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[Skolkovo Robotics 2015 Day 1] Kaplan A. Робототехника в нейрореабилитации

Robotics in Neuro-Rehabilitation: Integration with Neurointerfaces

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Robotics in Neuro-Rehabilitation:
Integration with Neurointerfaces
Skolkovo Robotics
International Conference 2015
20-22 March 2015
Alexander Kaplan
Skolkovo Project # 1110034 (InnovoTech Ltd)
Head of Neuro-Computer Interfaces Laboratory
Moscow State University Moscow 119992 Russia
In the United States:
- 1.7 million people living with limb loss.
- 4.7 million people would benefit from an active lower limb
orthosis due to the effects of stroke,
- 1 million post polio,
- 400,000 due to multiple sclerosis,
- 200,000 due to spinal cord injury,
- 100,000 due to cerebral palsy
(Creg, Neri 2008).
The social inquiry for robots in rehabilitation
The field of Robotics in Rehabilitation Engineering officially started with the
research into Powered Human Exoskeleton Devices in the 1960s.
Определение понятий
The Robot Institute of America defined an industrial robot as:
“A re-programmable, multifunctional manipulator designed to
move material, parts, tools or specialized devices through variable
programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks.”
Assistance (1) and Rehabilitation (2) is a new area in
which robots are coming “out of the factory”.
(1) Eating & drinking, Personal hygiene, Work & leisure (video systems, also games),
Mobility (opening doors, windows), General reaching – up to shelves, down to the
floor.
(2) Motor training,
Assistive Robotics
(1) Fixed Site
Operate in a fixed
site
(1) Mobile Robots
Moved
around
from one
location to
another
(1) Wheelchair Mounted
Manipulators
Attached
to a wheelchair
(2)Surgical robots
For patients (1) and for doctors (2)
(2) Roaming robots
give doctors remote access
to hospital patients
(2) Robot for detecting
of abnormal clinical areas
A power-amplifying robotic suit that enables
humans to carry loads of up to 100kg. Developed by
Tokyo-based robot venture Activelink. Dubbed Power
Loader Light, the new model is primarily designed to
boost the power of the legs (by up to 40kg/400N). The
suit itself weighs 38kg, with Activelink saying buyers
can “personalize” it by choosing specific designs or
colors. It’s actually commercially available: pay
$233,000 and one unit is yours.
Assistive Robotics: A power-amplifying robotic suit
EXOATLET —российский экзоскелет. Медицинский
экзоскелет для помощи и реабилитации.
Проект ExoAtlet примет участие в конфенции Skolkovo
Robotics 2015
Prosthetics and
Orthotics
artificial limb; support
part of the body
Rehabilitation Robotics (1st International Conference on
Rehabilitation Robotics 1999 – 9th ICRR 2015)
Robot Mediated Therapy
Passive; Active assisted
Active resisted
Robotics in Special
Needs Education
Telepresence,
motivate therapy,
learning, and play
Robotics in
Communications
Dexter finger spelling,
reading, writing
Anthropomorphic
robot ideomotor
training etc
Ad

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[Skolkovo Robotics 2015 Day 1] Kaplan A. Робототехника в нейрореабилитации

  • 1. http://brain.bio.msu.ru/ Robotics in Neuro-Rehabilitation: Integration with Neurointerfaces Skolkovo Robotics International Conference 2015 20-22 March 2015 Alexander Kaplan Skolkovo Project # 1110034 (InnovoTech Ltd) Head of Neuro-Computer Interfaces Laboratory Moscow State University Moscow 119992 Russia
  • 2. In the United States: - 1.7 million people living with limb loss. - 4.7 million people would benefit from an active lower limb orthosis due to the effects of stroke, - 1 million post polio, - 400,000 due to multiple sclerosis, - 200,000 due to spinal cord injury, - 100,000 due to cerebral palsy (Creg, Neri 2008). The social inquiry for robots in rehabilitation The field of Robotics in Rehabilitation Engineering officially started with the research into Powered Human Exoskeleton Devices in the 1960s.
  • 3. Определение понятий The Robot Institute of America defined an industrial robot as: “A re-programmable, multifunctional manipulator designed to move material, parts, tools or specialized devices through variable programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks.” Assistance (1) and Rehabilitation (2) is a new area in which robots are coming “out of the factory”. (1) Eating & drinking, Personal hygiene, Work & leisure (video systems, also games), Mobility (opening doors, windows), General reaching – up to shelves, down to the floor. (2) Motor training,
  • 4. Assistive Robotics (1) Fixed Site Operate in a fixed site (1) Mobile Robots Moved around from one location to another (1) Wheelchair Mounted Manipulators Attached to a wheelchair (2)Surgical robots For patients (1) and for doctors (2) (2) Roaming robots give doctors remote access to hospital patients (2) Robot for detecting of abnormal clinical areas
  • 5. A power-amplifying robotic suit that enables humans to carry loads of up to 100kg. Developed by Tokyo-based robot venture Activelink. Dubbed Power Loader Light, the new model is primarily designed to boost the power of the legs (by up to 40kg/400N). The suit itself weighs 38kg, with Activelink saying buyers can “personalize” it by choosing specific designs or colors. It’s actually commercially available: pay $233,000 and one unit is yours. Assistive Robotics: A power-amplifying robotic suit EXOATLET —российский экзоскелет. Медицинский экзоскелет для помощи и реабилитации. Проект ExoAtlet примет участие в конфенции Skolkovo Robotics 2015
  • 6. Prosthetics and Orthotics artificial limb; support part of the body Rehabilitation Robotics (1st International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics 1999 – 9th ICRR 2015) Robot Mediated Therapy Passive; Active assisted Active resisted Robotics in Special Needs Education Telepresence, motivate therapy, learning, and play Robotics in Communications Dexter finger spelling, reading, writing Anthropomorphic robot ideomotor training etc
  • 7. Robotic exoskeleton to help rehabilitate disabled people Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2384930/Robotic-exoskeleton-help-rehabilitate-disabled-people-passes-safety-tests--paving-way- sale-UK.html#ixzz3URITR8sE
  • 8. Психическое усилие (намерение) Изменение биопотенциалов Расшифровка намерений Формирование команд для коммуникации Мозг - Принципиальная схема нейроинтерфейса Расшифровка изменений биопотенциалов Процессор Управление манипулятором, протезом и др. A.Kaplan (c) 2014
  • 9. Invasive control of robotic hand Noninvasive control of robot Cooperative “Brain-robot” control of actions Robotic Control for Stroke Rehabilitation Virtual reality cyber space Robotic Hand for finger control by EEG
  • 11. Adaptive brain-machine interface for common use and for the medicine
  • 13. History and Future of Rehabilitation Robotics An Interactive Qualifying Project Report submitted to the Faculty of WORCESTER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Science by Christopher Frumento Ethan Messier Victor Montero Submitted: March 2, 2010 http://www.southampton.ac.uk/mediacentre/news/2011/apr/11_36.shtml Touchy-feely options for stroke rehabilitation Ref: 11/36 05 April 2011 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2pPgBTaYcdc DESIGN AND QUALITATIVE EVALUATION OF TACTILE DEVICES FOR STROKE REHABILITATION G.V. Merrett , C.D. Metcalf*‚, D. Zheng*, S. Cunningham‚, S. Barrow*, S.H. Demain‚