Women and integration:
opportunities and risks
Patrizia Farina
University Milano Bicocca
The project INTERREG WEST - 2005
Target: to establish an observatory on trafficking and
sexual exploitation
Women and inte...
Information Sources (Two Forms)
Street Units ServicesReception Services
Women, Men, Transgender on the
streets
•Provide di...
Women and integration: opportunities and risks Patrizia Farina Rome 17 - 18 June 2013
STREET UNIONS – WHO AND
WHEN
YEAR CO...
Reception Services
First Aid
1st reception
2st reception
Autonomy
• Monitoring efficiency of the services
• Monitoring the...
Women and integration: opportunities and risks Patrizia Farina Rome 17 - 18 June 2013
N. of crossed countries (%)
Crossed countries (%)
The journey and the route of trafficking
One country 51,.4
Two countries...
The «dark» number
ITALIAN 74.9
FOREIGNER 25.1
Main countries: Romania, Morocco,
Ecuador, China Perù
VICTIMS (%)
OFFENDERS (%)
ITALIAN 68.2
F...
30% of women are from
Almost 60% married
Perù 17.2
Morocco 9.7
Ecuador 6.9
Brazil 4.8
Philippines 4.8
Romania 4.8
Albania ...
P. Farina - Women and integration: opportunities and risks
P. Farina - Women and integration: opportunities and risks
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P. Farina - Women and integration: opportunities and risks

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Integration: knowing, measuring, evaluating 17-18 giugno 2013

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P. Farina - Women and integration: opportunities and risks

  1. 1. Women and integration: opportunities and risks Patrizia Farina University Milano Bicocca
  2. 2. The project INTERREG WEST - 2005 Target: to establish an observatory on trafficking and sexual exploitation Women and integration: opportunities and risks Patrizia Farina Rome 17 - 18 June 2013 • In 2007 the Observatory become effective (Orim) • The network includes today all organizations (around 30) working on fields of Reception services and/or Streets services in Lombardy • The organizations enter data on their own • Statisticians get data two times a year and prepare a yearly report
  3. 3. Information Sources (Two Forms) Street Units ServicesReception Services Women, Men, Transgender on the streets •Provide different information •Satisfy different targets Women Monitoring the evolution of prostitution on the streets Monitoring exit paths and risk factors
  4. 4. Women and integration: opportunities and risks Patrizia Farina Rome 17 - 18 June 2013 STREET UNIONS – WHO AND WHEN YEAR CONTACT SUBJECT WHEN (NIGHT/DAY, %) FIRST CONTACT (%) 2007 10,050 2,589 74 56 … … … … …2011 15,109 3,491 67 50 • How many (over the years) • Who (nationality, gender) • Turn over (first contact) • Need (health, work, Women Transgender Transvestite Man Total 89.7 5.7 0.3 4.3 100 Who Nationality (%) Women Romania (42), Nigeria (31) Albania (7) Transgender Brasile (49) Perù (30) Argentina (6) Transvestite Brasile (47) Perù (14) Italy (14) Man Romania (37) Italy (14) Bulgaria (11)
  5. 5. Reception Services First Aid 1st reception 2st reception Autonomy • Monitoring efficiency of the services • Monitoring the progress of the individual project Background information Come from XY association Data of birth Country of origin Marital status Children Education Work status at country of origin Year of arrival Knowledge to become a prostitute Travel from country of origin Passport at the border Social path - 18 months (every step has data) Work status at the entrance Legal status at the entrance Permit of residence (obtained data) Faced a process Social activity during the period Exit from the project and reasons
  6. 6. Women and integration: opportunities and risks Patrizia Farina Rome 17 - 18 June 2013
  7. 7. N. of crossed countries (%) Crossed countries (%) The journey and the route of trafficking One country 51,.4 Two countries 35.7 Three countries 9.2 4+ countries 3.7 Total 100 Direct to Italy 18.3 Germany 3.0 France 28.5 The Netherlands 2.0 Spain 10.7 Slovenia 1.8 Lybia 8.2 Morocco 1.6 Austria 7.8 Switzerland 1.6 Hungary 7.1 Other 6.4 Greece 3.0 Total 100
  8. 8. The «dark» number
  9. 9. ITALIAN 74.9 FOREIGNER 25.1 Main countries: Romania, Morocco, Ecuador, China Perù VICTIMS (%) OFFENDERS (%) ITALIAN 68.2 FOREIGNER 31.8 Romania, Morocco, Egypt, China, Albania, Bangladesh, Tunisia 1-6%) VICTIMS AND OFFENDERS (%) SAME NATIONALITY 67.2 BOTH FOREIGNER 16.2 BOTH ITALIAN 59.3 FOREIGN VICTIM - ITALIAN 8.9 ITALIAN VICTIM - 15.6 Most frequently used words Corriere della sera and Repubblica, 2011
  10. 10. 30% of women are from Almost 60% married Perù 17.2 Morocco 9.7 Ecuador 6.9 Brazil 4.8 Philippines 4.8 Romania 4.8 Albania 3.4 China 3.4 Moldavia 3.4 Polonia 3.4 Sri Lanka 2.8 Ucraina 2.8 El Salvador 2.1 Network (%) Women Family Friend Italian 68 30 foreigner 36 35 STATISTICHE FUNZIONALI ALL’AZIONE MOLTIPLICARE LE SORGENTI INFORMATIV ACCETTARE IL COMPROMESSO MIGLIORARE L’INFORMAZIONE

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