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The China factor in US alliances in East Asia and the Asia Pacific 1

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What are China’s perception and concerns regarding the US alliance system as a whole and regarding specific bilateral military alliances of the US?
What is the China’s place in the US worldview after cold war ?
What are the view of US allies regarding China?
What are the changes in the perception of China regarding the future alliance development in after math of post 9/11 incident ?

Published in: News & Politics
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The China factor in US alliances in East Asia and the Asia Pacific 1

  1. 1. Review of the article The China factor in US alliances in East Asia and the Asia Pacific 1 Allen San Pablo-Baviera Slides prepared by: Shree Krishna Silwal 10/21/2014
  2. 2. Main theme of Article 1. What are China’s perception and concerns regarding the US alliance system as a whole and regarding specific bilateral military alliances of the US? 2. What is the China’s place in the US worldview after cold war ? 3. What are the view of US allies regarding China? 4. What are the changes in the perception of China regarding the future alliance development in after math of post 9/11 incident ?
  3. 3. Topics included • Main arguments • Critical views. • Conclusion.
  4. 4. What is Alliance? • A union or association formed for mutual benefit, especially between countries or organizations. • A relationship based on similarity of interests, nature, or qualities.
  5. 5. US Allies in East Asia and Asia-Pacific
  6. 6. China’s view of US alliances. • China’s attitude towards the US alliance system had always been pragmatic. • Though there was a close strategic and security cooperation between them during the cold war period, the Sino-US relation has deteriorated after the end of cold war.
  7. 7. Contd.. • China’s human right situation, military modernization, weapons sale to countries perceive as hostile to the US, provision of missile technology to some developing countries, irredentist claim over Taiwan and the South China sea are the issues for which China has been highly criticized by the US and its allies.
  8. 8. Contd.. • China also regards some of the activities of Washington as a challenge. The policy of George W. Bush in 2001 to take any measures to defend Taiwan and military sales to Taiwan is taken as a violation of the one China policy. Similarly, on Tibet issue, China regards the involvement of the US as interference in its internal affairs.
  9. 9. What is the China’s place in the US worldview after cold war ? • It seems that the US has not taken decision whether to consider China as a ‘strategic partner’ or ‘a strategic competitor’. • It may be due to the clashes of ideologies between them regarding the liberal values, market economy and democracy.
  10. 10. Contd.. • China has been put forward as a new threat to peace and stability in the Asia-Pacific region at least prior to 9/11 as it has emerged as a rising and dissatisfied power and huge critic of US foreign policy on the issues of intervention and unilateralism
  11. 11. What are the view of US allies regarding China? • The allies of US view China differently but most of them consider China as a possible threat to the smaller and weaker neighbors and there is a self- fulfilling prophecy called ‘China Threat Theory’ which is growing stronger. • Among Washington allies, the most committed one who has agreed to defend Taiwan against the use of force by China and who is much more concerned about the growing military potential is Australia.
  12. 12. Contd.. • The attitude of Japan towards China has long been dominated by historical and cultural factors. The territorial law passed by China which included the Senkakus and conductive nuclear weapons test has alarmed Japan and she regards China as her threat. • For Philippines, the occupation of Mischief Reef and the increased presence of Chinese naval vessels in its claimed waters posed a threat.
  13. 13. Contd.. • Regarding the South East Asia’s the major concern about China is the territorial and maritime disputes in the South China sea and the power projection in the maritime arena. • But all claimants do not wish to drag the US to resolve the issue. South-East Asian nations like Malaysia, Indonesia agrees to find solution through bilateral means. • Even Vietnam who have waged war against China do not openly support US involvement and has preferred to focus on bilateral negotiations.
  14. 14. Contd.. • The neutrality of the ASEAN nations can be seen during the Chinese use of force against Taiwan, in which they even do not support for the US action of sending in its aircraft carriers. • The assistance packages provided by China during financial and economic crisis of 1997 to Indonesia and Thailand helped to change the image of China as a potential economic threat to a potential benefactor. • Although US allies see China as a possible threat but ‘new security concept’ of China has emerged and paved a way to mitigate conflicts through peaceful consultations and cooperative security.
  15. 15. The 9/11 after math • Prior to 9/11, China was taken as a serious rising threat but post 9/11 has altered the situation and that also implies to relation between US and China . • One school of thought view this incident have helped China as it draws away the attention of the US and its allies and the international community as a whole from the ‘China threat’. • And the detention facilities in Guantanamo for suspected terrorist has brought the US under criticism and this has put less pressure to China from the West.
  16. 16. Contd.. • However, the legitimization of the US global leadership and strengthening the hegemonic position of US has created a possibility of encirclement of China with the Asia.
  17. 17. Critical views- China factor won’t make it next super power 1. ’China threat’ among the US allies is due to the greater number of military force but it is untested one and hasn't fought a major campaign since a disastrous war with Vietnam in 1979. 2. China’s role in alliance formation with countries of Asia eg.Russia, Japan, its role as an observer in SAARC, ASEAN +3 and BRICS is limited in economy dimension rather than other dimensions.
  18. 18. Contd.. 3. China has not been able to influence its neighboring countries through the use of soft power (culture, language, values) and hence weakening its impact on the global arena. 4. The ‘new seurity concept’ put forward by China to avoid the security dilemma and the CPC’s focus on China’s national rejuvenation following a realist notion seems contradictory .
  19. 19. Contd.. 5. The China factor is still evolving. Though the ideology and political culture is unique in itself it has not been a favored one by the East Asian and South-East Asian nations leaving some exceptions.
  20. 20. Contd.. • 6. Though the emergence of the String of Pearls (the network of Chinese military and commercial facilities and relationships along its sea lines of communication ) is an indication of China’s growing geopolitical influence, but the encirclement of China by US allies is still prevalent and difficult to penetrate through.
  21. 21. conclusion • The China Factor is definitely came into play after 9/11 and grows even more after the financial crisis of 2008 . Though it might surpass the US in economy in near future, it would be too soon to make a conclusion that China is next super power. • A truly strategic partnership between countries of Asia is needed • A cooperative method It will have to be followed toward removing the bases for strategic mistrust. • Beyond that an inclusive and effective provisions for regional security needed to reinforce for building peace and security.

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