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### L2 Highway planning and development Unit 1.1

• 1. Transportation Engineering Module 1.1 Highway Planning and Development www.skpatil.com Dr. S.K. Patil HOD Civil, Gharda Institute of Technology, Ratnagiri
• 2. Highway Planning and Development ■ Road Classification based on diff criteria ■ Criteria – Material – Location & Function – Traffic Volume – Economy – Rigidity – Topography – Traffic Type – Special Roads www.skpatil.com 2
• 4. ■ Bituminous roads – Popular worldwide in developing countries – Low cost – High Maintenance – Good driving performance – Flexible nature – Water resistance ■ Concrete roads – Widely used now a days – Low maintenance – High cost – Used at high traffic volumes – Jointed structure – Time & Construction www.skpatil.com 4
• 5. Highway Planning and Development ■ Road Classification based on Location & Function – NH – SH – MDR – ODR – VR – Border roads – International Highways www.skpatil.com 5
• 6. ■ National Highways – Connecting two major cities – Running throughout for length & breadth of country – Minimum 2 lanes – National highway act 1956 – Connects state capitals, ports & international highways – Financed by central Govt ■ State Highways – Connects state capital to important cities & NH – Financed by State Govt (PWD) – Maharashtra has longest SH in country – 62% of state highways found in states MH, MP, Gujrat, Karnataka & Rajashtan www.skpatil.com 6
• 7. ■ District roads – Within district – Connects producer to market – Financed by ZP & PWD – MDR ■ Connects headquarter of neighboring district with main parts of districts – ODR ■ Within district ■ Connects imp places in district ■ Village roads – Connecting Villages – Requested through Gram Panchayat – Narrow – Unsuitable for heavy traffic – Weathering difficulty ■ Jawahar Rojgar Yojana ■ PMGSY – Improvement in rural transport – Motto - All weather roads to all villages – Villages >500 pop. ■ Pop>250 for hilly/tribal area www.skpatil.com 7
• 8. ■ Border Roads – Border Roads Organization 1960 – Strategically Imp roads – Dokhlam Issue – Zojila Kargil roads – Manali- Leh roads ■ International Highways – Under Agreement with ESCAP – (Economic & Social commission on Asia & Pacific) Organization – Connecting neighboring country – Financed by world bank – Loahore-Amritsar-Delhi- Agra-Kolkata-Golaghat- Imphal-Mandalya www.skpatil.com 8
• 9. ■ Traffic Volume – Light traffic ■ <400 v/d – Medium Traffic ■ 400-1000 v/d – High ■ >1000 v/d ■ Based on Economy – Low cost – Medium – High cost www.skpatil.com 9
• 10. Based on Rigidity ■ Flexible roads – Bituminous Roads ■ Rigid Roads – Concrete roads www.skpatil.com 10
• 11. ■ Based on Topography – Plain area roads ■ Level surface – Hilly region roads ■ Zigzap ■ Based on Traffic type – Pedestrian/Walkway – Cycle track – Motor ways www.skpatil.com 11
• 12. Special roads ■ Arterial road ■ ByPass ■ Ring Road www.skpatil.com 12
• 13. Life's biggest challenge is deciding what's important ... then disregarding the rest - Anonymous I can be reached at www.skpatil.com www.skpatil.com 13
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