Journalistic Ethics Online


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Slides outlining some of the ethical issues confronting journalists using the web for newsgathering, sourcing stories etc.

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Journalistic Ethics Online

  1. 1. JR5503: Issues Journalistic ethics online
  2. 2. JR5503: Journalistic ethics online The boundaries of online space BBC programme looking for Christmas Calamaties Students against the media exploitation of Virginia Tech
  3. 3. JR5503: Journalistic ethics online Guard your online reputation Mystery of racist postings made under Rod Liddle's username Health: it’s a serious business (me)‏ Street of Shame lined with glass houses… Adam Smith, Birmingham Mail? Andrew Gilligan, "kennite" and sockpuppeting Editorial staff and staff in politically sensitive areas should never indicate a political allegiance on social networking sites, either through profile information or through joining political groups. This is particularly important for all staff in News and Current Affairs, Nations and Regions and factual programming and applies regardless of whether they indicate that they are employed by the BBC or not. BBC Guidance on use of personal... With so many people publishing to blogs, Facebook pages and discussion boards, any professional news reporter who agrees to respect an "off the record" request at a meeting is committing an act of unilateral professional disarmament. I say... bag that. Don't tell organizers that you're a reporter. You're a citizen, too. Get in, and report on what you see, just like any other citizen would. There's no such thing as 'off the record' anymore
  4. 4. JR5503: Journalistic ethics online Privacy 'Toulmin added that it was not necessary for the PCC to issue guidelines to journalists about the reuse of information found on social networks, as the current code of conduct was sufficient.' 05/06/08 PCC: Sunday Times Facebook approach insensitive ‏ Sunday Express Dunblane controversy PCC upholds complaints over Sunday Express Dunblane feature PCC rejects privacy complaint about Facebook comments Was the Scotsman right to sack Nick Clayton for blogging? Thomson Reuters Ethics code
  5. 5. JR5503: Journalistic ethics online Plagiarism Content gathered online is subject to the same attribution rules as other content. NPR News Social Media Guidelines Ripped off by the TimesOnline Source confidentiality Google Buzz and confidentiality Unpublishing Open door
  6. 6. JR5503: Journalistic ethics online Online conduct: 'friends and 'objectivity' Our online data trails reflect on our professional reputations and those of The Washington Post. Be sure that your pattern of use does not suggest, for example, that you are interested only in people with one particular view of a topic or issue. Washington Post guidance on use of social media To Friend or Not to Friend? Online conduct: syndicating others' content LA Times guidance on re-tweeting ‏ Online conduct: source confidentiality Google Buzz and confidentiality
  7. 7. JR5503: Journalistic ethics online <ul><li>Evaluating online sources </li></ul><ul><li>Authenticity : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ronnie Hazlehurst </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>David Miliband </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Toothing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Emails </li></ul><ul><li>Tracking where someone sent you an email from: </li></ul><ul><li>Email tracker (tutorial)‏ </li></ul>
  8. 8. JR5503: Journalistic ethics online Evaluating online sources Websites URL structure: Domain types, folder structures About: If there isn't one, why not? Linking: Yahoo site explorer Domain ownership: Whois IP lookup Archive? Internet archive and cached pages Directories ( DMOZ , Yahoo Directory , gateways )‏ Hoax sites ( Snopes , Urban Legends )‏
  9. 9. JR5503: Journalistic ethics online Evaluating online sources Social network profiles/groups Find out what other social network profiles a user may have: How to Verify a Tweet How to spot a hoax Twitter account – a case study Covert online campaigns: a primer (me)‏ Tips to Spot a Fake Profile at Online Communities
  10. 10. JR5503: Journalistic ethics online <ul><li>Evaluating online sources </li></ul><ul><li>Media (pictures and video)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Find out who/what camera used/where a digital picture was taken: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Email back and talk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To good to be true? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Text with pictures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beware powerpoint </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manipulated? Look for where tones meet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exif reader </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. JR5503: Journalistic ethics online Evaluating online sources Media (word documents/PDFs Find out who created a word doc/pdf: Clean content Docscrubber
  12. 12. JR5503: Journalistic ethics online Some guidance online EthicNet: codes of journalism ethics in Europe BBC Guidance on UGC The Journalist’s Guide to Facebook (see ethics)? BBC editorial guidance on use of social networks etc. NPR News Social Media Guidelines Washington Post guidance on use of social media How Social Media is Radically Changing the Newsroom Going undercover online (Paul Myers)‏ WSJ Social Media Policy: Still Not Getting It