuals) from the environment into the economy, within the economy and from the economy to the environment (expressed in terajoule)  Energy flows are reported with a breakdown by type of natural inputs, products and residuals (20 products) as well as by supplier and user (64 industries plus households).  Supply-Use tables: resources by origin and uses by destination  PEFA can be used for energy productivity, analyses, modelling, etc. It provides relevant information for integrated analysis (total consumption of energy, consumption relevant for air emissions, consumption per unit of value added, other) ANTONELLA BALDASSARINI, ALDO FEMIA, ANGELICA TUDINI 9 3. Physical energy flow accounts (PEFA) (1/2) Directorate for National Accounts
  11. 11. ANTONELLA BALDASSARINI, ALDO FEMIA, ANGELICA TUDINI Directorate for National Accounts 10 3. Physical energy flow accounts (PEFA) (2/2) Coherence and comparability across sectors, countries, phenomena Energy intensity of output: Trasportation and storage 120,8 TEP/M_Euro
  12. 12. 11 ANTONELLA BALDASSARINI, ALDO FEMIA, ANGELICA TUDINI Directorate for National Accounts 11 4. Environmental taxes 0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 2002 2016 Italy Eu The shares of environmental taxes can be seen as indicators for the tax shift that is part of a green tax reform Energy, transport and pollution taxes (% of total taxes and social contributions)
  13. 13. ANTONELLA BALDASSARINI, ALDO FEMIA, ANGELICA TUDINI Directorate for Nationa Accounts 12 5. Environmental protection expenditure accounts (EPEA) 0.00% 1.00% 2.00% 3.00% 4.00% 5.00% 6.00% 7.00% 8.00% Specialist and secondary producers of environmental protection services Ancillary producers of environmental protection services Total corporations General Government Italy Eu Corporations and General government: investments for environmental protection, (% of total investments) – 2015
  14. 14. ANTONELLA BALDASSARINI, ALDO FEMIA, ANGELICA TUDINI Directorate for National Accounts 13 5. Environmental protection expenditure accounts (EPEA) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Eu Italy Environmental research and development; other environmental protection activities Protection of ambient air and climate; protection and remediation of soil groundwater and surface water; noise and vibration abatement; protection against radiation Protection of biodiversity and landscapes Waste management Wastewater management
  15. 15. ANTONELLA BALDASSARINI, ALDO FEMIA, ANGELICA TUDINI 14 6. Environmental goods and services sector (EGSS) (1/2) Output by environmental domain – 2014 – EU28 Directorate for National Accounts The driving sector for the growth was the production of energy from renewable sources (wind, solar and biofuels) and energy saving, which led these businesses to account for 44% of the total production of the eco-industries
  16. 16. ANTONELLA BALDASSARINI, ALDO FEMIA, ANGELICA TUDINI 15 6. Environmental goods and services sector (EGSS) (2/2) Output - EGSS (% GDP) – EU28 Directorate for National Accounts
  17. 17. • Indicators for measuring Benessere equo e sostenibile (BES); the aim is to evaluate progress of society from an economic, social and environmental perspective • Indicators for monitoring goals of the Agenda 2030 on sustainable development, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nations • Rapporto sulla competitività: energy intensity by activity • Relazione sulla situazione energetica del paese, of the Direzione generale per la sicurezza dell’approvvigionamento e per le infrastrutture energetiche del MISE (final consumption of energy products by households, energy taxes, value added of energy sector) • Documento di economia e finanza: indicator of CO2 emissions • Natural capital Committee: Strategic instrument for development policies • Circular economy: main instrument of economic-financial planning in the country 16 Environmental accounts for policies ANTONELLA BALDASSARINI, ALDO FEMIA, ANGELICA TUDINI main instrument of economic-financial planning in Italy. Directorate for National Accounts
  18. 18.  Environmental accounts are a powerful tool for analysis and for supporting policies  Full compliance with EU regulation will be achieved by the end of this year  Increase timeliness (reducing time gaps between data reference and dissemination)  Proceed towards a complete integration of the national and environmental accounts  Make longer time series available, in particular for main aggregates and results  Produce data at regional level for physical environmental accounts ANTONELLA BALDASSARINI, ALDO FEMIA, ANGELICA TUDINI 17 Conclusions and way forward Directorate for National Accounts
  19. 19. ANTONELLA BALDASSARINI, ALDO FEMIA, ANGELICA TUDINI 18 Environmental accounts in the poster session I conti fisici dell’economia circolare e la governance: situazione e progetti (A. Femia, C. Paolantoni) I conti ambientali per le decisioni pubbliche (F. Battellini, E. Recchini, A. Tudini) I conti dei flussi fisici dell’energia (PEFA): primi risultati e possibilità di utilizzo (G. Vetrella, S. Zannoni) Directorate for National Accounts
  20. 20.  Regulation (EU) 691/2011 on European environmental economic accounts  Regulation (EU) n. 538/2014 amending Regulation (EU) No 691/2011 on European environmental economic accounts  System of Environmental Economic Accounting 2012 – Central Framework (SEEA 2012 CF)  Regulation (EU) n.549/2013 on the European system of national and regional accounts in the European Union  European Commission (2010), Europe 2020 . A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth  UN Resolution A7RES/70/1 (2015), Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development ANTONELLA BALDASSARINI, ALDO FEMIA, ANGELICA TUDINI Directorate for National Accounts 19 References
  21. 21. Istat data warehouse: http://dati.istat.it/ ANTONELLA BALDASSARINI, ALDO FEMIA, ANGELICA TUDINI 20 Where to find environmental accounts data Directorate for National Accounts
  22. 22. THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION anbaldas@istat.it femia@istat.it tudini@istat.it ANTONELLA BALDASSARINI, ALDO FEMIA, ANGELICA TUDINI 21 Directorate for National Accounts

×