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2.4 town planning surveys

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2.4 town planning surveys

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Growth pattern of towns Natural and Planned,
Types of zoning and importance,
various road networks(Grid iron pattern, shoe string development,
Surveys for data collection, physical survey, social survey, economic survey, civic survey,
Town aesthetics, landscape architecture,
Rehabilitation of slum and urban renewal,

Growth pattern of towns Natural and Planned,
Types of zoning and importance,
various road networks(Grid iron pattern, shoe string development,
Surveys for data collection, physical survey, social survey, economic survey, civic survey,
Town aesthetics, landscape architecture,
Rehabilitation of slum and urban renewal,

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2.4 town planning surveys

  1. 1. Transportation Engineering – II (Town Planning) 1/7/2018 Prof. S.K. Patil, www.skpatil.com 1 . Course Learning Outcomes: • At the end of this session, the student will be able to explain various data and survey methods employed in town planning Surveys in Town planning
  2. 2. Prof. (Dr.) Sachin Kishor Patil B.E. Civil, M.E. Civil Environmental Engineering, Ph.D. (IIT, Bombay) ❑ Professor & Head of Department ❑ Department of Civil Engineering ❑ AMGOI, Vathar, Kolhapur, MH, India. 1/7/2018 Prof. S.K. Patil, www.skpatil.com 2 Disclaimer and acknowledgment The study material presented by Prof. S K Patil is licensed under The study material presented herewith is web sourced made available for community use under Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 unported License. If you feel the ownership of some of the content, I can acknowledge or remove as the case may be. Permissions beyond the scope of this license can be requested at www.skpatil.com
  3. 3. Surveys 3  Collection of info and data  Geddes- “Survey before plan Principle”/Diagnosis before treatment”  Data as evidence  Cause and need  Inter relation of units  Identification of Evils of town development  Public opinion 1/15/2018Prof.S.K.Patil,www.skpatil.com
  4. 4. Survey types 4  Town/City Survey  Regional Survey  National Survey  Civil Survey 1/15/2018Prof.S.K.Patil,www.skpatil.com
  5. 5. A. Town Survey 5  Survey done at much small scale/Community  Physical Survey  Social Survey  Economic Survey 1/15/2018Prof.S.K.Patil,www.skpatil.com
  6. 6. A. Town Survey - a. Physical 6 a) Physical Survey 1. Natural features like topography, physically difficult land, geology, landscape, soil, Climate data, 2. Land use 3. Physical economic factors like agricultural value of the land, mineral resources and water gathering lands, areas with public services, transportation linkages 4. Conditions of buildings – Life and structural 5. Communication survey by 1. Highways 2. Traffic at junctions 3. Parking 4. Origin and Destination 5. Accident study 1/15/2018Prof.S.K.Patil,www.skpatil.com
  7. 7. A. Town Survey - b. Social 1/15/2018Prof.S.K.Patil,www.skpatil.com 7 b) Social survey  Population  Trends  Characteristics  Migration  Demographics- Age, Education, Variation  Density  Housing  Classes  Height  Materials  Rented/Owned  Community facility  Education  Health  Recreational  Other amusements
  8. 8. A. Town Survey - C. Social 1/15/2018Prof.S.K.Patil,www.skpatil.com 8 b) Economic survey  Occupational- Nature of job  Cultivation/Agri.  Trade  Industry types  Location  Raw materials availability  Workers count  Survey of commerce  Turn over  Goods handled  Transportation used  Utility  Water supply  Drainage  Electricity  Telephone  Street lighting
  9. 9. B. Regional Survey 9 done over a region dealing with  PHYSICAL FACTORS  like topography. physically difficult land, geology, landscape etc.  PHYSICAL ECONOMIC FACTORS  like agricultural value of the land, mineral resources and water gathering lands. areas with public services, transportation linkages etc.  SOCIAL ECONOMIC FACTORS  like areas of influence of towns and villages. employment, population changes etc C. National Survey 1/15/2018Prof.S.K.Patil,www.skpatil.com
  10. 10. D. Civic –Socio-Economic 10 Local level  Physical features  Communication  Traffic  Open spaces  Housing  Population  Health  Landscape  Cultivation  Amenities 1/15/2018Prof.S.K.Patil,www.skpatil.com
  11. 11. Surveying techniques 11  SELF SURVEYS - mailing questionnaires to the to be surveyed persons  INTERVIEWS - by asking questions to the people to be surveyed  DIRECT INSPECTION - when the surveyor himself inspects the situations concerned  OBSERVERS PARTICIPATION - when the observer himself participate in acquiring the data required 1/15/2018Prof.S.K.Patil,www.skpatil.com
  12. 12. Surveying Questionnaire 12  NOMINAL where there is no ordering, like asking of sex, age, employment in any particular service etc.  ORDINAL where there is a specific order of choices like asking of priorities, housing conditions, climate etc.  INTERVAL where an interval of time is given importance like time taken to shift from Lower Income Group (LIG) housing to MIG housing, time interval to change from two wheelers to four wheelers etc. this provides an yardstick of measurements 1/15/2018Prof.S.K.Patil,www.skpatil.com

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