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Efek rumah kaca

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Efek rumah kaca

  1. 1. Efek Rumah Kaca
  2. 2. Pengertian Efek Rumah Kaca Ef e k r u ma h k a c a , y a n gp e r t a ma k a l i d i u s u l k a n o l e hJ o s e p h Fo u r i e r p a d a 1824,me r u p a k a n p r o s e s p e ma n a s a np e r mu k a a n s u a t u b e n d al a n g i t (t e r u t a m a p l a n e t a t a us a t e l i t ) y a n g d i s e b a b k a no l e h k o mp o s i s i d a n k e a d a a na t mo s f e r n y a . Ma r s , V e n u s , d a nb e n d a l a n g i t b e r a t mo s f e rl a i n n y a (s e p e r t i s a t e l i ta l a mi Sa t u r n u s , Ti t a n )me mi l i k i e f e k r u ma h k a c a .
  3. 3. Su h u d i d a l a m r u ma hk a c a l e b i h t i n g g id a r i p a d a d i l u a r r u ma hk a c a . Ha l i n id i k a r e n a k a nd i k a r e n a k a n c a h a y ama t a h a r i y a n g me n e mb u sk a c a a k a n d i p a n t u l k a nk e mb a l i o l e h b e n d a -b e n d a d i d a l a m r u a n g a nk a c a s e b a i g e l o mb a n gp a n a s y a n g b e r u p a s i n a ri n f r a me r a h , t a p ig e l o mb a n g p a n a s
  4. 4. Mekanisme Terjadinya Efek Rumah Kaca Pr o s e s t e r j a d i n y a e f e k r u ma hk a c a i n i b e r k a i t a n d e n g a n d a u ra l i r a n p a n a s ma t a h a r i . Ku r a n gl e b i h 30% r a d i a s i ma t a h a r i y a n gme n c a p a i t a n a h d i p a n t u l k a nk e mb a l i k e a n g k a s a d a n d i s e r a po l e h u a p , g a s k a r b o n d i o k s i d a ,n i t r o g e n , o k s i g e n , d a n g a s -g a s l a i nd i a t mo s f e r . Si s a n y a y a n g 70%d i s e r a p o l e h t a n a h , l a u t , d a n a wa n .Pa d a ma l a m h a r i t a n a h d a n b a d a na i r i t u r e l a t i f l e b i h h a n g a td a r i p a d a u d a r a d i a t a s n y a . En e r g iy a n g t e r s e r a p d i r a d i a s i k a nk e mb a l i k e a t mo s f e r s e b a g a ir a d i a s i i n f r a me r a h , g e l o mb a n g
  5. 5. E f e k p e n g h a n g a t a n i n id i k n a l e s e b a g a i e f e k r u ma hk a c a .S e d a n g k a n p r o s e ss e c r a a s i n g k a t n y a y a i t uk e t i k a s i n a r r a d i a s ima t a h a r i me n e mb u s k a c as e b g a i a g e l o mb a n g p e n d e ks e h n g g a p a n a s n y a d i s e r i a p ao l e h b u mi d a n t a n a ma n y a n ga d a d i d a l a m r u ma h k a c at e r s e b u t . Un t u ks e l a n j u t n y a , p a n a s t e r s e b u td i r a d i a s i k a n k e mb a l i n a mu nd e n g a n p a n j a n g g e l o mb a n gy a n g p a n j a n g (p a n j a n gg e k l o mb a n g b e r b a n d i n g
  6. 6. Ilustrasi
  7. 7. Penyebab Efek Rumah Kaca• Ef e k r u ma h k a c a d i s e b a b k a n k a r e n a n a i k n y a k o n s e n t r a s i g a s k a r b o n d i o k s i d a (C O 2) d a n g a s -g a s l a i n n y a d i a t mo s f e r . Ke n a i k a n k o n s e n t r a s i g a s CO2 i n i d i s e b a b k a n o l e h k e n a i k a n p e mb a k a r a n b a h a n b a k a r mi n y a k (B B M ), b a t u b a r a d a n b a h a n b a k a r o r g a n i k l a i n n y a y a n g me l a mp a u i k e ma mp u a n t u m b u h a n -t u m b u h a n d a n l a u t u n t u k me n g a b s o r b s i n y a .• En e r g i y a n g ma s u k k e b u mi
  8. 8. Selain gas CO2??• S e l a i n g a s C O 2, y a n g d a p a t me n i mb u l k a n e f e k r u ma h k a c a a d a l a h : Su l f u r d i o k s i d a(S O 2), n i t r o g e nmo n o k s i d a (N O ) d a nn i t r o g e n d i o k s i d a (N O 2)s e r t a b e b e r a p a s e n y a wao r g a n i k s e p e r t i g a sm e t a n a (C H 4) d a n k h l o r o
  9. 9. Dampak Efek Rumah Kaca Me n i n g k a t n y a s u h u p e r mu k a a n b u mia k a n me n g a k i b a t k a n a d a n y a p e r u b a h a ni k l i m y a n g s a n g a t e k s t r e m d i b u mi . H a li n i d a p a t me n g a k i b a t k a n t e r g a n g g u n y ah u t a n d a n e k o s i s t e m l a i n n y a , s e h i n g g ame n g u r a n g i k e ma mp u a n n y a u n t u kme n y e r a p k a r b o n d i o k s i d a d i a t mo s f e r .Pe ma n a s a n g l o b a l me n g a k i b a t k a nme n c a i r n y a g u n u n g -g u n u n g e s d i d a e r a hk u t u b y a n g d a p a t me n i mb u l k a n n a i k n y ap e r mu k a a n a i r l a u t . Ef e k r u ma h k a c aj u g a a k a n me n g a k i b a t k a n me n i n g k a t n y as u h u a i r l a u t s e h i n g g a a i r l a u tme n g e mb a n g d a n t e r j a d i k e n a i k a np e r mu k a a n l a u t y a n g me n g a k i b a t k a nn e g a r a k e p u l a u a n a k a n me n d a p a t k a np e n g a r u h y a n g s a n g a t b e s a r .
  10. 10. Pencegahan Efek Rumah KacaPe n a n a ma n s a t u mi l i a r p o h o n p e r t a h u nb i s a me n u r u n k a n e mi s i g a s r u ma h k a c a ,s e h i n g g a t a r g e t 26 p e r s e n p a d a 2020d i h a r a p k a n b i s a t e r c a p a i . Pe n u r u n a ne mi s i g a s r u ma h k a c a (G R K ) s e k i t a r 26p e r s e n p a d a 2020 m e n d a t a n g , a n t a r a l a i nme l a k u k a n u p a y a p e n g e n d a l i a n k e r u s a k a nh u t a n , p e n g g u n a a n e n e r g i d a nt r a n s p o r t a s i , s e r t a p e n g o l a h a n l i mb a h .Pe n u r u n a n g a s r u ma h k a c a d i I n d o n e s i ab i s a d i t u r u n k a n h i n g g a 41 p e r s e n , b i l ame n d a p a t k a n d u k u n g a n d a r i l u a r n e g e r i .Ka l a u a d a d u k u n g a n d a r i l u a r n e g e r i , ma k ap e n u r u n a n e m i s i b i s a b e r t a m b a h 15 p e r s e n ,s e h i n g g a b i s a 41 p e r s e n p e n u r u n a n n y a .Pe n t i n g d i l a k u k a n u p a y a p e n g e n d a l i a nk e b a k a r a n h u t a n d a n l a h a n , p e n g e l o l a a n
  11. 11. THANK YOU 

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