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  1. 1. Plagiarism
  2. 2. What is plagiarism? Using the work of another person and passing it off as your own.
  3. 3. Plagiarism & AVC • “Students are always responsible for any plagiarism in their work.” • AVC Student Code of Conduct, Sec. 6032.1a • “An instructor who determines that a student has cheated or plagiarized has the right to give an ‘F’ grade for the assignment.” • AVC Student Code of Conduct, Sec. 6032.1b
  4. 4. Contradictions? • Develop a topic based on what has already been said and written • Rely on experts' and authorities' opinions • Give credit to previous researchers • BUT, Write something new and original. • BUT, Improve upon and/or disagree with those same opinions. • BUT, Make your own contribution. From Purdue Univ Online Writing Lab OWL):
  5. 5. Examples of Plagiarism • Downloading a web page and turning it in. • Rearranging words slightly, without a citation. • Rearranging words and using synonyms, without a citation. • Copying a whole paragraph, quoting one section and passing the rest off as yours while citing only the quote.
  6. 6. Examples of Plagiarism • Taking several papers by the same author, blending them together. • Purchasing a paper. • Having a friend or family member write it for you.
  7. 7. What are signs that usually indicate plagiarism? • A sophisticated writing style above the grade level of the student. • A dramatic change in writing ability. – This usually indicates a paper that is partially written by the student and partially plagiarized from someone with a much higher level of education. • Outdated references. – This is usually a paper that has been purchased from a service called a “paper mill.” Many of these papers are very old (some as much as twenty years) with citations equally as old.
  8. 8. What are signs that usually indicate plagiarism? • References don’t relate to the paper. – This is also common with purchased papers. • No list of works cited.
  9. 9. How to avoid plagiarism. • Take good notes and be sure to indicate what information is yours and what has been taken or quoted from another source. – This does not include general knowledge. • Always use quotation marks (“ “) for exact quotes. • Check paraphrases against the original text and, if unsure, cite it.
  10. 10. • It uses software that compares student papers to all other student papers submitted as well as the World Wide Web and a database of journal articles and books. • As at most colleges and universities, cases of plagiarism have been increasing at AVC over the last few years.
  11. 11. A Case of Plagiarism • University of Virginia – Charlottesville – In 2001 an examination of physics papers by software found 158 cases of plagiarism. – The investigation ended in November of 2002 with 45 students being dismissed from the school and three graduates having their degrees revoked. Source: (
  12. 12. Plagiarism Statistics • UC Berkeley estimates that cheating on their campus increased 744 percent between 1988 and 1997. Source: Community College Week July, 2002
  13. 13. Plagiarism Statistics • 80% of “high-achieving” high school students admit cheating. (US News & World Report, 1999). • 15% of college students said they purchased papers from a paper mill. (McCabe & Trevino, 1996). • 68% of students at Rutgers University admit to cheating. (Rutgers University Survey, 2007).
  14. 14. •