Wake up

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What is the most important thing for preschool aged children to learn? Reading or integrity? Arithmetic or godliness? "Wake Up and Small the Crayons" looks at how a child develops and how to teach important character qualities.

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Wake up

  1. 1. Wake Up and Smell the Crayons Susan K. Stewart
  2. 2. <ul><li>School readiness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“… social, mental, and physical skills that prepare them for classroom learning …” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School Readiness: What Matters Most </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rand Review, Fall 2004 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Universal Preschool in California Creates Benefits that Surpass Cost </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Our analysis shows that an investment in universal preschool in California would provide a net economic benefit to the state.” </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><ul><li>“ An increasing number of children suffer a ‘character disturbance’, emotional detachment and uncomfortable inner rage, and its origins can be traced to disruptions in parent-infant bonding.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Assault on Parenthood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dana Mack </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Birth through two years <ul><li>Physical Growth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Holding head </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlling arms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sitting up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crawling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Walking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Half adult height </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Listens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Babbles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Starts a few words </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smiles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Responds to people </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Three Year Olds <ul><li>Physical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Active, Active, Active </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Short attention span </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ God put the wiggle in, don’t you dare take it out.” Henretta Mears </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Movement is one of the most important components of learning.” Maria Montessori </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very verbal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Why? No. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pretend </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Copy and imitate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plays next to other children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appear to be outgoing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop bonding relationships </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Four Year Olds <ul><li>Physical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More physical control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Still moving </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Read” books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Write” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Play with others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bossy </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><ul><li>“ Do not feel that you must teach your preschooler to read.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Try not to feel that you as a parent ‘ought’ to be doing something special about your child’s intellectual life.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ And here is where all too many parents make that fatal mistake, …. They start their child too soon.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your Four-Year-Old, Wild and Wonderful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dr. Louise Bates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gesell Institute of Human Development </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Gender Differences <ul><li>Girls </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sit to do seatwork sooner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth spurts earlier </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Boys </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tend to be more active </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Later growth spurts </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Child Development and Learning <ul><li>Children learn best when their physical needs are met and they feel psychologically safe and secure </li></ul><ul><li>Children construct knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Children learn through social interaction with other adults and other children </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Children learn through play </li></ul><ul><li>Children’s interest and “need to know” motivate learning </li></ul><ul><li>Human development and learning are characterized by individual variation </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Opportunities for children to learn out of school </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for adults to serve as role models </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for children to become involved with and contribute to the community. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>85% of adult personality is formed by age six </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Character </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spiritual </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Character Development <ul><li>Love </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learned in the family </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Help </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Help at home </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sharing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An act of kindness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Children are naturally self-centered </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Giving </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Charitable activities </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Social Skills <ul><li>Social skills are not socialization </li></ul><ul><li>Three-year-olds can learn to shake hands, sit in a restaurant, ask permission to leave a room (Montessori) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Yes, I’m concerned about socialization and that is why I have chosen to educate my children at home. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Spiritual Skills <ul><li>Prayer and/or meditation </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Singing </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>And how from your childhood you have had a knowledge of and been acquainted with the sacred Writings, which are able to instruct you and give you the understanding for salvation which comes through faith in Christ Jesus </li></ul><ul><li>2 Timothy 3:15 (AMP) </li></ul>
  20. 20. Discipline <ul><li>Do it now </li></ul><ul><li>Be consistent </li></ul><ul><li>Watch for negative reinforcement </li></ul><ul><li>Apply the Golden Rule </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t give a choice you don’t mean </li></ul><ul><li>What are triggers? </li></ul>
  21. 21. Curriculum <ul><li>Two-year-olds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crayons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blocks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open & close </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pail, shovel, dirt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mom, Dad, siblings </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Curriculum <ul><li>Three-year-olds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pots & pans, canned goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Begin cutting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sewing cards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obstacle course </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn parents name </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Curriculum <ul><li>Four-year-olds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pencil and paper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Matching games </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Puzzles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maybe computer </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Curriculum <ul><li>Five-year-olds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ We maintain that all too many boys and girls are virtually kidnapped into kindergarten long before they are ready, simply because they have reached some arbitrary legal age.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dr. Louise Bates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dr. Frances Ilg </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><ul><li>“ ‘ Kids who enter kindergarten at age 6 instead of 5 .. Do significantly better on standardized tests, and the gains persist beyond kindergarten .’ “ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ashlesha Datar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RAND Associate </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>“ Keep those pencils out of their hands and workbooks off their desks as long as you can,” </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Louise Bates </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Frances Ilg </li></ul>
  27. 27. Curriculum <ul><li>Six-years-old </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sort laundry (math) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Watch grass grow (science) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read aloud </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Write name (language) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set the table (math) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Go outside (P.E.) </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. What To Do With Baby <ul><li>It’s your school </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Informal learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourages independent learning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Newborns </li></ul><ul><li>Naps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One-on-one time </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>Read. Read. Read. </li></ul><ul><li>Involve older children </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Read </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make up stories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Practice flash cards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teach a younger child </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Games and puzzles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scrabble, Monopoly, Concentration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make shape puzzles </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>School Kit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crayons, paints, small toys </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Let everyone watch </li></ul>
  31. 31. Activities for the Family <ul><li>Local trips </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Zoo, pet store, fish store </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pick your own farms </li></ul><ul><li>Plays, concerts, museums </li></ul><ul><li>Scrapbooks </li></ul>
  32. 32. Ideas From Moms <ul><li>Carry along shapes and colors </li></ul><ul><li>White boards </li></ul><ul><li>Magnet letters </li></ul><ul><li>Paper on wall or table </li></ul><ul><li>Toe painting in bathtub </li></ul><ul><li>Take school outside </li></ul>

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