Fascism in Greece and the Antifascist Fight

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The capitalist crisis is causing the collapse of the Greek society. The fascist Golden Dawn was able to win a considerable support caused by the desparation of many Greeks. This presentation analyses the fascist Golden Dawn; its methods and its violence, and outlines how fascism must be fought. The presentation show shocking images and movie clips.

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Fascism in Greece and the Antifascist Fight

  1. 1. Greece skimminglight.net Fascism in Greece and the antifascist fight27 Feb 2013 1/89
  2. 2. Greece > Overview skimminglight.net Society in Decay Polarization Rise of Golden Dawn How to fight fascism Conclusions27 Feb 2013 2/89
  3. 3. Greece > Society in Decay skimminglight.net Society in Decay27 Feb 2013 3/89
  4. 4. Greece(International Decay IMF > Society in Monetary Fund) in Greek skimminglight.net27 Feb 2013 4/89
  5. 5. Greece > Society in Decay skimminglight.net The only difference: The former prime minister Papandreou has been replaced by Samaras27 Feb 2013 5/89
  6. 6. Greece > Society in Decay skimminglight.net Since the beginning of the crisis in 2008, The Greek GDP has declined by About 20%. The crisis has been aggravated by the Austerity measures imposed by the Troika. This means a severe impoverishment of the majority of the population.http://www.statista.com/statistics/14538/gross-domestic-product-growth-rate-in-greece/ 27 Feb 2013 6/89
  7. 7. Greece > Society in Decay skimminglight.net27 Feb 2013 7/89
  8. 8. Greece > Society in Decay skimminglight.net 20.000 homeless people 7 in 10 lost home in last 2 years www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_wsite1_1_12/12/2012_47417627 Feb 2013 8/89
  9. 9. Greece > Society in Decay skimminglight.net 7% before crisis. 27% now. Youth unemployment 62% http://www.tradingeconomics.com/greece/unemployment-rate http://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_wsite2_1_01/10/2012_46388027 Feb 2013 9/89
  10. 10. Greece > Society in Decay skimminglight.net +37% in 2 years http://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_wsite1_1_22/11/2012_47120627 Feb 2013 10/89
  11. 11. Greece > Society in Decay skimminglight.net Last package: 13.5bn € Massive privatisations http://www.athensnews.gr/issue/13512/5816127 Feb 2013 11/89
  12. 12. Greece > Society in Decay skimminglight.net 3 million Greeks want to13.5bn € Last package: leave Return toMassive privatisations countriside Bank savings http://www.athensnews.gr/issue/13512/58161 http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-18391248 http://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_wsite2_1_25/05/2012_443887 http://greece.greekreporter.com/2013/01/30/three-million-greeks-want-to-leave/27 Feb 2013 12/89
  13. 13. Greece > Society in Decay skimminglight.net Half of Greeks can’t pay everyday bills 250,000 meals are distributed daily http://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_wsite1_1_25/07/2012_453677 http://greece.greekreporter.com/2013/02/10/half-of-greeks-cant-pay-bills/27 Feb 2013 13/89
  14. 14. Greece > Society in Decay skimminglight.net Athens, Winter 2012-13 Smog caused by people burning everything they can find to heat themselves. Oil fuel has become too expensive.27 Feb 2013 14/89
  15. 15. Greece > Society in Decay skimminglight.net1. http://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_wsite6_1_26/02/2013_484634 27 Feb 2013 15/89
  16. 16. Greece > Society in Decay skimminglight.net The blanket of smog that has covered Athens and Attica in general since the start of the winter is steadily rising above acceptable limits and posing a serious health hazard in the long term, potentially leading to serious illnesses and chronic medical conditions. Experts are ringing the alarm 1 bells . I Kathimerini, 26/02/131. http://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_wsite6_1_26/02/2013_484634 27 Feb 2013 16/89
  17. 17. Greece > Society in Decay skimminglight.netAthens News 28/09/12 - http://www.athensnews.gr/issue/13513/58349 27 Feb 2013 17/89
  18. 18. Greece > Society in Decay skimminglight.net “Striking doctors and healtcare professionals warn that immediate funding is needed to avert collapse of primary healthcare” Athens News 28/09/12Athens News 28/09/12 - http://www.athensnews.gr/issue/13513/58349 27 Feb 2013 18/89
  19. 19. Greece > Society in Decay skimminglight.net Privatizations The Greek government announced a wide ranging privatization programme, spanning rail and road transport, airports and ports, utilities, gaming and public real estate holdings. (minfin.gr) The island of Pezonisi, also known as Nisi ton Oneiron (Island of Dreams), is set to become the first island to be leased to the private sector for tourism development.http://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_wsite2_1_28/09/2012_463511http://www.minfin.gr/portal/en/resource/contentObject/id/2f09efef-f916-4450-8236-de0606f1e12d 27 Feb 2013 19/89
  20. 20. Greece > Polarization skimminglight.net Polarization27 Feb 2013 20/89
  21. 21. Greece > Polarization skimminglight.net The Electoral Front Threat of chaos Promise to renegotiate Idea of left governement “We dont leave €-zone” Collapse social democracy Giant leap of fascists Government Radical left Fascist Right Greenshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elections_in_Greece 27 Feb 2013 21/89
  22. 22. Greece > Polarization skimminglight.net The Electoral Front Neck & neck Keeps growing Further collapse Government Radical left Fascist Right Greenshttp://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_wsite1_1_08/02/2013_48247127 Feb 2013 22/89
  23. 23. Greece > Polarization skimminglight.net The Electoral Front Deepening polarization & radicalization Government Radical left Fascist Right Greenshttp://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_wsite1_1_08/02/2013_482471 27 Feb 2013 23/89
  24. 24. Greece > Golden Dawn skimminglight.net Rise of Golden Dawn (Χρυσή Αυγή)27 Feb 2013 24/89
  25. 25. Greece > Golden Dawn skimminglight.netIn summary...27 Feb 2013 25/89
  26. 26. Greece > Golden Dawn > Fascism skimminglight.net Authority Violence FascismExtreme nationalism Capitalism27 Feb 2013 26/89
  27. 27. Greece > Golden Dawn > Fascism skimminglight.net Fear & intimidation Openly Authority Violence Dictatorship Destroy workers organisations Social & cultural control FascismExtreme nationalism Racism Capitalism Social cohesion From decay of Denial of capitalist contradictions Last weapon by Divert attention from real cause Acceptance of27 Feb 2013 27/89
  28. 28. Greece > Golden Dawn > Style skimminglight.net Mai 2012 – victory speech (next slide)27 Feb 2013 28/89
  29. 29. Greece > Golden Dawn > Style skimminglight.net Click here to see the video27 Feb 2013 29/89
  30. 30. Greece > Golden Dawn > Style skimminglight.net Summer 2012 Speech Michaloliakos (leader GD), Hitler salute on GD youth summer camp11. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mizcDO1DpG0 27 Feb 2013 30/89
  31. 31. Greece > Golden Dawn > Style skimminglight.net Click here to see the video (Hitler salute on 1:38)27 Feb 2013 31/89
  32. 32. Greece > Golden Dawn > Ideology skimminglight.net The official party magazine... 2 covers (2007 & 2006)27 Feb 2013 32/89
  33. 33. Greece > Golden Dawn > Ideology skimminglight.net27 Feb 2013 33/89
  34. 34. Greece > Golden Dawn > Ideology skimminglight.net February 2013 Children, aged 6 – 10, in the buildings of GD, being taught the “Greek ideals”11. http://www.xryshaygh.com/index.php/enimerosi/view/h-chrush-augh-tou-ellhnismou-pou-erchetai. http://greece.greekreporter.com/2013/02/27/golden-dawn-recruiting-schoolchildren/27 Feb 2013 34/89
  35. 35. Greece skimminglight.net27 Feb 2013 35/89
  36. 36. Greece > Golden Dawn > Violence skimminglight.net August 23, 2012 Clash with riot police1 It is a “criminal action” to convert facilities of the Greek Army into “tourism centres for illegal immigrants.”1. http://www.xryshaygh.com/index.php/enimerosi/view/sumbainei-twra-epeisodia-sthn-korintho-fwtografies 27 Feb 2013 36/89
  37. 37. Greece > Golden Dawn > Violence skimminglight.net27 Feb 2013 37/89
  38. 38. Greece > Golden Dawn > Violence skimminglight.net27 Feb 2013 38/89
  39. 39. Greece > Golden Dawn > Violence skimminglight.net27 Feb 2013 39/89
  40. 40. Greece > Golden Dawn > Violence skimminglight.net Pireaus, September 2012 “Informative Action”11. http://www.xryshaygh.com/index.php/enimerosi/view/enhmerwtikh-drash-stis-geitonies-tou-peiraia-kai-ths-nikaias 27 Feb 2013 40/89
  41. 41. Greece > Golden Dawn > Violence skimminglight.net27 Feb 2013 41/89
  42. 42. Greece > Golden Dawn > Violence skimminglight.net Intensifying Violence Migrants Fear & intimidation – “During every shift we treat six or more cases of beatings of foreigners” (unnamed surgeon, Evangelismos Hospital)1 – Example: 19 Jan. - Pakistani stabbed to death by GD2 – And even associations helping migrants3 Homosexuals – Increase in antigay attacks4 – GD Flyers: “After the immigrants, you are next”5 Political enemies – Mostly observing workers organizations – Example: 17 Dec. - GD beats SYRIZA MP: “Now we are going to kill you” 61. http://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_wsite1_1_24/06/2012_4487252. http://icantrelaxingreece.wordpress.com/2013/01/19/golden-dawn-leaflets-found-in-the-murderers-possession/3. http://ixnos.blogspot.gr/2013/02/blog-post_4523.html4. http://greece.greekreporter.com/2012/11/26/after-all-homophobia-is-a-greek-word/5. http://www.lesbilicious.co.uk/extreme-right-greek-party-threatens-gay-people-after-immigrants-youre-next/6. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-20756578 27 Feb 2013 42/89
  43. 43. Greece > Golden Dawn > Violence skimminglight.net June 7, 2012 Live TV debate Kasidiaris, spokesperson of GD hits Kanelli, KKE MP 1 10 days later, Kasidiaris got elected as MP1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D0i_-ESwFvI 27 Feb 2013 43/89
  44. 44. Greece > Golden Dawn > Violence skimminglight.net Click here to see the video27 Feb 2013 44/89
  45. 45. Greece > Golden Dawn > Violence skimminglight.net September 5, 2012 Assault in Rafina near Athens About 40 militants of Golden Dawn attack stalls of migrants on festival. MP Germenis: “We told the police and then we did what Golden Dawn must do” Video published1 by Golden Dawn1. http://www.xryshaygh.com/index.php/enimerosi/view/chrush-augh-paremporio-telos 27 Feb 2013 45/89
  46. 46. Greece > Golden Dawn > Violence skimminglight.net Click here to see the video27 Feb 2013 46/89
  47. 47. Greece > Golden Dawn > Violence skimminglight.net September 9, 2012 “Cleaning” a market in Messologgioy Unit led by Barbarousis, Golden Dawn MP Video published1 by Golden Dawn1. http://www.xryshaygh.com/index.php/enimerosi/view/enochlhthhkan-oi-tourkoi-apo-tis-draseis-ths-chrushs-aughs 27 Feb 2013 47/89
  48. 48. Greece > Golden Dawn > Violence skimminglight.net Click here to see the video27 Feb 2013 48/89
  49. 49. Greece > Golden Dawn > Violence skimminglight.nethttp://www.athensnews.gr/portal/1/58542 27 Feb 2013http://www.athensnews.gr/portal/1/58542 49/89
  50. 50. Greece > Golden Dawn > Violence skimminglight.net [The centre was used to] watch football and host childrens birthday parties, among other activities. The center was attacked the night of September 25th, by a mob believed to be linked with Golden Dawn. The centre was ransacked after a group of 30-40 residents & GD members visited the night before, threatening trouble if they did not close. Certain accounts assert that police “left” or “stood by” during the attack.http://www.athensnews.gr/portal/1/58542 27 Feb 2013http://www.athensnews.gr/portal/1/58542 50/89
  51. 51. Greece > Golden Dawn > Violence skimminglight.net 2009 Golden Dawn supporting riot police1. http://www.xryshaygh.com/index.php/enimerosi/view/enochlhthhkan-oi-tourkoi-apo-tis-draseis-ths-chrushs-aughs 27 Feb 2013 51/89
  52. 52. Greece > Golden Dawn > Violence skimminglight.net 201227 Feb 2013 52/89
  53. 53. Greece skimminglight.net 201227 Feb 2013 53/89
  54. 54. Greece > Golden Dawn > Services skimminglight.net Food distributions Support fire fighters “Doctors With Borders” 1 Social Services Blood banks Assistance unemployed Shelter for patients Legal assistance Securing Security Protecting neighbourhoods individuals1. http://www.xryshaygh.com/index.php/enimerosi/view/mono-gia-ellhnes-to-koinwniko-ergo-ths-chrushs-aughs-mechri-shmera 27 Feb 2013 54/89
  55. 55. Greece > Golden Dawn > Services skimminglight.net Re Food distributions a Support fire fighters l Social Services “Doctors With Borders” Gr 1 Blood banks ee Assistance unemployed ks Shelter for patients on Security l Legal assistance Securing neighbourhoods y! Protecting individuals1. http://www.xryshaygh.com/index.php/enimerosi/view/mono-gia-ellhnes-to-koinwniko-ergo-ths-chrushs-aughs-mechri-shmera#.UReiY31x0xA 27 Feb 2013 55/89
  56. 56. Greece > Golden Dawn > Services skimminglight.net Some propaganda about the offered services27 Feb 2013 56/89
  57. 57. Greece > Golden Dawn > Services skimminglight.net Some propaganda...27 Feb 2013 57/89
  58. 58. Greece > Golden Dawn > Services skimminglight.net27 Feb 2013 58/89
  59. 59. Greece > Golden Dawn > Services skimminglight.net27 Feb 2013 59/89
  60. 60. Greece > Golden Dawn > Services skimminglight.net Summer 2012 Food Distribution A report by The Guardianhttp://www.guardian.co.uk/world/video/2012/aug/03/golden-dawn-far-right-greek-video 27 Feb 2013 60/89
  61. 61. Greece > Golden Dawn > Services skimminglight.net Click here to see the video27 Feb 2013 61/89
  62. 62. Greece > Golden Dawn > Services skimminglight.net Law and orderhttp://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/sep/28/greek-police-victims-neo-nazi 27 Feb 2013 62/89
  63. 63. Greece > Golden Dawn > Services skimminglight.net Law and order GD is increasingly assuming the role of law enforcement officers on the streets of the bankrupt country, with mounting evidence that Athenians are being openly directed by police to seek help from the neo-Nazi group, analysts, activists and lawyers say. “They immediately said if its an issue with immigrants go to Golden Dawn."http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/sep/28/greek-police-victims-neo-nazi 27 Feb 2013 63/89
  64. 64. Greece > Golden Dawn > Services skimminglight.net Law and order But the hand-outs come at a price: allegiance to GD. "A friend who was being seriously harassed by her husband and was referred to the party by the police very soon found herself giving it clothes and food in return. Shes a liberal and certainly no racist and is disgusted by what she has had to do."http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/sep/28/greek-police-victims-neo-nazi 27 Feb 2013 64/89
  65. 65. Greece > Golden Dawn > Support skimminglight.net Growing support ● 9%-12% in polls (stable since September) ● “26% appreciates the actions of Golden Dawn towards immigrants while 69.5% does not.” (September poll1) ● >50% police force voted GD2 ● Youth4 ● Growing active membership. Over 5000 participants in Athens on 2 February 20133 (next 2 slides).1. http://news247.gr/eidiseis/politiki/sto_0_5_h_diafora_nd-syriza.1940262.html2. http://rt.com/news/greek-police-vote-nazis-350/3. http://www.xryshaygh.com/index.php/enimerosi/view/sugklonistika-plana-apo-thn-sugkentrwsh-twn-imiwn-binteo#.UReikX1x0xA4. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/greeces-neofascists-are-on-the-rise-and-now-theyre-going-into-schools-how-golden-dawn-is-nurturing-the-next-generation-8477997.html 27 Feb 2013 65/89
  66. 66. Greece skimminglight.netAthens, 2013 27 Feb 2 February 2013, over 5000 participants 66/89
  67. 67. Greece > Golden Dawn > Support skimminglight.net Click here to see the video27 Feb 2013 67/89
  68. 68. Greece > Golden Dawn > Support skimminglight.netCapitalists & state Population Weakening state Desperate GD “helping” & tolerated What alternative? Danger: “out of control” Social services & Security Better than expropriation “Different” Anti-austerity rethoric Support27 Feb 2013 68/89
  69. 69. Greece > Golden Dawn > Support skimminglight.netCapitalists & state Population Weakening state Desperate GD “helping” & tolerated What alternative? Danger: “out of control” Social services & Security Better than expropriation “Different” Anti-austerity rethoric Support ΧΡΥΣΗ ΑΥΓΗ No answer on the crisis! Most fervent supporter of capitalism!27 Feb 2013 69/89
  70. 70. Greece > Golden Dawn > Capitalism skimminglight.net Golden Dawn Capitalism Propaganda: Anti-austerity In parliament Yes No Privatisations (isle, parking, etc.)1 Restrict right to strike Reduce taxes ship owners In the street Yes No Attack migrants, left militants & homosexuals Attack bankers & government politicians Attend strikes, occupations, mobilisations by workers & youth1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OdwJhCxng0E&feature=share 27 Feb 2013 70/89
  71. 71. Greece > Golden Dawn > Capitalism skimminglight.net Michaloliakos (Leader GD) & his wife (GD MP) own Hotel “New Dream”, Attiki Square, Athens 38 rooms & suites Many (low-paid, foreign) girls at your service www.newdream.grhttp://eng.babelmed.net/cultura-e-societa/67-greece/13021-greece-chrysi-avghi-the-darkest-side-of-the-crisis.htmlhttp://greece.greekreporter.com/2013/02/18/golden-dawn-leaders-wifes-hotel-to-be-seized/ 27 Feb 2013 71/89
  72. 72. Greece > Golden Dawn > Capitalism skimminglight.net Michaloliakos (Leader GD) & his wife (GD MP) own Hotel “New Dream”, Attiki Square, Athens 38 rooms & suites Many (low-paid, foreign) girls at your service www.newdream.gr In fact, it is a luxury brothelhttp://eng.babelmed.net/cultura-e-societa/67-greece/13021-greece-chrysi-avghi-the-darkest-side-of-the-crisis.htmlhttp://greece.greekreporter.com/2013/02/18/golden-dawn-leaders-wifes-hotel-to-be-seized/ 27 Feb 2013 72/89
  73. 73. Greece > Golden Dawn > Capitalism skimminglight.net Michaloliakos (Leader GD) & his wife (GD MP) own Hotel “New Dream”, Attiki Square, Athens 38 rooms & suites Many (low-paid, foreign) girls at your service www.newdream.grhttp://eng.babelmed.net/cultura-e-societa/67-greece/13021-greece-chrysi-avghi-the-darkest-side-of-the-crisis.htmlhttp://greece.greekreporter.com/2013/02/18/golden-dawn-leaders-wifes-hotel-to-be-seized/ 27 Feb 2013 73/89
  74. 74. Greece > Golden Dawn > Capitalism skimminglight.net Michaloliakos (Leader GD) & his wife (GD MP) own Hotel “New Dream”, Attiki Square, Athens 38 rooms & suites CO Many (low-paid, foreign) girls at your service www.newdream.gr N FI S CA TE Dhttp://eng.babelmed.net/cultura-e-societa/67-greece/13021-greece-chrysi-avghi-the-darkest-side-of-the-crisis.htmlhttp://greece.greekreporter.com/2013/02/18/golden-dawn-leaders-wifes-hotel-to-be-seized/ 27 Feb 2013 74/89
  75. 75. Greece > How to fight skimminglight.net How to fight fascism?27 Feb 2013 75/89
  76. 76. Greece > How to fight skimminglight.net Against fascism Double fight Link up Against capitalism27 Feb 2013 76/89
  77. 77. Greece > How to fight > Capitalism skimminglight.net Fight capitalism No years uggle Disillusions & Despair esu 4 s tr +20 rs wo rk cc strikeseral gen Temporal setbacks elections es combativity & consciousness s! Room for fascist ideas Important responsibles... Leadership unions & workers parties No lead No clear perspective & program No stimulation of local activity Moderating demands Divide27 Feb 2013 77/89
  78. 78. Greece > How to fight > Capitalism skimminglight.net The struggle against fascism is also a struggle against capitalism and, therefore, a struggle for democratic workers organisations.27 Feb 2013 78/89
  79. 79. Greece > How to fight > Capitalism skimminglight.net 24h general strikes wont help Increasing pressure for Inter ● Repeated 48h strikes natio ● Occupations naliz ● Indefinite strikes ation Until the governement falls Mobilizing Question of Spain, demand double power Portugal, etc. Evolution of class struggle is hard to predict!27 Feb 2013 79/89
  80. 80. Greece > How to fight > Capitalism skimminglight.net Athens, November 14, 201227 Feb 2013 80/89
  81. 81. Greece > How to fight > Capitalism skimminglight.netFactory under workers control since February 12See www.viome.org → watch video!Keyword: solidarityExample for the rest of Greece & Europe27 Feb 2013 81/89
  82. 82. Greece > How to fight > Fascism skimminglight.net Fight fascism Now supported by leadership 50 Number of antifascists usually initiatives of committees and counting... who collaborate quite well Posters Good, Open Leaflets meetings but not enough! ...27 Feb 2013 82/89
  83. 83. Greece > How to fight > Fascism skimminglight.net Aim should be... Understand fascism in order to fight it Defense against fascist threat Refute fascist rethoric Discuss fight for better living conditions Organize people Not always the case...27 Feb 2013 83/89
  84. 84. Greece > How to fight > Fascism skimminglight.net Independency Therefore organize solidarity! Active, involving Dependency Passive, isolation Open air kitchen Exchange Exchange books Charity clothes of church ... & fascists Bring people together Discuss problems of neighbourhood Involve them In at least 2 committees where Xekinima is leading27 Feb 2013 84/89
  85. 85. Greece > How to fight > Fascism skimminglight.net February 24, 2012 Organizing solidarity by an antifascist committee1 An example of how it is done1. http://antifaep.blogspot.gr/2013/02/blog-post_22.html 27 Feb 2013 85/89
  86. 86. Greece > How to fight > Fascism skimminglight.net “Bring and share clothes, toys, appliances, books, etc.27 Feb 2013 86/89 http://antifaep.blogspot.be/2013/02/blog-post_22.html
  87. 87. Greece > Conclusions skimminglight.net Conclusions27 Feb 2013 87/89
  88. 88. Greece > Conclusions skimminglight.net Capitalism in crisis Missed chances Growth support fascism by workers movement Won confidence Incredible responsibility Not fascism but eas Fight against ne c y, capitalism ess a ry ! Internationally! Get involved!27 Feb 2013 88/89
  89. 89. Greece skimminglight.net For more information www.skimminglight.net Thanks to Xekinima, the Greek section of the CWI www.xekinima.org www.socialistworld.net Fascism in Greece and the Antifascist Fight is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.27 Feb 2013 89/89

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