Key Points of TheoryThe cognitivist model basically disputes that the “black box”of the mind should be opened and understood. The student islooked at as an information processor (like a computer).Behaviorism was traded for the new cognitivist model in the1960’s. Cognitivism focuses on the inner mental activities.Opening the “black box” of the human mind is valuable andnecessary for understanding how people learn.People are not programmed lab rats that merely respond toenvironmental stimuli; however, people are rational beingsthat require active participation in order to learn, and whoseactions are a consequence of thinking. Changes in behaviorare observed, but only as an indication of what is occurring inthe learner’s head. Cognitivism uses the metaphor of themind as computer: information comes in, is beingprocessed, and leads to certain outcomes.
Key Points of 9 Events of Instruction1. Gain attention of the learners…2. Inform learners of the objective…3. Stimulate recall of prior learning…4. Present the stimulus or lesson…5. Provide learning guidance and instruction…6. Elicit performance…7. Provide Feedback…8. Assess performance…9. Enhance retention and transfer…
Classroom ImplicationsTeacher: This theory provides aframework for the instructor with andwithout technology.Students: This theory presentsinformation in a sequential order to thestudents in a way to improve theirinternal process of learning.
Classroom Implications (cont.)This theory creates a greatframework, however it assumes thatthe learners are passive.But, overall I think it would be aninteresting and good theory to practicefor my classroom with technology-enriched lesson plans.
Creditshttp://www.learning-theories.com/cognitivism.htmlIntegrating Technology and DigitalMedia in the Classroom (6th Edition)(Shelly, Gunter, Gunter)(I.V.A. Presentation)Microsoft Clip Art