Galtier CIRAD 2010


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Galtier CIRAD 2010

  1. 1. Why a research project and a workshop on 2G MIS? Franck Galtier (CIRAD-UMR MOISA), Johny Egg (INRA-UMR MOISA), Marie-Cécile Thirion (AFD)
  2. 2. From 1G MIS to 2G MIS • What is a MIS? • Objectives of MIS: – Inform decision-makers – Improve market transparency • 1G MIS: 1980s’ and 1990s’; liberalization. 1980s 1990s ; liberalization • 2G MIS: 2000s’ (transformation of existing MIS & new ( g MIS) ; NTIC.
  3. 3. 1. The case of 1G MIS
  4. 4. Uniformity of 1G MIS • Nature of widespread information: prices • Scope (product): group of close substitute (e.g. cereals, cattle…) • Scope (area): country • Institutional status: MIS based in public structures (e. g. marketing boards offices ) boards, offices…). • Diffusion: free (e. g. by radio) • Financed by project • … This uniformity is a problem (Galtier & Egg 1998)
  5. 5. Problems faced by 1G MIS • Lack of internal effectiveness: reliability, delays… ( (Sheperd 1997) p ) • Lack of connection between supply and demand of information • Lack of sustainability • Exclusion of some market operators • … These problems undermine the potential impact of MIS on markets transparency, efficiency and equity ( p y, y q y (Galtier & Egg 2003)
  6. 6. The ambiguous impact of 1G MIS • Lack of reliable methods • A bi Ambiguous i impact t • Most observers are disappointed • …
  7. 7. 2. The case of 2G MIS
  8. 8. Diversity of 2G MIS • Nature of widespread information: prices, quantity, stocks, yield forecasts… • Scope ( d ) sometimes many categories of products S (product): i i f d • Scope (area): decentralized MIS, regional MIS, international MIS • Institutional status: administration, chamber of agriculture, MIS run b I tit ti l t t d i i t ti h b f i lt by PO, MIS linked to exchanges, private MIS… • Diffusion: radio, web sites, mobiles phones , , p • Financed by project, state budget, sales of information and other services… Need for inventory and characterization of African y agricultural MIS (database).
  9. 9. Strengths and limitations of 2G MIS’ innovations (regarding the problems of 1G MIS) Need for an in-dept analysis of the matrix “problems x innovations”
  10. 10. Impact of 2G MIS • Need to find a reliable method to assess MIS impact • N New methods can b i l th d be implemented ( g. using 2G MIS t d (e. i users databases) • Need for a critical analysis of the methods Need to compare and assess the methods
  11. 11. Synthesis: Needs f N d for research on 2G MIS h • 1 Need for inventory and characterization of African 1. agricultural MIS (database). • 2 Need for an in dept analysis of the matrix “problems x 2. in-dept problems innovations” • 3 Need to compare and assess the methods th t can b 3. N d t d th th d that be used to assess MIS impact Project Workshop
  12. 12. 3. The research project on 2G MIS
  13. 13. Research Project Objectives j j • Object : The role of 2G MIS in the context of instable i t bl agricultural and f d markets i lt l d food k t • Sub-questions: –HHow t adapt i f to d t information t the stakeholders ti to th t k h ld needs (taking into account the specificities of product and sectors, of the institutional framework)? ) – How to reduce negative effects that can be induced by information (i.e. benefit and/or negative effects of transparency, transparency exclusion risk)? – How to ensure financial sustainability of these MIS without excluding too many stakeholders? g y
  14. 14. Research Project Activities j • Three main activities: – Characterize 2G MIS and elaborate a typology • Expert network • MIS repertory p y • Bibliography repertory – Analyze the innovations (in relation with the project questions and th t ti d the typology) l ) • Field study (5 MIS) • Capitalization – Assess the impact of MIS • Identify and analyze evaluation methodologies • Field tests (4 methodology on 3 MIS) • Capitalization
  15. 15. 4. The workshop
  16. 16. Workshop Objectives – Feed the three activities of the research project A. Overview and characterization of MIS B. Analysis of the strengths and limits of innovations C. Impact assessment of MIS – Strengthen the MIS experts network • Develop personal relations • Enhance the coordination with other research program and projects related to MIS – Identify the next steps • For the main activities of the research project • F the network For th t k
  17. 17. Workshop Organisation p g • A workshop targeted on the expertise and the latest work of the network members. It is organized around the three main activities of the research project: –SSession A : « O i Overview of agricultural MIS i i f i lt l in sub-Saharan Africa » – Session B : « Innovations in MIS » – Session C : « MIS impact »