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Submitted by
Sourav Kumar
Pradhan
Roll No.-214CH2529
Introduction
Steel Truss Components
Launching Accessories
Assembling & Erection Methodology
Launching Procedure
Laun...
• A truss bridge is a bridge whose load bearing superstructure is composed of a
truss, a structure of connected elements f...
• Bottom Chord
• Bottom Lateral Bracing
• Top Chord
• Top Lateral Bracing
• Vertical Chord
• Diagonal Chord
• Portal Strut...
• Intermediate trestle for launching
• Spreader beam
• Pulling frame
• Lateral guide beam arrangement
• Hold down arrangem...
 
 
 
 
• Temporary trestles are provided for supporting of steel truss during assembling
and launching.
• It is located at beneat...
• Area Levelling
•Erection of Scaffold/Trestles
•Transportation of steel truss
•Lifting of Steel truss accessories/Assembl...
Pier 156-157,Rajouri Garden,Delhi
•Type of Truss- Steel Truss
•Dimension of truss-60 m x 12.5 m x 8.805 m (Tentative)
•Ove...
View of Erected Truss over Pier
1. Temporary supporting trestle – 08 Nos. as required (For supporting Truss)
2. Hillman rollers with 200T capacity – 22 No...
Assembled steel truss before
launching on P157/159
Signaler with
walkie takie and
baton light from
pier cap 157
Steel trus...
After final launching steel
truss on P156Launching of steel truss finished
from P 159 to 157
Wedge locking of
Hillman roll...
•Activation of supports to be checked during launching analysis.
•Launching pressure should not be exceeded 57 kg/m2
durin...
• Locking of Hillman rollers by steel wedges to be checked.
• Steel packing should be provided for OWG at reached pier and...
 Green indicates “ low risk”
 Yellow indicates “moderate
risk”
 Red indicates “ high risk”
 From 1 to 3, it is low ris...
Probability Description
VALUE Status Description
4 Very Likely The event is almost certain to occur and has occurred repea...
Activity
Torqueing & tightening of HSFG nut and bolt
Risk
Fall from height leads to personal injury
People at risk
Workmen...
• Working at Height
• Vehicle plant & Equipment
• Temporary Work Formwork
• Crane Lifting
• Working With Electricity
• Wor...
SL.
NO.
Activity/
Observation
Hazard Risk Involved Probability(P) SEVERITY(S
)
Total Risk Existing Control measure Control...
• Steel truss erection, assembling and launching process includes much more safety precaution. Risk
assessment is necessar...
Steel truss ppt
Steel truss ppt
Steel truss ppt
Steel truss ppt
Steel truss ppt
Steel truss ppt
Steel truss ppt
Steel truss ppt
Steel truss ppt
Steel truss ppt
Steel truss ppt
Steel truss ppt
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Steel truss ppt

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It will give overall idea about launching of steel truss for metro rail.
It will provide safety aspect and HIRA in launching of steel truss

Published in: Engineering
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Steel truss ppt

  1. 1. Submitted by Sourav Kumar Pradhan Roll No.-214CH2529
  2. 2. Introduction Steel Truss Components Launching Accessories Assembling & Erection Methodology Launching Procedure Launching Photos Safety before Launching Safety After Launching Description of Activities Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment Risk Hierarchy Risk Controls HIRA of steel truss Conclusion
  3. 3. • A truss bridge is a bridge whose load bearing superstructure is composed of a truss, a structure of connected elements forming triangular units. • This steel truss is a bridge which connects the viaduct at various locations on special spans where the launching is not possible with the Launching girder and cannot erect any other parts of viaduct spans i.e. I Girder and box girder. • After Railway Board banning use of concrete girders beyond 24.4m spans the railways decided to shift welded girder as good alternative of concrete girder. • The objective is to describe and furnish details of safety in construction of obligatory steel span of (MRTS) crossing of Delhi Metro CC -28.This dissertation work mainly focus on steel truss construction and its safe work procedure, risk assessment and eliminating hazards.The important objective is to keep workmen and engineer out of danger by assessing risk of every activity before and during launching of steel truss.
  4. 4. • Bottom Chord • Bottom Lateral Bracing • Top Chord • Top Lateral Bracing • Vertical Chord • Diagonal Chord • Portal Strut • End Racker • Stringer
  5. 5. • Intermediate trestle for launching • Spreader beam • Pulling frame • Lateral guide beam arrangement • Hold down arrangement • Hillman roller with supporting stool • Strand Jack • Camber Jack
  6. 6.    
  7. 7.  
  8. 8.  
  9. 9. • Temporary trestles are provided for supporting of steel truss during assembling and launching. • It is located at beneath of bottom chord. • Hillman roller of a suitable capacity is fixed on the top of the trestle. • Assembling is done on the heavy duty towers. • First bottom chord members are erected. • Vertical and diagonal members chords are erected. • Splicing is done with the vertical members. • Top horizontal bracing , plan bracing & temporary bracing are erected.
  10. 10. • Area Levelling •Erection of Scaffold/Trestles •Transportation of steel truss •Lifting of Steel truss accessories/Assembly by crane •Load transferring on the trestle from scaffold •Fixing of strands with anchor plates up to spreader beams •Transferring load on Hillman rollers and activation of Hold down arrangement •Lowering of DOCA from steel truss arrangement •Launching work/Operation of pulling frame/Activation of hold down arrangement •Hydraulic Jacks, Shifting and Fixing. •Jack Operation •Traffic Management •Reinforcement Lifting, Shifting & fixing of pre-cast slab. •Concreting by boom placer •De-shuttering
  11. 11. Pier 156-157,Rajouri Garden,Delhi •Type of Truss- Steel Truss •Dimension of truss-60 m x 12.5 m x 8.805 m (Tentative) •Over al depth of the truss-8.8m • Assumed Weight Of Truss- 371 MT •Width of the truss- 12.15m •Thickness of the deck slab- 200m •Length of the truss- 30m •Span Arrangement-60 m Span Location Dimension of Assembled Steel Truss
  12. 12. View of Erected Truss over Pier
  13. 13. 1. Temporary supporting trestle – 08 Nos. as required (For supporting Truss) 2. Hillman rollers with 200T capacity – 22 Nos. as required (For enabling Truss launching) 3. Formwork staging - (For enabling truss and access) 4. Crane with suitable capacity – 01 Nos. (For assembling of Truss) 5. Multi Strand monopull Jack with 1m stroke 50mt capacity– 03 Nos. 6. Pulling strands HTS – 170RM 7. For lowering 200MT double acting jack with locknut arrangement with 200mm stroke – 06 No
  14. 14. Assembled steel truss before launching on P157/159 Signaler with walkie takie and baton light from pier cap 157 Steel truss launching fromT2 to T1 Steel truss launching from pier 157
  15. 15. After final launching steel truss on P156Launching of steel truss finished from P 159 to 157 Wedge locking of Hillman roller Wood Packing
  16. 16. •Activation of supports to be checked during launching analysis. •Launching pressure should not be exceeded 57 kg/m2 during launching. •Alignment & level of truss checked during launching. •Free movement of truss verified. •Safe access provided with hand rail protection along with safety net for trestle. •Availability of steel wedges in supports to be checked. •Vertically checking in intermediate trestles should be checked. •Velocity of wind not exceeding 23 m/s should be verified. •Bottom chord splice plate obstructing Hillman roller should be checked.
  17. 17. • Locking of Hillman rollers by steel wedges to be checked. • Steel packing should be provided for OWG at reached pier and trestle. • Holding down arrangement should be activated. • Level of truss in each supports should be checked. • Velocity of speed not exceeding 24m/s should be verified.
  18. 18.  Green indicates “ low risk”  Yellow indicates “moderate risk”  Red indicates “ high risk”  From 1 to 3, it is low risk.  From 4 to 8, it is moderate risk  From 9 to 16, it is very high level of risk
  19. 19. Probability Description VALUE Status Description 4 Very Likely The event is almost certain to occur and has occurred repeatedly 3 Most Likely The event will probably occur in most circumstances 2 Unlikely The event may occur only in exceptional circumstances 1 Very Unlikely Very unlikely but remotely possible Severity Descriptions VALUE Result of Hazard to Personnel 4 Fatality 3 Reportable Injury or illness resulting in more than 2 days of work / Permanent Total Disability 2 Non-Reportable Lost Time Injury or Illness resulting in less than 2 days off work 1 Injury or illness requiring First Aid treatment.
  20. 20. Activity Torqueing & tightening of HSFG nut and bolt Risk Fall from height leads to personal injury People at risk Workmen/ Rigger Existing Control Measure Rigid, Standard guard rails, mid rails , toe guard and fully boarded 900mm working platform to be provided. Use of PPE s, Work at height permit Probability- 3 Severity- 4 Risk Rating-12(H) Additional control Measure Trained rigger to be deployed, Prestart briefing to be given before starting of work, Close supervision to be ensured. Probability- 1 Severity- 4 Risk Rating-4 (M)
  21. 21. • Working at Height • Vehicle plant & Equipment • Temporary Work Formwork • Crane Lifting • Working With Electricity • Working in OH & UG area • Working adjacent in public area • Environmental Aspects • Personal Protective Equipment
  22. 22. SL. NO. Activity/ Observation Hazard Risk Involved Probability(P) SEVERITY(S ) Total Risk Existing Control measure Control measure to be taken Probability Sever ity Residual Risk 1 Erection of scaffold & trestle Uneven condition of ground surface Collapse of scaffold & trestle 3 4 12(H) Scaffold erected on compacted ground floor Ensure base plate provided Lifting permit to be taken Ground surface to be checked as per drawing Prestart briefing to be given 1 4 4(M) 2 Lifting of steel truss accessories/ assembly by crane Crane toppling Improper positioning of crane leads to collapse and property damage 3 4 12(H) Crane positioned on firm ground surface Authorized riggers to be engaged Green card system followed Daily crane inspection checklist to be followed. Lift plan to be ensured 1 4 4(M) 3 Welding operation of temporary work Improper earthing to the parts to be welded Electrocution, burning of welding cables and fire hazard 3 2 6(L) Return earth given through the welding Hot work permit to be taken Daily operator Checklist to be provided No rebar to used for return lead 1 3 3(L) 4 Launching of steel truss Improper balancing on Hillman roller Tilting of Hillman roller causing damage of rollers 3 3 9(H) Below area is barricaded. Hillman roller area to be checked before erection periodically Rollers to be lubricated before use. No loose material should be kept on top. Pre start briefing 2 1 2(L) 5 Hydraulic jack shifting, fixing & operation, span lowering Leakage of hydraulic fuel Slip hazard 3 4 12(H) Preventive Maintenance Use of PPEs by worker O rings to be checked on periodical basis Workers not to stand below that area 1 2 2(L) 6 Traffic Management Hit by moving Personal 3 4 12(H) Work execute as per traffic management Clear identification of signage 1 4 4(L)
  23. 23. • Steel truss erection, assembling and launching process includes much more safety precaution. Risk assessment is necessary for determining the level of risk in each activity to detect hazard and taking control measures to avoid any incident. • Additional control measures and existing control measure can be modified by following learning by doing procedure. • Awareness regarding safety has been created among staffs, employees and engineers by showing the risk level and their consequences. • Safe working procedure for completing work in safest manner are described in safe work method. • Risk assessment review and update on specific interval is necessary to know the present scenarios. • STOP WORK notice is much more needed when unsafe practices / conditions observed.

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