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Transportation Engineering
Module 1.1
Highway Planning and Development
www.skpatil.com
Dr. S.K. Patil
HOD Civil, Gharda Institute of Technology,
Ratnagiri
Highway Planning and Development
■ Road Classification based on diff criteria
■ Criteria
– Material
– Location & Function
– Traffic Volume
– Economy
– Rigidity
– Topography
– Traffic Type
– Special Roads
www.skpatil.com 2
Highway Planning and Development
■ Road Classification based on
Material
– Earthen Road
■ Local soil
■ Cheapest
■ Low traffic
■ Rural/Country Side
■ Must have good drainage
facility
– Gravel Road
■ Low quality roads
■ Better than Earthen road
■ Compacted mixture of gravel
& soil
– Murum Road
■ Weathered rocks
– Kankar Road
■ Kankar – Impure lime
stone
■ Performance similar to
gravel road
– WBM road
■ Water bound macadam
■ Crushed aggregates @
base
■ Compacted with moisture
■ Layered
– Bituminous Roads
– Concrete Roads
www.skpatil.com 3
■ Bituminous roads
– Popular worldwide in
developing countries
– Low cost
– High Maintenance
– Good driving
performance
– Flexible nature
– Water resistance
■ Concrete roads
– Widely used now a days
– Low maintenance
– High cost
– Used at high traffic
volumes
– Jointed structure
– Time & Construction
www.skpatil.com 4
Highway Planning and Development
■ Road Classification based on
Location & Function
– NH
– SH
– MDR
– ODR
– VR
– Border roads
– International Highways
www.skpatil.com 5
■ National Highways
– Connecting two major
cities
– Running throughout for
length & breadth of
country
– Minimum 2 lanes
– National highway act
1956
– Connects state capitals,
ports & international
highways
– Financed by central Govt
■ State Highways
– Connects state capital
to important cities &
NH
– Financed by State Govt
(PWD)
– Maharashtra has
longest SH in country
– 62% of state highways
found in states MH, MP,
Gujrat, Karnataka &
Rajashtan
www.skpatil.com 6
■ District roads
– Within district
– Connects producer to
market
– Financed by ZP & PWD
– MDR
■ Connects headquarter of
neighboring district with
main parts of districts
– ODR
■ Within district
■ Connects imp places in
district
■ Village roads
– Connecting Villages
– Requested through Gram
Panchayat
– Narrow
– Unsuitable for heavy
traffic
– Weathering difficulty
■ Jawahar Rojgar Yojana
■ PMGSY
– Improvement in rural
transport
– Motto - All weather
roads to all villages
– Villages >500 pop.
■ Pop>250 for
hilly/tribal area
www.skpatil.com 7
■ Border Roads
– Border Roads
Organization 1960
– Strategically Imp roads
– Dokhlam Issue
– Zojila Kargil roads
– Manali- Leh roads
■ International Highways
– Under Agreement with
ESCAP – (Economic &
Social commission on
Asia & Pacific)
Organization
– Connecting neighboring
country
– Financed by world bank
– Loahore-Amritsar-Delhi-
Agra-Kolkata-Golaghat-
Imphal-Mandalya
www.skpatil.com 8
■ Traffic Volume
– Light traffic
■ <400 v/d
– Medium Traffic
■ 400-1000 v/d
– High
■ >1000 v/d
■ Based on Economy
– Low cost
– Medium
– High cost
www.skpatil.com 9
Based on Rigidity
■ Flexible roads
– Bituminous Roads
■ Rigid Roads
– Concrete roads
www.skpatil.com 10
■ Based on Topography
– Plain area roads
■ Level surface
– Hilly region roads
■ Zigzap
■ Based on Traffic type
– Pedestrian/Walkway
– Cycle track
– Motor ways
www.skpatil.com 11
Special roads
■ Arterial road ■ ByPass
■ Ring Road
www.skpatil.com 12
Life's biggest challenge is deciding
what's important ... then
disregarding the rest - Anonymous
I can be reached at
www.skpatil.com
www.skpatil.com 13

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L2 Highway planning and development Unit 1.1

  • 1. Transportation Engineering Module 1.1 Highway Planning and Development www.skpatil.com Dr. S.K. Patil HOD Civil, Gharda Institute of Technology, Ratnagiri
  • 2. Highway Planning and Development ■ Road Classification based on diff criteria ■ Criteria – Material – Location & Function – Traffic Volume – Economy – Rigidity – Topography – Traffic Type – Special Roads www.skpatil.com 2
  • 3. Highway Planning and Development ■ Road Classification based on Material – Earthen Road ■ Local soil ■ Cheapest ■ Low traffic ■ Rural/Country Side ■ Must have good drainage facility – Gravel Road ■ Low quality roads ■ Better than Earthen road ■ Compacted mixture of gravel & soil – Murum Road ■ Weathered rocks – Kankar Road ■ Kankar – Impure lime stone ■ Performance similar to gravel road – WBM road ■ Water bound macadam ■ Crushed aggregates @ base ■ Compacted with moisture ■ Layered – Bituminous Roads – Concrete Roads www.skpatil.com 3
  • 4. ■ Bituminous roads – Popular worldwide in developing countries – Low cost – High Maintenance – Good driving performance – Flexible nature – Water resistance ■ Concrete roads – Widely used now a days – Low maintenance – High cost – Used at high traffic volumes – Jointed structure – Time & Construction www.skpatil.com 4
  • 5. Highway Planning and Development ■ Road Classification based on Location & Function – NH – SH – MDR – ODR – VR – Border roads – International Highways www.skpatil.com 5
  • 6. ■ National Highways – Connecting two major cities – Running throughout for length & breadth of country – Minimum 2 lanes – National highway act 1956 – Connects state capitals, ports & international highways – Financed by central Govt ■ State Highways – Connects state capital to important cities & NH – Financed by State Govt (PWD) – Maharashtra has longest SH in country – 62% of state highways found in states MH, MP, Gujrat, Karnataka & Rajashtan www.skpatil.com 6
  • 7. ■ District roads – Within district – Connects producer to market – Financed by ZP & PWD – MDR ■ Connects headquarter of neighboring district with main parts of districts – ODR ■ Within district ■ Connects imp places in district ■ Village roads – Connecting Villages – Requested through Gram Panchayat – Narrow – Unsuitable for heavy traffic – Weathering difficulty ■ Jawahar Rojgar Yojana ■ PMGSY – Improvement in rural transport – Motto - All weather roads to all villages – Villages >500 pop. ■ Pop>250 for hilly/tribal area www.skpatil.com 7
  • 8. ■ Border Roads – Border Roads Organization 1960 – Strategically Imp roads – Dokhlam Issue – Zojila Kargil roads – Manali- Leh roads ■ International Highways – Under Agreement with ESCAP – (Economic & Social commission on Asia & Pacific) Organization – Connecting neighboring country – Financed by world bank – Loahore-Amritsar-Delhi- Agra-Kolkata-Golaghat- Imphal-Mandalya www.skpatil.com 8
  • 9. ■ Traffic Volume – Light traffic ■ <400 v/d – Medium Traffic ■ 400-1000 v/d – High ■ >1000 v/d ■ Based on Economy – Low cost – Medium – High cost www.skpatil.com 9
  • 10. Based on Rigidity ■ Flexible roads – Bituminous Roads ■ Rigid Roads – Concrete roads www.skpatil.com 10
  • 11. ■ Based on Topography – Plain area roads ■ Level surface – Hilly region roads ■ Zigzap ■ Based on Traffic type – Pedestrian/Walkway – Cycle track – Motor ways www.skpatil.com 11
  • 12. Special roads ■ Arterial road ■ ByPass ■ Ring Road www.skpatil.com 12
  • 13. Life's biggest challenge is deciding what's important ... then disregarding the rest - Anonymous I can be reached at www.skpatil.com www.skpatil.com 13