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Library Catalogs
Spring, 2016
What is a catalog?
 A set of records that provide information
about the items that the catalog
represents.
 Metadata: In...
Alexandrian Library – Egypt
 About 3rd
Cent B.C. – Had a library
catalog which was divided into ten main
subject areas:
P...
Alexandrian Library – Egypt
 Also had an alphabetical author index
which covered:
– Name
– Place of Birth
– Name of Fathe...
Library Catalogs
 Early catalogs were book catalogs
 3 x 5 Card began being used in U.S. in
latter part of 19th
Century
...
Describe an Object
 Work in Pairs
 Describe Important Details About Your
Object
– Size, Shape, Color, Material, etc.
– W...
Main Parts of a Library Catalog
 Bibliographic Description
– Identification (Title, Author, Format)
– Publication (Date, ...
Control
 Cataloging information is a natural
human activity.
– We categorize humanity.
 A catalog is ultimately a tool o...
Catalog Controls
 Authority Control
– The use of uniform terms for names and
topics as access points to bibliographic
rec...
Authority Control
 Language is the most basic form of
Authority Control that everyone uses
everyday.
Authority Control
 If Language = Authority Control
Then Authority Control = Language
 Primary Tool of Authority Control:...
Subject Headings (Authority
Control)
 Descriptive terms assigned to each item
in a catalog
 Uses Controlled Vocabulary
...
Classification Systems
(Bibliographic Control)
 Attempts to bring together comparable
materials in a logical arrangement....
Call Numbers
 Determines the location of an item
based on its subject grouping.
 Call numbers may include:
– Classificat...
Call Numbers
 KF4758.A7 G66 1988
– KF4758.A7 = Classification
– G66 = Author (Goldstein, Leslie)
– 1988 = Year of Publica...
Library of Congress (LC)
 Developed by the Library of Congress
in the early 1900’s to deal with the ever
growing amount o...
Library of Congress (LC)
 Has 21 Main Classes
 All LC call numbers begin with letters
 Primarily used in Academic libra...
Dewey Decimal
 Developed by Melvil Dewey in late
1800’s
 All Dewey call numbers begin with
numbers
 Has ten major class...
Dewey Decimal
 900 Geography & History
 970 General history of North America
 973 United States History
 973.7 Civil W...
Library of Congress
HF
5686
.D7
 HF = business
 5686 = accounting
 .D7 = drug stores
Library of Congress
HF
5686
.P3
 HF = business
 5686 = accounting
 .P3 = petroleum industry
Library of Congress
HF
5686
.S75
 HF = business
 5686 = accounting
 .S75 = steel industry
Searching a Catalog
Searching a Catalog
Computer Catalogs
AVC Library Catalog
www.avc.edu
Library Catalogs
Library Catalogs
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Library Catalogs

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Library Catalogs

  1. 1. Library Catalogs Spring, 2016
  2. 2. What is a catalog?  A set of records that provide information about the items that the catalog represents.  Metadata: Information about information.  Catalogs are organized in indexes.
  3. 3. Alexandrian Library – Egypt  About 3rd Cent B.C. – Had a library catalog which was divided into ten main subject areas: Poetry The Drama Laws Philosophy History Oratory Medicine Mathematical Science Natural Science Miscellanea
  4. 4. Alexandrian Library – Egypt  Also had an alphabetical author index which covered: – Name – Place of Birth – Name of Father – Name of Teachers – Nicknames – Bibliography  Had over 520,000 Papyrus Rolls
  5. 5. Library Catalogs  Early catalogs were book catalogs  3 x 5 Card began being used in U.S. in latter part of 19th Century  Automated systems began use in 1970’s  Automated systems with full access through the WWW are now standard
  6. 6. Describe an Object  Work in Pairs  Describe Important Details About Your Object – Size, Shape, Color, Material, etc. – What else would you add?
  7. 7. Main Parts of a Library Catalog  Bibliographic Description – Identification (Title, Author, Format) – Publication (Date, Publisher) – Subject Information – Multiple-Access Files / Points  Location Information – Call Number or Location Code
  8. 8. Control  Cataloging information is a natural human activity. – We categorize humanity.  A catalog is ultimately a tool of control.
  9. 9. Catalog Controls  Authority Control – The use of uniform terms for names and topics as access points to bibliographic records.  Bibliographic Control – The organization and arrangement of recorded information by established standards.
  10. 10. Authority Control  Language is the most basic form of Authority Control that everyone uses everyday.
  11. 11. Authority Control  If Language = Authority Control Then Authority Control = Language  Primary Tool of Authority Control: – Library of Congress Subject Headings
  12. 12. Subject Headings (Authority Control)  Descriptive terms assigned to each item in a catalog  Uses Controlled Vocabulary  Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) primarily used  Designed to facilitate browsing in the catalog
  13. 13. Classification Systems (Bibliographic Control)  Attempts to bring together comparable materials in a logical arrangement. – Facilitates Browsing  The most commonly used systems: – Dewey Decimal (Dewey) – Library of Congress (LC)
  14. 14. Call Numbers  Determines the location of an item based on its subject grouping.  Call numbers may include: – Classification Number – Book number developed from author or title – Edition number – Year of publication
  15. 15. Call Numbers  KF4758.A7 G66 1988 – KF4758.A7 = Classification – G66 = Author (Goldstein, Leslie) – 1988 = Year of Publication  The constitutional rights of women : cases in law and social change
  16. 16. Library of Congress (LC)  Developed by the Library of Congress in the early 1900’s to deal with the ever growing amount of printed information they had to deal with.  Replaced a system developed by Thomas Jefferson.
  17. 17. Library of Congress (LC)  Has 21 Main Classes  All LC call numbers begin with letters  Primarily used in Academic libraries  Allows for greater expansion and flexibility that Dewey
  18. 18. Dewey Decimal  Developed by Melvil Dewey in late 1800’s  All Dewey call numbers begin with numbers  Has ten major classes  Primarily used in public and school libraries
  19. 19. Dewey Decimal  900 Geography & History  970 General history of North America  973 United States History  973.7 Civil War 1861 – 1865  973.73 Military Operations  973.7349 Battle of Gettysburg
  20. 20. Library of Congress HF 5686 .D7  HF = business  5686 = accounting  .D7 = drug stores
  21. 21. Library of Congress HF 5686 .P3  HF = business  5686 = accounting  .P3 = petroleum industry
  22. 22. Library of Congress HF 5686 .S75  HF = business  5686 = accounting  .S75 = steel industry
  23. 23. Searching a Catalog
  24. 24. Searching a Catalog
  25. 25. Computer Catalogs
  26. 26. AVC Library Catalog www.avc.edu

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