L. Di Sciullo, G. Blangiardo, R. Bracalenti, C. Bonifazi, C. Conti, S. Strozza - The local approach for integration

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Integration: knowing, measuring, evaluating 17-18 giugno 2013

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L. Di Sciullo, G. Blangiardo, R. Bracalenti, C. Bonifazi, C. Conti, S. Strozza - The local approach for integration

  1. 1. The local approach for integration Luca Di Sciullo | National Council of Economy and Labour Giancarlo Blangiardo | Università Bicocca Raffaele Bracalenti | Iprs Corrado Bonifazi | Irpps Cinzia Conti | Istat Salvatore Strozza | Università Federico II
  2. 2. Integration as local phenomenon 1. Integration policies at local level: the complex puzzle of Italy 2. Official statistical data: opportunities and limits 3. Rich landscape of experiences (research and action) 4. Next step: harmonization and systematization of the experiences The local approach for integration | Luca Di Sciullo | Rome 17 - 18 June 2013
  3. 3. Official statistics Traditional sample surveys show limits for the analysis at local level. Recent experiences carried out with Ministry of Interior as example to overcome the difficulties in order to enlighten also specific territorial areas Administrative data are not yet fully exploited (growing number of sources) Need to create a system for monitoring integration at local level in a systematic approach Relevant specific experiences to consider The local approach for integration | Luca Di Sciullo | Rome 17 - 18 June 2013
  4. 4. National Council for Economy and Labour: a ten years experience -Annual Reports based on administrative (or aggregated) data: “objective” factors of integration -15 statistical indicators, grouped into 3 thematic indeces (composite indicators): • Territorial attractivity • Social inclusion • Labour market insertion - every indicator and index broken down into the 3 Italian main territorial (and/or admin) levels: 5 national areas (territorial), 20 regions and 103 provinces (admin) - For every indicator and index: ranking lists (one for each territorial level) ordering territorial units from the one with the “best” value, at the top, to the one with the “worst” value, at the bottom The local approach for integration | Luca Di Sciullo | Rome 17 - 18 June 2013
  5. 5. National Council for Economy and Labour: a ten years experience - 2 different rankings, for each indicator and index: •“absolute” method: territorial ranking based on data referring to foreign population only •“comparative” method: territorial ranking based on the gap between the foreigners’ and the natives’ data - Final index measuring the potential for integration of every Italian territorial unit, based on the only indeces of Social inclusion and Labour market insertion (as the more “structural” dimensions of integration), using a standardization method (transforming the original values into scores from 1 to 100) The local approach for integration | Luca Di Sciullo | Rome 17 - 18 June 2013
  6. 6. ISMU experience: the “Integrometro” Integration index: an empirical research on migration in Italy Survey 2009: representative random sample of 12,000 migrants living in Italy (Centre Sampling Method) in 32 territorial units (20 local research teams) (cultural, social, political and economic integration) Provinces involved in the survey The local approach for integration | Luca Di Sciullo | Rome 17 - 18 June 2013
  7. 7. Measuring integration: from aggregated indicators to individual integration scores 6 Indicators selected in according to a work definition of integration and grouped into 4 main indeces: • Index of cultural integration (knowledge and use of the Italian language, comprehension of informations from media, self- percepted welfare conditions, sense of belonging, etc.) • Index of social integration (friendship relations, association membership, Italian lifestyle liking, etc.) • Index of political integration (legal status, importance assigned to citizenship, registration on the local lists of residents, etc.) • Index of economic integration (housing conditions, work conditions, banking system participation, etc.) • INDEX OF GENERAL INTEGRATION The local approach for integration | Luca Di Sciullo | Rome 17 - 18 June 2013
  8. 8. Territorial Council for Integration That is why the Consolidation Act on Immigration provided for the establishment of Territorial Councils for Immigration whose tasks consist in analyzing the needs and promoting actions to be implemented at local level. The Territorial Councils are made up of representatives from the relevant local administrations of the State, of the Regions, of Local Bodies, of Organizations and Associations involved in assisting migrants, of workers’ and employers’ organizations. The Territorial Councils for Immigration, which are headed by the Prefect, are functional for the development of a link between central and peripheric areas which would improve the knowledge system and promote the most appropriate operational decisions in order to remove the obstacles in the process of economic, social and cultural integration of migrants (FIFTH EMN ITALY REPORT, 2012) The local approach for integration | Luca Di Sciullo | Rome 17 - 18 June 2013
  9. 9. Territorial Council for Integration These bodies are expected to be the most appropriate means to manage the coordination between public and private structures dealing with migration and integration, and to provide support for the Government In their own area of expertise, the Territorial Councils are the relevant bodies for migration, integration and social cohesion issues, into which both institutional and non-institutional subjects work together in order to promote integration programmes They are in charge of monitoring the territorial needs as well as promoting and coordinating projects on the basis of a functional connection between the central/national and the local level (Regions, Provinces, Municipalities and Social Organizations) (FIFTH EMN ITALY REPORT, 2012) The local approach for integration | Luca Di Sciullo | Rome 17 - 18 June 2013
  10. 10. Integration at the local level: how to link policy making and researches Individuation of local characteristics and needs Individuation of sustainable policies/local governance Towards a system for monitoring policies Statistics + policy makers The local approach for integration | Luca Di Sciullo | Rome 17 - 18 June 2013

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