Hungarian laws include people who are bodily
or mentally handicapped or whose work and
workplace - keeping chance reduce after a medical
rehabilitation (because an accident or a disease or
an other a bodily or mentally damage)
persons: persons with limitation in work
caused by longstanding (for at least half a year
long) health condition or disease, or/and
difficulties in basic activities.
The Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) identifies and defines the
following categories of disability:
Physical - affects a person's mobility or dexterity
Intellectual - affects a person's abilities to learn
Psychiatric - affects a person's thinking processes
Sensory - affects a person's ability to hear or see
Neurological - results in the loss of some bodily or mental functions
to the data of the 2001 census, 577,000
persons with disabilities live in Hungary (5.7% of
the population). By 2011 census, this number has
decreased to 457,000, representing 4.6% of the
As a rule approximately 10% of the total
population have some kind of disability;
consequently, it is probable that the actual number
of persons with disabilities is close to 1 million in
Disability according to disability type and gender
% of total
With age, health problems and limitations in work tend to
occur more frequently. Over four fifths (621 thousand
persons) of disabled persons are aged 45–64, and two
thirds of them are 55–64 years old.
The low level of education is a serious drawback in the
labour market. There is a big difference between the
education level of disabled and non-disabled people.
Nearly three fourths (71.1%) are in an especially difficult situation when
wanting to find a job. 38.2% of them have only primary education or less,
and another third have vocational and apprentice school. Hardly more
than one fourth of disabled persons have a General Certificate of
Education or higher education and as few as every fifth of them have a
higher education degree.
Economic activity of disabled persons are very bad, and
there is a great difference between the employment rates
of non-disabled and disabled people.
Fewer than one fifth of disabled persons (139 thousand) aged 15–
64 work and nearly two thirds of them (63.3%) have only income
from work. About 51 thousand receive social payments in
addition to income from work, and 42 thousand of them receivea
disability pension or an allowance on account of their health
The prospects for people with disabilities in Hungary of finding a
job in the open labour market have traditionally been poor. This
table shows that their employment rate is currently 18.1%, which
is higher than 10 years ago but still lags behind the EU average, as
does overall employment.
key international document is the United
Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons
with Disabilities. Hungary was among the
first countries to ratify the document in July
Hungary ratified the Optional Protocol to the Convention
as well. When individuals or groups feel that the Hungarian
state breached the Convention and they have already used
all legal remedies available in Hungary, they may turn to
the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
With regard to the rights of persons with disabilities, the key
piece of Hungarian legislation is Act XXVI of 1998 on the Rights
and Equal Opportunities of Persons with Disabilities (Act
on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities). At the time of its
adoption, this act was a unique piece of legislation and was one
of the principal reasons why the UN honoured Hungary with the
Roosevelt International Disability Award in 2000.
The main aim of the act is to guarantee the rights of persons with
disabilities, and promote their equal opportunities, independent
living and active involvement in social life.
the Act on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities created a
basis for the organisation of disability policies as the
Parliament must create a long-term strategy: a National
Disability Programme for a period of seven years.
A law prescribed by the Constitution of the Republic
Hungary is the right for every Hungarian citizen to freely
choose a profession/job as well as to receive equal pay for
equal work. According to these regulations a disabled
person has to be given the equal compensation for equal
work at a workplace like other workers without disabilities.
The creation of Act CXXV of 2009 on Hungarian Sign Language and
the use of Hungarian Sign Language was a major step forward. It
recognises sign language as an independent, natural language and
people with hearing disabilities as a language minority
community. The state must operate a national network of sign
language interpretation services, and guarantee free sign
language interpretation services for people with hearing
disabilities and for the deaf.
The current Hungarian government has set up rules to help people with
disabilities into employment, and the system of state subsidies has been
restructured. The measures include:
rules obliging business associations employing more than 25 people to
ensure that at least 5% of them are workers with disabilities;
legislation imposing a penalty on companies that fail to hire their quota of
workers with disabilities of HUF 964,500 (€3,234 as at 23 September
2013) for every unfilled place as a rehabilitation contribution to the state;
rules stating that businesses employing workers with disabilities may
claim tax benefits, and will be exempt from the 27% social contribution
a pledge from the Ministry of Human Resources to support the
employment of people with disabilities with funding of HUF 35 billion
Figures released on 1 January 2013 show that this scheme’s government
funding has brought 30,300 people with disabilities into employment.
A discount of 90 percent is available for people with disabilities and a
person accompanying them on the vehicles of National Railway and
National Coach Company.
Cars parking in disabled parking spaces must display the blue disabled
parking card or a European Community blue badge.
A further very important regulation passed by the
Government in the recent years is that in some metro
stations in Budapest there have to be special tracks
provided on the floor to help the transportation of blind
people by showing them how get to the metro lines and
find the traps, exits.
Furthermore the Government passed regulations
regarding providing low-floor busses which are
To help handicap people live their life in an easier way
the Government passed rules which states that
shopping malls, businesses, doctors' offices and other
public spaces must offer handicapped parking places
where handicapped people might wish to park.
Furthermore every public building like schools,
universities, business offices have to provide a safe
incline for anyone with a handicap to enter a building.
Besides building an elevator these buildings usually
provide a special ramp for handicap people.
a succes for them and they can prove
themselves they are useful like a healthy person.
It’s good for the company’s image and there are
financial advantages too.
You should turn to these foundations
mentally handicapped: Kézenfogva
bodily handicapped: : Motiváció
(foundation),MEOSZ, Hátrányok Dacára(
eyesight damaged or blind people: Fehérbot
hearing dameged of deaf people: Sinosz
Integration should be implemented at all
Integrated nursery school
higher education handicapped people can
learn if they are not mentally handicapped.
Colleges and universities offer different help
to the handicapped students. Deaf students
can write the exams and can have
interperters on classes. Blind or visually
impared students can take exams verbally,
can use their special machines. Disabled
students can have special tools. etc. Speech
disabiled people can write the exams.
National Disability Council : An official council, maintained by the
government. Members are made up of government representatives,
disability organisations and other stakeholder organisations.
National Federation of (Physically) Disabled Persons' Associations :
Association representing the interest of people with physical disabilities
Hungarian Association for Persons with Intellectual Disability: The
umbrella body for the various organisations concerned with the care and
rehabilitation of people with intellectual disability in Hungary.
National Association of the Deaf and Hard of Hearing : Association
providing support and assistance for deaf and hard of hearing children,
adults, and their families.
Down Foundation: Organisation seeking to ensure that as many children
with Down Syndrome as possible are brought up within their own
families and live an independent life.
National Autism Association (: An umbrella body for the various
organisations representing the interests of autistic people and their
The Hungarian Federation of the Blind and Partially Sighted : An
umbrella body representing the interests of blind and partially sighted
people, providing support, assistance and a range of resources.
National Deafblind Association (: Association representing the interests
of people with deafblind disability. Offers training for sign language
interpreters and special education teachers, as well as education and
therapy for deafblind children.
Foundation for the Disabled ( Sérültekért Alapítvány): The Foundation
for the Disabled has been working for the mental, physical handicapped
and multiple disabled people for about 20 years. Right now they provide
29 individuals with their every day supplies, development and education,
prepare them for integration in a working environment, ensure their emp
loyment, and help their integration in society.
the Forum of Parents Organisation- (Szülők Fóruma Egyesület): this
organisation has been operating since 1991 with the aim of the complex
rehabilitation of disabled children and children with development
difficulties and their integration into healthy environment.
While we can go shopping or just climb stairs without any
obstacle, people who live with disability have difficulty
with these things.
That’s why we must help
them with several
They need to learn varius signs if they
want „talk” with the others.
The blind people scan special characters
so they understand what is written in
Hungarian champions of..
Some of the sports:
Swimming: Pásztory Dóra
Table tennis: Pálos Péter
Wheelchair fencing: Szekeres Pál