Organization and Representation of Information


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Presentation done for LIBR 200 in the fall of 2009

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Organization and Representation of Information

  1. 1. Organization and Representation of Information / knowledgeArlene G. Taylor<br />LIS Issues and Trends – Susan Seifried, presenter<br />
  2. 2. A Quick Introduction…<br />The chapter covers general concepts of how recorded information/knowledge is organized and made easily and readily accessible to the information seeker.<br />Taylor’s definition of “recorded information/knowledge”<br />What do you think of her definition of ‘knowledge’ and ‘information’?<br />
  3. 3. Six Functions of Bibliographic Control<br />Taken from The Bibliographic Record and Information Technology by Ronald Hagler:<br />Marketing, advertising, promotion.<br />Breaking down the content of the recorded knowledge<br />Pulling resources into a collection<br />Producing ‘lists’ of information resources prepared according to standard rules for citation.<br />Providing Name, Title, Subject and other useful access points.<br />Giving the information seeker the ability to locate the resource needed.<br />
  4. 4. Producing ‘lists’ of information resources prepared according to standard rules for citation.<br />An ISBD Formatted Record:<br />1: title and statement of responsibility area<br />2: edition area<br />3: material or type of resource specific area (for example, the scale of a map or the numbering of a periodical)<br />4: publication, production, distribution, etc., area<br />5: physical description area (for example: number of pages in a book or number of CDs issued as a unit)<br />6: series area<br />7: notes area<br />8: resource identifier (e.g. ISBN, ISSN) and terms of availability area<br />Cataloging!<br />Creating a Description<br />ISBD<br />AACR2<br />Dublin Core<br />MODS <br />And others..<br />
  5. 5. Providing Name, Title, Subject and other useful access points…<br />What are…<br />Access points<br />and<br />Authority control??<br />…and why are they so important?<br />
  6. 6. Subject Analysis, Part One...<br />Controlled vocabularies<br />LCSH (Library of Congress Subject Headings)<br />FAST (Faceted Access to Subject Terminology)<br />Sears List of Subject Headings<br />Examples of LCSH:<br />Women politicians-India-Bibliography<br />Homeless women-India-Bibliography<br />Women politicians-United States-Bibliography<br />From The Library of Congress:<br /><br />
  7. 7. …And Part Two.<br />Classification<br />DDC (Dewey Decimal Classification)<br />LCC (Library of Congress Classification)<br />UDC (Universal Decimal Classification)<br />Dewey Decimal Classification<br />900 – History, geography, and biography<br />930 History of ancient world<br />934 History of ancient world; India<br />950 General history of Asia; Far East<br />954 General history of Asia; South Asia; India<br />
  8. 8. And we cant forget Encoding! <br />We need to do MORE?!?<br />MARC (Machine Readable Cataloging)<br />SIGML/XML (Standard Generalized Markup Language/eXtensible Markup Language)<br />Basic Example of MARC Encoding:<br />0XX Control information, identification and classification numbers, etc. <br />1XX Main entries <br />2XX Titles and title paragraph (title, edition, imprint) <br />3XX Physical description, etc.<br />4XX Series statements <br />5XX Notes <br />6XX Subject access fields <br />7XX Added entries other than subject or series; linking fields<br />8XX Series added entries, holdings, etc. <br />9XX Reserved for local implementation<br />
  9. 9. Please take a handout to find more information and resources about the topics covered in this chapter and presentation.<br />Thank you!!<br />Conclusions, Comments and Questions? <br />