What Is A Folktale


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What Is A Folktale

  1. 1. What is a folktale? I need to know so I can write one!
  2. 2. What is a folktale? <ul><li>● A folktale is a story which began with oral storytelling </li></ul><ul><li>● passed down through the ages </li></ul><ul><li>teaches a lesson </li></ul><ul><li>● explains why things are as they are </li></ul>
  3. 3. Characteristics of Folktales <ul><li>simple and straightforward </li></ul><ul><li>includes magic or supernatural powers </li></ul><ul><li>characters represent human qualities such as good, evil, wisdom, foolishness, laziness </li></ul><ul><li>problems and conflicts are clear </li></ul><ul><li>ending usually happy or satisfying </li></ul><ul><li>good usually rewarded, evil punished </li></ul>
  4. 4. Types of Folktales <ul><li>Trickster tales </li></ul><ul><li>Fables </li></ul><ul><li>Why “Pourquoi” stories </li></ul><ul><li>Fairytales </li></ul>
  5. 5. Trickster Tales <ul><li>One character (the protagonist or trickster) is clever and devious </li></ul><ul><li>causes problems for another </li></ul><ul><li>is usually unpunished </li></ul><ul><li>Different cultures have specific tricksters </li></ul>
  6. 6. Tricksters From Other Countries
  7. 7. Fables <ul><li>Short stories </li></ul><ul><li>Teach a lesson or moral </li></ul><ul><li>Animal characters with human characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Stress themes such as: the value of cooperation, looking at problems from different viewpoints </li></ul><ul><li>Some have several layers of meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Morals may not be stated directly </li></ul><ul><li>Listener must find their own moral in the tale </li></ul>
  8. 8. Why? Or Porquis? Stories <ul><li>Explain why something is as it is </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how things came to be </li></ul>
  9. 9. Fairytales <ul><li>Include good and bad characters </li></ul><ul><li>A hero or heroine </li></ul><ul><li>Magic or fantasy </li></ul><ul><li>Includes predictable beginnings and endings “Once upon a time” “Happily ever after” </li></ul><ul><li>Problem which is usually overcome through kindness, courage, or intelligence </li></ul>