OER in India: Concept to Practice


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The presentation highlights the OER initiatives taking place in India while at the same time tracing the history of evolution of OER and discussing the definition.

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OER in India: Concept to Practice

  1. 1. byDr S K Pulist2013
  2. 2. • To explain the concept of Open EducationalResources (OER)• To trace the evolution of OER• To examine the benefits and challengestowards the development of OER• To enlist the Indian initiatives for developmentof the OER repositories
  3. 3. Defining OER‘materials offered freely and openly to use and adaptfor teaching, learning, development and research’--COL‘teaching, learning, and research resources that residein the public domain or have been released under anintellectual property license that permits their free useand re-purposing by others.--Hewlett Foundation
  4. 4. ‘the materials used to support education that may befreely accessed, reused, modified, and shared whichincludes all those online educational objects whichhelp in acquisition, processing, preservation andretrieval of information at a later stage’-- UNESCOContinued…..Defining OER
  5. 5. Components of OERLearning contentToolsImplementation resources
  6. 6. Open Licensing
  7. 7. Attributes of OERAccess to open content free of charge;Content licensed for re-use without muchrestrictions;Content designed conforming to the opencontent standards and formats; andEducational system/tools/software based onOpen Source softwareGeser (2007)
  8. 8. BenefitsAllows learners more time to interact withthe material,Enhances the learning experience,Enables the learners to use ICT tools,Repository of content accessible onanywhere and anytime basis,--WizIQ (2012)
  9. 9. Benefits …….continuedHelps in peer-to-peer learning,Provides a space for collaborative learning,Helps the students to undertake collaborativeprojects, andEnables the teachers and students to uselectures as ‘flip class’ (Baker, 2000).
  10. 10. Benefits …….continuedMotivate students to participate inpedagogical process,Save on course development cost,Ensure quality content for use in teaching andlearning,Help contributing to the global OERrepository,--Abhi, 2007
  11. 11. Benefits …….continuedCreate ‘community of practice’ and‘community of interest’,Collaborate with experts for development oflearning objects,Test latest technologies for delivering onlineprogrammes, andEnsure continuous development and capacitybuilding of teachers
  12. 12. ChallengesFaculty needs to be supported,Faculty needs to be trained,Copyright and IPR issues,Accessibility of content,Quality control and assurance mechanism,Enhance the availability of content acrossdisciplines ,
  13. 13. Challenges …….continuedPrinted copies of the content on demand,To generate awareness about OER,To ensure 24x7 internet connectivity,To develop OER culture in the organisation atall levels, andMake the funds available for the OERinitiative--COL, 2012
  14. 14. OER Policy IssuesMechanism to share the content during theiremployment with the institution,Whether the content created will form part ofthe job description,Guidelines on use of ICT tools and theirversion control,Guidelines for QA and clearance of copyrightissues for sharing of content under openlicensing.http://www.col.org/resources /publications/Pages/detail.aspx?PID=357
  15. 15. Indian InitiativesA-VIEW (Amrita Virtual Interactive E-learning World)e-GyanKoshFlexiLearnNCERTNIOS-OERNPTELOER4S (Homi Bhabha Centre for Sc Ed.)OSCAR (IIT, Mumbai under Ekalavya Project).Shakshat
  16. 16. http://aview.amrita.ac.in/
  17. 17. http://www.egyankosh.ac.in/
  18. 18. http://www.ignouflexilearn.ac.in/flexilearn/
  19. 19. http://ncert.nic.in/ncerts/textbook/textbook.htm
  20. 20. http://www.nios.ac.in/online-course-material.aspx
  21. 21. http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/
  22. 22. http://www.hbcse.tifr.res.in/research-development/projects/open-educational-resources-for-schools-oer4s
  23. 23. http://oscar.iitb.ac.in/oscarHome.do;jsessionid=71850E51474C038380686931C2F2AB72
  24. 24. http://www.sakshat.ac.in/
  25. 25. Thanks!