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Multi-Faceted Analysis of Electronic Participation Projects at European Level


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Multi-Faceted Analysis of Electronic Participation Projects at European Level A Systemic Approach presented in METTEG 2008

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Multi-Faceted Analysis of Electronic Participation Projects at European Level

  1. 1. MULTI-FACETED ANALYSIS OF ELECTRONIC PARTICIPATION PROJECTS AT EUROPEAN LEVEL A SYSTEMIC APPROACH Y. Charalabidis, L. Kipenis, S. Koussouris, J. Psarras National Technical University of Athens MeTTeG 2008, 26-Sept-2008
  2. 2. Outline  Introduction  Methodology  Case Study  Conclusions - Future Steps MeTTeG 2008, 26-Sept-2008
  3. 3. eParticipation Why to support it?  eParticipation is gradually proving to be a new way to overcome long-lasting symptoms of democratic deficit in modern societies, such as the declining voter turnout, the reluctance to publicly state one’s opinion, or the diminishing participation in public debate within political parties  The more government realize the importance of public participation, even in this new form, the more they are trying to re-engage citizens in the political processes in order to strengthen democracy. MeTTeG 2008, 26-Sept-2008
  4. 4. Challenges…  The scientific research field of eParticipation is currently rapidly evolving, bringing many new approaches and solutions  But it is also showing the signs of fragmentation and lack of reusability.  It is important to construct and apply a common framework for analysing and assessing eParticipation projects, in order to apply a coordinated steering, so that the same experiments are not revisited. MeTTeG 2008, 26-Sept-2008
  5. 5. New Directions towards a New Analysis Framework  Analysis of the projects is performed by the project responsible themselves and not by external auditors.  Answers provided are selections of pre-existing entries in codified lists.  Automated processing of results, including secondary correlation analysis.  Attention on the subjects of the electronic deliberation, for locating the most “hot” subjects of electronic public debate. MeTTeG 2008, 26-Sept-2008
  6. 6. Methodology MeTTeG 2008, 26-Sept-2008
  7. 7. Project Information Template  General Project Information  Legislative/ Deliberation Process  Implementation approach  Pilot Sites-Main Actors/ Stakeholders  Dissemination Activities MeTTeG 2008, 26-Sept-2008
  8. 8. Predefined Lists MeTTeG 2008, 26-Sept-2008
  9. 9. MOMENTUM Case Study MeTTeG 2008, 26-Sept-2008
  10. 10. Phase of Legislative Process MeTTeG 2008, 26-Sept-2008
  11. 11. Legislation Level  Focus concerning the level of Legislative Process is mainly drawn on EU level, whereas local and national legislation processes are still of a lower interest. MeTTeG 2008, 26-Sept-2008
  12. 12. Means of eParticipation  Projects are focusing on Information Provision and Consultation methods  Opinion Polling, Deliberation and Decision Making are still not in the first line of importance. MeTTeG 2008, 26-Sept-2008
  13. 13. eParticipation Topics  The Environment is the most popular subject  Consumer Protection and Energy issues are also very popular MeTTeG 2008, 26-Sept-2008
  14. 14. Legislative Process and Legislation Phase  Projects that deal with legislation at EU or National level are mainly researching the early stages of legislative process.  Projects that deal with the Legislative Process at Local level are targeting mainly the Formation and the Implementation process. MeTTeG 2008, 26-Sept-2008
  15. 15. Open Source vs Commercial Products  Tools, reported to be used at local level, are mainly commercial products.  Projects that deal with EU or National level issues and that are engaged in the first steps of legislation, promote the use of Open Source products. MeTTeG 2008, 26-Sept-2008
  16. 16. Geographical Span  Countries belonging to the Mediterranean basin, along with the UK and Germany are more deeply involved in eParticipation. MeTTeG 2008, 26-Sept-2008
  17. 17. Conclusions (1/2)  Legislation Phase: Initial legislation phases are mostly targeted. Formation and draft stages are the most common phases focused by most projects.  Level of Participation: EU level is the mostly addressed followed by local/regional level.  Participation Methods: Most projects are focusing on Information Provision and Consultation methods of eParticipation. Opinion Polling, Deliberation and Decision Making are also very popular while Voting, Petition or Mediation are not so common among the projects.  Deliberation Subjects: The most popular theme is Environment, while Consumer Protection and Energy issues are also popular. MeTTeG 2008, 26-Sept-2008
  18. 18. Conclusions (2/2)  Technologies: Web Services are the most widely used technology offerings. Also Electronic mail, File Sharing, Semantic Web Technology and Electronic Services are widely applied in the projects, followed by Argument Visualisation and more complex decision-making.  Tools: Web portals are the most deployed tool while, Consultation Platforms Forums, Deliberative Survey Tools and Weblogs are also important.  Open Source or Commercial Software Applications: Commercial products seem to be slightly more popular than the open source ones.  Geographical Span: The 13 eParticipation projects partners come from 16 countries. Greece and Italy are present in 6 projects. UK, Spain and Germany participate in 5 projects. MeTTeG 2008, 26-Sept-2008
  19. 19. Future Steps  Further automation of the input, processing and presentation of the results, with the use of standardised metadata structures.  Structuring the various lists of values (methods, subjects, technologies, tools, etc) into a formal ontology, that will allow deepening of the understanding in the domain.  Continuation of the correlation analysis, to identify important “hidden” aspects within the eParticipation projects.  Incorporation of needed facets, indicators and metrics for performing impact analysis of eParticipation project. MeTTeG 2008, 26-Sept-2008
  21. 21. MOMENTUM MeTTeG 2008, 26-Sept-2008