Sawah, Market Access, and Rice Technologies for Inland Valleys SMART-IV Dr. Sander Zwart Project leader SMART-IV project A...
SMART-IV <ul><li>Project overview </li></ul><ul><li>Research activities (results and plans) </li></ul><ul><li>Development ...
SMART-IV  > Project overview <ul><li>Project team consists of : </li></ul><ul><li>Water management specialist (vacant) </l...
SMART-IV  > Project overview <ul><li>Goal of the project: </li></ul><ul><li>To improve the  livelihood  of the rural poor ...
SMART-IV  > Project overview <ul><li>Project is funded by the Japanese Ministry of Agriculture Fisheries and forestry (MAF...
SMART-IV  > Project overview <ul><li>The introduction of sawah systems in West Africa is not new. Japanese agencies are un...
SMART-IV  > Project overview <ul><li>Project partners are: </li></ul><ul><li>Cellule Bas-Fonds (CBF) in Benin </li></ul><u...
SMART-IV  > Project overview <ul><li>Project structure: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Thematic interdisciplinary research  (3 resea...
SMART-IV  > Research activities <ul><li>Soil science and fertility </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: How do different stages of sawa...
SMART-IV  > Research activities <ul><li>Water Management </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: understanding various levels of water man...
SMART-IV  > Research activities SSD Workshop, Kumasi, Ghana, 22-24 November 2012
SMART-IV  > Research activities 2011 AfricaRice Science Week and GRiSP-Africa Science Forum 12-16 September 2011, Cotonou,...
SMART-IV  > Research activities <ul><li>Water Management (c’ned) </li></ul><ul><li>Field level  experiments (Bamé, Mission...
SMART-IV  > Research activities <ul><li>Remote Sensing/GIS: spatial analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: development of maps o...
Mapping of inland valleys – stream flows
Mapping of inland valleys – inland valleys
SMART-IV  > Research activities <ul><li>Impact assessment, economy, knowledge transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Goals: </li></ul>...
SMART-IV  > Development activities <ul><li>10 sites have been selected in Togo and Benin where Sawah systems will be devel...
SMART-IV  > Development activities <ul><li>Powertillers are an essential step in the land preparation. </li></ul><ul><li>T...
SMART-IV  > Creating impact <ul><li>Research serves the development </li></ul><ul><li>Soil science and fertility:  </li></...
SMART-IV  > Creating impact <ul><li>Research serves the development </li></ul><ul><li>Water management (c’ned): </li></ul>...
SMART-IV  > Creating impact <ul><li>Impact assessment, economy, knowledge transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient manners to ...
SMART-IV  > Creating impact <ul><li>Involvement of the development sector in SMART-IV </li></ul><ul><li>Slection of projec...
SMART-IV  > Project ‘blog’ smartiv.wordpress.com
2011 AfricaRice Science Week and GRiSP-Africa Science Forum 12-16 September 2011, Cotonou, Benin Thank you! Merci! Center ...
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SMART-IV presentation in Kumasi, Ghana

  1. 1. Sawah, Market Access, and Rice Technologies for Inland Valleys SMART-IV Dr. Sander Zwart Project leader SMART-IV project Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice) 2011 AfricaRice Science Week and GRiSP-Africa Science Forum 12-16 September 2011, Cotonou, Benin
  2. 2. SMART-IV <ul><li>Project overview </li></ul><ul><li>Research activities (results and plans) </li></ul><ul><li>Development activities (results and plans) </li></ul><ul><li>Creating impact </li></ul>SSD Workshop, Kumasi, Ghana, 22-24 November 2012
  3. 3. SMART-IV > Project overview <ul><li>Project team consists of : </li></ul><ul><li>Water management specialist (vacant) </li></ul><ul><li>Soil scientist Dr. Shin Abe </li></ul><ul><li>Remote sensing/GISs specialist Dr. Sander Zwart </li></ul><ul><li>Economist/impact specialist (vacant) </li></ul><ul><li>Development specialist Dr. Youssouf Dembélé </li></ul>SSD Workshop, Kumasi, Ghana, 22-24 November 2012
  4. 4. SMART-IV > Project overview <ul><li>Goal of the project: </li></ul><ul><li>To improve the livelihood of the rural poor by reducing imports of rice through augmenting the production of the inland valleys in SSA. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore, the project aims to explore the potential of the Sawah system for increasing rice productivity in inland valleys of IVC member countries, while improving farmer access to markets and rice technologies. </li></ul>2011 AfricaRice Science Week and GRiSP-Africa Science Forum 12-16 September 2011, Cotonou, Benin SSD Workshop, Kumasi, Ghana, 22-24 November 2012
  5. 5. SMART-IV > Project overview <ul><li>Project is funded by the Japanese Ministry of Agriculture Fisheries and forestry (MAFF) </li></ul><ul><li>Project started in October 2009 and will end in September 2014. </li></ul><ul><li>Year 2 is finished. Plans and budgets have been developed for year 3. </li></ul><ul><li>Annual budget is around 600,000 US$ </li></ul>2011 AfricaRice Science Week and GRiSP-Africa Science Forum 12-16 September 2011, Cotonou, Benin SSD Workshop, Kumasi, Ghana, 22-24 November 2012
  6. 6. SMART-IV > Project overview <ul><li>The introduction of sawah systems in West Africa is not new. Japanese agencies are undertaking development projects to such systems in Nigeria (Bida) and Ghana (Ashanti). </li></ul><ul><li>The SMART-IV projects operates in the francophone countries in between: Togo and Benin . </li></ul><ul><li>SMART-IV is expected to benefit from knowledge and experience acquired during these projects. </li></ul>2011 AfricaRice Science Week and GRiSP-Africa Science Forum 12-16 September 2011, Cotonou, Benin SSD Workshop, Kumasi, Ghana, 22-24 November 2012
  7. 7. SMART-IV > Project overview <ul><li>Project partners are: </li></ul><ul><li>Cellule Bas-Fonds (CBF) in Benin </li></ul><ul><li>l'Institut Togolais de Recherche Agronomique (ITRA) in Togo </li></ul><ul><li>International Water Management Institute (IWMI) in Ghana </li></ul>2011 AfricaRice Science Week and GRiSP-Africa Science Forum 12-16 September 2011, Cotonou, Benin SSD Workshop, Kumasi, Ghana, 22-24 November 2012
  8. 8. SMART-IV > Project overview <ul><li>Project structure: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Thematic interdisciplinary research (3 research sites): </li></ul><ul><li>Soil science and fertility </li></ul><ul><li>Impact assessment, economy, knowledge transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Water Management </li></ul><ul><li>GIS & Remote Sensing </li></ul><ul><li>2. Development activities in demonstration sites </li></ul><ul><li>(10 development sites) </li></ul>2011 AfricaRice Science Week and GRiSP-Africa Science Forum 12-16 September 2011, Cotonou, Benin SSD Workshop, Kumasi, Ghana, 22-24 November 2012
  9. 9. SMART-IV > Research activities <ul><li>Soil science and fertility </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: How do different stages of sawah development affect rice productivity and soil nutrient cycling </li></ul><ul><li>Experiment has been set up in Ouinhi area, Benin. </li></ul><ul><li>Start of the experiment is 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>Research focuses on the impact of various levels of sawah development on crop yields. </li></ul><ul><li>Method: investigate all possible combinations of leveling, bunding, puddling versus traditional system of rice cultivation in inland valleys. </li></ul>2011 AfricaRice Science Week and GRiSP-Africa Science Forum 12-16 September 2011, Cotonou, Benin SSD Workshop, Kumasi, Ghana, 22-24 November 2012
  10. 10. SMART-IV > Research activities <ul><li>Water Management </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: understanding various levels of water management on rice production and nutrient cycling. </li></ul><ul><li>Experiments set up in Bamé, Benin (2010) and in Mission Tové, Togo (2011). Bamé is in third 3 season. Mission Tové is to start next month. </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluating: </li></ul><ul><li>water management (traditional, full irrigation, AWD) </li></ul><ul><li>different varieties </li></ul><ul><li>grain quality (important for market access) </li></ul>2011 AfricaRice Science Week and GRiSP-Africa Science Forum 12-16 September 2011, Cotonou, Benin SSD Workshop, Kumasi, Ghana, 22-24 November 2012
  11. 11. SMART-IV > Research activities SSD Workshop, Kumasi, Ghana, 22-24 November 2012
  12. 12. SMART-IV > Research activities 2011 AfricaRice Science Week and GRiSP-Africa Science Forum 12-16 September 2011, Cotonou, Benin SSD Workshop, Kumasi, Ghana, 22-24 November 2012
  13. 13. SMART-IV > Research activities <ul><li>Water Management (c’ned) </li></ul><ul><li>Field level experiments (Bamé, Mission Tové) </li></ul><ul><li>What is the impact of rice intensification on water quantity and quality downstream? Impact assessment and scenario- analysis) </li></ul><ul><li>Topo-sequences of inland valleys (PhD research to start in February 2012) </li></ul><ul><li>River basins and national level (IWMI will start in November 2011). Evaluating the impact of large-scale investment in SSD on water, water users and the food sector. </li></ul>2011 AfricaRice Science Week and GRiSP-Africa Science Forum 12-16 September 2011, Cotonou, Benin SSD Workshop, Kumasi, Ghana, 22-24 November 2012
  14. 14. SMART-IV > Research activities <ul><li>Remote Sensing/GIS: spatial analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: development of maps of inland valleys in Togo and Benin and their potential for development. </li></ul><ul><li>Current activity: development of a cost-effective methodology for mapping inland valleys using satellite images. </li></ul><ul><li>Classification strategies, satellite image type. </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial economic analysis to determine factors for successful development (distance to roads, markets, etc.). </li></ul><ul><li>Soil fertility and other bio-physical factors that determine potential for development. </li></ul>2011 AfricaRice Science Week and GRiSP-Africa Science Forum 12-16 September 2011, Cotonou, Benin SSD Workshop, Kumasi, Ghana, 22-24 November 2012
  15. 15. Mapping of inland valleys – stream flows
  16. 16. Mapping of inland valleys – inland valleys
  17. 17. SMART-IV > Research activities <ul><li>Impact assessment, economy, knowledge transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Goals: </li></ul><ul><li>understand the adoption mechanisms of sawah system technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Quantifying the impact of sawah development on the livelihood of rice farmers. </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze the market access of rice farmers as a constraint for development. </li></ul><ul><li>Baseline studies have been carried out and sites have been selected. </li></ul>2011 AfricaRice Science Week and GRiSP-Africa Science Forum 12-16 September 2011, Cotonou, Benin SSD Workshop, Kumasi, Ghana, 22-24 November 2012
  18. 18. SMART-IV > Development activities <ul><li>10 sites have been selected in Togo and Benin where Sawah systems will be developed in to rice farmers in a participatory approach. </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstration fields will be made operational by field technicians where farmers can see the performance of sawah. </li></ul><ul><li>Farmer groups will be guided in step-by-step development of inland valleys with sawah technologies. </li></ul>2011 AfricaRice Science Week and GRiSP-Africa Science Forum 12-16 September 2011, Cotonou, Benin SSD Workshop, Kumasi, Ghana, 22-24 November 2012
  19. 19. SMART-IV > Development activities <ul><li>Powertillers are an essential step in the land preparation. </li></ul><ul><li>Testing performed with farmers to assure suitability for IV’s. </li></ul><ul><li>Constraints for SSD in certain areas may be: </li></ul><ul><li>Land tenure . Farmers are often not land owners + they change plots between years/seasons. </li></ul><ul><li>Powertiller use . Maintenance + operational costs. </li></ul>2011 AfricaRice Science Week and GRiSP-Africa Science Forum 12-16 September 2011, Cotonou, Benin SSD Workshop, Kumasi, Ghana, 22-24 November 2012
  20. 20. SMART-IV > Creating impact <ul><li>Research serves the development </li></ul><ul><li>Soil science and fertility: </li></ul><ul><li>Step-wise approach of sawah development is related to yield increase increments. Which activity of development or combination has largest impact? </li></ul><ul><li>Water management: </li></ul><ul><li>Which variety performs well under sawah conditions? </li></ul><ul><li>Which type of water management is suitable? </li></ul>2011 AfricaRice Science Week and GRiSP-Africa Science Forum 12-16 September 2011, Cotonou, Benin SSD Workshop, Kumasi, Ghana, 22-24 November 2012
  21. 21. SMART-IV > Creating impact <ul><li>Research serves the development </li></ul><ul><li>Water management (c’ned): </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation tool for assessing the impact of rice polices or rice intensification/expansion. Different scales: national, basins, inland valleys. </li></ul><ul><li>Remote sensing/GIS, spatial analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation tool for sucesfull development of inland valleys. </li></ul>2011 AfricaRice Science Week and GRiSP-Africa Science Forum 12-16 September 2011, Cotonou, Benin SSD Workshop, Kumasi, Ghana, 22-24 November 2012
  22. 22. SMART-IV > Creating impact <ul><li>Impact assessment, economy, knowledge transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient manners to disseminate knowledge on sawah systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Final development products will include an instruction video on sawah system development </li></ul>2011 AfricaRice Science Week and GRiSP-Africa Science Forum 12-16 September 2011, Cotonou, Benin SSD Workshop, Kumasi, Ghana, 22-24 November 2012
  23. 23. SMART-IV > Creating impact <ul><li>Involvement of the development sector in SMART-IV </li></ul><ul><li>Slection of project sites where NGO’s or investment project are ongoing: </li></ul><ul><li>VECO (Benin, Vredeseilanden, Iles-de-paix) </li></ul><ul><li>Islamic Investment Bank (Togo) </li></ul><ul><li>PAFIRIZ / PROTOS / Etc. (Benin) </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous and pro-active involvement of NGO’s </li></ul>2011 AfricaRice Science Week and GRiSP-Africa Science Forum 12-16 September 2011, Cotonou, Benin SSD Workshop, Kumasi, Ghana, 22-24 November 2012
  24. 24. SMART-IV > Project ‘blog’ smartiv.wordpress.com
  25. 25. 2011 AfricaRice Science Week and GRiSP-Africa Science Forum 12-16 September 2011, Cotonou, Benin Thank you! Merci! Center of Excellence for Rice Research SSD Workshop, Kumasi, Ghana, 22-24 November 2012

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