Hungarian tertiary education
Tertiary educational attendance has grown rapidly over the years both in Hungary and in the
more developed countries, but the gap between them has remained. Although there is a rise
in the number of university students in Hungary there are big differences between the
different regions of the country. The Education Ministers from 29 European countries
decided to harmonise and unify their Higher Education. It has
resulted in the Bologna Process which currently has 47
participating countries among them Hungary.The aim was to
make an easily comparable system. A Higher Education system
which is based on three main cycles: bachelor, master and
doctor. They wanted to make it more mobile, travelling to
abroad to study is available.
Admissions to tertiary institutions
To get into a higher education institutions you must successfully pass the upper secondary
school leaving examination, called mature exam. They can do advanced or normal level
exams from the courses. Admission is decided according to a score system which is made up
of the secondary school leaving examination results and the secondary school performance
of the students. Higher education institutions may offer state funded and fee-paying places
for applicants. The number of state funded places determined by the government every year.
Bachelor and Master programmes
Bachelor: BA/BSc programmes of 6 to 8 semesters (ISCED 5A, 180-240 ECTS credits) lead to
a first degree
Master: Master level programmes (ISCED 5A, 60-120 ECTS credits) of another 2 to 4
semesters require a first degree as admission criterion.
The pre-requisite to entering doctoral programmes (ISCED 6) is a MA/MSc degree.
There are a few fields of tertiary education (e.g. law and medical studies) where undivided
long programmes remain the standard form of study (10 to 12 semesters, 300-360 ECTS
credits) leading to a first degree but equivalent to a MA/MSc degree.
Advanced vocational programmes
Short cycle advanced vocational programmes ( 120 ECTS credits) are relatively new in the
Hungarian education system. These programmes can be provided both by higher education
institutions and upper secondary schools. These programmes lead to an advanced vocational
qualification but does not give a degree.
Post-graduate specialisation programmes
Higher education also includes post-graduate specialisation programmes. You can do it after
the bachelor and the master training,but it doesn’t give you a new degree.
PhD or DLA (Doctor of Liberal Arts)
A PhD or DLA (Doctor of Liberal Arts) degree is can be
obtained after a doctoral course which follows a Master
Eötvös Lóránd University (Budapest)
The main faculties of the University is Law, Informatics, Humanities( teacher and
kindergarten teacher training), and Faculty of Science. The most popular is the Faculty of
Humanities and Faculty of Education and Psychology in 2011.( Only in these 2 faculties the
number of candidates is more than 12000.)
University of Szeged
The main faculties of the University are Faculty of Health Care, Faculty of Music, Faculty of
Law, Faculty of Humanities and
Faculty of Engineering.
The University is specialised in different Faculties of Health Science (For examle: doctors,
dentists or pharmacists). This is the most famous university of doctors in Hungary.
Corvinus University of Budapest
The main faculties of the university are Faculty of Food Science and Faculty of Economics.
This University is famous for high level of economic education.
University of Debrecen
The Best Hungarian Universities
1. Eötvös Lóránd University
2. University of Szeged
3. Semmelweis University
4. Corvinus University of Budapest
5. University of Debrecen
The main faculties
of the university:
-Faculty of Music
-Faculty of Law
-Faculty of Health
The most famous faculty is the Management Sciences and Rural Development. (The
university has more than 35000 students.)