Diploma-exhibition portfolio

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Diploma-exhibition portfolio

  1. 1. PORTFOLIOl a u r a _ v e : 2 0 1 0 M A S T E R D I P L O M A P R O J E C T : (y)our alternative legacy
  2. 2. (y)our alternative legacylaura_ve : MASTER DIPLOMA PROJECT _ (y)our alternative legacy WERGELAND-BERGEN exhibition photos
  3. 3. Byparken Nonneseter Bystasjonen Nygård Florida Danmarksplass Kronstad BYPLANLEGGING SOM VERKTØY for å oppnå mindre økologisk fotavtrykk Brann stadion for fremtidige innbyggere. - styrket mobilitet for gående, syklende etc. - kunnskap Wergeland - lokal ressurs sirkel - lokal produksjon Sletten - lokal handel - styrket sosial tilhørighet Slettebk Fantoft Paradis(y)our  alternative  legacy Hop developing urbanity along bergen light rail urbandevelopmentbergen.blogspot.com N Nesttun laura_ve : MASTER DIPLOMA PROJECT _ (y)our alternative legacy WERGELAND-BERGEN exhibition photos
  4. 4. design practices design practices #Automobile depen- #Increase current City #Increase current City dence and transportation stormwater capacitycapacity stormwater alternatives IDE OM OPPGAVESTRATEGI OG PROBLEMSTILLING ETTER ANDRE KONFRONTASJON #Automobile depen- #Automobile depen- #Pedestrian streets, dence and transportation dence and transportation public space, and street rain and stormwa- alternatives alternatives designnd stormwa-treat- hment and #Pedestrian streets, #Pedestrian streets, #The need to demon- andother “green” nd treat- publicand street street public space, space, and strate effective ecologicaler “green” practices design design design, materials, andes ease current City #The need to demon- #The need to demon- methodsurrent City ater capacity strate effective ecological strate effective ecological #Education and out-pacityomobile depen- design, materials, and design, materials, and reach to the communitye depen-and transportation methods methods #Advanced and in-nsportation ives #Education and out-and out- #Education novative watershed and estrian streets, reach toreach to the community the community stormwater management streets, pace, and streetand street #Advanced and in- and in- #Advanced models novative watershed and novative watershed and #Sustainable public in- need to demon- stormwater management stormwater management frastructure improvements o demon- ffective ecological models models #Linkages between ecological materials, and #Sustainable public in- #Sustainable public in- environmental restorationals, and s frastructure improvements frastructure improvements and sustainable develop- cation and out- #Linkages between #Linkages between mento theout- and community environmental restoration environmental restorationommunity in- anced and and sustainable develop- and sustainable develop- - stick to your local and in-e watershed and shed and ment ment footprint, bergen rain/ ater management stormwater, light rail/ lessanagement - stick to- your local stick to your local cars, walkable/ bikeable tainable public in- footprint, bergen rain/ footprint, bergen rain/ distance to kindergarten/ e public in- ture improvements provements stormwater, light rail/light rail/ less stormwater, less shops/ activities, local gar-kages between cars, walkable/ bikeable cars, walkable/ bikeable dens/food/seeds/action- etween mental restoration distance to kindergarten/ distance to kindergarten/ ism ideas and dive in!!!! restorationstainable develop- shops/ activities, local gar- shops/ activities, local gar- e develop- dens/food/seeds/action- dens/food/seeds/action- look fwd to follow! posted by laura kl. 16:22 ism ideas and dive in!!!! ism ideas and dive in!!!! vibeke jensen Etiketter: :: background, :: process, :: workshop/con k to your local 17. april 2010 15:56 tionur bergen rain/ t, local look fwd to follow! posted by lauraby MASTER DIPLOMA PROJECT _ (y)our alternative legacy WERGELAND-BERGEN look fwd to follow! posted kl.laura kl. 16:22 laura_ve : 16:22en rain/ rail/ less ater, light ht rail/ less vibeke jensen vibeke jensen Etiketter: :: background, :: process,process, :: workshop/confronta- Etiketter: :: background, :: :: workshop/confronta- exhibition photosalkable/ bikeable 17. april17. april 2010 15:56 2010 15:56 tion tion
  5. 5. WORLD BIO - CAPASITY & ECOSYSTEM SERVICESWild species and natural ecosystems are under pressure across all biomes and regions of the :: habitat loss, fragmentation or change, especially due to agriculture:: pollution:: the spread of invasive species or genes:: climate change(Livingplanet report)ECOSYSTEM SERVICESHumanity depends on healthy ecosystems, they support or improve our quality of life, and with-out them, the Earth would be uninhabitable. The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) de-scribes four categories of ecosystem services, starting with the most fundamental::: supporting services such as nutrient cycling:: soil formation and primary production provisioning services such as the production of food, freshwater, materials or fuelpest control:: cultural (including aesthetic, spiritual, educational and recreational) services.The MA reported that biodiversity loss contributes to food and energy insecurity, increased  -ability and quality of water, and the erosion of cultural heritage.Most supporting, regulating and cultural ecosystem services are not bought and sold com-mercially, so have no market value. Their decline sends no warning signal to the local or global producers and consumers, but often undermine the biodiversity and ecosystem services on which the production and consumption ultimately depend. The value of biodiversity to human planet that can support its human population and one which cannot.In a globally interdependent economy, people increasingly use ecological capacity from afar. When China imports wood from Tanzania, or Europe imports beef from cattle raised on Brazil-ian soy, these countries are relying on biocapacity outside of their borders to provide the re-sources being consumed by their population.Biocapacity is not evenly distributed around the world. The eight countries with the most bio-capacity ñ the United States, Brazil, Russia, China, Canada, India, Argentina and Australia ñ contain 50 per cent of the total world biocapacity. Three of the eight countries with the largest biocapacity ñ the United States, China and India ñ are ecological debtors, with their national Ecological debtor countries face increasing risk from a growing dependence on the biological capacity of others, while countries with ecological reserves can view their biological wealth as an asset that provides an important competitive advantage in an uncertain world. (Livingplanet report)With the consumption level of the average Norwegian, equivalent to 6,8 gha (global hectares) in 2009 we would need about 4,5 planets to sustain our lifestyle, relative to the number of peo-ple inhabiting the planet now.   Increasing local bio-capasity, managing organic waste, re-use of goods and resources, local food production and accessibility for pedestrians will start the change and raise awareness around this. laura_ve : MASTER DIPLOMA PROJECT _ (y)our alternative legacy WERGELAND-BERGEN exhibition photos
  6. 6. SHORT TRAVELED FOOD and why this is important Small-scale processed, locally manufactured and short-trav- elled food are important to the environmentally conscious as it relies on and support local economy and businesses. Supporting local food-businesses shifts our food system from a global set of production and economy more dependent on oil as energy source, and a system that consumes a lot more oil. The so called hundred mile diet, or low carbon diet as it is also called, minimizes the emissions released from the production, packaging, processing, transport, preparation and waste of food. Major tenets of a low carbon diet include eating less indus- Bergen trial meat and dairy, eating less industrially produced food in general, eating food grown locally and seasonally, eating less processed and packaged foods and reducing waste from food by proper portion size, recycling or composting.*1 Transport of food across great distances of land or sea in high speed refrigerated ships or airplanes is a contributor to carbon dioxide emissions in the food industry. Some studies have argued that growing food only accounts for 21% of the energy required for many food products. Transportation (14%), processing (16%), packaging (7%), food retailing (4%), restau- rants and caterers (7%) and home refrigeration and preparation (32%) account for the rest. *2 Locavore describes a person attempting to eat a diet consist- ing of foods harvested from within a 100-mile radius. *1 (Randy Hall, “Low Carbon Diet’ Aims to Take Bite Out of Global Warming,” Cybercast News Service, April 18, 2007) *2 (Danielle Murray, “Oil and Food: A Rising Security Challenge,” Earth Policy Institute, May 9, 2005)12 blue dot : hundred mile diet outline of Bergen (160 km) 13 laura_ve : MASTER DIPLOMA PROJECT _ (y)our alternative legacy WERGELAND-BERGEN exhibition photos
  7. 7. introducing the food cycle celebr ption the cycle of lifeTHE URBAN GARDENING CYCLE OF LIFE m atio nsu n Visualization of the processes involved around our need for food can increase our knowledge co wa and awareness around its origin and the destination of the waste products. We have grown a global economy depending on huge amounts of oil, and we are currently in a position to neglect ste the recourses lost by throwing away the waste products, be it organic waste or excess food. -m g ssin Using planning, regulations and education as tools we can little by little facilitate, encourage and ana show each other how to get more out of the local resources just lying there in front of us, spe- proce cially in a mild humid climate like in the city of Bergen, on the west coast of Norway. gem Explaining the steps of the cycle; ent soil im soil improvement, organically, means f.ex charging the soil with nutrients using compost from organic waste, nutrient made from nettle leafs and by using clover, and other cover crops, to let the fields rest in between productive seasons. sting seeding; is the start of the productive season. Schools, kindergartens and private galleries and conservatories can be effective producers in this stage of the cycle. Either for own use or for pro sales. rve planting; in larger fields, agro-parks, vegetable gardens or in the conservatories and galleries; vem giving the seedlings good environment and enough space to grow into crops. ha harvesting; for direct use or when the time is right harvesting of the planted fields, the forest en gardens, the forest, in the mountain or at sea. In surroundings like Bergen the opportunities are t endless from early summer to late autumn. see processing;the harvested raw is made into delicate products. ng din consumption; sales of raw and processed local food-stuff in grocery stores, farmers markets, planti g cafes and restaurants. And of course the food used directly from your private vegetable garden, gallery and conservatory. celebration; of the local products and produce with festivals, farmers markets or simply dinner parties with your family or neighbors. waste management; urban organic waste managed locally in small scale facilities. Compost makes excellent organic nutrient. Kept at a small scale the emission of the green gas methane is much less than in large facilities. laura_ve : MASTER DIPLOMA PROJECT _ (y)our alternative legacy WERGELAND-BERGEN exhibition photos
  8. 8. tirsdag 27. juli 2010BERGEN - LANDSCAPE, PRODUCTIVE LAND& NEEDSThe city of Bergen is situated on the west coast of Norwayand has been one of the most important national (and inter- escalated. Connecting Bergen to the rest og thenational) harbours in its history, with connection to the rest of world with oil. Bergen region = This development of Bergen (prioritating private car infra- 100 %The city is situated in a landscape with strong structure) has continued up until today, and still seems to becaracter surrounded by 7 more or less steep the political mentality in the Region of Bergen. 465,68 km 2mountains, shaped in arcs called Bergens buene. Bergen Municipality masters an area of 465,68km2. 50% ofThis hilly topography causes the caracteristic this landscape is above 160m. 4,4% is freshwater surface.humid climate the city is known for; mild humidair from the North Sea and Atlantic comes in and The urban areas are spread out over 108,5 km2, 23,3% of theis pushed up along the mountain sides, causing the total area of the Municipality,temperature to drop and rain. The topography of divided into eight boroughs. With 267 860 inhabitants it is notBergen also makes city-planning challenging, a big city.regarding settlement pattern and infrastrucutralmobility strategies connected to settlement and 3,5% of Bergens area is farmland supporting only 11 780 people with food, on a vegetarian diet.After centuries of beeing a city connected by sea through the year.and horse (and by foot naturally), from 1900Bergen developed connection-lines by rail. If all the 267 860 inhabitants was living on a vegetarian diet and it was all to be producedBergens banen crossing the mountain to the within the Municipality it would require 333,58 km2, 71,6% ofeastern part of Norway (Oslo) was built in thebeginning of the 20th century. But also within itscity-limits and to neighboring municipalities (now The Goverments amitions for the future is that we must besome included into Bergen Municipality) light rail able to support ourselveslines were developed, one of them turning in with 50% of consumed food within national borders to not puttodays light rail stop, access-point : Wergeland. ourselves in a voulnerable position. Based on these goals and ambitions to lower our eco-foot-From the middle of the 20th century the private printscar was more and more prioritated, and by massive a change in local political mentality is required.development of the road system a new settlementpattern spread out caused by the accessibility of posted by laura kl. 15:22the car. Etiketter: :: background, :: oil dependency, :: planning, :: politics, :: process, :: project, :: youralternativelegacy laura_ve : MASTER DIPLOMA PROJECT _ (y)our alternative legacy WERGELAND-BERGEN exhibition photos
  9. 9. Bergen City Centre and its ten satelite centres connected by roads, and now the light rail from the centre to Netun in south end of the valley.URBAN SPRAWL-and the settlement pattern of Bergen Housing construction Over the last 30 years housing construction has accounted for the greatest urban growth in terms of area. Despite the recent intensi cation of housing construction in the centre, population growth has still been greatest in the outermost city districts. The current master plan of the municipality intends to reverse this trend by utilising more development areas for housingBergen City Centre and its ten satelite and business purposes nearer the city centre.centres connected by roads, The recommendation is to build 1,500and now the light rail from the centre new housing units per year during theto Netun in south end of the valley. plan period, with a clear focus on densi cation in and around the centresHousing construction of the city districts, the local centres andOver the last 30 years housing construction around the light railway stops. Sixty perhas accounted for the greatest urban growth cent of the building is planned asin terms of area. Despite the recent densi cation and forty per cent as eldintensi cation of housing construction in development. The next few years willthe centre, population growth has still also see the construction of 2,000been greatest in the outermost city districts. new student housing units and otherThe current master plan of the municipality rental housing.intends to reverse this trend by utilisingmore development areas for housing laura_ve : MASTER DIPLOMA PROJECT _ (y)our alternative legacy WERGELAND-BERGENand business purposes nearer the city centre. exhibition photosThe recommendation is to build 1,500
  10. 10. #Pedestrian streets,DENSIFICATION STRATEGIES AND GROWTH CALCULATIONS and street public space, design ESTIMATED POPULATION GROWTH FOR WERGELAND (model view) 2010 -2100 (based on 15% growth every ten years) SSB : 2010 - 2030 238% ESTIMATED GROWTH NEXT90 YEARS #The need to demon- ESTIMATED POPULATION GROWTH FOR BERGEN 2010 -2100 (based on 15% growth every ten years) SSB : 2010 - 2030 238% ESTIMATED GROWTH NEXT90 YEARS strate effective ecological 320 555 423 838 644 611 852 497 10 580 13 992 21 279 28 141 900 000 design, materials, and 30 000 800 000 25000 700 000 methods 20 000 600 000 #Education and out- 15 000 500 000 reach to the community 10 000 400 000 #Advanced and in- 5 000 300 000 novative watershed and 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060 management stormwater 2070 2080 2090 2100 0 252 051 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060 2070 2080 2090 2100 models POPULATION GROWTH #Sustainable public in- frastructure improvements access-point : WERGELAND ; 2010 - 2030 + 2580 #Linkages between access-point : WERGELAND ; 2030 - 2050 + 3412 environmental restoration and sustainable develop- access-point : WERGELAND ; 2050 - 2080 + 7287 ment SIZE OF LIVING SPACE - stick to your local one persons average living space 1980 = 34 m2 (102 m3) footprint, bergen rain/ one persons average living space 2003 = 162 m3 stormwater, light rail/ less cars, walkable/ bikeable one persons living space after 2010= 90 m3 ( 30m3 x 3m hight)* distance to kindergarten/ shops/ activities, local gar- * large space is energy waste, smaller space is energy saving dens/food/seeds/action- laura_ve : MASTER DIPLOMA PROJECT _ (y)our alternative legacy WERGELAND-BERGEN ism ideas and dive in!!!! exhibition photos
  11. 11. KONSEPTUELLE STRATEGIER FOR MOBILITET1. eksisterende forbindelseslinje med Bybanen og “access points” på stoppene2. organisere gatestruktur til å forsterke tilgjengeligheten til stoppet / “the access-point”3. åpne opp for “snarveier” (sykkel og gangstier) gjennom bakgårder; øker trygghet med synliggjøring (“watching windows”), øker hyppigheten avsosiale møter, øker tilgjengeligheten. laura_ve : MASTER DIPLOMA PROJECT _ (y)our alternative legacy WERGELAND-BERGEN exhibition photos
  12. 12. KONSEPTUELLE STRATEGIER FOR FORTETTING1. harde flater til myke flater - grått til grønt, gir bedre utnyttelse2. “fill in” volum - legg til nye volum innimellom eksisterende struktur, skaper “innsider” og “utsider”- offentlige gater og semi private bakgårder3. flere sosiale møter ved å legge til aktivitet og trekke ut noe av aktiviteten fra innsiden av boligene i den tillagte “fill-in” strukturen. Glasshus og innebygde balkonger på og mellom husene skaper en klimatisk mellom-sone som utvider sesongen for uteaktiviteter og øker den visuelle kontakten mellom mennesker, forbipasserende og naboer. Utvider vekst-sesongen i forhold til produksjon.1.2.3. 3.a 3.b laura_ve : MASTER DIPLOMA PROJECT _ (y)our alternative legacy WERGELAND-BERGEN exhibition photos
  13. 13. UTSTILLINGS PLANSJER FOR URBAN PLAN DENSIFICATION STRATEGIES 300 circle & ACTIVE & QUIET TRAVEL CORRIDORS : STREETS AND PLACES Densification of the travel lines with Striving for inviting ( vs. privatized / buildings, green and programmes repellent) environments in the streets attracts people to walk and bike, as and squares it is important to get there is more to experience on the people out of the buildings. way to work etc. Without visual connection between Adding building volumes into the people in the streets they appear in the 300 circle radius; fill in structures intensifies the existing structure to intensify an urban tall and tight to make the street feeling. empty and unattractive. street feeling, ligaht rail stop accessible to allowing office,-shop,-café Closed facades, especially on street is important especially along the travel more people. or other commercial/public/ level is experienced as uninviting. open window activities to corridors leading to the acces-points. the street level intensifies the Shops on ground level of the build- This improves the “street feeling”, ap- feeling of an urban environ- ings makes streets, places and ment posed to a “road feeling”, decreasing spaces experienced more public, and urban sprawl. it attracts activity. By applying galleries on the outside Within the 300 mtrs radius of the of the facades, and conservatories access point it is strategical to build in between, people living there get tall and tight (high density of business a climatic zone between inside and and housing), to keep the accessibil- outside. ity to many haigh. This can help extract some activity Closer is shorter is more accessible. from the inside, and increase more outside activity. Desification of green zones becomes higher as one travel further out of the The season is 300 circle and into the areas of lower density. extended. laura_ve : MASTER DIPLOMA PROJECT _ (y)our alternative legacy WERGELAND-BERGEN exhibition photos
  14. 14. UTSTILLINGS PLANSJER FOR URBAN PLAN SURFACE WATER TREATMENT FOREST GARDENS & FOREST GARDEN: Dealing with water on the surface adds “URBAN WILDS” SEVEN LEVEL BENEFICIAL GUILD. qualities to the urban, rurban and rural 1.CANOPY (LARGE FRUIT & NUT TREES) environment. 2. LOW TREE LAYER (DWARF FRUIT TREES) Green roofs, wetlands and permeable Blueberries, strawberries, 3. SHRUB LAYER ( CURRANTS & BERRIES) surfaces filters the water before it enters raspberries, blackberries, 4. HERBACEOUS ( COMFREYS, BEETS, HERBS) streams and ponds/lakes. 5. RHIZOSPHERE ( ROOT VEDGETABLES) Surroundings like this also helps fight hazelnuts, rhubarb, mountain urban heat island effect in the grey 6. SOUIL SURFACE ( GROUND COVER, EG, STRAWBERRY, cranberries, wild garlic... ETC.) environment of the city. 7. VERTICAL LAYER (CLIBERS, VINES) In an urban gardening environment, surface water installations can also work Forest gardens and urban wilds for irrigation of gardens and fields. gives us the opportunities to harvest berries, fruits and nuts, and it attracts birds and insects away from the crops in the gar- dens, public agro-parks and the production fields. forest garden zones in the urban plan laura_ve : MASTER DIPLOMA PROJECT _ (y)our alternative legacy WERGELAND-BERGEN exhibition photos
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