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Rights and Duties


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Rights and Duties

  1. 1. Rights and DutiesCode of Ethics
  2. 2. Rights• legal, social, or ethical principles of freedomor entitlement• what is allowed of people or owed to people,according to some legal system, socialconvention, or ethical theory• Effect or consequence of the law
  3. 3. Duties• moral commitment to someone or something• root idea of obligation to serve or givesomething in return• committed to the cause involve even if itrequires sacrifice• restriction of free will through the prescriptionof the law• ought but not a must
  4. 4. Rights and Duties• Correlative with each other– If someone has a right, someone else have to theduty to bestow it• Rights and Duties are balanced there can be aharmonious life
  5. 5. Division of Rights• Law– Natural - own of virtue in the conditions of nature• Right to life, health, body, metal integrity– Positive - conferred on person by ordinance of legitimateauthority• Rights of labor and industry, right of inheritance and contracts• Origin– Connatural - right of man because of his nature as a person• Right to marry, right of parents over children– Acquired - right obtained through a mans specific actionsof his behalf• Right to property, right to house or car
  6. 6. • Subject– Public - right of private person against the state which end in commongood• Right not to be condemned without due process of the law, right of unfairconfiscation– Private - right of private person against private person which end inindividual good• Right between employer and employee• Connection with the subject– Inalienable - cannot be transferred because it is necessary for thefulfilment of mans purpose of being and essential duties• Right to life , liberty of conscience– Alienable - can be transferred because its not essential in humannature• Right to marry, free speech
  7. 7. • Connection to physical force– Perfect – based on commutative justice that one may result to physicalforce to exact it• Right to the possession and use of one’s property– Imperfect – based on virtue that one may resort to physical force toexact it• Right of a man to his wife affection, parent to the love of their children• Relation to civil law– Moral – based on moral laws– Legal – enforced by civil authorities• Object– Real – entitles person power over his own possession– Personal – entitles person power to exact something from anotherperson
  8. 8. Human Rights• Individual• Others to Family• Others to its Domestic Affairs• Others as a member of InternationalCommunity
  9. 9. The Rights of the Human Person• The right to life and bodily integrity from themoment of conception, regardless of physical ormental condition, except in just punishment ofcrime• The right to serve and worship God in private andin public• The right to religious formation througheducation and association• The right to personal liberty under just law• The right to the equal protection of just lawregardless of sex, nationality, color or creed
  10. 10. • The right of freedom of expression of informationand of communication in accordance with truthand justice• The right to choose and freely maintain a state oflife, married or single, lay or religious• The right to education suitable for themaintenance and development of mans dignity asa human person• The right to petition the government for redressor grievances• The right to a nationality
  11. 11. • The right of access to the means of livelihood, bymigration when necessary• The right of association and peaceable assembly• The right to work and choose one’s occupation• The right to personal ownership, use and disposalof property, subject to the rights of others and tolimitations on the interest of the general welfare• The right to a living wage
  12. 12. • The right to a collective bargaining• The right to associate by industries andprofessions to obtain economic justice and thegeneral welfare• The right to assistance from society, ifnecessary from the state, in distress of personor family
  13. 13. The Rights Pertaining to the Family• The right to marry, establish a home andbeget children• The right to economic security sufficient forthe stability and independence of the family• The right to the protection of maternity• The right to educate children• The right to maintain, if necessary by publicprotection and assistance, adequate standardsof child welfare within the family circle.
  14. 14. • The right to assistance, through communityservices in the education and care of thechildren• The right to housing adapted to the needs andfunctions of family life• The right to immunity of a home to search andtrespass• The right to protection against immoralconditions in the community
  15. 15. The Domestic Rights of State• The right to enact just laws binding in conscience• The right to establish courts of justice and toenforce the observance of law with adequatesanctions• The right to demand of its citizens respect for theright of minorities• The right to tax by adequate and equitable meansin order to carry out its proper functions• The right to exercise eminent domain whendemanded by the common welfare
  16. 16. • The right to require that its people receive andeducation suitable for citizenship• The right to defend itself against domestic violence• The right to watch over, stimulate, restrain, and orderthe private activities of individuals and groups in thedegree that is necessary for the common good• The right to regulate operations of internationaleconomic groups functioning within its ownboundaries• The right to adopt in time of emergency specialmeasures necessary for the common good
  17. 17. The Rights of States in theInternational Community• The right to exist as a member of international communityand to be protected in its national life and integrity againstacts of aggression by any other state or states• The right to independence in the determination of its owndomestic and foreign policies in accordance with theprinciples of morality and subject to the obligations ofinternational law• The right to juridical equality with other states in the familyof nations• The right to membership in the organized internationalcommunity and to the benefits of international cooperation• The right to the assistance of international community insecuring the fulfilment in the terms of a just treaty
  18. 18. • The right to obtain from the international communityredress of grievances arising from unjust treaties imposedby force• The right to the revision of treaties which are no longer inaccord with fundamental justice• The right to recourse to the procedures of pacificsettlement established by the international community fordisputes which diplomatic negotiations have failed to settle• The right to maintain political, economic and socialintercourse with other states upon equal terms• The right to access, upon equal terms, to the markets andraw materials of the world necessary for its own life as apeople
  19. 19. • The right to protect its own natural resourcesand economic life from unjust exploitation• The right to the assistance of the internationalcommunity in time of economic or socialdistress• The right to grant asylum to refugees frominjustice