Bullying, Is Still a Big Problem
A Research Study Presented to the Faculty of the Basic Education
Department of University of Cebu Lapu-lapu and Mandaue
In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for Research Study of
Luigi M. Langcamon
Darlene P. Enderez
School is said to be the place where children learns and molds
themselves into someone they wanted to be. But that is not the only
luxury that schools can give, they can also be a battlefield, a place of
survival some may seem, where the famous and beautiful are
honored and respected while the poor little once are bullied.
Bullying is a big problem now in our society and what’s
alarming is the breeding ground of this plague is our school. Our very
own second home is the ground for bullies. But before we trigger into
the problem let us first define what a bully is. According to the New
Webster’s Dictionary of the English Language, a bully is “someone
who enjoys oppressing others weaker than himself”. There are
different factors that may affect a person’s behavior it may be caused
by its environment, history and other related matters. And one of the
main factors of this change is caused by bullying, it may depress
someone thus making his/her self-esteem degrades. Nowadays, we
must not seem to notice events such as bullying but some incidents
must be as vivid as crystals, we can’t just identify if it is already an act
of bullying or just another forms of it.
We as students undergo same challenges in our daily lives and
experienced bullying at the same time. Bullying must be stop. ‘But
how?’ What makes a child a bully? How can we overcome bullying?
These questions are the main reasons of our study. And the answers
are soon to be found.
i. Background of the Study
Bullying is all about behavior, how a person interacts and
behaves. Let us first dig into the early ideas about behavior.
“From earliest times, people have sought to explain behavior
and to find remedies for behavior disorders. Archeological evidence
shows that Stone Age people engage in a practice called ‘trephining’
To cure behavior disorders. Trephining involved chipping away a hole
in the disturbed person’s skull to allow the evil spirits inside to
escape. This might have actually cured some types of disorders by
relieving pressure on the brain. Some trephined skulls show growth
over the wound indicating that some people miraculously survived
this treatment” (Rayland, R.G. Invitation to Psychology, 2002)
Even thousands of years ago behavior is one of the most
mysterious aspects of the human composition. It does affect
everything and anyone around you. Bullying may not be considered a
serious mental disorder rather it is a rude or unacceptable actions
towards others that may cause physical or emotional pressure
towards the victim. Bullies are people who have their reasons too;
they may have undergone the same problem and just trying to repeat
it to avenge them. Or they may have other factors that turned them
into a dark shade. This hypothesis of ours will soon be a fact as soon
as we have proven it and finished our study.
ii. Statement of the Problem
Bullying still appears to be a big hindrance to one’s emotional
growth. Hence, it also affects the victim physically.
These following questions aim to support this topic:
1. What is bullying?
2. What are the possible reasons of bullying?
3. What type of people is directly affected by bullying?
4. What are the effects of this to one’s individual growth?
(emotional and physical growth)
5. How does it affect our community and society?
6. What are the possible ways to stop bullying in the
community or society?
iii. Significance of the Study
Students nowadays are emotionally imbalanced; they tend to
be easily affected by the people around them. We are teenagers and
we are still in a process of “metamorphosis”. We are affected by
several matters, this matters serves to greatly affect our growth.
The importance of this study is for us to understand the
collected information on the main reason of why students most
especially teens bully each other. We are also looking at the big
picture of how great this bullying thing affects the attitude of the
student and affect to their whole emotional growth. At the same time
we are aiming to know how to stop or lessen this plague – in school
and soon in the community.
iv. Scope and Limitation
Bullying is still a big problem in our community – especially
school. In fact, the rate of students being bullied in school is getting
higher and higher every year. 6 out of 10 students are confirmed to
be a bully. They just don’t notice it but their jokes and the way they
speak is a kind of another way of bullying – verbal bullying.
This study directly involves bullies and those who are bullied.
This study aims to deepen our knowledge on why and how bullies act
that way. This will help us understand them and in the same time,
help them as well through giving care, love and attention. The
researchers surveyed 25 students (high school) of University of Cebu
Lapu-lapu and Mandaue to know how many students have been
bullied and is presently being bullied.
v. Definition of Terms
Bullying is said to have a long term effect on its victim. This
study helps the victim to be knowledgeable about the bullies. To
further more understand about the contents of this research paper,
here are some key words to help you out:
Ω Bullying – the process of intimidating or mistreating
somebody weaker or in a more vulnerable situation
Ω Bully – an aggressive person who intimidates or mistreats
Ω Behavior - the way in which somebody behaves
Ω Metamorphosis – A marked change in appearance,
character, condition, or function.
Ω Trephining – to remove a circular section from a bone,
especially the skull, or from corneal tissue with a trephine
Ω Verbal Bullying – using words or language, especially to
II. Review of Related Literature
Bullying and harassment are not new issues that students and
schools face. In fact, over the years it has been viewed as being so
common place in schools that it has been overlooked as a threat to
students and reduced to a belief that bullying in a development stage
that most youth will experience then get over (Ross, 2002, p.107)
This harassment is not isolated to schools alone. But schools
are the best place to actively intervene. Teachers, administrators,
counselors, and even students have the greatest access to the most
students through a school system. It is here that school staff can
intervene, support and educate students about ending bullying
behaviors directly and indirectly; breaking the bullying cycle. This
paper will address bullying in general at all grade levels, but its
intervention focus will be at the high school level. (Harris and
Hathorn, 2002, p.50)
According also to Harris and Hathorn, “Because adolescence is
a difficult time in child’s maturation, bullying exacerbates these
difficult times by forming barriers to positive connections with other
students and school faculty members. Consequently, the presence of
bullying at school often creates a barrier for young people to develop
into well-adjusted adults.
High school is the last opportunity educators have to work with
students at building character for some students this may be the last
opportunity for an intervention to change behaviors, before they
become adults in the workplace, with a family in the community at
This study involves about the behavior of a bully and how it
affects its peers, this study furthermore dig into the world of bullies
and victim and to know ‘what are the factors that affect a bully to hurt
This study is conducted at the University of Cebu Lapu-lapu
and Mandaue and is located in A.C. Cortes Ave., Looc,
Mandaue City. The researchers are conducting the research in the
Basic Education Department High school only.
Data Gathering Plan
The researchers decided to have a survey on the actions
of the chosen respondents. The survey will verify our conclusions and
furthermore makes complimentary conclusions. We will furthermore
analyze and conclude with supporting details.
Rayland R. G. Invitation to Psychology (2002)
Harris & Hathorn. Invitation to Psychology. p.50 (2002)
Ross. Invitation to Psychology. p.107 (2002)
Lexicon International Publishing. The New Webster’s Dictionary
of the English Language (2004)