Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Introduction
     to
 Apologetics:
Defending the Faith

    Stephen Russell
Why was Jesus born?
John 18:37
Then Pilate said to him, quot;So you are a king?quot;
Jesus answered, quot;You say that I am a king. For
this p...
John 18:38


 Pilate said to him,
quot;What is truth?quot;
Defining Truth:


2 Kinds of Truth
Subjective Truth
Objective Truth
Objective Truth
            =
That which corresponds to
        reality
Two Objections
      to
Objective Truth
Truth is Relative


Each person or group determines for
themselves what is true or not true.
Truth Does Not Exist
              (or cannot be known)

Agnostic approach: We each have inherent
cultural, historical, an...
Importance of Objective Truth
How do we gain knowledge?
Observation

Separating what is true from what is false

(Relies on notion that some things are ...
Law of Non-Contradiction


     ¬(P ⋀ ¬P)
Poisonous?
What do you call someone who
disregards these rules for gaining
           knowledge?
Physical

Spiritual

 Moral
What happens when Truth is
       discarded?
th
December 5 , 2007
Omaha, Nebraska




8 murdered, 5 wounded, 1 suicide
Quote from friend:

“I don't think any less of him for it. He wasn't
doing it for fun, he just wanted to go out in
style.”
Barna Survey:

Moral Truth     All    18-35   36-55   56+    born again   non born-again
is unchanging   22%    14%     33...
Barna Survey:

Moral Truth        All           Born Again   non-born again
is unchanging      6%               9%        ...
How Did We Get Here?
John 3: 19-21
And this is the judgment: the light has come into the
world, and people loved the darkness rather than
the l...
Rejection of Objective Truth
             =
 Rejection of Moral Truth
Rejection of Moral Truth
            =
  Moral Relativism
2 Kinds of Moral Relativism
We Decide
(a.k.a. cultural relativism)
sidebar:

Does the fact that something is
legal, make it right?
Problems with “We Decide”
Who decides?

      Discontinuity of Standards

           Disagreement between cultures
I Decide
(a.k.a. Subjectivism)
Ultimate Result of Moral
      Relativism:
7 Flaws of Relativism*




                   * Gregory Koukl
1. Relativists can't...


...accuse others of wrongdoing
2. Relativists can't...


...complain about the problem
            of evil
3. Relativists can't...


...place blame or accept praise
4. Relativists can't...


...make charges of unfairness or
           injustice
5. Relativists can't...


...improve their morality
6. Relativists can't...


...hold meaningful moral
        discussions
7. Relativists can't:


...promote the obligation of
         tolerance
Answering those who reject
     objective Truth
Example 1.

Self-Refuting Statements
“His wife has never been married.”

“There are no absolutes.”

“No one knows what the truth is.”


“Who are you to tell so...
Example 2.

Law Breakers
“Truth is relative.”

“Just because it's true for you
doesn't mean it's true for me.”
Example 3.

Faulty Logic
If there is no truth, there can
be no morality.

They claim it's wrong to be
intolerant.

They claim it's wrong to “impose...
What's at stake?
Romans 2: 8

“But for those who are self-seeking and
who reject the truth and follow evil,
there will be wrath and anger.”
John 8: 31-32

“If you abide in my word, you are truly
my disciples, and you will know the
truth, and the truth will set y...
2 Timothy 2: 24-26
And the Lord’s servant must not be quarrelsome but
kind to everyone, able to teach, patiently enduring
...
During times of universal deceit, telling the
truth becomes a revolutionary act.

                         -- George Orwell
As long as people believe in absurdities,
they will continue to commit atrocities.

                         -- Voltaire
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Introduction to Apologetics - Lesson 2

1,489 views

Published on

Making the case for the existence and importance of objective truth.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Introduction to Apologetics - Lesson 2

  1. 1. Introduction to Apologetics: Defending the Faith Stephen Russell
  2. 2. Why was Jesus born?
  3. 3. John 18:37 Then Pilate said to him, quot;So you are a king?quot; Jesus answered, quot;You say that I am a king. For this purpose I was born and for this purpose I have come into the world— to bear witness to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth listens to my voice.quot;
  4. 4. John 18:38 Pilate said to him, quot;What is truth?quot;
  5. 5. Defining Truth: 2 Kinds of Truth
  6. 6. Subjective Truth
  7. 7. Objective Truth
  8. 8. Objective Truth = That which corresponds to reality
  9. 9. Two Objections to Objective Truth
  10. 10. Truth is Relative Each person or group determines for themselves what is true or not true.
  11. 11. Truth Does Not Exist (or cannot be known) Agnostic approach: We each have inherent cultural, historical, and personal biases and therefore we inject our own views into our supposedly “objective” examinations, thus rendering the real Truth unknowable.
  12. 12. Importance of Objective Truth
  13. 13. How do we gain knowledge? Observation Separating what is true from what is false (Relies on notion that some things are true and some are false)
  14. 14. Law of Non-Contradiction ¬(P ⋀ ¬P)
  15. 15. Poisonous?
  16. 16. What do you call someone who disregards these rules for gaining knowledge?
  17. 17. Physical Spiritual Moral
  18. 18. What happens when Truth is discarded?
  19. 19. th December 5 , 2007 Omaha, Nebraska 8 murdered, 5 wounded, 1 suicide
  20. 20. Quote from friend: “I don't think any less of him for it. He wasn't doing it for fun, he just wanted to go out in style.”
  21. 21. Barna Survey: Moral Truth All 18-35 36-55 56+ born again non born-again is unchanging 22% 14% 33% 24% 32% 15% depends on 64 75 55 61 54 71 the situation don't know 14 11 12 15 14 14 Adults
  22. 22. Barna Survey: Moral Truth All Born Again non-born again is unchanging 6% 9% 4% depends on the 83 76 87 situation don't know 11 15 9 Teens
  23. 23. How Did We Get Here?
  24. 24. John 3: 19-21 And this is the judgment: the light has come into the world, and people loved the darkness rather than the light because their works were evil. For everyone who does wicked things hates the light and does not come to the light, lest his works should be exposed. But whoever does what is true comes to the light, so that it may be clearly seen that his works have been carried out in God.quot;
  25. 25. Rejection of Objective Truth = Rejection of Moral Truth
  26. 26. Rejection of Moral Truth = Moral Relativism
  27. 27. 2 Kinds of Moral Relativism
  28. 28. We Decide (a.k.a. cultural relativism)
  29. 29. sidebar: Does the fact that something is legal, make it right?
  30. 30. Problems with “We Decide” Who decides? Discontinuity of Standards Disagreement between cultures
  31. 31. I Decide (a.k.a. Subjectivism)
  32. 32. Ultimate Result of Moral Relativism:
  33. 33. 7 Flaws of Relativism* * Gregory Koukl
  34. 34. 1. Relativists can't... ...accuse others of wrongdoing
  35. 35. 2. Relativists can't... ...complain about the problem of evil
  36. 36. 3. Relativists can't... ...place blame or accept praise
  37. 37. 4. Relativists can't... ...make charges of unfairness or injustice
  38. 38. 5. Relativists can't... ...improve their morality
  39. 39. 6. Relativists can't... ...hold meaningful moral discussions
  40. 40. 7. Relativists can't: ...promote the obligation of tolerance
  41. 41. Answering those who reject objective Truth
  42. 42. Example 1. Self-Refuting Statements
  43. 43. “His wife has never been married.” “There are no absolutes.” “No one knows what the truth is.” “Who are you to tell someone they're wrong”
  44. 44. Example 2. Law Breakers
  45. 45. “Truth is relative.” “Just because it's true for you doesn't mean it's true for me.”
  46. 46. Example 3. Faulty Logic
  47. 47. If there is no truth, there can be no morality. They claim it's wrong to be intolerant. They claim it's wrong to “impose” your values or beliefs on someone else.
  48. 48. What's at stake?
  49. 49. Romans 2: 8 “But for those who are self-seeking and who reject the truth and follow evil, there will be wrath and anger.”
  50. 50. John 8: 31-32 “If you abide in my word, you are truly my disciples, and you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.” -- Jesus
  51. 51. 2 Timothy 2: 24-26 And the Lord’s servant must not be quarrelsome but kind to everyone, able to teach, patiently enduring evil, correcting his opponents with gentleness. God may perhaps grant them repentance leading to a knowledge of the truth, and they may come to their senses and escape from the snare of the devil, after being captured by him to do his will.
  52. 52. During times of universal deceit, telling the truth becomes a revolutionary act. -- George Orwell
  53. 53. As long as people believe in absurdities, they will continue to commit atrocities. -- Voltaire

×