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Types of contracts
There are a range of different employment contracts used in both the film and TV industry. The
contract...
The codes of practice for channel 4 are aims to provide a clear, high-level framework for channel 4
television corporation...
Channel 4 run a lot of criticising reports towards teenagers which can’t be seen as too critical and
unfair, from the way ...
http://www.channel4.com/news/children-teenage-pregnancy-unemployment-education-unicef
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Assignment 3A

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Assignment 3A

  1. 1. Types of contracts There are a range of different employment contracts used in both the film and TV industry. The contracts filled by all employees, which are contracts that cover employment conditions, rights, responsibilities and duties. The nine main contract types are full-time/part-time contracts, fixedterm contracts, temping contracts, freelancers, contractors and zero hour contracts. Full-time/parttime are set hours that employees are expected to work, full-time hours are roughly forty hours and over a week, whereas part-time hours are in-between six and eighteen hours a week. Fixed-term contracts are contracts that are set in advance and only last a limited time, they usually end when a specific task has been completed. Temping contracts are temporary jobs that only last until a specific job has been completed. Freelancers are self-employed and it’s committed to any employers. Contractors are like freelancers, never committed to one employer and are self-employed. Zero hour contracts are contacts when the employee states when they are available and are offered work when there is work available, nor employer or employee are obligated to work or offer work. Confidentiality Confidentiality is a set of rules that have to be followed (mainly by the employer) which restricts access to certain types of information (normally linked to the employee). Confidentiality tends to be a critical requirement in any contract because it is a legal requirement that has been set to keep employees private information safe from everyone. An example of a confidentially agreement being breached is the jimmy Savile scandal being broadcasted, although it was a crime committed by a celebrity, BBC shouldn’t be allowed to broadcast information about his personal life without his consent. Exclusivity Exclusivity within contracts is an agreement between two or more entities that consisting of the parties only dealing with each other regarding a specific area within a business. This means that the parties aren’t obligated to work within anyone who wasn’t part of that deal and aren’t allowed to work outside of the contract they have signed. An example of this is if a presenter worked for channel 4 (such as Rick Edwards), if he signs a contract which consists of exclusivity, that means that he is not allowed to work for other companies (such as BBC), until his contract with channel 4 is over. Codes of practice
  2. 2. The codes of practice for channel 4 are aims to provide a clear, high-level framework for channel 4 television corporations, which mean that they have to deal with Independent Producers as required by the Communications Act, which was written in 2003. Although it is not a set Terms of Trade, which Channel 4 will publish separately in consultation with PACT.I think that the codes of practice were created to ensure that channel maintained a high quality of work and have to deal with a range of independent producers to reduce the probability that they will make a mistake when it comes to deciding what they broadcast, this can stop them from getting into trouble with ASA and Ofcom. The codes of practice leave the employees with guidelines, which can be seen as very helpful because it gives a process the employees need to follow to prevent their selves being the cause of the ASA taking down a show, advert or even a channel. Policies and procedures Each year Channel 4 have to propose a Statement of Programme Policy, which needs to be approved by Ofcom. The document sets out what they intend to include in their programme output for the next year and how this fulfils their purposes. From 2011 this is incorporated into the Annual Report and Financial Statements as the Statement of Media Content Policy. This is crucial because it gives channel 4 a warning letting them know if their program breaches any rules, which could lead to ASA banning a program or advertisement which could also prevent bad publicity. Emerging social concerns and expectations Channel 4 have had to overcome many concerning areas of work such as the UK Liberal Democrats wracked by sex scandal. This started when channel 4 ran an item accusing Rennard (who is the party’s former chief executive), of inappropriate behaviour. These allegations pledged against Rennard were of sexual harassment towards colleague Bridget Harris as he touched her knee. By channel 4 broadcasting this news they started a lot of trouble consisting Rennard and made people see them in a different light. I have learnt that out of most of the other broadcasting channels, channel 4 broadcasts the most explicit news and is known for their outrageous stories. Teenagers
  3. 3. Channel 4 run a lot of criticising reports towards teenagers which can’t be seen as too critical and unfair, from the way they basically describe them as “naïve”, “immature” and “young and dumb”. Channel 4s reports toward teenagers tend to be biased towards an elderly opinion, making teenagers seem worse than what they actually are. Although some journalists that report to channel 4 get real life interviews with teens and portray teenagers in a positive light, the majority still report on the negative things that teenagers do because they feel that their target audience would prefer to hear about teenagers in that light. This also makes the story more interesting to read or watch. Channel 4 has been criticised by many people about what they broadcast about teens and how they portray them. In the source I have found, it states “children face ’bleaker future’, which can be seen as an unfair statement although it is based on facts. This can be classed as a biased report led by channel 4 because they purely point out three negative things about teens in Britain, which are the increase in teenage pregnancy, the increase in youth unemployment and the decrease of their involvement in further education. This is a biased approach because in this report because they don’t mention any positive things about teens, like if there was a increase in teenage life expectancy. Due to the lack of positivity in this report it looks like a dig aimed at teenagers from someone who isn’t very fond of them. Sources https://www.gov.uk/employment-contracts-and-conditions# https://www.gov.uk/contract-types-and-employer-responsibilities http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confidentiality http://www.ehow.com/about_5077053_exclusivity-agreement_.html https://www.gov.uk/contract-types-and-employer-responsibilities/fixedterm-contracts http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zero-hour_contract http://www.broadcastnow.co.uk/c4s-code-of-practice/1085806.article#_Toc55544844 http://www.channel4.com/info/corporate/annual-report/statement-of-programme-policy http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2014/01/27/renn-j27.html http://www.channel4.com/news/teenage-girl-2014-culture-society-sex-appearance
  4. 4. http://www.channel4.com/news/children-teenage-pregnancy-unemployment-education-unicef

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