A Magnet In A Haystack

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A Magnet In A Haystack

  1. 1. A Magnet in a Haystack: Filtering the Literature for Research Studies <ul><li>Copyright 2009 Susan Kaplan Jacobs </li></ul>Evidence-based practice uses search strategies to filter the results of literature searches from article databases. Like a magnet in a haystack , a search strategy will help you to filter or sift through the profusion of published literature.
  2. 2. Levels of Evidence: Evidence Pyramids, like this one, depict the range of research evidence and the idea that quality and strength of evidence is hierarchical. The evidence pyramid http:// library.nyu.edu/health/pyramid.html
  3. 3. <ul><li>The literature retrieved from an article database may include case studies, editorials, news articles, as well as higher levels of evidence like clinical trials, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses. You may wish to limit to a particular publication type to ensure that the research retrieved was based on a particular methodology and reflects a higher level of evidence. Databases have different indexing terms and designate articles with different “publication types,” methodology or content types. The following are suggested strategies for limiting your database search results in: </li></ul><ul><li>CINAHLPlus </li></ul><ul><li>Medline via Pubmed </li></ul><ul><li>Medline via Ovid </li></ul><ul><li>PsycINFO via Ovid </li></ul>
  4. 4. CINAHLPlus [via EBSCO]: In CINAHLPlus you can limit your results to the publication type: “Research,” which “indicates an original (includes SECONDARY ANALYSIS), complete research study containing data collection, methodology, discussion of results, etc.” Here is how to do it: CINAHLPlus [via EBSCO] is available from the library databases A to Z list at: http://library.nyu.edu/collections/databases.html
  5. 5. Perform your search, e.g., type your search terms into the text entry field: burnout professional CINAHLPlus [via EBSCO] is available from the library databases A to Z list at: http://library.nyu.edu/collections/databases.html
  6. 6. Back on the main search page, Click on “Search Options CINAHLPlus [via EBSCO]:
  7. 7. Select the Publication type: Research. Then, click on Search. CINAHLPlus [via EBSCO]:
  8. 8. <ul><li>Your search results have now been limited to the publication type: Research. </li></ul><ul><li>To find Systematic Reviews, use Search Options to limit by Publication type: “Systematic Review” (indicates a research process in which a concept is identified and the research which has studied it is analyzed and evaluated. The results of this research are synthesized to present the current state of knowledge regarding the concept. Includes integrated or integrative reviews). </li></ul>
  9. 9. Medline(via PubMed) Medline does not have a publication type that simply says “Research,” as in CINAHL, but you may filter your results by limiting to article type “clinical trial or meta-analysis or randomized controlled trial.” Here is how to do it: Medline (via PubMed) is available from the library databases A to Z list at: http://library.nyu.edu/collections/databases.html
  10. 10. Perform a search. Then click on the “Limits” tab to display the options for restricting your search. Medline via PubMed
  11. 11. Scroll to the “Type of article” choices, and select publication types: Clinical Trial, Meta-analysis, Randomized Controlled Trial. Then Select: GO.
  12. 12. Back on the main search page your results will have been restricted to articles with the publication type: Clinical Trial OR Meta-analysis, OR Randomized Controlled Trial. Above is an example of one citation. Notice the publication type:
  13. 13. Medline (via Ovid): <ul><li>Medline does not have a publication type that simply says “Research,” as in CINAHL, but you may filter your results by limiting to Publication type: “clinical trial OR meta-analysis OR randomized controlled trial” </li></ul><ul><li>Here is how to do it: </li></ul>Medline (via Ovid) is available from the library databases A to Z list at: http://library.nyu.edu/collections/databases.html
  14. 14. Perform your search, e.g., burnout, professional Click on the Additional Limits icon Medline via Ovid
  15. 15. At the next prompt, select one or more Publication types: Clinical trial OR Meta-analysis OR randomized controlled trial. Then select Limit a Search Medline via Ovid
  16. 16. <ul><li>Back on the Main Search Page, your search set will have been reduced. You may also choose to limit in Medline using the “EBM Reviews” limit on the main search page. </li></ul>
  17. 19. PsycINFO [via Ovid]: <ul><li>When you have performed a search by topic in PsycINFO, you may then choose to restrict your search to one or more “Methodology.” Here is how to do it: </li></ul>PsycINFO (via Ovid) is available from the library databases A to Z list at: http://library.nyu.edu/collections/databases.html
  18. 20. Perform your search, e.g., Sleep disorders Back on the main search page, click on the Additional Limits icon at the bottom left of the screen
  19. 21. In PsycINFO, filtering is done by using the Methodology limit. Scroll down to the Methodology dialog box. Highlight a methodology (or more than one, by holding the Control or Apple Key). Select “empirical study” or &quot;systematic review&quot; or “meta analysis” or &quot;treatment outcome/randomized clinical trial.” Then, click on Limit a Search. Back on the Main Search Page, your search set will have been reduced.

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