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PARATHYROID    GLAND    By: Steph and Lindsey1
SIZE AND LOCATION                    2
FUNCTION OF PARATHYROIDGLAND  Produce  PTH  To control calcium within the blood to help   maintain strong bones         ...
HORMONES SECRETED FROM PARATHYROIDGLAND Secreteparathyroid hormone (PTH)  Humoral stimuli  Most important regulator   o...
HYPERPARATHYROIDISM   Etiology                    Pathogenesis     Overproduction of           Bone Pain       the cel...
HYPOPARATHYROIDISM   Etiology                      Pathogenesis     Family History                Heavier periods in  ...
OSTEOPOROSIS Etiology    Loss of Calcium    Too much PTH Pathogenesis    "Thin Bones"    Bones break and     fractur...
PARATHYROID CANCER   Etiology                   Pathogenesis     Out of control PTH                                 We...
WEBSITES http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/parathyroiddiso  rders.html http://www.parathyroid.com/parathyroid-  functio...
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Parathyroid Gland and Disorders

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Parathyroid Gland and Disorders

  1. 1. PARATHYROID GLAND By: Steph and Lindsey1
  2. 2. SIZE AND LOCATION 2
  3. 3. FUNCTION OF PARATHYROIDGLAND  Produce PTH  To control calcium within the blood to help maintain strong bones 3
  4. 4. HORMONES SECRETED FROM PARATHYROIDGLAND Secreteparathyroid hormone (PTH)  Humoral stimuli  Most important regulator of Ca2+ homeostasis of the blood  Hypercalcemic hormone 4
  5. 5. HYPERPARATHYROIDISM Etiology  Pathogenesis  Overproduction of  Bone Pain the cells secreting  Depression PTH  Frequent urination  Parathyroid  Kidney stones develops a tumor  Nausea  Loss of appetite  Treatment  Remove the tumor surgically 5
  6. 6. HYPOPARATHYROIDISM Etiology  Pathogenesis  Family History  Heavier periods in  Autoimmune Disorder females  Excessive radiation  Cataracts treatment  Low levels of Mg in  Tingling sensations blood  Muscles spasms Treatment  Dry hair and skin;  restore the Ca and brittle nails mineral balance in  Weakened tooth the body enamel in kids  Take vitamins with Calcium and 6 Vitamin D
  7. 7. OSTEOPOROSIS Etiology  Loss of Calcium  Too much PTH Pathogenesis  "Thin Bones"  Bones break and fracture easier  Loss of energy  Feel old  Bones hurt Treatment  Remove the bad 7 parathyroid gland
  8. 8. PARATHYROID CANCER Etiology  Pathogenesis  Out of control PTH  Weakness production  Family history  Lump in neck  Hyperparathyroidism  Trouble swallowing  Loss of appetite  Unquenchable thirst  Treatment  Surgery  Radiation therapy 8
  9. 9. WEBSITES http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/parathyroiddiso rders.html http://www.parathyroid.com/parathyroid- function.htm http://www.endocrineweb.com/conditions/parathyroi d/parathyroid-cancer https://www.clinicalkey.com/topics/endocrinology/hy perparathyroidism.html 9

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