AdaptationsAn adaptation is a way an animal’s body helps itsurvive, or live, in its environment.An adaptation is a trait that makes an animal suitedto its environment. It can be a behavioral or astructural trait.
Behavioral Adaptations• Organisms have behavioral adaptations, orcertaintypes ofactivities they perform, which help them meeta life need.• Behavioral adaptations include activities thathelp an animal survive.• Behavioral adaptations can be learned orinstinct (a behavior an animal is born with).• Behavioral changes can change quickly.
Examples: Some animals live in groups, while others liveby themselves
Some animals migrate like geese and butterfliesfor better food supply and climate
The opossum “plays” dead for protection from itsenemies Some animals “freeze” for protection like rabbits
Some animals hibernate to survive through thewinter like bears and bats
Physical Adaptations• Physical adaptations are physical features ofan organism like a fin on a fish or feathers ona bird.• A physical adaptation involves some part of ananimal’s body such as body movement, bodycoverings, type of appendages, and body shape.• A physical adaptation happens over a longperiod of time by changing the animal’s genetictraits.
Examples: Structural characteristics like a giraffe’s longneck or an elephant’s long trunk.
Fins for swimming, wings for flying, legs forrunning, or type of teeth
Camouflage where an animals blends into itssurroundings like a chameleon that changescolor according to its surroundings
Mimicry which allows one animal to look, sound,or act like another animal to fool predators intothinking it is poisonous or dangerous like the kingsnake.